A.R. Penck /   Ralf Winker

Germany 1939 - 2017


A.R. Penck
Ralf Winker
December 15, 2017
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Widely recognized for his language of reduced figures and simplified symbols, A.R. Penck was a German artist whose career spanned over six decades. Fond of concepts emerging from the primitive and Art Brut styles, A.R. Penck developed his unique pictorial and sculptural techniques after he rejected the terms of art academies in Berlin during the 1950s. In a way, his visual vocabulary can also be interpreted as a response to social and political control within the mid-20th-century art and culture. With his art, A.R. Penck attempted to give an ordinary man a voice within the numbing collective[1]. It should also be noted that this artist’s real name is Ralf Winkler – he changed it to Albrecht Penck to evade East German authorities during his younger life.

The information about the Werner painting privacy concerns the areas of use, view and news
A.R. Penck – Pentagon IV, 1998 / Cardi – Images via icollector.com and artislimited.com

Embracing the Pseudonym of A.R. Penck

Ralf Winker was born in Dresden, Germany, during the year of 1939. He studied arts together with a group of other painters in his hometown and Ralf quickly became one of the foremost exponents of the new figuration style alongside Jörg Immendorff, Georg Baselitz and Markus Lüpertz. As they were developing and maturing under a harsh Eastern German communist regime, Winker and his colleagues were seen as dissidents by the authorities and were watched by the secret police. Nonetheless, Ralf and his friends managed to exhibit their work via pseudonyms and smuggling – they were included in many shows in West Berlin during the 1970s and were seen as exponents of free speech in the Eastern Germany. Their work was included in a number of important shows including the famous Zeitgeist exhibition in the well-known Martin Gropius Bau museum and the important New Art show at the Tate in 1983. He was featured in a few New York exhibitions as well. By that time, the artist already adopted his pseudonym inspired by the work of the geologist Albrecht Penck. Soon, A.R. Penck was enjoying a worldwide attention for his paintings with pictographic, primitivist imagery of human forms and other totemic designs.

A.R. Penck gained recognition on an international art stage thanks to the works he was smuggling out of East Germany during the 1970s

Use the York news to contact for information about the Werner gallery
A.R. Penck – Untitled – Image via pinterest.com

His Paintings and Sculptures

A.R. Penck’s paintings are influenced by Paul Klee‘s work and were a mix of the flatness of Egyptian writing and the crudity of the late black paintings by Jackson Pollock. On the other hand, A.R. Penck’s sculptures, although a lot less familiar, evoke the same primitive themes as his paintings and drawings.[2] In order to make them, the artist relied on everyday objects and materials such as wood, bottles, cardboard boxes, tin cans, masking tape, tinfoil and wire, all crudely painted and assembled. These features were responsible for regular connections between Ralf and the early avant-garde works, such as the readymades of the famed Marcel Duchamp. Despite their anti-art aesthetic and the questionable quality of construction, A.R. Penck’s sculptures were quite similar to his flat symbolic paintings[3]. It should also be noted that Winkler is a keen drummer and was a member of the free jazz group known as Triple Trip Touch (aka T.T.T. or TTT).

For the majority of his career, A.R. Penck was interested in proving that the academic gallery and museum standards were not up to par with his own visual language

The Dresden site of Werner gallery has information about the painting terms of view and privacy
A.R. Penck – Delta Dimension / Jutta, 1977 – Images via christies.com and nyt.com

Artistic Contributions of A.R. Penck and His Portfolio

Ultimately, A.R. Penck managed to establish himself as a key figure of Neo-Expressionism, placing himself alongside authors who shaped this movement. His paintings and sculptures, characterized by simplified shapes and forms, marked a pivotal time for modern art that was reaching its peak of creativity. And by authoring these pieces, A.R. Penck secured his legacy as one of the authors who dictated the course and tempo of the his particular branch of modern art[4], massively contributing a collective process of getting it to a point we can now call contemporary art.


  1. Yau, Y., A.R. Penck, Harry N Abrams; 1st edition, 1993
  2. Guidieri, R., A. R. Penck Sculptures (Repères), Galerie Lelong, 1988
  3. Darragon, E., Penck, A.R., A.R. Penck: Felt Works and Drawings 1972-1995, Walther König, Köln; Mul edition, 2011
  4. Graw, I., Kunde, H., Pfeiffer, I., Rathgeber, P., Penck, A.R., A.R. Penck. Retrospektive, Richter Verlag; Bilingual edition, 2007

Featured image: A.R. Penck – Photo of the artist – Image via pinterest.com
All images used for illustrative purposes only.

YearExhibition TitleGallery/MuseumSolo/Group 
2017Von Kopf bis Fuß Z.I Ouest, ErsteinGroup
2017Nummeriert Und Handsigniert - Ausgewaehlte Graphik Und SkulpturDie Galerie - Frankfurt, Frankfurt/MainGroup
2017Individueller Strich – autonome FormGalerie Albstadt, AlbstadtGroup
2017Aufruhr in Augsburg. Deutsche Malerei der 1960er bis 1980er JahreZentrum für Gegenwartskunst im Glaspalast, AugsburgGroup
2016A. R. Penck - Strich = WeltKunsthalle Jesuitenkirche, AschaffenburgSolo
2016A. R. PenckMichael Werner Kunsthandel, CologneSolo
2015A. R. PenckMichael Werner Gallery - London, LondonSolo
2015A.R. Penck - Between Light & ShadowMichael Werner Gallery - New York, New York City, NYSolo
2014AR Penck - expedition to the Holy Land - Portfolio with 15 prints and other works on paperKUNSTKABINETT , RegensburgSolo
2014Ar Penck - Felt Works 1972-1995Michael Werner Gallery - New York , New York City, NYSolo
2014Wild Heart: Art Exhibition of German Neo-Expressionism Since the 1960sChina Art Museum , ShanghaiGroup
2014New From The studiosGallery Peters-Barenbrock - Ahrenshoop , AhrenshoopGroup
2014Collective IIIGalerie Guy Bärtschi , GenevaGroup
2014Night ImagesMichael Werner art trade , CologneGroup
2014Summer SelectionsUpper Gallery , Kent, CTGroup
2014Saxonia Paper II: Drawing in Saxony - Working on and with paperKunsthalle der Sparkasse Leipzig , LeipzigGroup
2014The Paths of German Art from 1949 to the presentMoscow museum of modern art - MMOMA , MoscowGroup
2014PortraitsGallery Peters-Barenbrock - Ahrenshoop , AhrenshoopGroup
2014Collector's Room # 6 Deweer Art Gallery , OtegemGroup
2014Downright currently - An exhibition essay on the 250-year anniversaryOctagon - College of Fine Arts , DresdenGroup
2013AR Penck - Les Années 80Suzanne Tarasiève Gallery , ParisSolo
2013AR Penck - A RetrospectiveAcademia Gallery - The New Collection , DusseldorfSolo
2013AR Penck, Before the West: Select Works from the 1970sKoenig & Clinton , New York City, NYSolo
2013AR Penck: New PaintingsMichael Werner Gallery - New York , New York City, NYSolo
20133 (0) days in parisGalerie Jean Brolly , ParisGroup
2013On the subject of character - Selected drawingsGalerie Daniel Blau , MunichGroup
2013Nudes - RT & W RosendahlThöne & Westphal Gallery , BerlinGroup
2013Infinity - Neoexpressionism / Contemporary ArtZhan Zhou Centre of Contemporary Art , BeijingGroup
2013If wishes come trueKunsthalle Emden , EmdenGroup
2013Back to Earth. The rediscovery of ceramic in artHerbert Gerisch Foundation , NeumünsterGroup
2013About Waves 2 - Re-figuratieCultuurcentrum Strombeek , GrimbergenGroup
2013Saxony - Works from the collection of German BankMuseum of Fine Arts Leipzig , LeipzigGroup
2012Printmaking International MasterGallery Eugen Lendl , GrazGroup
2012Images need. Does society art?Staatliche Kunsthalle Baden-Baden , Baden-BadenGroup
2011Pictures choice!Encording Reality - Kunsthaus Zurich , ZurichSolo
2011AR Penck - PrintmakingGallery Fetzer , SontheimSolo
2010AR Penck: past-present-futureMuseum Ludwig , CologneSolo
2010AR Penck - warn those in the wilds solitarysGwangju Art Museum , GwangjuSolo
2009AR Penck's 70th birthdayGallery Chobot , ViennaSolo
2009Energy field eyeCity Museum Borken , BorkenSolo
2008AR Penck: Paintings from the EightiesMichael Werner Gallery - New YorkSolo
2007AR Penck - Peintures et bronzesGalerie Jérôme de Noirmont , ParisSolo
2007AR Penck - Paintings from the SixtiesMichael Werner Gallery, New YorkSolo
2005AR Penck - abstraction as a method - New PicturesMichael Werner art trade , CologneSolo
2005Blickwechsel II World Pictures - Stone Age and the avant-gardeStädel Museum , Frankfurt / MainSolo
2004AR Penck - ConstructionsMichael Werner Gallery - New YorkSolo
2003AR Penck: AKADEMOSMKM of Modern Art , DuisburgSolo