Albrecht Dürer - Self-Portrait, 1498 (Detail) - Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid

Albrecht Durer/ Albrecht Dürer

Germany

Painting, Wood Engraving, Printmaking

Albrecht Durer
Albrecht Dürer
Male
Germany
-0001

Recognized as one of the leading artists of the Renaissance period, Albrecht Dürer’s comprehensive work can be described as a breaking point through which printmaking transformed the categorization of the entire medium from craft to fine art. Often depicting highly religious subjects and topics, Dürer’s woodcuts and engravings presented the 16th-century viewer with unparalleled technical skill, unmatched tonal variation and compositional sophistication only a chosen few in art history were able to achieve. As an addition to his visual arts, Albrecht theorized and wrote extensively on the concepts of linear perspective and anatomical proportion, massively contributing to the advancement of fine painting during the time of the Renaissance and all later movements. Thanks to his intellectual ability and technical skill, Dürer held the position of a court artist for Holy Roman Emperors Maximilian I and Charles V. It was through this role that Albrecht painted some of his most iconic pieces, including many of the famous self-portraits which are respected as his trademark artworks.

The Melencolia museum presented Eve and Adam pieces (1528), as well as artist's self portrait
Albrecht Dürer – Saint Anthony Before a City, 1512 – Image via wikipedia.org

Growing up in Nuremberg

Albrecht Dürer was born on May 21st, during the year of 1471, in Nuremberg, a city in northern Bavaria distinguishable by the phenomenal medieval architecture such as the fortifications and stone towers of its Altstadt (Old Town). Dürer’s family originally hailed from Hungary, Germanizing the primary family name of Thürer when they settled in the town of Nuremberg. This occurred somewhere after the middle of the 15th century. Dürer’s father, who was also called Albrecht, was a goldsmith by trade and served as an assistant to Hieronymus Helfer for most of his life. He had a total of eighteen children, of whom Albrecht was the second child. When young Dürer was at the age of fifteen, he was apprenticed to the principal painter of the town, Michael Wolgemut. Although Wolgemut was rather undistinguished by his contemporaries, his small artworks made in a late Gothic style were a great influence on his young apprentice[1]. Whilst he had Michael as his tutor, Albrecht learned not only how prolific painting is done but also how to get the best results from wood carving and elementary copper engraving. When his apprenticeship came to an end in 1490, Dürer started to travel around Europe. During the year of 1492, he arrived in Colmar with intentions to study under Martin Schöngauer, a well-regarded painter and engraver. Unfortunately, upon his arrival, Albrecht found out that Schöngauer had died the previous year. Luckily, the young artist was received kindly by the family of the deceased master who took him with them to Basel. Learning under the ex-apprentices and family members of Martin, Dürer evidently had some practice both in metal-engraving and in furnishing designs. The time Albrecht spent with various artists of this area will prove to be the pivotal moment of his career. He left Basel sometime during the year of 1494 and traveled briefly in the Low Countries before he returned to his hometown of Nuremberg, making a full circle. From this period on, little of the work suspected to be made by his hand can actually be attributed to him with full certainty.


Artist presented his Adam and eve portrait to Melencolia museum during the apocalypse of renaissance
Albrecht Dürer – Rhinocervs, 1515 – Image via huffingtonpost.com

Albrecht Durer in Venice

On the ninth of July in the year of 1494, Dürer was married to Agnes Frey, the daughter of a local merchant. This marriage is still shadowed in mystery to this day as not too many evidence concerning it exists, whilst there are a lot of speculations that the two did not get along too well. Sometime during the autumn of 1494, Albrecht traveled to Italy, leaving his wife at Nuremberg. He arrived in Venice and spent a few months meeting new colleagues and practicing his skill by following Italian concepts of producing artworks. In 1495, Dürer returned to Nuremberg where he lived and worked for the next ten years of his life. These years are the time most art historians agree was the period when Dürer produced his most notable discovered prints. During the first few years since his return to Nuremberg, Albrecht worked in the established Germanic and northern art forms, but the influences from Venice were more than obvious[2]. His best works in this period were woodblock pieces with which he depicted scenes of popular religious concepts. His famous series of sixteen great designs for the Apocalypse were first carved during the year of 1498. About seven years later, Dürer carved the first seventeen of a set illustrating the life of the Virgin. However, it should be noted that none of these pieces were promulgated till several years later as Albrecht preferred to work in privacy, isolated from the world as much as possible.

Combining the influences of the Italian Renaissance with the principles of his own nation’s art, Albrecht was able to produce pieces with such fine detail that they are still unmatched to this day

The artist painted a portrait of apocalypse, presenting the death of a devil knight
Albrecht Dürer – Bearded Saint in a Forest, 1516 (Left) / Knight, Death and the Devil (Right) – Images via wiki.org and metmuseum.org

An Elite Artist

At the turn of the 16th century, Dürer’s engravings had attained great popularity and had even begun to be copied. This effectively reflected very well on the artist’s pocket. Around the year of 1505, Dürer made a second visit to Italy. Here he started to develop his painting skill and produced a fantastic series of works by tempera-painting on linen. These pieces were mostly depictions of portraits and altarpieces – most notably the Paumgartner altarpiece and the Adoration of the Magi. Attracted to the memory of this fabulous city, Albrecht returned yet again to Venice. He stayed there until the spring of 1507 and this period of his career was well documented by the legendary Vasari[3]. In Venice, he was handed an estimable commission from the emigrant German community for the local church of St. Bartholomew. Although he was a German himself and the clients shared his nationality, Dürer painted the piece in a strong Italian style. The emigrant community was pleased regardless of the style and this huge mural was subsequently acquired by the Emperor Rudolf II and taken to Prague. Despite the high regard in which he was held by the Venetians, Dürer decided to go back to Nuremberg by mid-1507. He remained in Germany until the year of 1520. Meanwhile, his reputation spread all over Europe. In that time, Albrecht was on terms of friendship with all the masters of the age – even the legendary Raphael himself was honored when an opportunity to exchange the drawings with Dürer came his way. The years between Albrecht’s return from Venice and his famed trip to the Netherlands are commonly divided according to the type of work with which he was occupied. The first five years of this period (1507-1511) are commonly considered to be the painting years of his life during which Dürer worked with a vast number of preliminary drawings and studies. It was then that he produced what’s been accounted as his four best works in painting – Adam and Eve (1507), Virgin with the Iris (1508), the altarpiece the Assumption of the Virgin (1509), and the Adoration of the Trinity by all the Saints (1511).

Contact Italy national museum to get info on Dürer's work and life
Albrecht Dürer – Saint Eustace (Left) / Head of an Old Man, 1521 (Right) – Images via wikimedia.org

Later Years of his Life

From 1511 to 1514, which is a time considered to be the second period before he went to the Netherlands, Dürer mostly concentrated on engraving, both on wood and copper kind. The major works he conceived in this period were the thirty-seven subjects of the Little Passion on wood. In the remaining years to 1520 he produced a wide range of works, experimenting and exploring the potentials of his various fields. Tempera on linen, engravings on many subjects, etching on plates of iron and zinc are only a few methods Albrecht utilized. Following the death of emperor Maximilian in 1520, Dürer wanted to secure new patronage. His decision to leave Nuremberg was also backed by the fact an outbreak of sickness occurred in the city. Together with his wife, the artist set his sails for the Netherlands in order to be present at the coronation of the new Emperor Charles V. Besides going to Aachen for the said coronation, he also made excursions to Cologne, Nijmegen, ‘s-Hertogenbosch, Brussels, Bruges, Ghent and to Zealand, making pieces of art along the way. He finally returned home to Nuremberg in July 1521, after he had caught an undetermined sickness which afflicted him for the rest of his life[4]. It was in these last stages of his life that Dürer’s works became extremely religious, even more so than before. However, he did cease to make grand scale paintings which made him famous in the first place. This was due in part to his declining health which severely limited his physical ability, but also because he started to dedicate much more of his time to the preparation of his theoretical works on geometry, perspective, proportion and fortification. Not much of his books were published in his time, unfortunately – the largest publication was brought out shortly after Albrecht’s death in 1528.

Although his late career was marked by health issues which limited him severely, Dürer continued his life’s work by writing extensive theories about art

Renaissance period from 1514 was the time woodcuts of apocalypse, knight and devil were popular
Albrecht Dürer – Left Wing of a Blue Roller, 1524 – Image via metmuseum.org

Albrecht Dürer’s Iconic Status

Although he managed to make a massive impact on his contemporary colleagues, Albrecht Dürer’s true fame and stardom came to be during the 18th and 19th century. During this time, writers such as Johann Wolfgang von Goethe simulated a reappraisal of Dürer’s work, arguing his importance to the general art history. The famous Brotherhood of St Luke, better known as the Nazarenes, was formed and its members aspired to the work of Albrecht, copying both his visuals and his techniques. In the 19th century, Romantic artists made works inspired by Dürer who by this stage, with the rise of German nationalism, had achieved an almost iconic status. And he has been regarded as one of Europe’s most important artists ever since. Nowadays, Albrecht Dürer is considered to be one of the most pivotal artists of the Rennacanse period, as well as arguably the most crucial author of pieces the Germany has ever seen. His contributions to the art techniques and theories are rivaled only by a chosen few, whilst the treatment Dürer’s work received during the last few centuries cemented his legacy for generations to come.

References:

  1. Kurth, W., The Complete Woodcuts of Albrecht Dürer, Dover Publications, 1963
  2. Wolfflin, H., Drawings of Albrecht Dürer, Dover Publications, 1970
  3. Panofsky, E., The Life and Art of Albrecht Durer, Princeton University Press, 1971
  4. Sander, J., Albrecht Durer: His Art in Context, Prestel, 2013

Featured image: Albrecht Dürer – Self Portrait (detail), 1498 – Image via grecosghosts.com
All images used for illustrative purposes only.

YearExhibition TitleGallery/MuseumSolo/Group
2016The Dark Side of the Moon. Das Abgründige in der Kunst von Albrecht Dürer bis Martin DislerKunstmuseum St.Gallen, St. Gallen Group
2016Sous RéservesMusée des beaux-arts de La Chaux-de-Fonds, La Chaux-de-Fonds Group
2016Dürer & Rembrandt: Master Prints from the Collection of Dr. Dorrance KellyThe Hyde Collection, Glens Falls, NY Group
2016Alfred Kubin Und Seine SammlungKunstforum Ostdeutsche Galerie (KOG), Regensburg Group
2016Unfinished: Thoughts Left VisibleMet Breuer, New York City, NY Group
2016 Dead Among The DeadEllis King, Dublin Group
2016Agir, contemplerMusée d'Unterlinden, Colmar Group
2015Double Vision: Albrecht Dürer & William KentridgeKupferstichkabinett, Berlin Group
2015Impressions. Five Centuries of WoodcutsThe National Gallery Oslo, Oslo Group
2015An Eye for Excellence: Twenty Years of CollectingThe Clark Art Institute, Williamstown, MA Group
2015Alfred Kubin Und Seine SammlungLandesgalerie am Oberösterreichischen Landesmuseum, Linz Group
2015Dürer and Rembrandt: The Veneration of the ChristMattatuck Museum, Waterbury, CT Group
2015Paradies et UtopiesMusée du papier peint, Mezieres Group
2015Simple Forms: Contemplating BeautyMori Art Museum, Tokyo Group
2015Divine Desire: Printmaking, Mythology, and the Birth of the BaroqueSan Diego Museum of Art, San Diego, CA Group
2015Paper is part of the picture. Europäische Künstlerpapiere von Albrecht Dürer bis Gerhard RichterLeopold Hoesch Museum, Düren Group
2015Strom životaGaléria Umelcov Spisa, Spišská Nová Ves Group
2014Durero. Grabados 1496 - 1522Museo de Arte del Banco de la República, Bogota Solo
2014LOOKING DOWN FROM ABOVE: THE BIRD’S EYE VIEWGermanisches Nationalmuseum, Nuremberg Group
2014Realms Of ImaginationStädel Museum, Frankfurt, Main Group
2014Albrecht Dürer und sein KreisKunstmuseum Basel, Basel Group
2014Looks Good on Paper: Masterworks and FavoritesToledo Museum of Art, Toledo, OH Group
2014Bow Down: Queens in ArtSmith College Museum of Art, Northampton, MA Group
2014Five Centuries of MelancholiaUniversity of Queensland Art Museum, Brisbane, QLD Group
2014In the Company of Cats and DogsBlanton Museum of Art, Austin, TX Group
2014Formes simplesCentre Pompidou-Metz, Metz Group
2014Cet obscur objet du désirMusée Gustave Courbet, Ornans Group
2014Style And PerfectionStädel Museum, Frankfurt, Main Group
2014From Hogarth to Hundertwasser: A Passion for PrintsSonoma County Museum, Santa Rosa, CA Group
2014History's Shadow: German Art and the Formulation of National IdentityCohen Memorial Hall , Nashville, TN Group
2014Strange Beauty: Masters of the German RenaissanceThe National Gallery, London Group
2014Altdeutsche Meisterblätter. Druckgraphik der DürerzeitLandesmuseum Mainz, Mainz Group
2014BodytimeRønnebæksholm, Næstved Group
2013DürerStädel Museum, Frankfurt, Main Solo
2013The Young Dürer: Drawing the FigureCourtauld Gallery, London Solo
2013Albrecht Dürer: Master Drawings, Watercolors, and Prints from the AlbertinaThe National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC Solo
2013Art on PaperKunsthalle Bremen, Bremen Solo
2013Saints And Sinners: The Bible As Word And ImageMills College Art Museum, Oakland, CA Group
2013Albrecht Dürer & Rembrandt van RijnGalerie D'orsay, Boston, MA Group
2013Curiosity: Art And The Pleasures Of KnowingNorwich Castle Museum & Art Gallery, Norwich Group
2013Painting NatureAuckland Art Gallery, Auckland Group
2013Voyager: Albrecht Dürer, William Hogarth, And Patrick Mahon With StowawaysUniversity Avenue, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON Group
2013This Just In!Amherst College, Amherst, MA Group
2013LuminousBlanton Museum of Art, Austin, TX Group
2013Gestochen scharf. Von Dürer bis KirkebyStädtisches Museum Zwickau, Zwickau Group
2013 Curiosity: Art and the Pleasure of KnowingTurner Contemporary, Margate, Kent Group
2013Master DrawingsThe Ashmolean Museum of Art and Archaeology, Oxford Group
2013Vues d´en hautCentre Pompidou-Metz, Metz Group
2013Déjà-vu? Die Kunst der Wiederholung von Dürer bis YouTubeStaatliche Kunsthalle Karlsruhe, Karlsruhe Group
2013Traits de GeniePalais des Beaux-Arts Lille, Lille Group
2013Fenêtres, de la Renaissance à nos jours. Dürer, Monet, Magritte...Fondation de l'Hermitage, Lausanne Group
2012Albrecht Dürer. Holzschnitte aus: Apokalypse, Passion und MarienlebenA. Paul Weber Museum, Ratzeburg Solo
2012Albrecht DürerKunsthalle zu Kiel, Kiel Solo
2012Focus on a Masterpiece: Albrecht Dürer's MelencoliaThe Minneapolis Institute of Arts, Minneapolis, MN Solo
2012Albrecht Dürer: KupfersticheGrafik Museum Stiftung Schreiner, Bad Steben Solo
2012Der frühe DürerGermanisches Nationalmuseum, Nuremberg Solo
2012Galleria Grafica Collection No.20Galleria Grafica Tokyo, Tokyo Group
2012Albrecht Dürer et son tempsÉcole nationale supérieure des beaux-arts, Paris Group
2012Beautiful MonstersArt Gallery of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta Group
2012Metamorphosis: The Transformation of BeingAll Visual Arts, London Group
2012Affinity AtlasRuth and Elmer Wellin Museum of Art, Clinton, NY Group
2012Mantegna to Matisse: Master Drawings from the Courtauld GalleryThe Frick Collection, New York City, NY Group
2012A WINDOW ON THE WORLD, from Dürer to Mondrian and beyondMuseo Cantonale d´Arte Lugano, Lugano Group
2012Printing PracticeOberlin College, Oberlin, OH Group
2012Dürer and His LegacyGeorgia Museum of Art, Athens, GA Group
2012Faces and Hands: Ancient and Modern Germanic PaintingMuseo Thyssen-Bornemisza, Madrid Group
2012A Matter of WordsOSL contemporary, Oslo Group
2012Déjà-vu? Die Kunst der Wiederholung von Dürer bis YouTubeStaatliche Kunsthalle Karlsruhe, Karlsruhe Group
2012The Getty Research Institute: Recent Print AcquisitionsThe Getty Center, Los Angeles, CA Group
2012Adam and Eve and the Apple AffairGraphische Sammlung der ETH, Zurich Group
2012The Sandy & John Nesbitt Collection: The Discriminating Eye At WorkBucknell University, Lewisburg, PA Group
2012Morbid Curiosity: The Richard Harris CollectionChicago Cultural Center, Chicago, IL Group
2011Engravings and Woodcuts by Albrecht DürerMontgomery Museum of Fine Arts, Montgomery, AL Solo
2011More LightMuseum de Fundatie Blijmarkt, Zwolle Solo
2011GrisailleLuxembourg & Dayan, New York City, NY Group
2011Galleria Grafica Collection No.19Galleria Grafica Tokyo, Tokyo Group
2011MelancholiaOta Fine Arts, Tokyo Group
2011Storytelling in MiniatureToledo Museum of Art, Toledo, OH Group
2011A Pioneering Collection: Master Drawings from the Crocker Art MuseumThe Frances Lehman Loeb Art Center, Poughkeepsie, NY Group
2011Night Scented StockMarianne Boesky Gallery, New York City, NY Group
2011Night Scented Stock, Curated By Todd LevinMarianne Boesky Gallery, New York City, NY Group
2011Himmlischer GlanzSchloss Pillnitz, Dresden Group
2011OvertureBlanton Museum of Art, Austin, TX Group
2011Dürer und Co reloadedStädtisches Kunstmuseum Spendhaus Reutlingen, Reutlingen Group
2011Würde und AnmutFelix-Nussbaum-Haus, Osnabruck Group
2011About Face: Portraiture as SubjectBlanton Museum of Art, Austin, TX Group
2011 TotentanzMuseum Junge Kunst, Frankfurt, Oder Group
2010The Strange World of Albrecht DürerSterling and Francine Clark Art Institute, The Clark, Williamstown, MA Solo
2010Albrecht DürerNMWA The National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo Solo
2010ATLAS ¿Cómo llevar el mundo a cuestas?Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía, Madrid Group
2010The Secret Life of DrawingsThe Getty Center, Los Angeles, CA Group
2010Die Chronologie der BilderStädel Museum, Frankfurt, Main Group
2010Galleria Grafica Collection No.18Galleria Grafica Tokyo, Tokyo Group
2010Lust und Laster. Die 7 Todsünden von Dürer bis NaumannKunstmuseum Bern, Bern Group
2010De Dürer à Jan Fabre. Chefs-d’œuvreMusée d'Ixelles, Brussels Group
2010The Land Between Us: power, place and dislocationThe Whitworth Art Gallery, Manchester Group
2010Dancing Towards Death: The Richard Harris CollectionFigge Art Museum, Davenport, IA Group
2010Lebenslust und TotentanzKunsthalle Krems, Krems Group
2010De Durero a Picasso. Cinco siglos de grabadoMuseo Nacional de Arte Decorativo (MNAD) de la Sec, Buenos Aires Group
2010Five Centuries of Medicine in ArtRochester Art Center, Rochester, MN Group
2010Alfred Kubin & sein KreisStadtgalerie Klagenfurt, Klagenfurt Group
2010Old Masters From The Thrivent Financial CollectionMasur Museum of Art, Monroe, LA Group
2010Intimacy! Baden in der KunstKunstmuseum Ahlen, Ahlen Group
2010Imitation & InventionDavison Art Center, Wesleyan University, Middletown Group
2010In the Footsteps of Masters: The Evolution of the Reproductive PrintFigge Art Museum, Davenport, IA Group
2010Strictly Death: Selected Works from the Richard Harris CollectionSlought Foundation, Philadelphia, PA Group
2009Albrecht Durer: Virtuoso PrintmakerMuseum of Fine Arts, Boston, Boston, MA Solo
2009Albrecht Dürer: Impressions of the RenaissanceThe Frances Lehman Loeb Art Center, Poughkeepsie, NY Solo
2009Albrecht Durer: Die ApokalypseWallraf-Richartz-Museum, Cologne Solo
2009Albrecht Dürer: Art in TransitionMuseum of Fine Arts St. Petersburg, St. Petersburg, FL Solo
2009Albrecht Dürer: Art in TransitionThe Museum of Fine Arts, St. Petersburg, FL Solo
2008Albrecht Dürer: Meisterwerke der RenaissanceKunsthaus Kaufbeuren, Kaufbeuren Solo
2008Works of a Renaissance Master: The Prints of Albrecht DürerArt Gallery of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta Solo
2008Dürer und ... Künstler der Akademie und Albrecht DürerKunstakademie Düsseldorf, Dusseldorf Solo
2008The Prints of Albrecht DürerArt Gallery of Windsor, Windsor, Ontario Solo
2007Paper PleasuresColumbia Museum of Art, Columbia, SC Solo
2007Albrecht Dürer: Prints from the Foundation of Lower Saxony and the Konrad Liebmann FoundationBlanton Museum of Art, Austin, TX Solo
2007Albrecht DürerNew Orleans Museum of Art NOMA, New Orleans, LA Solo
2006Albrecht Dürer: Meisterwerke der DruckgraphikHelferhaus, Backnang Solo
2006Albrecht Dürer: Fünfzig MeisterblätterKunsthaus Zürich, Zurich Solo
2006The Forgotten Art of EngravingUniversity of Missouri-Columbia, Columbia, MO Solo
2006Albrecht Dürer: Zwei SchwesternStädel Museum, Frankfurt, Main Solo
2005Dürer and His Contemporaries: Giant Engravings by Giants of Art Triumph of Emperor Maximilian IMuseum of Fine Arts, Budapest, Budapest Solo
2005Durero. Obras maestras de la AlbertinaMuseo Nacional del Prado, Madrid Solo
2004Albrecht Dürer: Life of the VirginSterling and Francine Clark Art Institute, The Clark, Williamstown, MA Solo
2004Proof Of Genius: The Prints Of Albrecht DurerUCLA Hammer Museum, Los Angeles, CA Solo
2003Albrecht DürerAlbertina, Vienna Solo
1999Prints by Albrecht DürerKelowna Art Gallery, Kelowna, BC Solo
1998Dürers Dinge: Hundert Meisterwerke der DruckgrafikStädtische Galerie Villa Zanders, Bergisch Gladbach Solo
1996Albrecht Durer: Wood EngravingsThe Nicosia Municipal Arts Centre, Nicosia Solo
1995Albrecht Dürer and the renaissance woodcut in transitionUniversity Art Museum, California State University, Long Beach, CA Solo
1990Albrecht Dürer: The ApocalypseThe Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City, NY Solo
1988Albrecht DurerNantenshi Gallery, Tokyo Solo
1985Easter Themes: The Art of Albrecht DurerMissoula Art Museum MAM, Missoula, MT Solo
1984Old Master Drawings from the AlbertinaThe National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC Solo
1983Durer: German Master PrintmakerThe Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland, OH Solo
1982Nadahnuće: DürerGalerija Umjetnina Split, Split Solo
1981Albrecht Dürer aus dem graphischen Bestand der Kunsthalle BremenKunsthalle Bremerhaven, Bremerhaven Solo
1978Albrecht Dürer and the Apocalypse : the complete series of woodcutsNeuberger Museum of Art, Purchase, NY Solo
1973Albrecht Dürer: choix d'estampes de la Collection MancelMusée des Beaux-Arts de Caen, Caen Solo
1972Albrecht DürerLamut Art Salon, Kostanjevica na Krki Solo
1971Albrecht Dürer PrintsUtah Museum of Fine Arts, Salt Lake City, UT Solo
1971Albrecht DürerStatens museum for kunst, Copenhagen Solo
1971Albrecht DürerThe Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City, NY Solo
1971Albrecht Dürer: Master Graphic ArtistBirmingham Museum of Art, Birmingham, AL Solo
1971Dürer in America: His Graphic WorkThe National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC Solo
1970Albrecht Dürer 1471-1528Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia, PA Solo
1968Albrecht DurerNorton Simon Museum of Art, Pasadena, CA Solo
1958Woodcuts of Albrecht DürerMontclair Art Museum, Montclair, NJ Solo
1958Prints by Albrecht DurerSaint Louis Art Museum, Saint Louis, MO Solo
1950Engravings by Albrecht Dürer (1471-1528)Birmingham Museum & Art Gallery, Birmingham Solo
1946Albrecht Dürer, Das graphische WerkKunsthaus Zürich, Zurich Solo
1937Albrecht Dürer. Kobberstik, raderinger og træsnitStatens museum for kunst, Copenhagen Solo
1936DürerKunstverein in Hamburg, Hamburg Solo
1935Prints by Albrecht DürerSaint Louis Art Museum, Saint Louis, MO Solo
1929Albrecht Durer, Wood EngravingsIndianapolis Museum of Art (IMA), Indianapolis, IN Solo
1928Prints by Albrecht DürerSaint Louis Art Museum, Saint Louis, MO Solo
1928DürerKunstverein in Hamburg, Hamburg Solo
1926Woodcuts by Albrecht Dürer.National Gallery of Canada, Musée des beaux-arts du Canada, Ottawa, ON Solo
1917Albrecht Dürer. Stik afStatens museum for kunst, Copenhagen Solo
1913Albert Durer's Engravings: Little PassionIndianapolis Museum of Art (IMA), Indianapolis, IN Solo