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Andre Derain/ André Derain

France 1880 - 1954

Fauvism

Andre Derain
André Derain
Male
France
1880

An often overlooked founding member of Fauvism, André Derain was a painter whose innovative landscape and cityscape paintings heavily impacted the artist’s contemporary scene. For the majority of his career, especially the early periods of it, Derain worked closely with fellow Fauves Maurice de Vlaminck and Henri Matisse. The latter actually played a major role in Andre’s personal life as well as heavily influencing the younger author’s stylistic decisions. Derain’s art went through many creative and conceptual changes during the course of his life, covering everything from Georges Seurat-like dotted technique of Pointillism to more subtle portraiture and still life pieces[1]. It should also be noted that Andre was one of the closest colleagues as well as a friend of Pablo Picasso, despite the fact the legendary Spaniard and Matisse, Derain’s mentor, did not get along very good, to say the least.

In 1905, french landscape canvas works became known modern art pieces for new home collection
André Derain – The Pool of London, 1906 – Image via tate.org.uk

The Influence of Henri Matisse

André Derain was born in the year of 1880 in Chatou, Yvelines, an area just outside Paris. When he was about fifteen years old, young André began to study painting on his own. However, he also learned the trade of an engineer at the Académie Camillo. Painting pictures remained a big part of his life for the majority of his youth. In his spare time, Derain attended painting classes under the guiding hand of Eugène Carrière[2] and it was here that he met Matisse.

Andre Derain – Boats at Collioure – Image via pinterest.com

Landscape and Portrait Art of Maurice de Vlaminck

In 1900, André met and shared a studio with Maurice de Vlaminck where the two worked hard at developing their styles. Their growth was, unfortunately, put on a prolonged halt as the painters were recruited in military service in 1901. In 1904, after the service was completed, Matisse persuaded Derain’s parents to allow him to abandon his engineering career and devote himself solely to painting, after which André started attending classes at Académie Julian. Andre was overjoyed and immediately started exploring many modern and contemporary techniques of depicting upon the canvas.

Since 1905, every new french art gallery and museum became better known
André Derain – Regent Street, London – Image via metmuseum.org

André Derain and Fauvism

Derain and Matisse worked together through the summer of 1905 and later that year displayed their highly innovative paintings at the Salon d’Automne – these works will be the reason why Louis Vauxcelles proclaimed them as les Fauves, or the wild beasts. Soon after that, Derain went to London to produce a series of paintings with the city as the main subject[3]. Upon his return to France, André was granted a studio and financial stability. He moved to Montmartre to be near his friend Pablo Picasso and other noted artists. Here, Derain began to shift from the brilliant Fauvist palette to more muted tones, combining the influence of Cubism and Paul Cézanne with his own style.

André Derain Work - The Surprise work - Image via pinterestcom
André Derain – The Surprise – Image via pinterest.com

Representing the French Art

In 1914 he was mobilized for military service in World War I and had little time for painting – however, he did provide a set of illustrations for André Breton‘s first book, Mont de Piete (1916). The 1920s marked the height of his success. During the German occupation of France in World War II, Derain lived primarily in Paris and was much courted by the Germans for his art – in fact, Andre was proclaimed to be a collaborator after the war ended. He died in Garches, Hauts-de-Seine, in 1954 when he was struck by a moving vehicle.

The art of André Derain earned him widespread recognition throughout Europe for its dense, vibrant brushwork and unique stylistic decisions that combined many modern techniques of painting

The search for any museum or gallery collection became easier though Paul contact page
André Derain – Baigneuses (Esquisse), 1908 (Left) / Charing Cross Bridge, 1906 (Right) – Images via wikimedia.org

A Great Artistic Mixture

The specific situation in which Derain created his work is what makes this author’s art so special and intriguing. He was very eager to apply different styles and techniques, like the dotted system of Seurat and German expressionistic features, but was also under the influence of Picasso’s Cubism and Matisse’s Fauvism – a unique combination that earned Andre widespread recognition throughout Europe and the United States. He was also recognized as an important figure of the school of Symbolism and all the concepts behind it. All of these radically different factors blended within the art of Andre Derain who managed to align them in a way that resulted in the creation of art that focuses much more on the beauty of what is described on the canvas, regardless of unnecessary specifics and irrelevant details[4].

References:

  1. Lee, J., Derain, Universe Pub, 1991
  2. Monod-Fontaine, A., Monod-Fontaine, I., Garinei, S., Derain, C. V., Andre Derain, Ferrara Palazzo dei Diamanti, 2006
  3. Labrusse, R., Munck, J., House, J., Ireson, N., Andre Derain: The London Paintings, Paul Holberton Publishing, 2005
  4. Kalitina, N., Maximova, E., Andre Derain: A Painter Through the Ordeal by Fire, Parkstone Press Ltd, 1999

Featured image: André Derain – Golden Age – Image via wikiart.org
All images used for illustrative purposes only.

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YearExhibitions TitleGallery/MuseumSolo/Group
2017Wir Wegbereiter Pioniere der NachkriegsmoderneMuseum Moderner Kunst Stiftung Ludwig, Vienna Group
2016O Triunfo Da CorCentro Cultural Banco do Brasil (CCBB), Rio de Janeiro, RJ Group
2016Basquiat, Dubuffet, Soulages ... A Private CollectionFondation de l'Hermitage, Lausanne Group
2016Matisse in His Time: Masterworks of Modernism from the Centre Pompidou, ParisOklahoma City Museum of Art (OKCMOA), Oklahoma City, OK Group
2016Franse ModernistenSinger Laren, Laren Group
2016CERAMIX. Art et Céramique de Rodin à SchütteLa Maison Rouge, Paris Group
2016Easy Virtue: Prostitution in French Art, 1850–1910Van Gogh Museum, Amsterdam Group
2015Los modernosMuseo Nacional de Arte, Mexico City Group
2015Fall ExhibitionGalerie Fleury, Paris Group
2015Homme d'argile, Homme fragileMusée de Millau et des Grands Causses, Millau Group
2015American and European Art from the 1920s and 1930sPhoenix Art Museum, Phoenix, AZ Group
2015Cézanne bis RichterKunstmuseum Basel | Gegenwart, Basel Group
2015Jean Carzou, André Derain, Raoul Dufy, Marc ChagallTatra Galeria, Poprad Group
2014André Derain: Œuvres FauvesMusée départemental Matisse, Le Cateau-Cambrésis Solo
2014SalonMichael Fuchs Galerie, Berlin Group
2014Face à l'oeuvreFondation Maeght, Saint-Paul Group
2014Odyssee Moderne Cézanne Bis BraqueGalerie Knoell, Basel Group
2014The William S. Paley Collection: A Taste For ModernismCrystal Bridges Museum of American Art, Bentonville, AR Group
2014Head and ShouldersStädtische Galerie Delmenhorst, Delmenhorst Group
2014Treasures in MKMilton Keynes Gallery, Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire Group
2013The William S. PaleyMusée national des beaux-arts du Québec, Quebec City Group
2013Matisse und die FauvesAlbertina, Vienna Group
2013A Passion for France. The Marlene and Spencer Hays CollectionMusée d'Orsay, Paris Group
20131913 Armory Show RevisitedInternational Print Center New York, New York City, NY Group
2013Nouveau to Modern: Transitions in Art and DesignAllan Stone Projects, New York City, NY Group
2012Correspondences Modern Art and UniversalismMuzeum Sztuki in Lodz, Main Building, Lodz Group
2012Céramique d'artisteMusée d’Art Moderne de Troyes, Troyes Group
2012La sculpture des peintresMusée de L'Annonciade , St. Tropez Group
2012From Picasso to Koons. Artist’s JewelleryBenaki Museum, Athens Group
2012Sammeln, was man liebtMuseum im Kulturspeicher, Würzburg Group
2012Spring, Summer, Fall, WinterSchroeder Romero & Shredder, New York City, NY Group
2012French Drawings from the Aaronsohn CollectionThe Phillips Collection, Washington, DC Group
2012Expressionismus Und Klassische ModerneBeck & Eggeling International Fine Art, Dusseldorf Group
2011Linie und Skulptur im Dialog: Rodin, Giacometti, Modigliani …Stiftung Opelvillen, Rüsselsheim Group
2011End of Year SaleWhitestone Gallery, Tokyo Group
2011Alexandre Vassiliev. Elegance in ExilePalazzo Mocenigo, Venice Group
2011From Classical To ContemporaryGalerie Miro, Prague Group
2011Acquisitions Récentes d' Antonin Artaud à Tatiana TrouvéMusée National d´Art Moderne, Paris Group
2011French Classic Modern Art From The Ivan Markovic´s CollectionLiptovská galéria Petra Michala Bohúňa, Liptovsky Mikulas Group
2011Distilled Moments: Still Lifes from the Permanent CollectionSanta Barbara Museum of Art, Santa Barbara, CA Group
2011Works from the Aktis Gallery collectionAktis Gallery, LondonGroup
2011Drawn to Modernism: Selected Gifts from Wright S. LudingtonSanta Barbara Museum of Art, Santa Barbara, CA Group
2010Cabinet de dessinsGalerie Odile Oms, Céret Group
2010Mediterraneo da Courbet a Monet a MatissePalazzo Ducale, Genoa Group
2010Works on Paper from Cézanne to FreudAcquavella Galleries, Inc., New York City, NY Group
2010Teddybär und DamenschuhKunstmuseum Basel, Basel Group
2010French & English 20th Century paintingsFrost and Reed Contemporary, London Group
2010Paths to abstractionArt Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW Group
2010Fleurs 1880-2010Benrimon Contemporary, New York City, NY Group
2010COLOUR in ARTLouisiana Museum of Modern Art, Humlebæk Group
2009Pantagruel Prints by André DerainKamakura Annex, Kanagawa Solo
2007Derain: sculpteur & photographeMusée des Beaux-Arts de Carcassonne, Carcassonne Solo
2007André Derain. An Outsider in French ArtStatens museum for kunst, Copenhagen Solo
2006André DerainPalazzo dei Diamanti, Ferrara, FE Solo
2005André Derain: The London PaintingsCourtauld Institute of Art, London Solo
2005André DerainGalerie Odile Oms, Céret Solo
2004Figuratively SpeakingW600, Centre for the Arts , Lethbridge, Alberta Solo
2003Andre Derain: paysages du MidMusée de L'Annonciade , St. Tropez Solo
2003Andre Derain: DessinsBarbara Paci Art Gallery, Pietrasanta, LU Solo
2003André DerainFondation de l'Hermitage, Lausanne Solo
2002André DerainGalerie de la Présidence, Paris Solo
2002Focus on the Beck CollectionMuseum of Fine Arts Houston, Houston, TX Solo
2001Andre Derain: Paintings and DrawingsGrosvenor Gallery, London Solo
2000Andre Derain: Skulpturen, Zeichnungen, BilderGalerie Thomas, Munich Solo
1997André Derain, 1904-1921Museo Picasso, Barcelona Solo
1995André DerainMuseo Thyssen-Bornemisza, Madrid Solo
1991Andre DerainMusée d’Art Moderne de Troyes, Troyes Solo
1991Andre DerainScottish National Gallery of Modern Art, Edinburgh, Scotland Solo
1990Andre DerainModern Art Oxford, Oxford Solo
1990Andre Derain: Le SatyriconUniversity Avenue, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON Solo
1964Andre DerainHirschl & Adler Galleries, New York City, NY Solo
1964DerainMusée Cantini, Marseille Solo
1963André Derain in the Museum CollectionMuseum of Modern Art, New York City, NY Solo
1961Andre Derain: das plastische WerkGalerie Vömel, Dusseldorf Solo
1959Sculptures by Andre DerainCharles E. Slatkin Galleries, New York City, NY Solo
1958Andre Derain DrawingsCincinnati Contemporary Arts Center, Cincinnati, OH Solo
1947Exhibition of Paintings by André DerainArts Club of Chicago, Chicago, IL Solo
1939Paintings by André DerainArts Club of Chicago, Chicago, IL Solo
1937Paintings by André DerainArts Club of Chicago, Chicago, IL Solo
1936André DerainBrummer Gallery, New York City, NY Solo
1935André DerainKunsthalle Bern, Bern Solo
1934Exhibition of Watercolors by André DerainArts Club of Chicago, Chicago, IL Solo
1930An exhibition of paintings by André DerainCincinnati Art Museum, Cincinnati, OH Solo
1927“The Last Supper” by André DerainArts Club of Chicago, Chicago, IL Solo
1922Andre DerainBrummer Gallery, New York City, NY Solo