Candida Hofer /   Candida Höfer

Germany 1944


Candida Hofer
Candida Höfer
February 18, 2015
Music, Gestalt, .

Candida Höfer is a photographer known for her large-format images of architectural interiors, which address the psychological environment of social and cultural institutions by acknowledging how public spaces are designed to accommodate and inform the public.

Candida was born in 1944 in Cologne and after completing studies at the Cologne Werkschule, she enrolled in the Düsseldorf School of Art, where she was taught by Bernd and Hilla Becher, heavily influenced by the formal qualities of the austere documentary photography they endorsed. In 1968, she began working for newspapers as a portrait photographer, producing a series on Liverpudlian poets.

After completing her training at the Schmölz-Huth Studio, Candida Höfer began studying under the influential photographers Bernd and Hilla Becher in 1976, the teachers of other noted Dusseldorf School photographers including Andreas Gursky, Thomas Struth, Axel Hütte and Thomas Ruff.  Höfer”s work became internationally recognized in the 1980’s, and her subject matter expanded to include a myriad of places rooted in cultural formation and preservation, including museums, libraries, universities, theaters, civic centers, and historic sites.

Höfer specializes in large-format photographs of empty interiors and social spaces that capture the “psychology of social architecture”. Her photographs are taken from a classic straight-on frontal angle or seek a diagonal in the composition. She tends to shoot each actionless room from an elevated vantage point near one wall so that the far wall is centered within the resulting image.

She has held numerous solo exhibitions throughout Europe and the United States, and her work has been included in several group shows at the Museum of Modern Art in New York, Documenta XI in Kassel, and the Museum Ludwig in Cologne. In 2003, Höfer represented Germany in the Venice Biennale with fellow compatriot, Martin Kippenberger.

She lives and works in Cologne, Germany.

YearExhibition TitleGallery/MuseumSolo/Group
2014UntitledVilla Borghese, Ben Brown Fine Arts, LondonSolo
2014UntitledYuka Tsuruno Gallery, TokyoSolo
2014Immagini di Architettura Fondazione Bisazza, VicenzaSolo
2014UntitledGalerie Rüdiger Schöttle, MunichSolo
2014Dusseldorf Kunstmuseum Luzern, Luzern; Landesgalerie Linz, LinzSolo
2014UntitledGalerie Eva Presenhuber, ZurichSolo
2014Unbeugsam und ungebändigt Dokumentarische Fotografie um 1979, Museum Ludwig, Cologne, GermanyGroup
2013A Return to Italy Ben Brown Fine Arts, LondonSolo
2013UntitledVilla Borghese, Sonnabend Gallery, New York, NYSolo
2013Dusseldorf Stiftung Museum Kunstpalast, DusseldorfSolo
2013Candida Höfer per la Galleria Borghese Galleria Borghese, RomeSolo
2013Bindings Patrick de Brock gallery, KnokkeSolo
2013Frühe Arbeiten Galerie Thomas Zander, CologneSolo
2013UntitledYuka Tsuruno Gallery, TokyoSolo
2013Mantova Museo Civico di Palazzo Te, MantuaSolo
2013Immagini di Architettura Fondazione Bisazza, VicenzaSolo
2013UntitledGalerie Rüdiger Schöttle, MunichSolo
2013UntitledGalerie Eva Presenhuber, ZurichSolo
2013Animism Ilmin Museum of Art, Seoul, South KoreaGroup
2012Türken in Deutschland Museum Für Neue Kunst, FreiburgSolo
2012Interior Worlds The Baltimore Museum of Art, Baltimore, MDSolo
2012UntitledJohnen Galerie, BerlinSolo
2012Neue Künstlerinnenräume im K21. Candida Höfer K21 Kunstsammlung Nordrhein-Westfalen, DusseldorfSolo
2012UntitledInna Contemporary Art Space, HangzhouSolo
2012UntitledGalleria Borghese, RomeSolo
2012UntitledNordrhein-Westfälische Akademie der Wissenschaften und der Künste, DusseldorfSolo
2012Affinities Artipelag, GustavsbergSolo
2012Der Mensch und seine Objekte. Fotografische Sammlung Museum Folkwang, Essen,GermanyGroup
2011UntitledKukje Gallery, SeoulSolo
2011UntitledGalleria Marabini, MilanSolo
2011UntitledGalería Fúcares, MadridSolo
2011Interior Worlds Baltimore Museum of Art, Baltimore, MDSolo
2011Zwiebelfische. Jimmy Ernst & der chinesische Zirkel Glückstadt - New YorkGroup
2010In Italy – Florence and Naples Ben Brown Fine Arts, Hong KongSolo
2010Kuehn Malvezzi Oldenburger Kunstverein, OldenburgSolo
2010Projects: Done MARCO Museo de Arte Contemporanea de Vigo, VigoSolo
2010Zoologische Gärten Rena Bransten Gallery, San Francisco, CASolo
2010Philadelphia Galerie der Stadt Tuttlingen, TuttlingenSolo
2010Projects: Done Centro Andaluz de Arte Contemporáneo, SevilleSolo
2010UntitledGalerie Rüdiger Schöttle, MunichSolo
2010Best of 50 years Kunstverein Wolfsburg. Wolfsburg, GermanyGroup
2009In Italy - Part II: Naples Ben Brown Fine Arts, LondonSolo
2009In Italy - Part I: Florence Ben Brown Fine Arts, LondonSolo
2009Spatial Portraits Palazzo Medici Riccardi, FlorenceSolo
2009Of Other Spaces Columbus College of Art & Design, Columbus, USAGroup
2008Werkgruppen seit 1968. ZKM Karlsruhe Museum für Kunst und Medientechnologie,Karlsruhe, GermanySolo
2008Weimarer Räume Schloß Benrath, Düsseldorf, GermanySolo
2008Photographien Freie Akademie der Künste in Hamburg, GermanySolo
2008Art is for the Spirit: Works from the UBS Art Collection Mori Art Museum. Tokyo, JapanGroup
2007Possessions Eine Präsentation der Candida Höfer-Stiftung - a presentation of Candida Höfer-Foundation Antiquariat Gundel Gelbert, Cologne, GermanySolo
2007Architecture of Absence Knoxville Museum of Art, Knoxville, USASolo
2007Louvre, Brazil and other places Henie Onstad Art Centre, Oslo, NorwaySolo
2007Weimarer Räume Neues Museum, Weimar, GermanySolo
2007Candida Höfer in: Sammlungen – Fotografie Ulmer Museum, Ulm, GermanySolo
2007Brussels Series Bozar Palais des Beaux-Arts, Brussels, BelgiumSolo
2007Candida Höfer, Fotografie Kunstverein Lippe, Lippische Gesellschaft für Kunst,Schloss Detmold, GermanySolo
2007Fotografien Ausstellung anlässlich der Verleihung des Kunstpreises Finkenwerder 2007,Kunsthaus Hamburg, GermanySolo
2007UntitledPortugal, CaixaForum, Barcelona, SpainSolo
2007Bologna Series Centro de Arte Visive Pescheria, Pesaro, ItalySolo
2007Die Liebe zum Licht, Fotografie im 20. Und 21. Jahrhundert Kunstmuseum Bochum, GermanyGroup
2006Le Louvre Musée du Louvre, Paris, FranceSolo
2006Em Portugal CCB Centro Cultural de Belem, Lisbon, PortugalSolo
2006Räume einer Hochschule – ETH Zürich Graphische Sammlung ETH, Zurich, SwitzerlandSolo
2006UntitledDublin Irish Museum of Modern Art, Dublin, IrelandSolo
2006Architecture of Absence Institute of Contemporary Art, University of Pennsylvania,Solo
2006Philadelphia, PA, USA Frye Museum, Seattle, WA, USASolo
2006UntitledMuseum of Art, Brigham Young University, Provo, USASolo
2006Distanz und Nähe Palais Unesco, Beirut, Libanon; Al-Assad National Library, Damaskus,Syrien; Izmir Resim ve Heykel Müzesi, Izmir, TurkeyGroup
2005OMR Mexico City, MexicoSolo
2005Fotografien 2004 - 2005 Kestnergesellschaft, Hannover, GermanySolo
2005Architecture of Absence UAM, CSULB, Long Beach; Norton Museum of Art, West Palm Beach, USASolo
2005Fotografien 2004 – 2005 Museo Fotografia Contemporanea, Villa Ghirlanda, CiniselloSolo
2005Balsamo Milano, ItalySolo
2005Photographs Michigan Avenue Galleries, Chicago, IL, USASolo
2005Luoghi sospesi Candida Höfer fotografa l’opera di Carlo Scarpa, Querini StampaliaSolo
2005Foundation Venice, ItalySolo
2005Kühn Malvezzi Momentane Monumente, Berlinische Galerie, Berlin, GermanyGroup
2004books grow out of ground here Libraries and Librarians photographed by Candida Höferand Bert Nienhuis, Huis Marseille, Amsterdam, NetherlandsSolo
2004Eingelagerte Welten Völkerkundemuseum, Zurich, SwitzerlandSolo
2004Schloss St. Emmeram Regensburg Marstall des Fürstlichen Schlosses, Regensburg, GermanySolo
2004Tschechische Botschaft. Berlin Wilhelmstraße 44 - Fotografien, Kunsthalle Kiel, GermanySolo
2004Traces – Spuren: An Exhibition with Works by Candida Höfer Goethe Institut New York,USASolo
2004Candida Höfer en Santillana del Mar. Tiempos y Espacios, Palacio de la Caja, Santillana del Mar, SpainSolo
2004Take 5. Huis Marseille Turns Five Huis Marseille, Amsterdam, NetherlandsGroup
2003Hamburg, Jenisch Haus, Hamburg, GermanySolo
2003Räume auf Zeit. Dresden, Albertinum Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden, GermanySolo
2003Die Welt des Wissens II Museum für Völkerkunde Dresden im Japanischen Palais, Dresden, GermanySolo
2003Zwölf – Photographien von Rodins Bürger von Calais und Wilhelmstraße 44 Georg-KolbeMuseum, Berlin, GermanySolo
2003Zwölf Museumsräume. Fotografien Kunsthalle Bremen, GermanySolo
2003German Pavillon Biennale di Venezia (& Martin Kippenberger), Venice, ItalySolo
2003Objective Spaces: Photographers from Deutschland Waddington Galleries, London, UKGroup