Eduardo Paolozzi in London - Sculpture works in scottish gallery and home school echo that the scottish culture is independent from London

Eduardo Paolozzi/ Eduardo Luigi Paolozzi

United Kingdom 1924 - 2005

Pop Art

Eduardo Paolozzi
Eduardo Luigi Paolozzi
Male
United Kingdom
1924

Enchanted by modern machines and the rapid development of technology, Eduardo Paolozzi produced graphic art, collages, pottery, films, mosaics and sculptures. Mainly driven by industrial engineering, this prolific and inventive Scottish artist was a prominent member of the international Pop Art movement. His early practice of making bronze sculptures representing anguished figures eventually evolved into a process of making geometric human forms by piecing together aluminum and brass casting molds. Paolozzi’s mature sculptures have often been described as totems of the technological age.[1]

Eduardo Paolozzi - A Piece in the London British gallery - Image via tateorguk
Eduardo Paolozzi – Real Gold, 1949 – Image via tate.org.uk

Early Career Choices

Eduardo Luigi Paolozzi was born on the 7th of March in the year of 1924, in Edinburgh, the capital city of Scotland. He was an only child in a family of Italian descent. In 1943, young Paolozzi enrolled at the Edinburgh College of Art with the intention of becoming a commercial artist and using his creativity to make a living. Although he was slowed down a bit by his short stint in the Royal Pioneer Corps, he transferred to the London’s St. Martin’s School of Art in 1944 and graduated by the following year at this prestigious UK institution. When the World War II came to a halt and the rifles became silent around the Old Continent, Luigi Paolozzi changed his career path and begun studying sculpture at the Slade School of Fine Art.[2] He stayed there until the year of 1947 when Paolozzi completed his course at this institution.

Paolozzi was a part of a small group of modern artists that truly believed in the positive relationship between art and machinery

Eduardo Paolozzi - Contact April in London - Image via timeoutcom
Eduardo Paolozzi – Untitled – Image via timeout.com

Surrealism and Collage Artworks

During the late 1940s, Paolozzi spent some time in Paris, France. Whilst there, he was watching and studying the works of many local surrealist artists[3], such as Jean Dubuffet and Alberto Giacometti. During this time, Paolozzi also started making sculptures and collages – these pieces uniquely combined the influences of Surrealism and Cubism with elements of popular culture and contemporary machinery. By the year of 1952, the pieces Paolozzi made in Paris and their unique style established this artist as one of the creative inventors of what will soon be known as Pop Art.

Eduardo Paolozzi dedicated his early creative life to finding the artistic balance between Surrealism and Cubism


Life and work anywhere in the British world gives a special view on life
Eduardo Paolozzi – Barkcloth – Image via calsfieldnotes.com

The Mature Art of Eduardo Paolozzi

During the 1950s, Paolozzi’s primary artistic focus was the suffering human form. In the next decade, he further incorporated the theme of modern machinery into his art, a feature that was already responsible for putting this artist on the map of modern art. Aluminum became Paolozzi’s new material of choice as he littered his work with discarded machine parts. This was an interesting new feature in his work as it linked him to the early avant-garde art and ready-made pieces. Through his industrial art, Eduardo Paolozzi aimed at making a social statement about man’s role in the age of growing technology. Later in his life, this author spent much of his time working on abstract art[4], exploring printmaking techniques and reliefs. Through the 1980s and 1990s, Paolozzi continued to accept public commissions on a regular basis, working on artworks like his 10-foot bronze statue of Sir Isaac Newton. Eduardo Paolozzi died after a long period of illness in 2005.

Sir Eduardo Paolozzi was among the first early Pop Art authors to appropriate images from advertisements in order to create collages that were completely independent of the original material

Culture in London is reflected by British sculpture work on view in the April Home Gallery
Eduardo Paolozzi – Meet the People, 1948 / Bash, 1971 – Images via tate.org.uk

Main Achievements of His Biography ( 1924–2005 )[5]

Thanks to his incredible works of art that attempted to bridge the gap between the rapid development of technology and artistic traditions, Eduardo Paolozzi established himself as a prominent member of the international Pop Art. He was also one of the most unique and distinctive authors of the movement, which is saying a lot since Pop Art was so diverse and rich with characteristic artists. Maybe the greatest of Paolozzi’s achievements was his embrace of technology – rather than perceiving it as a sort of demon to be feared, Eduardo insisted that 20th-century art and culture must not reject the results of the industrial development but rather use it and creatively profit from such a correlation.

References:

  1. Paolozzi, E., Eduardo Paolozzi, Whitechapel Gallery, 2017
  2. Collins, J., Eduardo Paolozzi, Lund Humphries; New edition, 2014
  3. Spencer, R., Paolozzi, E., Eduardo Paolozzi: Writings and Interviews, Oxford University Press, 2001
  4. Anonymous, Eduardo Paolozzi, Guggenheim Museum [Apr 18, 2017]
  5. Whitford, F. (2005), Sir Eduardo Paolozzi, The Guardian [Apr 18, 2017]

Featured image: Eduardo Paolozzi – Photo of the artist – Image via mattfraser4.com
All images used for illustrative purposes only.

YearExhibitions TitleGallery/MuseumSolo/Group
2017Eduardo PaolozziWhitechapel Art Gallery, London Solo
2016Eduardo PaolozziYorkshire Sculpture Park (YSP), Wakefield, West Yorkshire Solo
2016Aspects Of Modern British Art, Summer Show: Paintings, Graphics, Sculpture And CeramicsAustin Desmond Fine Art, London Group
2016The Scottish Endarkenment. Art and Unreason 1945 to the PresentDovecot, Edinburgh, Scotland Group
2016Nature of the BeastGallery Pangolin, Chalford Group
2016The Peculiar PeopleFocal Point Gallery, Southend-on-Sea, Essex Group
2016A Sense of HistoryNordstern Videokunstzentrum, Gelsenkirchen Group
2016Picking up the Pieces: Collage in Post War BritainGrosvenor Gallery, LondonGroup
2016L’Almanach 16Le Consortium, Dijon Group
2016History of NothingWhite Cube, London Group
2015Moonstrips. Eduardo Paolozzi And The Printed Collage 1965-72The Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire Solo
2015Eduardo Paolozzi inspirationsFlorian Sundheimer Galerie, Munich Solo
2015My love is like a red red roseMusées de Montbéliard, Montbéliard Group
2015International PopDallas Museum of Art, Dallas, TX Group
2015Periodic Tales: The Art of the ElementsCompton Verney, Compton Verney, Warwickshire Group
2015Potteries ThinkbeltRob Tufnell, London Group
2015Plasters: Casts and CopiesThe Hepworth Wakefield, Wakefield, West Yorkshire Group
2015International PopWalker Art Center, Minneapolis, MN Group
2015United ColorsGalerie Martin Krebs, Bern Group
2015Sammeln Wie GedrucktGalerie Albstadt, Albstadt Group
2015A Strong Sweet Smell of IncensePace London, London Group
2014Eduardo Paolozzi: One Big CollageMuseum Boijmans van Beuningen, Rotterdam Solo
2014Christmas Cracker!Gallery Pangolin, Chalford Group
2014Flash! Pop ArtNeue Galerie, Kassel Group
2014Mini-CrucibleGallery Pangolin, Chalford Group
2014The Library VaccineArtists Space, New York City, NY Group
2014Fever & Flash. Pop in the 1970sPhilbrook Museum of Art, Tulsa, OK Group
2014Pop Art MythsMuseo Thyssen-Bornemisza, Madrid Group
2014Somewhat AbstractNottingham Contemporary, Nottingham Group
2014British Pop PrintsAllentown Art Museum, Allentown, PA Group
2014TransatlanticUpDown Gallery, Ramsgate Group
2014Ruin LustTate St. Ives, St. Ives, Cornwall Group
2014AmerikaCamberwell Space, London Group
2013Eduardo Paolozzi: Collaging CulturePallant House Gallery, Chichester, West Sussex Solo
2013Artists of the Colony RoomEngland & Co, London Group
2013Art (Not Only) for Christmas!Alan Wheatley Art, London Group
2013Displays: The Eric & Jean Cass GiftContemporary Art Society, London Group
2013Artists Make FacesPlymouth City Museum and Art Gallery, Plymouth Group
2013Modern Print Masters StockThe Watermill, Aberfeldy, Perthshire, Scotland Group
2013The System of ObjectsDeste Foundation -, Athens Group
2013A Century of CollageBernard Jacobson Gallery, London Group
2012Leben Mit Pop!Museum der bildenden Künste Leipzig, Leipzig Group
2012British Pop Art PrintsBernard Jacobson Gallery, London Group
2012Ghosts in the MachineNew Museum of Contemporary Art, New York City, NY Group
2012Modern British Sculpture, Fanning the FlamesAlan Wheatley Art, London Group
2012100 PrintsFlowers Gallery, Emsworth, Hampshire Group
2012British SculptureFlowers Gallery, Emsworth, Hampshire Group
2012Works On PaperBourne Fine Art, Edinburgh, Scotland Group
2012Quero ser Marilyn Monroe!Cinemateca Brasileira, São Paulo Group
2012Modern British and European ArtGrosvenor Gallery, London Group
2011Eduardo PaolozziFlowers Gallery, Emsworth, Hampshire Solo
2011Eduardo PaolozziFlowers Galleries, London Solo
2011Archaeology of a Used FutureJonathan Clark & Co, London Solo
2011Invention of the ImpossibleSims Reed Gallery, London Solo
2011Eduardo Paolozzi l General Dynamic F.U.NThe New Art Gallery Walsall, Walsall, West Midlands Solo
2011RemixChrysler Museum of Art, Norfolk, VA Group
2011CollectorTri Postal, Lille Group
2011Savage MessiahRob Tufnell, London Group
2011Modern BritishGrosvenor Gallery, London Group
2010Eduardo Paolozzi Selected worksFlowers Galleries, London Solo
2010Kopieren & Einfügenartplosiv Freiburg gallery, Ebringen Group
2010Works on PaperMarianne Boesky Gallery, New York City, NY Group
2010Crucible 2010Gloucester Cathedral, Gloucester Group
2010Mutant PopLoyal, Malmö Group
2010MasterpieceOffer Waterman & Co, London Group
20102010 Opening ShowAugustine Stewart House, NorwichGroup
2009Eduardo PaolozziSims Reed Gallery, London Solo
2009Eduardo Paolozzi. Forty PlastersJames Hyman Fine Art, London Solo
2009Eduardo Paolozzi: The Jet Age CompendiumRaven Row, London Solo
2009Paolozzi: Pop Art IconToledo Museum of Art, Toledo, OH Solo
2007Eduardo Paolozzi: Bunk!Laing Art Gallery, Newcastle upon Tyne Solo
2006Eduardo PaolozziSidney Cooper Gallery, Canterbury, Kent Solo
2006Eduardo Paolozzi: Prints and DrawingsDean Gallery, Edinburgh, Scotland Solo
2006Paolozzi’s PatternsDean Gallery, Edinburgh, Scotland Solo
2005Echoes of AntiquityDean Gallery, Edinburgh, Scotland Solo
2005SPOTLIGHT on Eduardo PaolozziGalleries at University of Hertfordshire, St Albans, Hertfordshire Solo
2004Paolozzi at 80Dean Gallery, Edinburgh, Scotland Solo
2003Yann PaolozziGalerie Frédéric Giroux, Paris Solo
2002Eduardo Paolozzi: Bunk!Dean Gallery, Edinburgh, Scotland Solo
2001Eduardo PaolozziWeston Link, Edinburgh, Scotland Solo
2001Eduardo Paolozzi: As Is WhenDean Gallery, Edinburgh, Scotland Solo
2000Eduardo PaolozziNorthumbria University, Newcastle upon Tyne Solo
1999Eduardo PaolozziScottish National Gallery of Modern Art, Edinburgh, Scotland Solo
1987Eduardo Paolozzi: Sculptures from a GardenSerpentine Gallery, London Solo
1986Eduardo Paolozzi: KöpfeSkulpturenmuseum Glaskasten Marl, Marl Solo
1985Eduardo PaolozziMusée d'Art Contemporain Lyon, Lyon Solo
1984Eduardo Paolozzi: Wiederkehr der ThemenStädtische Galerie im Lenbachhaus & Kunstbau, Munich Solo
1979Eduardo Paolozzi. Work in ProgressKölnischer Kunstverein, Cologne Solo
1978Eduardo Paolozzi: Kleinplastiken, Zeichnungen, GraphikKasseler Kunstverein, Kassel Solo
1977Eduardo PaolozziUniversity Avenue, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON Solo
1975Eduardo PaolozziNeue Nationalgalerie, Berlin Solo
1971Eduardo Paolozzi: Graphiken, Originalplakate moderner KünstlerGalerie Erhard Klein, Bad Münstereifel Solo
1970Eduardo PaolozziARoS Aarhus Kunstmuseum, Aarhus Solo
1969Eduardo Paolozzi, Sculpture and GraphicsHerbert F. Johnson Museum of Art, Ithaca, NY Solo
1969Eduardo Paolozzi: Plastiken, GraphikKunsthaus Hamburg, Hamburg Solo
1968Eduardo Paolozzi: Plastik und GraphikKunsthalle Düsseldorf, Dusseldorf Solo
1967Eduardo Paolozzi: sculpture and graphicsHanover Gallery, London Solo
1966Eduardo Paolozzi Sculpture, Drawings, PrintsPace Gallery, New York City, NY Solo
1964Eduardo PaolozziMuseum of Modern Art, New York City, NY Solo
1962Eduardo PaolozziBetty Parsons Gallery, New York City, NY Solo
1960Eduardo PaolozziBetty Parsons Gallery, New York City, NY Solo
1958Paolozzi sculptureHanover Gallery, London Solo
1955Eduardo Paolozzi: Work in Progress: Small Sculptures & DrawingsInstitute of Contemporary Arts, London Solo