Erró in front of his work

Erro /   Guðmundur Guðmundsson

Iceland 1932

Pop Art, Postmodernism

Guðmundur Guðmundsson
April 7, 2017
Nina Karaicic is a journalist with experience in TV and radio media. Born in 1989, she had studied at the University of Belgrade – Faculty of Political Sciences (Journalism). Interests: Photography, Art, Film, Folklore, Video Games

Coming from Iceland, the land full of beautiful landscapes, Erró has become a multi-disciplinary artist known all around the world. His style can be defined as Pop Art and Postmodern, but he can also be considered as a painter in a traditional sense, whose techniques remind of the classical European artists. Besides paintings, he also creates collages, drawings, prints, sculptures, and films. His love for traveling has taken him to places worldwide, where he collected and reassembled numerous posters, advertisements, comics, and news images, which usually included figures from artworks by Eugène Delacroix, Fernand Léger, and Pablo Picasso. These elements serve him as an inspiration. Through his ironic, sarcastic, and critical visual art, he condemns war, autocracy, economic and cultural hegemony. He is one of the first artists to recognize the significance the consumer society and media world will have in the contemporary art.

Erro - gudmundur icelandic home view arts, privacy click in 2017
Erró – Desert Storm, 1991

Erró’s Education

Guðmundur Guðmundsson better known as Erró was born in 1932 in Ólafsvík, Iceland. In 1951 he graduated from the Reykjavík School of Visual Art, where he was introduced to the technique of paper cut. In 1952 the artist moves to Norway to study fresco, painting, and engraving at the Oslo Academy of Fine Art. During 1954 the author studied at the Florence Academy of Art and then moved to Ravenna. Here he got familiar with the art of the Old Masters and mastered the mosaic technique. A few years later, in 1958 Erró settled in Paris, and soon became associated with the Narrative Figuration movement, whose representatives are Gérard Fromanger, Jacques Monory, and Bernard Rancillac among others. While visiting New York on several occasions between 1962 and 1966, he had the opportunity to learn and embrace new imagery, which was, unlike the one in Europe, much more colorful and impressive. During the 1960’s he also made a number of experimental movies. The first film called Grimaces was made with the producer Claude Givaudan.

In 1958 Erró settled in Paris, and soon became associated with the Narrative Figuration movement

Erró - view and sign price terms, page and collection information for contact auction
Erró – Interieur American #5, 1967 (Left) / Erró – Interieur American #3, 1967 (Right)

Series of Artworks

In his early tempera and ink works from the 1950’s, Erró incorporated creepy figures that intertwined in what seemed as the endless struggle. Since the beginning, he was focused on the collage technique. The piles of images comprised of reproductions, posters, leaflets, postcards, news and magazines clippings served as a basic point from which he built his masterpieces. He is known for working in series, like Chinese, political, and erotic cycles- a very long process, which takes years to make collages that are transferred to paintings and canvases. He is often compared with the earlier Pop artist like Roy Lichtenstein, Andy Warhol, and James Rosenquist.

He is often compared with the earlier Pop artist like Roy Lichtenstein, Andy Warhol, and James Rosenquist

Erró gudmundur page terms and privacy information about arts collection and auction price
Erró – Wilson Scape, 1982

The Reaction to Everyday Happenings

The use of daily ongoings in his art is explained with the fact that he wants to reinterpret the present before it goes into oblivion. In the series like Radioactivity and Meca-Make-up this Icelandic artist makes bold pieces permeated with political messages, as a reaction to the shocking images derived from the wars in Algeria and Vietnam, as well as from the rock music. Erró applies his own type of utopia to the paintings, in which he shows the beauty of contradictions and the joy of provocations. His compositions are cleverly composed of Disney characters, movie stars, comic-book heroes, and statesmen.

Erró applies his own type of utopia to the paintings

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Erró – Untitled, 1963

Exhibitions and Collections

In 1989 the artist donated around 2000 works to the City of Reykjavik, establishing the Erró collections within the Reykjavik Art Museum. In 2000 the Icelandic Parliament awarded him the Honorary Artists Stipend and the next year with a museum dedicated to his art. Since his first exhibition at the Galleria Santa-Trinita in Florence in 1955, he displayed his pieces around the world like at the Museum of Modern Art in Paris in 1985, at the French National Gallery in 1999 or at the Valencia Institute of Modern Art in 2006. He exhibited alongside Duchamp, Max Ernst, Botero, and Velickovic. He also published fifteen monographs. The major retrospective of collages made during 50 years was held at the Centre Pompidou in Paris in 2010.
He is represented by the Galerie Brugier-Rigail.

Erró is based in Paris but also spends time in Spain and Thailand.

Featured image: Erró in front of his work – Photo via
All other images copyright of the; All images used for illustrative purposes only

YearExhibition TitleGallery/MuseumSolo/Group
2017La Nouvelle Figuration Europeenne: 1964 - 1976Galerie du Griffon, Neuchatel, FranceGroup
2016Private UtopiaLudwig Museum, Koblenz, GermanySolo
2016Erro - Paintings from 1959 to 2016Galerie Perrotin, New York, USASolo
2016International PopPhiladelphia Museum of Art, USAGroup
2015Erro, 50 CollagesGalerie Louis Carre & Cie, Paris, FranceSolo
2015The Making of Erro 1955-1964Reykjavik Art Museum, Reykjavik, IcelandSolo
2015The world goes popTate Modern, London, UKGroup
2015International PopWalker Art Center, Minneapolis, USAGroup
2014Erró - Rétro-spectif, Des Mécamorphoses aux Chinois, 1959-1979Galerie Louis Carré & Cie, ParisSolo
2014Erró: American ComicsMana Contemporary, Jersey City, NJSolo
2014Erro- 60 years of CollagesThe Mayor Gallery, LondonSolo
2014SagaKunsthalle Recklinghausen, RecklinghausenGroup
2014Art ProtectsYvon Lambert - Paris, ParisGroup
2013Erró: The World TodayListasafn Reykjavikur - Reykjavík Art Museum, ReykjavikSolo
2013Erró - After PicassoHilger modern, ViennaSolo
2013Erro - Trente Tableaux Carres Pour La Galerie CarreGalerie Louis Carré & Cie, ParisSolo
2013SustratosIVAM - Institut Valencià d'Art Modern, ValenciaGroup
2013Collection LgrMAMAC - Musee d´Art Moderne et d`Art Contemporain Nice, NiceGroup
2013B.A.B.E - The Best Artists Books and EditorsImmanence, espace d'art contemporain, ParisGroup
201312th Biennale de LyonLa Biennale de Lyon, LyonGroup
2013AbendlandProduzentengalerie Hamburg, HamburgGroup
2013Sous influencesarts plastiques et psychotropes - La Maison Rouge, ParisGroup
2012Art & Entreprise #1Collection Géotec - Galerie Barnoud, DijonGroup
2012The Forgotten Bar Project : The Garden Of EdenPalais de Tokyo, ParisGroup
2012CollagesEspace de l’art concret, Mouans SartouxGroup
2012Theatre Of The WorldMona - Museum of Old and New Art, Hobart, TASGroup
2011Erró - Porträt und LandschaftSchirn Kunsthalle, Frankfurt/MainSolo
2011Erró - DrawingsListasafn Reykjavikur - Reykjavík Art Museum, ReykjavikSolo
2011Erro, Mad ImagesGalerie Daniel Besseiche - Paris, ParisSolo
201150 artists, a collectionFondation Maeght, Saint-PaulGroup
2011Narrative, critique, libre,..FRAC - Limousin, LimogesGroup
2011La Figuration NarrativeGalerie Alexis Lartigue, ParisGroup
2011Dangerously YoungMuseum Dr. Guislain, GhentGroup
2011Picasso Forever Galerie Laurent Strouk, ParisGroup
2011Surrounding Bacon & WarholAstrup Fearnley Museet for Moderne Kunst, OsloGroup
2010Erro - Dessins Musée d'Art moderne de Saint-Etienne, Saint-EtienneSolo
2010Erró - 50 years of collagesCentre Pompidou - Musée National d´Art Moderne, ParisSolo
2010AssemblageListasafn Reykjavikur - Reykjavík Art Museum, ReykjavikSolo
2010The Future is not readymadeHilger modern, ViennaSolo
2008SuperheroesListasafn Reykjavikur - Reykjavík Art Museum, ReykjavikSolo
2007Dolls and MollsToday Art Museum, BeijingSolo
2007Toy StoryGalerie Louis Carré & Cie, ParisSolo
2007The Forgotten FutureListasafn Reykjavikur - Reykjavík Art Museum, ReykjavikSolo
2004AquarellesGalerie Sonia Zannettacci, GenevaSolo
2004The Erro Collection, ScapesListasafn Reykjavikur - Reykjavík Art Museum, ReykjavikSolo
2003Marilyn and her friendsHilger modern, ViennaSolo
2001Images of our centuryHelsinki Art Museum, HelsinkiSolo