Georgia O'Keeffe/ Georgia Totto O'Keeffe

United States 1887 - 1986

Modernism

Georgia O'Keeffe
Georgia Totto O'Keeffe
Female
United States
1887

Georgia O’Keeffe, also known as the mother of American modernism, played an extremely important role in the development of American contemporary art and its relationship with European movements of the early twentieth century. O’Keeffe has produced a large body of work over seven decades. She was always putting a lot of efforts into combining her talent with her superior skills in order to capture the emotions and power of objects she was painting. Her main goal was to abstract the natural world so that it becomes even more appealing visually. Even though O’Keeffe didn’t follow any artistic movements, an eminent photographer Alfred Stieglitz recognized her as the first female American modernist painter and her paintings of flowers and desolate landscapes have become a part of the American artistic treasure.

 o'keeffe museum santa Georgia Keeffe - Red Canna, 1924 (Left) / Two Calla Lilly On Pink, 1928  (Right)
Georgia O’Keeffe – Red Canna, 1924 (Left) / Two Calla Lilly On Pink, 1928 (Right)

Early Life and Education

Georgia O’Keeffe was born in Wisconsin in 1887. She came from a very large family – she was the second of seven children. Because of her early display of visual talents, O’Keeffe was encouraged to study art – her mother was very enthusiastic about her inborn talent. The artist had the opportunity to take watercolor lessons with one of the local artists in Wisconsin, called Sara Mann. O’Keeffe was very fortunate because she came from a family who cared about female education, which wasn’t so common around the end of 19th century. She initially attended the School of the Art Institute of Chicago and later on, in 1907, she moved to New York City where she continued her education. In NYC, she took classes at the Art Students League, while her mentor was William Merritt Chase. Already in her school days, O’Keeffe stood apart from other children for her great skills. She won an important cash prize for one of her still lifes and thanks to this prize she was able to attend a summer school in Lake George. During her years spent in NYC, O’Keeffe was often attending exhibitions at Gallery 291, whose owner was a photographer Alfred Stieglitz, who later became her partner and husband. Thanks to various shows held at Gallery 291, O’Keeffe could see the works of eminent European artists, for instance, Auguste Rodin and Henri Matisse. In 1908, O’Keeffe has abandoned her own artistic exploration for four years because she got a job as a commercial artist. However, in 1912 she decided to focus again on her personal projects. She took some drawing classes to refresh her knowledge and her teacher at the time, called Alon Bement, was a great influence. His style was based on the work of Arthur Wesley Dow. In 1915, while she was working as a lecturer at Columbia College in South Carolina, O’Keeffe started to do something entirely new – she wanted to learn more about Dow’s theory of self-exploration by the means of art. Inspired by this theory, O’Keefe started focusing on natural forms, like flowers, clouds, and waves and made her first series of charcoal drawings which simplify and abstract organic shapes into expressive lines. Eventually, she has shown these drawings to Alfred Stieglitz in1916. The photographer was quite impressed and he was already convinced that O’Keeffe future career will be bright and successful.

O’Keeffe was very fortunate because she came from a family who cared about female education

o'keeffe museum santa Georgia O'Keeffe - Petunias, 1924
Georgia O’Keeffe – Petunias, 1924

Life in New York

After Stieglitz has recognized O’Keeffe potential, he started a correspondence with her. He has even exhibited some of her charcoals at his gallery without letting O’Keeffe know about that. He just sent her photographs of her exhibited drawings afterward and this marked the beginning of their collaboration. Even though O’Keeffe has continued to work in South Caroline for a while, she eventually decided to return to New York in 1917. The same year, Stieglitz has organized her first solo exhibition at Gallery 291. Around the same time, O’Keeffe and Stieglitz got engaged in the love affair that lasted for many years. In 1918, Stieglitz began to financially support O’Keeffe, so that they could live together and work in New York. O’Keeffe has left her teaching position and became focused on making her own, unique art. After Stieglitz has divorced his first wife, he married the artist in 1924. The 1920s were exciting and busy years for O’Keeffe because she met many artists from Stieglitz’s circle, such as Arthur Dove, John Marin, and Paul Strand. She appreciated very much the close-up photography of Strand, which has influenced her own artistic point of view. During the 20s, O’Keeffe’s was painting mostly close-ups of natural forms using watercolors and oil paint. Besides flowers, she was also depicting architectural structures. Around 1925, O’Keeffe was already an established artist and her pieces were getting sold at considerable prices.

In 1918, Stieglitz began to financially support O’Keeffe, so that they could live together and work in New York

Georgia O'Keeffe - Lake George, 1922
Georgia O’Keeffe – Lake George, 1922

Fascination with New Mexico

It is known that a lot of O’Keeffe’s pieces not related to flowers represent barren, desert landscapes of New Mexico. The artist’s fascination with the landscape of southwestern United States started in 1929. That year, O’Keeffe has visited the ranch of eminent arts patron, Mabel Dodge Luhan, located in Taos in New Mexico. The artist has instantly fallen in love with the amazing local landscape, consisting of harsh, barren land. For the next twenty years, the artist kept coming back to New Mexico to paint. Her pieces dedicated to these landscapes perfectly captured the mesmerizing beauty of the desert, its wide open skies, as well as specific objects such as southern architectural structures and animal bones and skulls. The eventually ended up buying two houses in New Mexico, because she didn’t want to be just someone’s guests – she wanted to truly belong to this environment. In the 1930s and 1940s, O’Keeffe grew even more popular and recognized, after two important retrospectives featuring her work were organized. The first retrospective was held in 1943 at the Art Institute of Chicago, while the second one was in 1946 at the Museum of Modern Art in New York. This show in MOMA was a great success because it was the first retrospective of work by a woman organized by the eminent museum. In 1949, O’Keeffe has decided to move permanently to New Mexico, since her partner Stieglitz has died and she was feeling heartbroken. In the 1950s, she was traveling a lot and she has created a series of paintings representing various architectural forms. Even though her fame was waning in the 1950s and 1960s, another retrospective of her work was held by the famous Whitney Museum in 1970. Around the same time, O’Keeffe started having problems with her eyesight and it getting hard for her to create art, but she persisted in her passion. She continued using watercolors and pencils until she had completely lost her central vision when she was 84. In it quite interesting that her last drawings resemble her early charcoal works. O’Keeffe has died in 1986 in Santa Fe when she was 98 years old.

The artist’s fascination with the landscape of southwestern United States started in 1929

Georgia Keeffe  o'keeffe museum  - Red Hills and Bones, 1941
Georgia O’Keeffe – Red Hills and Bones, 1941

Main Topics in O’Keeffe’s Art

Even though O’Keeffe’s style is quite original, she incorporated the techniques she has learned from other artists into her work. Most notably, she was influenced by Paul Strand’s tight cropping used in photographs. O’Keeffe was one of the first artists who started using this close-up approach which was mainly reserved for photography. It is also quite interesting and innovative that her work is very detailed yet clearly abstract. O’Keeffe wasn’t keen on following any artistic movement, but what it common throughout her oeuvre is her tendency to abstract motifs from nature. She always worked in series, combining unique abstraction with realism in order to produce pieces which celebrate the beauty of simple natural forms. From the 1940s until the 1960s, O’Keeffe’s pieces were clearly not belonging to the mainstream movements in arts. Her works were decisively representative, while the other artists of the same generation were exploring mostly non-representative realms. When it comes to the main motifs of her work, these are certainly flowers, animal bones, and various landscapes. Most of her landscapes are representing scenes from New Mexico, but a couple of them are also dedicated to lakes, such as Lake George where she used to go to attend summer school classes. It is also clear from her works that she was fascinated with animal skulls. She was painting various skulls isolated on the canvas, outside of their usual environment. O’Keeffe was using mainly the cow’s skull and red, white, and blue background behind them, to underline the correlation between the American landscape and the national identity.

When it comes to the main motifs of 0’Keeffe’s work, these are flowers, animal bones, and landscapes

Georgia Keeffe  o'keeffe museum  - Rams Head, Blue Morning Glory, 1938
Georgia O’Keeffe – Rams Head, Blue Morning Glory, 1938

Lack of Hidden Symbolism in Flower Painting

No matter the variety of her works, O’Keeffe is still best known for her flower paintings. They are the topic that has marked her entire oeuvre . O’Keeffe’s paintings magnify the delicate form of flower and focus on its shape and color. Her depiction of floral motifs has often received interpretations that the artist has firmly disagreed with. She had a constant struggle with the feminist art critics, who considered her paintings as metaphors or symbols for female genitalia. O’Keeffe has claimed many times that there is no hidden symbolism in her work and that she is simply interested in the very essence of flowers. In fact, the anatomy of many species that she depicted, like petunia, is very complex and certainly doesn’t resemble female anatomy. Based on this, the Tate Modern’s director of exhibitions claimed that one of the reasons he wanted to organize the retrospective of O’Keeffe work is to show to the audience that there are multiple readings of her work and that things aren’t that simple and straightforward. Many of the white male artists across the 20th century have the privilege of being read on multiple levels, while others – be they women or artists from other parts of the world – tend to be reduced to one conservative reading, he said.

The artist had a constant struggle with the feminist artists, who viewed her paintings as a sign or symbols for female genitalia and her ideas as tools of latent feminism

Georgia O'Keeffe - Yellow Calla, 1926
Georgia O’Keeffe – Yellow Calla, 1926

Georgia O’Keeffe’s Legacy

Georgia O’Keeffe has spent nearly 70 years in making a powerful art which speeded up the development of modernism in America. She was also very active socially, as an important member of the popular Stieglitz Circle. It is interesting that she was a pioneering female artist who had a strong influence on the feminist movement, even though she disliked their interpretation of her work. O’Keeffe was an incredibly prolific creator – she has made more than 2000 works and she was active even around the end of her life, while she was suffering from macular degeneration. O’Keeffee has won a number of important prizes and medals for her work – in 1962, she was elected as the fiftieth member of the American Academy of Arts and Letters, while in 1966, she became a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Finally, in 1985, she was awarded the prestigious National Medal of Arts. The Georgia O’Keeffe museum that was raised in Santa Fe is actually the first artspace in the United States dedicated solely to a woman. This institution continuously sponsors fellowships for scholars and artists and at the same time, it represents a sanctuary of O’Keeffe’s splendid pieces.

Georgia O’Keeffe has spent nearly 70 years in making art that speeded up the development of modernism

Georgia O'Keeffe - Blue, Black, and Grey, 1960
Georgia O’Keeffe – Blue, Black, and Grey, 1960

Colors and Shapes Instead of Words

I found I could say things with color and shapes that I couldn’t say any other way – things I had no words for, said O’Keeffe about her life philosophy and her art. Even though the artist is still best known for her particular style featured in her works sold at the highest price, her body of work is in fact very varied and rich and it requires a lot of exploration. However, no matter the particular topics in her pieces, O’Keeffe was always true to her own vision and imagination. She has built a beautiful world of paintings that lingers between the poetry of abstraction and the straightforwardness of representation. Nowadays, she is still considered one of the most innovative artists of the twentieth century.

Georgia O’Keeffe lived and worked between New York and New Mexico.

Featured image: Georgia O’Keeffe’s Portrait, 1918 – Photo Credits Alfred Stieglitz
All other images via georgiaokeeffe.net

YearExhibition TitleGallery/MuseumSolo/Group
2016Revolution of the Eye: Modern Art and the Birth of American Television Addison Gallery of American Art - Phillips Academy, Andover, MASolo
2016Van Gogh to Pollock: Modern RebelsMilwaukee Art Museum (MAM), Milwaukee, WISolo
2016O'Keeffe, Stettheimer, Torr, Zorach: Women Modernists in New YorkNorton Museum of Art,West Palm Beach, FLGroup
2016Seeing NatureThe Phillips Collection, Washington, DCGroup
2016Architecture of Life Berkeley Art Museum and Pacific Film Archive (BAM/PFA), Berkeley, CAGroup
2015O’Keeffe in Process New Mexico Museum of Art, Santa Fe, NMSolo
2015Georgia O’KeeffeGeorgia O'Keeffe Museum, Santa Fe, NMSolo
2015Georgia O’KeeffeCrystal Bridges Museum of American Art, Bentonville, ARSolo
2015You Go Girl! Celebrating Women Artists Heckscher Museum of Art, Huntington, NYGroup
2015Sound & Sense: Poetic Musings in American Art The Wadsworth Atheneum Museum of Art,Hartford, CTGroup
2015Georgia O'Keeffe et ses amis photographes Musee de Grenoble, GrenobleGroup
2015Audubon to Warhol: The Art of American Still Life Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia, Group
2015Revolution Of The EyeNSU Art Museum,Fort Lauderdale, FLGroup
2015Impressionisti e moderni.Palazzo delle Esposizioni, RomeGroup
2015Seeing NaturePortland Art Museum, Portland, ORGroup
2015Looking Back: 45 Years John Berggruen Gallery, San Francisco, CAGroup
2015An American Modernism New Mexico Museum of Art, Santa Fe, NMGroup
2015Conversations: A 25th Anniversary Exhibition Samuel P. Harn Museum of Art, Gainesville, FLGroup
2015From New York to New MexicoGeorgia O'Keeffe Museum, Santa Fe, NMGroup
2015Re-Opening Group Exhibition Alexandre Gallery, New York City, NYGroup
2015Eloquent ObjectsColorado Springs Fine Arts Center, Colorado Springs, COGroup
2015Night Vision:nocturnes In American ArtBowdoin College Museum of Art,Brunswick, MEGroup
2015American Moderns on PaperFigge Art Museum, Davenport, IAGroup
2015America Is Hard to See Whitney Museum of American Art, New York City, NYGroup
2015American Modern: Works from the Collection of Alice C. Simkins MFAH - Museum of Fine Arts Houston, Houston, TXGroup
2015Eloquent ObjectsTacoma Art Museum,Tacoma, WAGroup
2015Van Gogh To RothkoCrystal Bridges Museum of American Art, Bentonville, ARGroup
2015American Still Life Amon Carter Museum, Fort Worth, TXGroup
2015From New York to New MexicoPhilbrook Museum of Art, Tulsa, OKGroup
2014Georgia O’Keeffe The de Young Museum, San Francisco, CASolo
2014Georgia O’Keeffe And The Southwestern Still Life Indianapolis Museum of Art (IMA),Indianapolis, INGroup
2014Gauguin to WarholWichita Art Museum WAM, Wichita, KSGroup
2014American Moderns, 1910–1960University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NMGroup
2014Beautiful Disintegrating Obstinate Horror UMMA - The University of Michigan Museum of Art, Ann Arbor, MIGroup
2014Artistic Impositions in the Photographic Portrait The Contemporary Museum Honolulu, Honolulu, HIGroup
2014Art Deco Hawai‘i Williams College Museum of Art, Williamstown, MAGroup
2014Material FrictionNorton Museum of Art, West Palm Beach, FLGroup
2014Industrial SublimeNassau County Museum of Art, Roslyn Harbor, NYGroup
2014Garden Party Denver Art Museum,Denver, COGroup
2014Modern Masters The Phillips Collection, Washington, DCGroup
2014Made In The Usa Georgia O'Keeffe Museum, Santa Fe, NMGroup
2013Modern NatureThe Hyde Collection, Glens Falls, NYSolo
2013Georgia O'Keeffe Georgia O'Keeffe Museum, Santa Fe, NMSolo
2013Georgia O'Keeffe Denver Art Museum,Denver, COSolo
2013America - painting a nation Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, NSWGroup
2013Modernités Plurielles 1905-1970 Centre Pompidou - Musée National d´Art Moderne, ParisGroup
2013Masterpieces of American Landscape Painting 1820–1950 Grand Rapids Art Museum, Grand Rapids, MIGroup
2013American Moderns, 1910 – 1960Delaware Art Museum,Wilmington, DEGroup
2013Industrial Sublime: Modernism and the Transformation of New York’s RiversHudson River Museum, Yonkers, NYGroup
2013Modern Nature Georgia O'Keeffe Museum, Santa Fe, NMGroup
2013From Raymond Jonson To Kiki SmithUniversity of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NMGroup
2013The King Collection El Paso Museum of Art (EPMA), El Paso, TXGroup
2013This Is Not America: Resistance, Protest and Poetics ASU Art Museum - Arizona State University Art Museum, Tempe, AZGroup
2013Georgia O’Keeffe and Ansel Adams: The Hawai‘i PicturesHonolulu Academy of Arts,Honolulu, HIGroup
2013Georgia O'Keeffe and Ansel Adams: The Hawai‘i Pictures The Contemporary Museum Honolulu, Honolulu, HIGroup
2013Beyond Belief: 100 Years of the Spiritual in Modern ArtThe Contemporary Jewish Museum San Francisco, San Francisco, CAGroup
2013American ModernsThe John and Mable Ringling Museum of Art, Sarasota, FLGroup
2013Vues d´en haut Centre Pompidou-Metz, MetzGroup
2013Letzte Bilder. Von Manet Bis Kippenberger Schirn Kunsthalle, Frankfurt/MainGroup
2013Through the Eyes of Texas Blanton Museum of Art, Austin, TXGroup
2013American Moderns, 1910-1960Everson Museum of Art, Syracuse, NYGroup
2013Still LifeB & M Theocharakis Foundation, AthensGroup
2013Varied and UntriedThe Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PAGroup
2013American Landscape From Niagara to YosemiteNagoya - Boston Museum of Fine Arts,NagoyaGroup
2012Georgia O'Keeffe Montclair Art Museum,Montclair, NJSolo
2012Georgia O'Keeffe Georgia O'Keeffe Museum, Santa Fe, NMSolo
2012Georgia O'Keeffe Helsinki Art Museum, HelsinkiSolo
2012Georgia O'Keeffe Georgia O'Keeffe Museum, Santa Fe, NMSolo
2012Georgia O'Keeffe Kunsthalle der Hypo-Kulturstiftung, MunichSolo
2012Inventing Abstraction, 1910–1925 MoMA - Museum of Modern Art, New York City, NYGroup
2012Artists in America Nassau County Museum of Art, Roslyn Harbor, NYGroup
2012Elles: Pompidou Seattle Art Museum, Seattle, WAGroup
2012To See as Artists See: American Art from The Phillips Collection Amon Carter Museum, Fort Worth, TXGroup
2012La Ville Magique LaM - Lille Métropole musée d'art moderne, d'art contemporain et d'art brut,Villeneuve d'AscqGroup
2012Visual Conversations: Selections from the Collection Fisher Landau Center For Art, New York City, NYGroup
2012American Moderns Oklahoma City Museum of Art, Oklahoma City, OKGroup
2012Seven AmericansBruce Silverstein Gallery, New York City, NYGroup
2012Youth and BeautyThe Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland, OHGroup
2012A Room of One's Own Rollins College, Winter Park, FLGroup
2012Flowerscapes Kawamura Memorial Museum of Art, Sakura, ChibaGroup
2012The Allure of the Art Students League The Bert Gallery, Providence, RIGroup
2012Youth and Beauty: Art of the American Twenties Dallas Museum of Art, Dallas, TXGroup
2012New Vision: Modernist Photography Currier Museum of Art, Manchester, NHGroup
2012To See as Artists SeeFrist Center for the Visual Arts, Nashville, TNGroup
2011American TreasuresBoca Raton Museum of Art, Boca Raton, FLGroup
2011Companion PiecesKemper Museum of Contemporary Art, Kansas City, MOGroup
2011Kindred Spirits Peter Blum Gallery, New York City, NYGroup
2011Youth and BeautyBrooklyn Museum of Art, New York City, NYGroup
2011A Room of One's OwnRollins College, Winter Park, FLGroup
2010O'Keeffiana Art and Art Materials Georgia O'Keeffe Museum, Santa Fe, NMSolo
2010Georgia O'Keeffe Georgia O'Keeffe Museum, Santa Fe, NMSolo
2010Georgia O'Keeffe The Phillips Collection, Washington, DCSolo
2010WomenArtists@NewBritainMuseum New Britain Museum of American Art, New Britain, CTGroup
2010Modernist Photography 1910-1950 MFA - Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, Boston, MAGroup
2010Made in USA. Arte Americano de la Philipps Collection Fundación MAPFRE, MadridGroup
2010Metropolis: Traveling the World Heckscher Museum of Art, Huntington, NYGroup
2010Manet to PicassoTaipei Fine Arts Museum, TaipeiGroup
2009Georgia O'Keeffe: Abstraction Whitney Museum of American Art, New York City, NYSolo
2009Jimson Weed: Returns from the White House Georgia O'Keeffe Museum, Santa Fe, NMSolo
2009Georgia O'Keeffe Georgia O'Keeffe Museum, Santa Fe, NMSolo
2009Nowhere Near 601Artspace, New York City, NYGroup
2009Georgia O'Keeffe and Other Modernists Gerald Peters Gallery - New York, New York City, NYGroup
2009Expanding HorizonsVancouver Art Gallery, Vancouver, BCGroup
20091860-1918 Frist Center for the Visual Arts, Nashville, TNGroup
2009Georgia O’Keeffe and her times Kunsthal Rotterdam, RotterdamGroup
2008Georgia O'Keeffe Georgia O'Keeffe Museum, Santa Fe, NMSolo
2008Georgia O'Keeffe Georgia O'Keeffe Museum, Santa Fe, NMSolo
2008Georgia O’Keeffe and Ansel AdamsSmithsonian American Art Museum,Washington, DCGroup
2008Coming of Age: American Art, 1850s to 1950sPeggy Guggenheim Collection, VeniceGroup
2008Spared from the StormCantor Arts Center at Stanford University, Stanford, CAGroup
2008Georgia O'Keeffe and the Women of the Stieglitz Circle San Diego Museum of Art, San Diego, CGroup
2008Georgia O´Keeffe and Ansel Adams: Natural Affinities Georgia O'Keeffe Museum, Santa Fe, NMGroup
2007Georgia O'Keeffe The Minneapolis Institute of Arts, Minneapolis, MNSolo
2007Georgia O'Keeffe Vancouver Art Gallery, Vancouver, BCSolo
2007Georgia O'Keeffe Georgia O'Keeffe Museum, Santa Fe, NMSolo
2007Impressionist and Modern Masters Colorado Springs Fine Arts Center, Colorado Springs, Group
2007Coming of Age: American Art, 1850s to 1950s Southern Methodist University, Dallas, TXGroup
2007La Abstraction del Paisaje Fundación Juan March, MadridGroup
2007Georgia O'Keeffe and Andy Warhol The Andy Warhol Museum, Pittsburg, PAGroup
2007Georgia O'Keeffe and the Women of the Stieglitz Circle Georgia O'Keeffe Museum, Santa Fe, NMGroup
2006Georgia O'Keeffe Honolulu Academy of Arts, Honolulu, HISolo
2006Georgia O'Keeffe Memorial Art Gallery of the University of Rochester,Rochester, NYSolo
2006Georgia O'Keeffe Georgia O'Keeffe Museum, Santa Fe, NMSolo
2006Body PoliticsWalker Art Center,Minneapolis, MNGroup
2006The Odyssey Continues Wildenstein & Co, New York City, NYGroup
2006Precious SpaceDelaware Art Museum, Wilmington, DEGroup
2006The Modern WestMFAH - Museum of Fine Arts Houston,Houston, TXGroup
2006Bierstadt to O´Keeffe: Highlights from the Stark Museum of ArtMFAH - Museum of Fine Arts Houston, Houston, TXGroup
2005Georgia O'Keeffe Boise Art Museum BAM, Boise, IDSolo
2005Georgia O'Keeffe Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo, NYSolo
2005American Moderns 1900-1950The Minneapolis Institute of Arts, Minneapolis, MNGroup
2005In the American Grain Currier Museum of Art,Manchester, NHGroup
2005American WestMFA - Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, Boston, MAGroup
2005In the American GrainThe Newark Museum,Newark, NJGroup
2005Villa America - American Moderns - 1900–1950 Orange County Museum of Art, Newport BeachGroup
2004Georgia O'Keeffe Fresno Metropolitan Art Museum, Fresno, CASolo
2004Georgia O'Keeffe The University of Michigan Museum of Art, Ann Arbor, MISolo
2004Georgia O'Keeffe Georgia O'Keeffe Museum, Santa Fe, NMSolo
2004Woman - Metamorphosis of modernity Fundación Joan Miró, BarcelonaGroup
2004Modern in Europe Seattle Art Museum, Seattle, WAGroup
2004West to Wesselmann Princeton University Art Museum, Princeton, NJGroup
2004Georgia O'Keeffe and her Times Nagoya - Boston Museum of Fine Arts, NagoyaGroup
2004In the American Grain Georgia O'Keeffe Museum, Santa Fe, NMGroup
2003Georgia O'Keeffe Kunsthaus Zürich, ZurichSolo
2003Georgia O'Keeffe Woodward Gallery, New York City, NYSolo
2003Georgia O'Keeffe The University of North Carolina, Greensboro, NCSolo
2003Staff Selections - Permanent Collection Kemper Museum of Contemporary Art, Kansas City, MOGroup
2003Look light/Ejhle svetloMoravska Galerie / Moravian Gallery, BrnoGroup
2003The Heroic CenturyMFAH - Museum of Fine Arts Houston, Houston, TXGroup
2003American Tableaux - Many Voices, Many Stories MAM - Miami Art Museum, Miami, FLGroup
2002Georgia O'Keeffe Fort Wayne Museum of Art (FWMoA), Fort Wayne, INSolo
2002Georgia O'Keeffe - Fundación Juan March, MadridSolo
2002Georgia O'Keeffe Georgia O'Keeffe Museum, Santa Fe, NMSolo
2002Georgia O'Keeffe The National Gallery of Art, Washington, DCSolo
2002All American, Part II Greenberg Van Doren Gallery, New York City, NYGroup
2002Georgia O'Keeffe and the Calla Lily in American Art Georgia O'Keeffe Museum,Santa Fe, NMGroup
2002In Honor of the Georgia O'Keeffe Museum's 5th Anniversary Georgia O'Keeffe Museum, Santa Fe, NMGroup
2002Carr, O'Keeffe, Kahlo - Places of Their Own Vancouver Art Gallery, Vancouver, BCGroup
2002Modern MetropolisThe Frances Lehman Loeb Art Center, Poughkeepsie, NYGroup
2002Metropolis In The Machine Age Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Washington, DCGroup
2001Georgia O'Keeffe Georgia O'Keeffe Museum, Santa Fe, NMSolo
2001Georgia O'Keeffe Georgia O'Keeffe Museum, Santa Fe, NMSolo
2001Georgia O'Keeffe Milwaukee Art Museum, Milwaukee, WISolo
2001American Modernism Barbara Mathes Gallery, New York City, NYGroup
2001Tenth Anniversary Exhibition Matthew Marks Gallery - 523 West 24th Street, New York City, NYGroup
2001Modernism & AbstractionWorcester Art Museum, Worcester, MAGroup
2001Modernism & Abstraction Frist Center for the Visual Arts, Nashville, TNGroup
2001Carr, O'Keefe, Kahlo:Places of Their Own McMichael Canadian Art Collection, Kleinburg, ONGroup
2000Painters and the American WestDenver Art Museum, Denver, COGroup
2000The Cities Collect Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, MNGroup
2000Modernism & Abstraction Colby College Museum of Art, Waterville, MEGroup
2000The Poetic Landscape Barbara Mathes Gallery, New York City, NYGroup
2000Views of the City - 1910s – 1940s Georgia O'Keeffe Museum, Santa Fe, NMGroup
1999Georgia O'Keeffe Dallas Museum of Art, Dallas, TXSolo
1999Georgia O'Keeffe Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia, PASolo
1999Taos Artists and Their Patrons - 1898-1950 Phoenix Art Museum, Phoenix, AZGroup
1999American Modernism from the Stieglitz GroupNorton Museum of Art, West Palm Beach, FLGroup
1999Der Künstler als Kurator: Günter Umberg Galerie nächst St. Stephan - Rosemarie Schwarzwälder, Vienna Group
1998Shifting Visions. O’Keeffe. Guston. Richter Des Moines Art Center, Des Moines, IAGroup
1998Posters American StyleNorton Museum of Art, West Palm Beach, FLGroup
1998Marie Theres Berger (F) - Malerei Und Georgia O´Keeffe (Usa) Galerie Kyra Maralt, BerlinGroup
1997Georgia O'Keeffe Kansas State University, Manhattan, KSSolo
1997Birth Of The Cool Deichtorhallen Hamburg, HamburgGroup
1996Alfred Stieglitz and Early Modern Photography MFA - Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, Boston, MAGroup
1995Georgia O'Keeffe Saint Louis Art Museum, Saint Louis, MOSolo
1995Feminin-masculin: Le sexe de l'art Centre Pompidou - Musée National d'Art Moderne, ParisGroup
1993Georgia O'Keeffe Yokohama Museum of Art, Nishi-ku, YokohamaSolo
1993Azur Fondation Cartier pour l'art contemporain, ParisGroup
1992The Stieglitz circle Whitney Museum of American Art, New York City, NYGroup
1991Abstraction before 1930 Whitney Museum of American Art at Philip Morris, New York City, NYGroup
1991Who Framed Modern Art or the Quantitative Life of Roger Rabbit Sidney Janis Gallery, New York City, NYGroup
1990Myth of the West Henry Art Gallery, University of Washington, Seattle, WAGroup
1989American Modernism The Art Museum of South Texas, Corpus Christi, TXGroup
1988Georgia O'Keeffe Aspen Art Museum, Aspen, COSolo
1988Georgia O'Keeffe The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City, NYSolo
1988Obras Maestras de la Colección Phillips de WashingtonMuseo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía, MadridGroup
1987Georgia O'Keeffe The National Gallery of Art, Washington, DCSolo
1987American masteryWhitney Museum of American Art, New York City, NYGroup
1986Georgia O'Keeffe Saint Louis Art Museum, Saint Louis, MOSolo
1986The Spiritual in Art: Abstract Painting 1890-1985 Los Angeles County Museum of Art - LACMA,Los Angeles, CAGroup
1986Pioneers of Abstract Art from the Thyssen-Bornemisza Collection Galerie Gmurzynska - Köln,CologneGroup
1985Advancing American Fred Jones Jr. Museum of Art, Norman, OKGroup
1984Georgia O'Keeffe The Madison Museum of Contemporary Art, Madison, WISolo
1984Creation - Modern Art And Nature Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art, Edinburgh, ScotlandGroup
1981America 20er-40er Jahre Amerikanischer Realismus Kunstverein in Hamburg, HamburgGroup
1979Art of the TwentiesMoMA - Museum of Modern Art, New York City, NYGroup
1978Synchromism and American Color Abstraction 1910 - 1925 Everson Museum of Art, Syracuse, NYGroup
1977Perceptions Of The Spirit In 20Th Century American ArtIndianapolis Museum of Art (IMA),Indianapolis, INGroup
1976Modern MastersRichard Gray Gallery - Chicago, Chicago, ILGroup
1974Georgia O'Keeffe Saint Louis Art Museum, Saint Louis, MOSolo
1973Works on Paper MoMA - Museum of Modern Art, New York City, NYGroup
1972The Topography of Nature University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PAGroup
1971Georgia O'Keeffe San Francisco Museum of Modern Art - SFMOMA,San Francisco, CASolo
1971Ways of Looking MoMA - Museum of Modern Art, New York City, NYGroup
1970Georgia O'Keeffe The Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, ILSolo
1968Art Of The Real MoMA - Museum of Modern Art, New York City, NYGroup
1966Georgia O'Keeffe Whitney Museum of American Art, New York City, NSolo
1963Annual exhibition 1963 - Contemporary American painting Whitney Museum of American Art,New York City, NYGroup
1962Geometric abstraction in America Whitney Museum of American Art, New York City, NYGroup
1961American Exhibition 64th Annual The Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, ILGroup
1960Georgia O'Keeffe Amon Carter Museum, Fort Worth, TXSolo
1960The precisionist view in American art Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, MNGroup
1959Two Centuries of American Art: 1750-1950 The Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, ILGroup
1958Contemporary American Paintings Indianapolis Museum of Art (IMA), Indianapolis, INGroup
1957An American Viewpoint CAC - Cincinnati Contemporary Arts Center, Cincinnati, OHGroup
1955Georgia O'Keeffe Worcester Art Museum, Worcester, MASolo
1955Roy and Marie Neuberger collection. modern American painting and sculpture Cincinnati Art Museum, Cincinnati, OHGroup
1954Roy and Marie Neuberger collection. modern American painting and sculpture Whitney Museum of American Art, New York City, NYGroup
1953Georgia O'Keeffe Downtown Gallery, New York City, NYSolo
19531953 Annual exhibition of contemporary American painting Whitney Museum of American Art,New York City, NYGroup
1951I Bienal de São Paulo 1951 Bienal de Sao Paulo, São PauloGroup
1950Georgia O'Keeffe An American Place, New York City, NYSolo
194961st Annual Contemporary American Paintings Indianapolis Museum of Art (IMA),Indianapolis, INGroup
1947Abstract and Surrealist American ArtThe Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, ILGroup
1947Paintings for Paris MoMA - Museum of Modern Art, New York City, NYGroup
1946Georgia O'Keeffe MoMA - Museum of Modern Art, New York City, NYSolo
1945Georgia O'Keeffe An American Place, New York City, NYSolo
194558th Annual Exhibition Of Contemporary American Paintings Indianapolis Museum of Art (IMA), Indianapolis, INGroup
1944Georgia O'Keeffe An American Place, New York City, NYSolo
1944Abstract and Surrealist Art in the United States San Francisco Museum of Modern Art - SFMOMA, San Francisco, CAGroup
1943Georgia O'Keeffe An American Place, New York City, NYSolo
1943Annual exhibition of contemporary American artWhitney Museum of American Art, New York City, NYGroup
1942Georgia O'Keeffe An American Place, New York City, NYSolo
1942Annual exhibition of contemporary American art 1942-43 Whitney Museum of American Art,New York City, NYGroup
1941Georgia O'Keeffe The Art Institute of Chicago,Chicago, ILSolo
1941Arthur G. Dove, John Marin, Georgia O'Keeffe, Picasso, Alfred Stieglitz - An American Place,New York City, NYGroup
1940Georgia O'Keeffe An American Place, New York City, NYSolo
1940Some Marins, some O'Keeffes, some Doves An American Place, New York City, NYGroup
1939Georgia O'Keeffe An American Place, New York City, NYSolo
1937Georgia O'Keeffe An American Place, New York City, NYSolo
1936Georgia O'Keeffe An American Place, New York City, NYSolo
1936Fantastic Art, Dada, Surrealism MoMA - Museum of Modern Art, New York City, NYGroup
1935Georgia O'Keeffe An American Place, New York City, NYSolo
1935Abstract Painting in America Whitney Museum of American Art, New York City, NYGroup
1934Georgia O'Keeffe An American Place, New York City, NYSolo
1934Biennial exhibition of contemporary American paintingWhitney Museum of American Art, New York City, NYGroup
1933Georgia O'Keeffe An American Place, New York City, NYSolo
1933Fruit and Flower Paintings MoMA - Museum of Modern Art, New York City, NYGroup
1932First Biennial exhibition of contemporary American painting Whitney Museum of American Art, New York City, NYGroup
1931Georgia O'Keeffe An American Place, New York City, NYSolo
1930Georgia O'Keeffe An American Place, New York City, NYSolo
1930Summer Exhibition: Painting and Sculpture MoMA - Museum of Modern Art, New York City, NYGroup
1929Forty New Paintings by Georgia O'Keeffe The Intimate Gallery, New York City, NYSolo
1929Paintings by 19 Living Americans MoMA - Museum of Modern Art, New York City, NYGroup
1928Forty New Paintings by Georgia O'Keeffe Brooklyn Museum of Art, New York City, NYSolo
1927Georgia O'Keeffe The Intimate Gallery, New York City, NYSolo
1926Forty New Paintings by Georgia O'Keeffe The Intimate Gallery, New York City, NYSolo
1926An International Exhibition of Modern Art Brooklyn Museum of Art, New York City, NYGroup
1924Oils, Watercolors, Pastels, Drawings Anderson Galleries, Inc, New York City, NYSolo
1917Recent work by Georgia O'Keeffe 291 Gallery, New York City, NYSolo
1916Water colors and drawings291 Gallery, New York City, NYGroup