Hsiao Chin

China 1935

Abstract Art, Painting

Hsiao Chin
Hsiao Chin
May 21, 2015
Alias of Jasmina Sevic, a researcher and author for Widewalls. She graduated from the Faculty of Political Science (Department for Journalism) in Belgrade in 2013.

Hsiao Chin is an artist who has had a great influence on the development of abstract painting in China.

Early Life and Taiwan

Born in 1935 in Shanghai, Hsiao grew up surrounded by art and music and his childhood remains an important influence on his work. The influence of music came from his father, a renowned musician Hsiao Yo-Mei, who founded China’s first music school, the Shanghai Conservatory of Music, in 1927.
Hsiao Chin moved with his uncle to Taiwan in 1949. There he was attending Taipei Middle School, and at the same time Hsiao enrolled at the School of Art, where he studied drawing under Chu Teh-Chun. In 1951 he entered the Art Department at Provincial Taipei Teacher’s College and joined the studio of Li Chun-Shan, an important figure in the development of Contemporary Chinese painting. Although he had a formal education, Hsiao Chin soon took on his independent course of artistic practice.
In that time he made a few colourful works and a number of self portraits painted in oil, influenced by the work of Cézanne, Gauguin and Matisse.

Hsiao Chin - Selfportrait, 1953, photo courtesy of the Hsiao Chin, painting
Hsiao Chin – Selfportrait, 1953, photo courtesy of the artist

Ton-Fan Art Group

In 1956 together with several other young artists, Hsiao Chin participated in the founding of the first Chinese abstract painting movement, the Ton-Fan Art Group, also known as Eastern Painting Society or Orient Movement or Dongfang Huahui. The work of members of Ton Fan Art Group was mainly influenced by the history of post-war Western abstraction.
In July the same year, Hsiao Chin received a scholarship from the Spanish government and moved to Madrid. Despite his remoteness, he remained very active within the group organizing over thirty shows for the Ton Fan group in the West.
Dissatisfied with the extreme conservatism of the Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando, Madrid, Chin continued to pursue art in Barcelona where he stayed for the next three years. While in Spain, he befriended with several artists who founded Art Informel, including Tàpies, Cuixart, Subirachs, and Saura. Hsiao Chin held his first solo show at the Mataró Fine Arts Museum near Barcelona in 1957.
In his large impasto works in oil, the artist created shapes, like ideograms, which stood out against backgrounds in dull colours.

Hsiao Chin’ Travels

In 1959 Hsiao Chin moved to Milan, Italy, and two years later he created Punto Art Movement together with the Italian painter, graphic artist and sketcher Antonio Calderara. One of the first people he contacted was the Argentinian-born Italian artist Lucio Fontana, because they could communicate in Spanish, while he later met Roberto Crippa, Enrico Castellani and Pierre Manzoni.
In his work, Hsiao used Chinese calligraphy, and surfaces that were predominantly white. In 1966 the artist spent six months in London where he was on a more spiritual journey, delving into religion and Taoist philosophy. Yin and Yang figure is often depicted in his geometric works.

Hsiao Chin - Two existances - B, 1967, photo courtesy of the Hsiao Chin, painting
Hsiao Chin – Two existances – B, 1967, photo courtesy of the artist

The U.S.A.

Hsiao Chin left to the US where he lived from 1967 to 1972 and taught painting in various prestigious art schools, including Southampton College of Long Island University, New York and the Bâton-Rouge University in Louisiana. There, he became familiar with artists such as Mark Rothko, Willem de Kooning, and Roy Lichtenstein, all of whom influenced his work.
Using geometric shapes, in brightly coloured acrylics, Hsiao Chin depicts the universe by a circle which appears in different colours on different canvases. Inspired by the Taoist philosophy Hsiao’s paintings became visual records of his inner state in which he tries to be in accord with. He also worked on sculptures, made of plastic and steel.

Hsiao Chin - Hope #2, 1972, photo courtesy of Hsiao Chin, painting
Hsiao Chin – Hope #2, 1972

Non Dimenticare

Finding US overly superficial and felling more drawn to Buddhism, Hsiao Chin returned to Milan and continued his artistic work exhibiting in Europe and Asia.
After the Tiananmen massacre in his native country of China in 1989, Hsiao painted his Non Dimenticare (Do not forget) series to commemorate to unarmed civilians who died in the protests. He used dark colours to create a frightening mass that could be indicative of powerful natural phenomena as well as the presence of malignant forces. Hsiao has since embarked on various new phases of his search for harmony between forms, lines and between civilizations.

Hsiao Chin - Tienanmen massacre #1, 1989, photo courtesy of the Hsiao Chin, painting
Hsiao Chin – Tienanmen massacre #1, 1989, photo courtesy of the artist

Shows and Awards

Since Hsiao Chin’s first solo show at the Mataró Fine Arts Museum in 1957, he has held more than 120 solo shows and has participated in numerous group shows, throughout Europe, Taiwan, and the United States. He has also organized traveling European Contemporary Art exhibitions in Taiwan as well as traveling exhibitions of Chinese paintings in Europe.
In 2006, Chin had a retrospective exhibition in the Beijing’s National Art Museum (Beijing, China) Glory to the Source – Hsiao Chin 1955-2005. In 2010 another great retrospective of his work was held at the Kaohsiung museum in Taiwan.
Hsiao Chin was awarded by the former Italian President Carlo Azeglio Ciampi The Knight’s medal of Star of Solidarity in 2005. Since 1966 Hsiao Chin is the director of Graduate Institute of Plastic Arts of Tainan National College of Arts.

YearName of the exhibitionMuseum/GallerySolo/Group
201560 years of Abstraction, Harmony and FormDe Sarthe Gallery, Hong KongSolo
2014Master Works on PaperLin & Lin Gallery, Taipei, TaiwanSolo
2013Derivations I : Unlimited CrossingLin & Lin Gallery, Taipei, TaiwanSolo
2012YES, TAIWAN - 2012 Taiwan BiennialNational Taiwan Museum of Fine Arts, Taichung, TaiwanSolo
2011Abstract art in TaiwanTaipei Fine Art Museum, Taipei, TaiwanSolo
2010Homage to the Master: Retrospective of Hsiao ChinKaohsiung Museum of Fine Arts, Kaohsiung, TaiwanSolo
2008Hsiao ChinSalone delle Scuderie in Pilotta, ParmaSolo
2007L'universo nel cuoreAssociazione Culturale Atrium, LecceSolo
2007Hsiao ChinSpazio Mazzotta, MilanSolo
20075 Premio Internazionale Biennale d'Incisione nMuseo d'Arte Contemporanea e del Novecento, Monsummano TermeGroup
2006Glory to the Source. A retrospective exhibition of Hsiao Chin 1955-2005National Art Museum of China, BeijingSolo
2005Hsiao Chin 1954-2004. A Journey back to the SourceGuangdong Museum of Art, Solo
2005Villa Colloredo Mels.Museo Civico, RecanatiSolo
2005Scuderie ducali.Palazzo Acquaviva, AtriSolo
2005Hsiao Chin 1954-2004. A Journey back to the SourceZhongshan Museum of Art, Solo
2005Identita e diversita Il cappello e la creativita M'ARS Contemporary Art Museum, MoscowGroup
2005Titolo e Sottotitolo Casa delle RegoleCasa delle Regole, Cortina d'AmpezzoGroup
2004The Journey of Hsiao Chin's painting 1958-2004Shanghai Art Museum, Solo
2004Identita e diversita Il cappello e la creativita Palazzo Medici Riccardi, FirenzeGroup
2002Ceramic sculptures.Oberdan Space, MilanSolo
2002Retrospective exhibit of paintings on canvas from 1958 to 2001.Gio Marconi Gallery, MilannSolo
2002Retrospective exhibit of works on paper from 1958 to 2001.Lattuada Gallery, MilanSolo
2002Recent large size paintings.Mudima Foundation, MilanSolo
2002Premio Carnevalotto Museo della Nuova Cittadella del Carnevale ViareggioGroup
20007 th Venice International Biennial of Architecture VeniceGroup
1999The Famous Painters Exhibition TainanGroup
1998Hsiao ChinGalleria Il Ponte, FlorenceSolo
1998Hsiao ChinGalerie Di Meo, ParisSolo
1998Hhsiao Chin retrospective 1958-1998Institut Mathildenhohe, DarmstadtSolo
1998The 15 th National Art Exhibition TaipeiGroup
1998Shanghai Biennial ShanghaiGroup
1998The 1 st International Ink Painting Biennial ShenzhenGroup
1997Hsiao ChinDimensions Art Center, TaipeiSolo
1997Ton-Fan Group, 40 th Anniversary TaipeiGroup
1997The Graphic Arts Exhibition TainanGroup
1996Hsiao ChinDimensions Endowment of Art, TaipeiSolo
1996Shakti 7 CopenhagenGroup
1996Due Secoli di Incisione Accademia di Brera, MilanGroup
1995The Odyssey 1953-94Taipei Fine Arts Museum, TaipeiSolo
1995Hsiao ChinSante Moretto Arte Contemporanea, VicenzaSolo
1995Anni '90 – Arte a Milano MilanGroup
1995Shakti 6 - International Exhibition AarhusGroup
1994Hsiao ChinStudio Marconi, MilanSolo
1994Hsiao ChinGalleria Torso, OdenseSolo
1994Hsiao ChinGalleria Comunale Molinella, FaenzaSolo
1994Hsiao ChinCentral Academy of Fine Arts, BeijingSolo
1994Hsiao ChinChina Academy of Fine Arts, HangzhouSolo
1994Hsiao ChinEzio Pagano Arte Contemporanea, BagheriaSolo
1994Shakti 5 MilanoGroup
1993Hsiao ChinAlisan Fine Art Ltd, Hong KongSolo
1993Shakti 4 CopenhagenGroup
1992Hsiao Chin, retrospective 1955-92Taiwan Museum of Art, TaichungSolo
1992Hsiao ChinFondation Sicard-Ipert, VallaurisSolo
1992Hsiao ChinContemporary Art Gallery, TaichungSolo
1992Hsiao ChinContemporary Gallery, TaipeiSolo
1992Hsiao ChinStudio Marconi, MilanSolo
1991Hsiao ChinGalleria La Crocetta, GallarateSolo
1991Hsiao ChinPulitzer Art Gallery, AmsterdamSolo
1991Shakti 3 GallarateGroup
1990Hsiao ChinGaleria Punto, ValenciaSolo
1990Hsiao ChinGalleria Alberto Peola, TurinSolo
1990Hsiao ChinEnte Regionale Studio Universitario, MacerataSolo
1990Hsiao ChinGalerie Feldmann, BernSolo
1990Hsiao ChinContemporary Art Gallery, TaichungSolo
1990Hsiao ChinYun-Han International Art Center, TaipeiSolo
1990Shakti 2 AarhusGroup
1990Italian Contemporary Art Taiwan Museum of Art, TaichungGroup
1989Hsiao ChinGalleria La Chiocciola, PaduaSolo
1989Hsiao ChinGalerie Ruth Mentha, Muri-BernSolo
1989Hsiao ChinLung Men Art Gallery, TaipeiSolo
1989Hsiao ChinContemporary Art Gallery, TaichungSolo
1989Shakti 1 CopenhagenGroup
19894 th International Biennial Print Exhibition TaipeiGroup
1988Hsiao Chin, antologica 1959-88Studio Marconi, MilanSolo
1988Contemporary Italian Artists Art Palace, MoscowGroup
1987Hsiao ChinGaleria Pulitzer, AmsterdamSolo
1987Hsiao ChinAlisan Fine Arts Ltd, Hong KongSolo
1987Hsiao ChinGalleria Ideogramma, TurinSolo
19873 rd International Biennial Print Exhibition TaipeiGroup
1987XXX Biennale Nazionale of Milan ItalyGroup
1986Hsiao ChinComune di Copenhagen, NikolajSolo
1986Hsiao ChinGalleria Mercato del Sole, MilanSolo
1986Hsiao ChinGaleria Tina Presser, Porto AlegreSolo
198610 th International Color Prints Triennial Exhibitions GrenchenGroup
1986Itinerari d'Arte Contemporanea 1986-87Lisbon and OportoGroup
1986Contemporary Chinese Painting Hong KongGroup
1985Hsiao ChinUniversita di Messina and Libreria Hobelix, MessinaSolo
1985Hsiao ChinThe Hong Kong Institute for Promotion of Chinese Culture, Hong KongSolo
1985Hsiao ChinGalerie Punto, ValenciaSolo
1985Hsiao ChinMuseum Waterland, PumerendSolo
1985Hsiao ChinTaipei Fine Arts Museum, TaipeiSolo
19852 nd International Biennial Print Exhibition TaipeiGroup
1985XIII Premio Nazionale Citta di Gallarate ItalyGroup
1984Hsiao ChinGalleri Aegidius, RandersSolo
1984Hsiao ChinGalleria Ezio Pagano, BagheriaSolo
1984Hsiao ChinStudio Marconi, MilanSolo
19847 th Norwegian International Print Biennial FredrikstadtGroup
1983Hsiao ChinGalerie Sanatore, StuttgartSolo
1983Hsiao ChinGalerie Tina Presser, Porto AlegreSolo
1983Italian Art BerlinGroup
19833 rd Biennial of European Graphic Art Baden-BadenGroup
1983Rigori astratti della ragione e fantasia del concreto Ganna, ItalyGroup
1982Homage to Matteo Ricci by Chinese Artists MacerataGroup
1982The Chinese Response – Paintings by Leading Overseas Artists Hong KongGroup
1981Hsiao ChinApollo Art Gallery, TaipeiSolo
1981Hsiao ChinGallerie Pancheri, RoveretoSolo
1981Ton-Fan & Fifth Moon 25 th Anniversary Joint Exhibition TaipeiGroup
1980Hsiao ChinGalleria Ideogramma, TurinSolo
1980Hsiao ChinPrintmakers Art Gallery, TaipeiSolo
1980Contemporary International Original Prints Exhibition TaipeiGroup
1979Hsiao ChinPinacoteca Comunale, MacerataSolo
1979Surya MacerataGroup
1978Hsiao ChinNational Museum of History, TaipeiSolo
1978Hsiao ChinGaleria Kandinsky, MadridSolo
1978Ancient Heritage, New Directions New YorkGroup
1978International Prints Exhibition 1978 MessinaGroup
1978Surya MilanGroup
1977X Quadriennale Nazionale d'Arte RomeGroup
1977Grafici Italiani Contemporanei LjubljanaGroup
1976Hsiao ChinGaleria Punto, ValenciaSolo
1975Hsiao ChinMuseo Civico d'Arte Moderna, ModenaSolo
1975Hsiao ChinPalazzo dei Diamanti, FerraraSolo
1975Hsiao ChinGalleria Pancheri, RoveretoSolo
1975Momenti e tendenze del Costruttivismo MilanGroup
1974Hsiao ChinGalerie Beaubourg, ParisSolo
1974Asia Oggi: Rassegna di Grafica Contemporanea MilanGroup
1973Hsiao ChinGalerie Schubert, MilanSolo
1972Hsiao ChinGalerie Brechbuhl, GrenchenSolo
1970Hsiao ChinGalerie Orez, Den HaagSolo
1970Hsiao ChinCetenary College, Hackettstown, N.J.Solo
1970Hsiao ChinGalerie Fonke, GentSolo
1970Hsiao ChinStudio Santandrea and Studio Marconi, MilanSolo
19705 th International Color Prints Triennial Exhibitions GrenchenGroup
197017 th National Print Exhibition Brooklyn Museum, New YorkGroup
1970III Salon International de Galeries Pilotes Lausanne and ParisGroup
1969Hsiao ChinStudio Marconi (Grafica), MilanSolo
1969Hsiao ChinBenson Gallery, Bridgehampton, N.Y.Solo
1969Hsiao ChinGalerie Senatore, StuttgartSolo
1969IX Festival de Arte '69 Cali, ColombiaGroup
1968Hsiao ChinThe Pollock Gallery, TorontoSolo
1968Hsiao ChinLawrence Stevens Gallery, DetroitSolo
1967Hsiao ChinGalerie Brechbuhl, GrenchennSolo
1967Hsiao ChinGalerie Wirth, BerlinSolo
1967Hsiao ChinStudio Marconi, MilanSolo
1967Hsiao ChinRose Fried Gallery, New YorkSolo
1966Hsiao ChinGalleria Il Canale, VeniceSolo
1966Hsiao ChinGalerie Falazik, BochumSolo
1966Musische Geometrie Kunstverein, HannoverGroup
1965Hsiao ChinMuseo of Maribor, YugoslaviaSolo
1965VI Mostra Internazionale di Grafica LjubljanaGroup
1964Hsiao ChinGalerie Internationale d'Art Contemporain, ParisSolo
1964Hsiao ChinGalleria dell'Ariete, MilanSolo
19643 rd International Color Prints Triennial Exhibitions GrenchenGroup
1964III Premio Scipione Nazionale di Pittura MacerataGroup
1963Chinesische Kunstler der Gegenwart Stadtisches Museum, LeverkusenGroup
1963VII Biennale di Sao Paulo Sao PauloGroup
1962Hsiao ChinGalleria San Luca, RomeSolo
1961Hsiao ChinGalleria Trastevere, RomeSolo
1961Hsiao ChinGalleria San Matteo, GenovaSolo
1961Hsiao ChinGalerie Hilt, BaselSolo
1961Hsiao ChinGalleria Salone Annunciata, MilanSolo
1961Hsiao ChinGalerie Dorekens, AntwerpenSolo
1961Hsiao ChinGalerie Senatore, StuttgartSolo
1961The Pittsburgh International Exhibition PittsburghGroup
1961Grand Prix de Peinture et Sculpture Monte CarloGroup
1960Hsiao ChinGalerie Senatore, StuttgartSolo
1960Internationale Malerei 1960-1961Wolframs-EschenbachGroup
1959Hsiao ChinGalleria Numero, FlorenceSolo
1959Hsiao ChinGalleria del Cavallino, VeniceSolo
1959III Salon de Mayo BarcelonaGroup
1958Hsiao ChinGaleria Fernando Fe, MadridSolo
1958II Salon de Mayo BarcelonaGroup
1957Hsiao ChinMuseo Municipal de Mataro, BarcelonaSolo
1957IV Salon de Jazz BarcelonaGroup
1957I Salon de Mayo BarcelonaGroup