Jean dufy - Le Pont Carrousel (detail), 1947 - Photo Credits Sysopchris

Jean Dufy

France 1888 - 1964

Cubism, Impressionism

Jean Dufy
Jean Dufy
Male
France
1888
March 18, 2016
Andreja Velimirović is a passionate content writer with a knack for art and old movies. Majoring in art history, he is an expert on avant-garde modern movements and medieval church fresco decorations. Feel free to contact him via his Linkedin profile: https://www.linkedin.com/in/andreja-velimirovi%C4%87-74068a68/

The story of Jean Dufy begins in Paris, a town that’s without the slightest doubt the world’s modern art capital. There are literally just a few styles of the late 19th and early 20th century that can not be somehow connected to the biggest city in France – even those which had their beginnings away from Paris always hoped to one day be displayed on the streets where modern art was shaped. In a time when impressionism was writing the pages of art history, somewhere in a small fishing place in France was born a boy that soon dreamed of the day he could walk down the main avenue of Paris and see his paintings hanging from the windows of the famous Salons. This boy’s name was Jean Dufy.

Jean Dufy - le Havre harbour (detail) - Photo Credits Normandy Then and Now - When you contact the place of the gallery, make sure that the auction price is the same for this as for the sale of the second image!
Jean Dufy – le Havre harbour (detail) – Photo Credits Normandy Then and Now

Early Life

Jean Dufy was born in Le Havre (a seaport in the northwest of France) on March 12, 1888. His family was a large one, so he ended up being the last of total nine children. Although the Dufys were considered a part of the working class, all family members had a great affinity for art – especially music. Jean liked music, but ever since his older brother Raoul Dufy got into painting, Jean knew that was the road for him as well. At that point, Raoul became his brother’s mentor, so to speak, while also being an educator because the Dufys couldn’t afford to have any of their children enrolled in costly artistic schools. Instead, Jean received formal education at the École Primaire Supérieure du Havre. He graduated at the age of sixteen and immediately landed a job as a traveling clerk in a French import company, but soon Jean was promoted to a position of secretary on a transatlantic ship La Savole which traveled regularly between his hometown and New York. His business took precedence over Jean’s hopes of becoming a famous painter. After many years of traveling and seeing different places, in 1906 Jean accidently stumbled upon an exhibition in Le Havre’s Cercle de l’Art Moderne and at that moment decided to pursue the long forgotten dream of painting. He received private tutoring wherever he was able to find it and in the year of 1914, Jean’s first watercolor paintings were exhibited at the Galerie Berthe Weill. These early works of his career were lacking in color when compared to the later, classic Dufy. What seemed a beginning of a great career was unfortunately almost instantly put to a halt in only a few weeks when the biggest world conflict so far erupted between the forces of Europe. Jean was drafted and placed in a horse regiment.

Jean Dufy - The Cabaret (detail), 1937-39 - Photo Credits Artalog - - When you contact the place of the gallery, make sure that the auction price is the same for this as for the sale of the first image - for the terms of privacy!
Jean Dufy – The Cabaret (detail), 1937-39 – Photo Credits Artalog

After World War II

After courageously serving in the military for full two years, Jean decided to fulfill his intentions of participating in the Parisian art scene. Sadly, his goals were again put on hold because war-torn France had no immediate need of art. While the country’s rebuilding was in full motion, Jean worked with his brother in a textile factory in Lyon. Soon he was offered a job of decorating porcelain in Limoges – Jean spent many years of his life there and was presumably very happy with that employment. He was also very successful at this job and was awarded the Gold Medal at L’exposition Internationale des Arts Décoratifs. In 1920 he finally settled in Paris, in the famous artists quarter of Montmartre, next door to Georges Braque. Braque turned Jean towards experimenting with cubism, noting that the young painter’s work could be massively enhanced with the new style. Jean liked the idea and decided to give some elements of cubism a chance. He also fell in love with the pre-war Fauve movement which deeply influenced him. In Paris, Jean also spent some considerable time with the likes of Picasso, Apollinaire, Rouault and Derain.

Braque massively influenced Jean’s art

Jean Dufy - Carriages and riders (detail)- Photo Credits Lempertz -A lot of differences when compared with the 1964 Dufy
Jean Dufy – Carriages and riders (detail)- Photo Credits Lempertz

The Dream Comes True

In 1923 came Dufy’s first big exhibition. In the Salon d’Automne he displayed his artwork – only unlike the exhibition in 1916, this time, Jean had a chance to learn from the greats of Picasso and Braque before painting his pieces and placed them in the gallery. Jean was well received by the Parisian society and was asked to display his paintings again in the years of 1924, 1927, and 1932. His work presented scenes from both the city and the country – he depicted circuses, horse races, stages, Parisian streets, orchestras. He loved painting the Eiffel Tower, bridges of the Seine and the historical gates of Paris – Jean Dufy fell in love with the city he pursued all his life. This was the time he tackled the toughest opponent of his creative life, light. It became the essential focus of his work and in searching for this light he was able to master his fear of the blank canvas. We can note a large amount of blue present in his work. This is certainly a personal affection, but is’s also a clear nod towards the impressionism he loved as a child. Eventually, Jean Dufy became a name that rang out within and beyond the borders of Paris. There is a theory out there that claims Dufy’s work was extremely influenced by the early jazz movement that came to Paris along the WWI American soldiers. This makes sense when you consider Jean’s musical upbringing and the sheer dynamic of colors in his paintings. In 1937, the life of Jean Dufy took a turn for the worse. He got into a fight with Raoul over authorizing a certain mural and after the French public seemingly took his brother’s side, Jean, insulted, moved to the country to live a quieter life. He lived the next thirty years joyously, traveling around the world with his wife – and of course, painting until the last day of his life.

Jean Dufy fell in love with the city of Paris

Jean Dufy - Bridges of the Seine (detail), 1954 - Photo Credits Shared Passion - Get them to sign this, for the terms of privacy
Jean Dufy – Bridges of the Seine (detail), 1954 – Photo Credits Shared Passion

Jean’s Legacy

It’s not easy to determine the exact influence Jean Dufy had on the artistic world. While he did not succeed in becoming the founder of a new style – which never was his goal – Jean did combine the aspects of impressionism, cubism and fauvism in a coherent accumulation. That by itself is an astonishing triumph. Today, his work can be found in countless collections of the most prestigious museums of the world – and the often seven digits prices at his auctions are enough of an indicator of his popularity. Dufy was a true example of a 20th-century bohemian artist whose life was centered on painting, but he was also a man who never cowered from his obligations to France and stood tall against the forces of Germany and Austria. As a man Jean was impeccable, but as an artist – well, we can safely call him immortal.

The artist is represented by Puccio Fine Art in New York, USA.
Featured Image: Jean dufy – Le Pont Carrousel (detail), 1947 – Photo Credits Sysopchris
All images used for illustrative purposes only.

YearExhibition TitleGallery/MuseumSolo/Group
2016Jean Dufy Palm Beach Jewelry, Art & Antique Show. West Palm Beach, Floridasolo
2015Monet to Matisse – On the French coast Museum of Fine Arts, St. Petersburg, Floridagroup
2014Jean Dufy Galerie Jacques Bailly. Paris, Francesolo
2011Jean Dufy Galerie Jacques Bailly. Paris, France solo
2011Raoul et Jean Dufy, Complicité et rupture Musée Marmottan Monet. Paris, Francegroup
2009Jean Dufy American International Fine Art Fair. West Palm Beach, Floridasolo
2006Frères et soeurs dans l’Art de Dürer à DuchampPalais des Beaux-Arts, Brussels, Belgiumgroup
2005Family Affairs- From Dürers to Duchamps Haus der Kunst, Munchen, Germanygroup
200420th-century contemporary and modern European and American painting and sculpture Kodner Gallery. Online Gallerygroup
2002Jean Dufy Galerie Jacques Bailly, Paris, Francesolo
2001Still Lifes by Modern Masters Galerie Rienzo. New York, New Yorkgroup
1991Jean DufyAtelier Matignon, Paris, France solo
1988Jean DufyAtelier Matignon, Paris, France solo
1987 Raoul Dufy - Jean DufySoufer Gallery, New York, New Yorksolo
1983Jean Dufy Galerie d'Art Castiglione, Paris, France solo
1982Jean DufyBoston Art Museum, Boston, Massachusettsgroup
1981Jean DufyGalerie d'Art Castiglione, Paris, France solo
1978Jean Dufy Galerie d'Art Castiglione, Paris, France solo
1973Kisling et son temps Palais de la Méditerranée, Nice, Francegroup
1969Jean Dufy early watercolors The Chase Gallery, New York, New York solo
1968Hommage to Jean Dufy Wally Findlay Galleries, Chicago, Illinois solo
1967Raoul Dufy - Jean DufyGalerie Reine, New York, New York solo
1966Les Frères Dufy Hofstra University, Hempstead, Long Island, New Yorksolo
1964Jean Dufy, first Memorial Show The Marble Arch Gallery, New York, New York solo
1962Jean Dufy Galerie Paris Artistique, Paris, Francesolo
1962Paris by Jean Dufy W. Findlay Galleries, Chicago, Illinoissolo
1962Prints International Mayfair Gallery, Greensborogroup
1961Jean Dufy Recent PaintingsHammer Galleries, New York, New Yorksolo
1958Jean Dufy Galerie Abels, Cologne, Germanysolo
1957Jean DufyNiveau Gallery, New York, New York solo
1957Jean DufyDominion Gallery, Montreal, Canadasolo
1957Jean DufyGalerie Paris Artistique, Paris, Francesolo
1957Jean Dufy Hammer Galleries, New York, New Yorksolo
1956Jean Dufy Galerie Barreiro Stiebel, Paris, Francesolo
1955Jean DufyVan Diemen-Lillienfeld Gallery, New York, New Yorksolo
1955Jean DufyGeorges de Braux, Inc. Philadelphia, Pennsylvaniasolo
1953Jean DufyPerls Galleries, New York, New Yorksolo
1952Jean DufyJames Vigeveno Galleries, Westwood Hillssolo
1952Jean DufyVan Diemen-Lillienfeld Gallery, New York, New Yorksolo
1951Jean Dufy Galerie Barreiro Stiebel, Paris, France solo
1951Jean DufyNiveau Gallery, New York, New Yorksolo
1950New gouaches by Jean DufyGeorges De Braux, Inc. Philadelphia solo
1948Jean Dufy Galerie Jos. Hessel, Paris, France solo
1947Jean Dufy Galerie André, Paris, Francesolo
1947Gouaches, oils and watercolors, Jean DufyGeorges De Braux, Inc. Philadelphia, Pennsylvaniasolo
1947Recent Landscapes by Seven French PaintersGeorges De Braux, Inc. Philadelphia, Pennsylvaniagroup
1939Jean Dufy Galerie A. Barreiro, Paris, Francesolo
1938Jean Dufy Perls Galleries, New York, New Yorksolo
1938Exhibition of Modern Paintings The Portland Art Museum, Portland, Oregon group
1932Jean Dufy Salon d’Automne, Grand Palais des Champs-Elysées, Paris, Francesolo
1930Paintings and Watercolors by Jean Dufy Balzac Galleries, New York, New Yorksolo
1929Jean Dufy Galerie Bing & Cie, Paris, France solo
1928Jean Dufy Galerie Dalpayrat, Limoges, Francesolo
1927Jean Dufy Salon d’Automne, Grand Palais des Champs-Elysées, Paris, Francesolo
1926Jean Dufy Salon d’Automne, Grand Palais des Champs-Elysées, Paris, Francesolo
1925Jean Dufy Galerie Vavin-Raspail, Paris, France solo
1925Jean DufyGrand Palais des Champs-Elysées, Paris, Francesolo
1925Jean Dufy Galerie Legede, Paris, Francesolo
1925Jean Dufy Galerie Drouand-David, Paris, France solo
1925Exhibition of Paintings by Raoul - Jean Dufy Old Paris Gallery, Boston, Massachusettssolo
1924Jean DufySalon d’Automne, Grand Palais des Champs-Elysées, Paris, France solo
1923Jean DufySalon d’Automne, Grand Palais des Champs-Elysées, Paris, France solo
1921Jean Dufy Galerie Panardie, Paris, Francesolo
1914Une trentaine d'aquarelles Galerie Berthe Weill, Paris, Francesolo