John Baldessari - Photo of the artist - Image via

John Baldessari /   John Anthony Baldessari

United States 1931 - 2020

Conceptual Art, Photography

John Baldessari
John Anthony Baldessari
United States
June 2, 2016
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Certainly one of the most notorious names that can be found in contemporary art is John Baldessari He was an American artist and teacher who fused photography, montage, painting and text to create complex compositions that explore the multifaceted interpretations of cultural iconography, all the while keeping his signature sense of humor. This artist began his career the mid-1950s and not for a second along the way did he lose his creative touch that made him famous in the first place – although he might have denied it down to the fact he burnt all his early works, turning them into dust that he then kept as a souvenir. For decades, Baldessari was considered to be a leading Californian Conceptual artist.

John Baldessari - John Baldessari Does Not Make Boring Art Anymore Series , 2007
John Baldessari – John Baldessari Does Not Make Boring Art Anymore, 2007

John’s Early Drives

John Baldessari was born during the year of 1931, in National City, California. He attended The San Diego State University and did post-graduate work at Otis Art Institute, Chouinard Art Institute and the University of California at Berkeley. Such prestigious institutions provided Baldessari with a great command over creating and understanding all aspects of art. Since John always enjoyed speaking and educating others about art, it was only natural that he would get involved in teaching – he taught at the California Institute of the Arts in Valencia, CA from 1970 – 1988 and the University of California at Los Angeles from 1996 – 2007. Although an excellent professor, the highlight of Baldessari work is without a doubt his creative artistic side. Since the beginning of his career, Baldessari has been guided by one simple idea – if John saw the art around him that he liked, then he wouldn’t do art. He built the foundations of his profession by his pioneering use of appropriated imagery. Via blending photography, painting and text, Baldessari’s work examined the plastic nature of artistic media while offering commentary on our contemporary culture. John explained his drives by stating: I’ve often thought of myself as a frustrated writer. I consider a word and an image of equal weight, and a lot of my work comes out of that kind of thinking. Its always hard to precisely pin down and explain Baldessari’s art, as he has been tirelessly trying to keep his portfolio as versatile as possible, including photomontage, artist’s books, prints, paintings, film, performance and installation. The medium of painting was important to his early work – when he emerged, in the early 1960s, he was working in a gestural style. But by the end of the decade he had begun to introduce text and pre-existing images, often doing so to create riddles that highlighted some of the unspoken assumptions of contemporary art. Of course, we repeat that John actually burned all of his early works, so it’s not a challenge to figure out which half of his career Baldessari actually prefers.

John spent most of his early career strictly painting, but had a sudden change of heart that led his artwork down a different path

John Baldessari - Kiss-Panic, 1984 (Left) ---- Tips for Artists Who Want to Sell, 1966 (Right)
John Baldessari – Kiss/Panic, 1984 (Left) / Tips for Artists Who Want to Sell, 1966 (Right)

The Characteristic Sense of Humor

Baldessari was undoubtedly one of the leading figures Conceptual art has seen in the last half of a century – John focused on the perception and interpretation of visual elements and text, while often employing irony to make playful assertions about how meanings are formed. And we use the playful term quite appropriately, we assure you – Baldessari was one of the most fun artists of his generation, as well as many younger ones. He was known to state such sentences as I will not make any more boring art and I think it’s brilliant: making art look like it’s not about skill – these and many more serve as a bulletproof evidence and testimony of John’s already legendary sense of humour. Over the course of his career, John Baldessari derived imagery from a wide range of sources, mostly advertising and film. He established a way of subverting common visual associations by drawing attention to minute details, absurd juxtapositions and obscured or fragmented portions of images. Over the years, Baldessari applied various painterly elements to make sure viewers do not oversee that the hand of the artist is not only present in the placement of the images but is also there in the hybridization of the creative process. Baldessari’s work has been exhibited worldwide with more than 200 solo and in over 1000 group shows, with the most notable locations being the Stedelijk Museum in Amsterdam, the Contemporary Arts Museum in Houston, the Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía in Madrid, The Museum of Modern Art and Whitney Museum in New York and the Documentas 4, 5, and 6 in Kassel. During the year of 2009, a monumental retrospective of his work titled John Baldessari: Pure Beauty opened at the Tate Modern in London before traveling to the Los Angeles County Museum of Art, The Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York and the Museu d’Art Contemporani de Barcelona in Spain. This show was a great success and it did not fail to attract mass attention wherever the work was displayed.

A video narrated by Tom Waits illustrates how John Baldessari, his ideas and tools evolved over years

Baldessari’s Projects and Awards

Baldessari’s projects include artist books, videos, films, billboards and public works. His two-dimensional works often incorporate found images, composed in layers or presented as distinct pieces with an element of surprise, like a brightly colored geometric shape in the place of a face or a starkly printed sardonic caption. One of the most iconic signatures John used in his career is his characteristic use of colorful dots atop photographic images. This created some of the most instantly recognizable series ever created. John was often associated with Minimalist or Conceptual art, though he called this characterization a little bit boring. He always preferred to be associated with the name of Marcel Duchamp, although many critics have connected him with the works of Andy Warhol. Baldessari’s awards and honors include the 2014 National Medal of Arts Award, an upcoming award from the International Print Center New York in 2016, memberships in the American Academy of Arts and Letters and in the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the Americans for the Arts Lifetime Achievement Award, the Rolex Mentor and Protégé Arts Initiative, the BACA International 2008, the Golden Lion for Lifetime Achievement, awarded by La Biennale di Venezia and the City of Goslar Kaiserring in 2012. He has received honorary degrees from the National University of Ireland, San Diego State University, Otis Art Institute of Parsons School of Design, and California College of the Arts. Such recognitions only cemented Baldessari’s name as one of the most leading artists to emerge from the second half of the 20th century.

John Baldessari - Somewhere Between Almost Right and Not Quite Series , 2004
John Baldessari – Somewhere Between Almost Right and Not Quite, 2004

John Baldessari Casts a Large Shadow

As you could have already concluded on your own so far, John Baldessari is considered by many to be one of the most important proponents of West Coast Art. As if his artwork was not enough to permanently glue him onto the pages of art history, Baldessari also championed emerging artists that came out of California Art Schools, further extending his legacy by influencing many younger people through his extensive teaching career. Through a diverse practice that includes paintings, sculpture and installations, John fastened his position as one of the greatest conceptual artists out there, not to speak about probably the most entertaining one in the history of art.

The artist is represented by Gregg Shienbaum Fine Art in Miami, Weng Contemporary in London, and Mai 36 Gallery in Zurich.

He died in 2020 at the age of 88.

Featured Image: John Baldessari – Photo of the artist – Image via
All images courtesy of John Baldessari

YearExhibition TitleGallery/MuseumSolo/Group 
2016Besser Scheitern Internationale Tage Ingelheim, Ingelheim am RheinGroup
2016FracturedSimon Lee Gallery - Hong Kong, Hong KongGroup
2016a forma do pensamentoCristina Guerra Contemporary Art, Lisboa Group
2016Shrines To Speed. Art And The Automobile: From The Minimal To The PostmodernLeila Heller Gallery, Nueva York, NYGroup
2016Drawing Dialogues: Selections from the Sol LeWitt CollectionThe Drawing Center, Nueva York, NYGroup
2016MashUp: The Birth of Modern CultureVancouver Art Gallery, Vancouver, BCGroup
20161957-1975Centro Andaluz de Arte Contemporáneo (CAAC), SevillaGroup
2016Ordinary PicturesWalker Art Center, Minneapolis, MNGroup
2016John BaldessariSprüth Magers Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CASolo
2015John Baldessari - The Städel Paintings Städel Museum, Frankfurt/MainSolo
2015John BaldessariPKM GALLERY| Bartleby Bickle & Meursault - Seoul, SeoulSolo
2015John Baldessari - The NewsLa Caja Negra, MadridSolo
2015John BaldessariGalerie Marian Goodman, ParisSolo
2015John BaldessariMarian Goodman Gallery, LondresSolo
2014Art as a VerbMUMA - Monash University Museum of Art, Melbourne, VICGroup
2014Small Museum for the American MetaphorREDCAT, Los Angeles, CAGroup
2014Slow LearnerTimothy Taylor Gallery, LondonGroup
2014Damage ControlMUDAM - Musée d’Art Moderne Grand-Duc Jean, LuxembourgGroup
2014On The Blue Shore of SilenceFitzroy Gallery, New York City, NYGroup
2014Apparent FormsThe Barbara Krakow Gallery, Boston, MAGroup
2014Objects & FictionsSenior & Shopmaker Gallery, New York City, NYGroup
2014MultiplicityVirginia Museum of Contemporary Art (MOCA), Virginia Beach, VAGroup
2014The Four Horsemen of the ApocalypsePatrick Painter Inc., Santa Monica, CAGroup
2014Hired HandThe Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, ILGroup
2014Double Negative: From Painting To ObjectMuseo Tamayo, Mexico CityGroup
2014This Page Intentionally Left BlankAkbank Art Center, IstanbulGroup
2014StarsJane Voorhees Zimmerli Art Museum, New Brunswick, NJGroup
2014Thanks for Writing601Artspace, New York City, NYGroup
2014John BaldessariMarian Goodman Gallery, Nueva York, NYSolo
2014John Baldessari at Gemini G.E.L. : The News Gemini G.E.L. at Joni Moisant Weyl, Nueva York, NYSolo
2014John BaldessariGalerie Greta Meert, BruselasSolo
2014John Baldessari: Four Short Films 1972-1973University of Maryland Art Gallery, College Park, MDSolo
2013John Baldessari - 1+1=1Garage Museum of Contemporary Art, MoscowSolo
2013CluesThe Barbara Krakow Gallery, Boston, MAGroup
2013Damage Control - Art and Destruction Since 1950Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Washington, DCGroup
2013As real as walking down the street and going to the grocery storeRowing, LondonGroup
2013State of Mind: New California Art Circa 1970Smart Museum of Art, Chicago, ILGroup
2013Young CollectorsMaison Particulière, BrusselsGroup
2013Missed ConnectionReynolds Gallery, Richmond, VAGroup
2013Grafik und FotografieGalerie Noah, AugsburgGroup
2013Adventures of truth - Painting and philosophyFondation Maeght, Saint-PaulGroup
2013Masters of IrreverenceArena 1 Gallery, Santa Monica, CAGroup
2013A Cosmic EncounterCirrus Gallery, Los Angeles, CAGroup
2013Sound SpillZabludowicz Collection New York, New York City, NYGroup
2012John Baldessari - Double BillGalerie Marian Goodman, ParisSolo
2012John Baldessari: Class Assignments, (optional)CCA Wattis Institute for Contemporary Arts, San Francisco, CASolo
2011John Baldessari - The First $100,000 I Ever MadeHigh Line Art, New York City, NYSolo
2011John Baldessari - Double VisionMai 36 Galerie, ZurichSolo
2011John Baldessari- Your Name in LightsStedelijk Museum Amsterdam, AmsterdamSolo
2011John Baldessari - Your Name in LightsKaldor Public Art Projects, Sydney, NSWSolo
2010John Baldessari - Not Prints: Posters 1966-20101301PE, Los Angeles, CASolo
2010The Giacometti VariationsFondazione Prada, MilanSolo
2010John Baldessari: Pure BeautyThe Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City, NYSolo
2010John Baldessari: Pure BeautyLos Angeles County Museum of Art - LACMA, Los Angeles, CASolo
2010John Baldessari: SedimentMargo Leavin Gallery, Los Angeles, CASolo
2010John Baldessari - Noses & Ears, EtcLa Caja Negra, MadridSolo
2010Why borrow when you can stealRoyale Projects, Palm Desert, CASolo
2009Hands and,or Feet (Part two)Sprüth Magers Berlin, BerlinSolo
2009John Baldessari - Raised Eyebrows Furrowed Foreheads: Part IVMai 36 Galerie, ZurichSolo
2008Arms & Legs (Specif. Elbows & Knees), etc., Part IIGalería Pepe Cobo, MadridSolo
2007John Baldessari - MusicKunstmuseum Bonn, BonnSolo
2006Prima Facie (Fifth State)Simon Lee Gallery, LondonSolo
2005John Baldessari - GuitarsRichard Levy Gallery, Albuquerque, NMSolo
2005Prima Facie - Third StateGalería Pepe Cobo, MadridSolo
2005John Baldessari - a different kind of orderMuseum Moderner Kunst Stiftung Ludwig - MUMOK , ViennaSolo
2004John Baldessari- Somewhere Between Almost Right and Not Quite (with orange)Deutsche Guggenheim, BerlinSolo
2002John Baldessari: Junctions and IntersectionsMargo Leavin Gallery, Los Angeles, CASolo