Kenneth Snelson

United States 1927 - 2016

Sculpture, Photography

Kenneth Snelson
Kenneth Snelson
United States
November 5, 2014
Music, Gestalt, .

The interest in spatial relations of flexible and rigid components in the work of Kenneth Snelson has the central role and is based on some rather philosophical thesis. The merging of art, science, and engineering led the artist to investigate the domains of kinetic experiments. His constant striving was to reach the new levels of visual expression by accentuating the tension and compression as the eternally complementary elements in any structure. Although abstract and quite conceptual, the majority of his works were executed in public space which suggests that Snelson himself was interested in communication and mediation.

His sculptures are product of conjoining engineering with arts and are like usually located in public space
Kenneth Snelson – Easy Landing – image via tensegrity

In Between Art and Science

Kenneth Snelson was born in 1927, in Pendleton, Oregon. After leaving the army, he started attending painting department at the University of Oregon in Eugene and at the Black Mountain College. In the fall of 1949, Snelson enrolled for a semester at the Institute of Design but did not like the atmosphere and moved to New York after a semester. In 1951 he enrolled at the Académie Montmartre in Paris where he studied with Fernand Léger. Throughout the years, Snelson was active in several fields and was the recipient of many awards including New York State Council on the Arts Sculpture in 1971, DAAD Fellowship for Berlin Kunstlerprogram in 1976.

Kinetic sculptures made of flexible and rigid elements

The forces atom structure can be found In front of new York museum and institute of design
Kenneth Snelson – Free Ride Home, 1974 – image via tomandjolieexplore

The Fascination With Buckminster Fuller And Scientific Domains

While studying the famous and progressive Black Mountain College, Snelson was captivated with the thesis of innovator, scientist, and philosopher Buckminster Fuller who proposed the agenda of saving the world through technology, an economy of means, and geometry. Shortly after the school, he quit painting and he began to build peculiar kinetic objects to further explore the Fuller’s ideas. Besides developing those works of art, Snelson also did serious research on the shape of the atom. Kenneth Snelson continued to work in his SoHo studio, occasionally collaborating with animator Jonathan Monaghan and had five United States patents.

The great efforts of Kenneth Snelson to both artistic and scientific community

The sculpture is made out of thin wires and several good gallery articles were written about it
Kenneth Snelson – Needle Tower II, 1969 – image via wikimedia

The Idea of Tensegrity

The works of Kenneth Snelson mostly revolved around the concept of tensegrity or floating compression, which is a structural principle based on the use of isolated components in compression inside a net of continuous tension. As a matter of fact, his large-scale constructs embodied that idea and showed that different elements can provide rigidity while remaining separate, not touching one another, held in stasis only by means of tensed wires. In general, his sculptures, panoramic photographs, or his computer art, reflect that either a structural principle or a physical instrument such as a camera or computer can been an essential element in the process of creation.

His sculptures has been proven to inspire people to new insights into the tensegrity

Snelson is one of the most interesting kinetic artists on the world with huge number of patents
Kenneth Snelson – V-X-II, 1973-74 – image via pinterest

Highly Ranked Domains of Activity of Kenneth Snelson

The synthesis between technology and art was not only proposed in the context of introduction the aesthetic qualities of the forms but rather to articulate or implement certain transformative social and perhaps even political potential. The visual intensity of his large-scale amorphous structures made out of wire and steel, give dramatic, visible expression and are appealing for the observer. The apparent avant-garde sensibility reminiscent of Bauhaus or Russian Constructivism framed the work of Kenneth Snelson and proved how the enticing mixture of allegedly opposed disciplines can produce astounding, yet simple works of art fulfilled with a wondrous essence of elementary structure.

Kenneth Snelson has passed away on December 22, 2016.

Featured image: Portrait of Kenneth Snelson in his studio – image courtesy of The Mathematical Tourist
All images used are for illustrative purposes only

YearExhibition TitleGallery/MuseumSolo/Group
2012UntitledAtlanta Botanical GardensGroup
2011 New York City Panoramas Marlborough Gallery, New YorkSolo
2009Forces Made Visible Marlborough Gallery, Chelsea, New YorkSolo
2008 Geometry As Image Robert Miller Gallery, NYGroup
2008Digital Stone Exhibition Today Art Museum, Beijing, ChinaGroup
2006Untitled Jardin du Palais Royal Paris (with George Rickey)Solo
2003Untitled Marlborough Gallery, New YorkSolo
2003UntitledLaurence Miller Gallery, New YorkSolo
2002Untitled Marlborough Gallery, NYGroup
1999Untitled Marlborough, Chelsea, New YorkSolo
1999Untitled Stamford Outdoor Sculpture ExhibitionGroup
1999Untitled Neuberger Biennial Exhibiton of Public Art, Purchase NYGroup
1999UntitledNassau County Sculpture ExhibitionGroup
1998Untitled Maxwell Davidson Gallery, New YorkSolo
1995Untitled Contemporary Sculpture Center, TokyoSolo
1995Japan, U.S., Photography Takashimaya Gallery, N.Y.NYGroup
1994Untitled Maxwell Davidson Gallery, New YorkSolo
1994Untitled Laurence Miller Gallery, New YorkSolo
1994UntitledAnderson Gallery, Buffalo, New YorkSolo
1994Shoebox Sculpture Exhibition Honolulu, HawaiiGroup
1993Untitled Yoh Art Gallery, Osaka, JapanSolo
1992Untitled Contemporary Sculpture Center, Tokyo, JapanSolo
1991Untitled Yoh Art Gallery, Osaka, JapanSolo
1991UntitledSIGGRAPH computer art exhibition.Group
1990UntitledZabriskie Gallery, New YorkSolo
1990UntitledNational Academy of Sciences, Washington, D.C.Solo
1989UntitledNew York Academy of Sciences, New York, N.Y.Solo
1989Digital Visions Ohio Wesleyan UniversityGroup
1988 1989, 1990 SIGGRAPH computer art exihibitions.Group
1988Computers and Art IBM Gallery, New YorkGroup
1987The Arts at Black Mountain College Gray Gallery, N.YGroup
1986UntitledZabriskie Galleries (Both New York and Paris.)Solo
1984Untitled De Cordova and Dana Museum and Park, Lincoln, Mass.Solo
1983 The Great East River BridgeThe Brooklyn Museum-Brooklyn, N.Y.Group
1983Big Pictures The Museum of Modern Art, N.Y.,N.Y.Group
1981Untitled Zabriskie Gallery, New YorkSolo
1981Untitled Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Wash. D.C.Solo
1981Untitled Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo, N.Y.Solo
1980UntitledHayward Gallery, LondonGroup
1979UntitledAlbright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo, N.Y.Group
1977Untitled Wilhelm Lehmbruck Museum, Duisburg, GermanySolo
1977Untitled Nationalgalerie, BerlinSolo
1971Untitled Kunstverein, Hannover, GermanySolo
1971UntitledSonsbeek ’71, Arnhem, HollandGroup
1970Untitled Kunsthalle, DusseldorfSolo
1970UntitledSammlung Etzold Kolnischer Kunstverein, ColognGroup
1970UntitledSalon International de Galeries Pilotes, LausanneGroup
1970Expo ’70 Osaka, JapanGroup
1969Untitled Rijksmuseum Kroller-Muller, Otterlo, HollandSolo
1969 Twentieth Century Art from the Rockefeller Collection Museum of Modern Art, New YorkGroup
1968Untitled Bryant Park, New YorkSolo
1968 Prospect ’68 DusseldorfGroup
1968Plus by Minus: Today’s Half Century Albright Knox Museum, Buffalo, N.Y.Group
1967Sculpture of the Sixties Los Angeles County MuseumGroup
1966Untitled Dwan Gallery, New YorkSolo
1966 Sculpture Annual Whitney Museum, N.Y.Group