Man Ray - Photograph of the artist at the beach in France - Image via tate

Man Ray/ Emmanuel Radnitzky

United States 1890 - 1976

Surrealism, Dada

Man Ray
Emmanuel Radnitzky
Male
United States
1890

Emmanuel Radnitzky, by far better known by his iconic pseudonym of Man Ray, was an American artist whose innovative work established him as the leading figure behind the concepts of Dada and Surrealism, as well as for the rest of the early avant-garde art. Heavily influenced by the artworks of European authors such as Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque, Radnitzky was one of the few American artists to truly be accepted as the leading source of creative ideas on the Old Continent. Among his numerous contributions to the world of art, Man Ray’s greatest achievement was the way he was able to manipulate the medium of photography by introducing the artistic potentials of different processes, such as solarization and rayographs (a special eponym for his photograms). Emmanuel Radnitzky once famously stated that he does not photograph nature, but his own visions – this was the main driving force behind all of art Man Ray ever created.

In 1921, Marcel Studio gallery in new york displayed sculpture works with no museum use
Man Ray – Noir et Blanche, c.1926 – Image via pinterest.com

Becoming Man Ray

During his career as an artist, Man Ray worked hard at not allowing many details of his early life or family background to become open knowledge to the public. Why this was the case remains anyone’s guess, but it was probably due to Radnitzky’s desire to remain as mysterious as possible and allow his art to do most of the talking. He even went as far as saying that he had no name other than Man Ray, refusing to be called by the name found on his birth certificate. However, as he became increasingly more famous and admired by the contemporaries, many details of his private life leaked to the public. Man Ray was born as Emmanuel Radnitzky in South Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, during the year of 1890. His father worked in a garment factory and ran a small tailoring business out of the family home, often depending on the help of his children to get the job done on time. Emmanuel had a brother and two sisters, where the youngest was born in 1897, shortly after the entire Radnitzky settled in the Williamsburg area of Brooklyn, New York City. During the early portion of the year 1912, the Radnitzky family changed their surname to Ray as a reaction to the ethnic discrimination and antisemitism prevalent at the time. Additionally, Emmanuel altered his own first name into Man (a shorter variation of his childhood nickname of Manny) and gradually began to use Man Ray as his combined single name.

New York sculpture works are intriguing to every gallery and museum in the US
Man Ray – Sleeping Woman Solarized – Image via bp.com

Choosing Painting Over Architecture

From an early point in his life, Man Ray wished to disassociate himself from his family background as much as possible, but the tailoring business left an enduring mark on his art. Mannequins, flat irons, sewing machines, needles, pins, threads, swatches of fabric and other items related to tailoring appear in almost every medium of his work. Some art historians have even gone as far as claiming that there are technical similarities between tailoring and Ray’s collage/painting methods. Radnitzky’s education at the Brooklyn’s Boys’ High School from 1904 to 1909 provided him with a solid grounding in drafting and other basic art techniques, setting up a fine understanding of art practices that served the author exceptionally well in the long run. As an addition to his classes, Ray also educated himself with frequent visits to the local New York art museums, where he studied the works of the Old Masters. Upon graduation, Man was offered a scholarship to study architecture but chose to pursue a career as a painter believing that this more conventional form of visual arts was much more suitable to his talents. His parents were disappointed by their son’s decision to pursue such a goal, but they eventually agreed to rearrange the family’s modest living quarters so that Ray’s room could be his studio. From that point forward, Young Ray worked steadily towards becoming a professional painter[1], earning money as a commercial artist and a technical illustrator at several Manhattan companies.

Although he initially aspired to become an abstract painter, Man Ray eventually disregarded the traditional superiority painting held over photography and happily started combining the two techniques

Man Ray - Observatory Time, the Lovers, 1936 - Image via arthistoryprojectcom
Man Ray – Observatory Time, the Lovers, 1936 – Image via arthistoryproject.com

Dadaism and Photographs

Man Ray’s early career artworks were mostly paintings and drawings created in a 19th-century style-inspired manner.[2] However, this changed radically when he started exploring the contemporary avant-garde art of Europe, a door that was opened by the stories and works of Alfred Stieglitz and the ideas of the Ashcan School. Although he was still not able to integrate these avant-garde trends into his own work, Man Ray enrolled in the Ferrer School in the autumn of 1912 and began a period of intense and rapid artistic development. He started briefly experimenting with cubistic ideas popular at the time, but after Ray befriended Marcel Duchamp, he started preferring more static compositions. In 1913, he met his first wife, the Belgian poet Adon Lacroix (Donna Lecoeur). Ray’s first proto-Dada object was an assemblage titled as Self-Portrait[4] and was exhibited in the year of 1916. Man produced his first significant photographs in 1918, starting what many experts describe as his most important chapter as far as artistic practices are concerned. Ray soon became an integral part of the radical anti-art movement known as Dadaism that emerged from Zurich, regularly producing objects and developing unique mechanical methods of making images[5]. Of course, he was a huge part of the work created by Duchamp too as the two remained close friends for the remainder of their lives. They also accepted Francis Picabia in their close circle and all of them were connected by their experimental, entertaining and innovative art.

As far as Man Ray was concerned, photography operated in the gap between art and life, often offering the artist the perfect means of giving life to his visions

Man Ray - Untitled - Image via new bpcom
Man Ray – Untitled – Image via bp.com

Man Ray in Paris

In the July of the year 1921, Man Ray went to live and work in Paris, France.[6] He settled in the famous Montparnasse quarter favored by many notable artists at the time. Shortly after arriving in Paris, he met and fell in love with Kiki de Montparnasse (Alice Prin), an artists’ model and a celebrated character within Paris’ bohemian circles. She subsequently became the subject of some of his most famous photographic images and starred in a few of his experimental films. For the next 20 years in Montparnasse, Man Ray was a distinguished photographer. He was a crucial part of the Surrealistic movement and was proudly featured as a part of the first Surrealist exhibition with Jean Arp, Max Ernst, André Masson, Joan Miró and Pablo Picasso at the Galerie Pierre in Paris in 1925. About four years later, Man began a love affair with the Surrealist photographer Lee Miller – a relationship that provided Ray with an opportunity to reinvent the photographic technique of solarization[7]. In 1934, surrealist artist Méret Oppenheim, known primarily for her fur-covered feministic art, posed nude for Man Ray in a well-known series of photographs depicting her standing next to a printing press. Unfortunately, the artist was forced to return from Paris to the United States due to the events that led to the Second World War. He lived in Los Angeles, California, from 1940 to 1951 where he focused his creative energy on painting. After the horrors of the war were through, Man Ray returned to Paris and spent the rest of his life in the City of Light, creating art, writing theories and attending cultural events.[8] He died on the 18th of November in the year of 1976 from complications following a dire lung infection.

Despite the fact that American-born artists were seldom considered to be the leading figures of the European avant-garde, Man Ray was definitely one of the main minds of the early 20th-century art

Man Ray - Tears (Les Larmes) - Image via new harryneelamcom
Man Ray – Tears (Les Larmes) – Image via harryneelam.com

The True Value of Man Ray

Man Ray’s photographic artworks are often considered to be his most profound achievement, particularly his portraits pieces, fashion photographs and technical experiments with the medium that left a long lasting mark on all of the 20th-century art. However, despite this sounding very unrealistic, there is one other contribution of Emmanuel Radnitzky that by far exceeds the influence of rayographs and other similar projects. It was the ability of Man Ray to think outside the box, to not be confined by any conventional limitations set by the society, that allowed this artist to introduce some of the most important avant-garde concepts ever invented. By doing so, he set the big percentage of the stage for the remainder of the 20th century art, a time that will prove to be the most radically different from any other point in history before it – and if you start investigating any given movement of the last century, almost every conceptual road will somehow take you back to the ideas of Man Ray.

References:

  1. Comis, G., Franciolli, M., Man Ray, Skira, 2011
  2. Pepper, T., Trompeteler, H., Man Ray Portraits, Yale University Press, 2013
  3. Martin, J. H., Man Ray Photographs, Thames & Hudson; Reprint edition, 2001
  4. Grossman, W., Kamien-Kazhdan, A., Sebline, E., Ray, M., Strauss, A., Man Ray: Human Equations, Hatje Cantz; Reprint edition, 2015
  5. Ray, M., Photographs by Man Ray: 105 Works, 1920-1934, Dover Publications, 1980
  6. Garcia, E. C., Man Ray in Paris, France, J. Paul Getty Museum; 1st edition, 2011
  7. Dehò, V., Man Ray: Women, Damiani, 2006
  8. Ray, M., Mundy, J., Man Ray: Writings on Art, Getty Research Institute; 1st edition, 2016

Featured image: Man Ray – Photograph of the artist at the beach – Image via tate.org.uk
All images used for illustrative purposes only.

YearExhibition TitleGallery/MuseumSolo/Group
2017The Radical Eye: Modernist Photography From The Sir Elton John CollectionTate Modern, London Group
2017Neues Sehen. Photography Of The 1920s And 1930s From The Ann And Jürgen Wilde FoundationKunstareal München, Munich Group
2016Man Ray: Continued And NoticedFrancis M. Naumann Fine Art, New York City, NY Solo
2016Man RayGalerie 1900-2000, Paris Solo
2016Senza TitoloGalleria Opere Scelte, Turin Group
2016la femme visibleGalerie Natalie Seroussi, Paris Group
201620 YearsWeinstein Gallery, Minneapolis, MN Group
2016HorizonsVistamare, Pescara Group
2016Emak BakiaKrobath, Vienna Group
2016Dada Afrika. Dialog mit dem FremdenBerlinische Galerie, Berlin Group
2016Dadaglobe ReconstructedMuseum of Modern Art (MoMA), New York City, NY Group
2016L'éclat du silenceGalerie Sophie Scheidecker, Paris Group
2016Medycyna w sztuceMuseum of Contemporary Art in Kraków (MOCAK), Krakow Group
2016Medicine in ArtMuseum of Contemporary Art in Kraków (MOCAK), Krakow Group
2016n Focus: Electric!The Getty Center, Los Angeles, CA Group
2016Order & Reorder: Curate Your Own ExhibitionNational Museum of Modern Art Kyoto (MOMAK), Kyoto Group
2016A Democracy of ImageryHoward Greenberg Gallery, New York City, NY Group
2016Cine Dadá, Cine SurrealistaCentre Pompidou Malaga, Málaga Group
2016CarambolagesGaleries nationales du Grand Palais, Paris Group
2016La Seduzione Dell’AnticoMuseo d’Arte della città di Ravenna (MAR), Ravenna Group
2016Everything Is DadaYale University Art Gallery, New Haven, CT Group
2016Dialogues of the GazeFundacio Suñol, Barcelona Group
2016Dadaglobe ReconstructedKunsthaus Zürich, Zurich Group
2016Dada UniversalLandesmuseum Zürich, Zurich Group
2016Real SurrealMuseum Bellerive, Zurich Group
2015Man Ray: Human EquationsThe Phillips Collection, Washington, DC Solo
2015Light worksAtlas Gallery, London Group
2015Selection A. Piroir Studio GalleryAtelier-Galerie A.Piroir, Montreal, QC Group
2015Fields Of Dream: The Surrealist LandscapeDi Donna, New York City, NY Group
2015Blue Moon: The Feeling of LightKunsthalle HGN, Duderstadt Group
2015What We Call Love: From Surrealism to NowIrish Museum of Modern Art, Dublin Group
2015French Twist: Masterworks of Photography from Atget to Man RayFlint Institute of Arts, Flint, MI Group
2015Oser la photographieMusée Réattu, Arles Group
2015Photography Sees the SurfaceHigher Pictures, New York City, NY Group
2015Dada Impulse. Egidio Marzona CollectionMuzeum Sztuki in Lodz, Main Building, Lodz Group
2015Past and PresentFrancis M. Naumann Fine Art, New York City, NY Group
2015Simple Forms: Contemplating BeautyMori Art Museum, Tokyo Group
2015From AboveBlain|Di Donna, New York City, NY Group
2015Arts and FoodsLa Triennale di Milano. Design Museum, Milan Group
2015The Modern Eye: PhotographsEdwynn Houk Gallery, New York City, NY Group
2015Bare WunderSies + Höke, Dusseldorf Group
2015Surrealism and MagicBoca Museum of Art, Boca Raton, FL Group
2014Man RayVilla Manin. Centro d'arte contemporanea, Codroipo, UD Solo
2014Man Ray, New Yourk-Paris-HollywoodMillesgården, Lidingö Solo
2014We Fragment, Collect and NarrateLeopold Hoesch Museum, Düren Group
2014LoveCamera Work, Berlin Group
2014Originalgraphik-Photographie und bibliophile Büchergalerie remixx, Graz Group
2014The Surrealist BungalowLinn Lühn, Cologne Group
2014Modern Times. Photography in the 20th CenturyRijksmuseum, Amsterdam Group
2014The Rise Of American ModernismIndianapolis Museum of Art (IMA), Indianapolis, IN Group
2014Forbidden Games: Surrealist and Modernist PhotographyThe Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland, OH Group
2014For Your Eyes OnlyKunstmuseum Basel, Basel Group
2014La couleur seule dans tous ses étatsGalerie Natalie Seroussi, Paris Group
2014De Toulouse-Lautrec a Eduardo ArroyoGalerìa Guillermo de Osma, Madrid Group
2014Surreale BegegnungenSamuelis Baumgarte Galerie, Bielefeld Group
2014LichtbilderStädel Museum, FrankfurtGroup
2014DomesticityJason McCoy Gallery, New York City, NY Group
2014Le Mur, La collection Antoine de GalbertLa Maison Rouge, Paris Group
2014Formes simplesCentre Pompidou-Metz, Metz Group
2014Mappenwerke & SondereditionenGalerie Kunst & Handel, Vienna Group
2014Art On ColorGemini G.E.L. at Joni Moisant Weyl, New York City, NY Group
2014For Your Eyes OnlyPeggy Guggenheim Collection, Venice Group
2014About A WomanNailya Alexander Gallery, New York City, NY Group
2014Kunstzimmerartplosiv München gallery, Munich Group
2014Les Jardins du LuxembourgGalerie Aline Vidal, Paris Group
2014Festival International Of Fashion & PhotographyVilla Noailles, Hyères Group
2014Real And SurrealStaley-Wise Gallery, New York City, NY Group
2014HighlightStudio Dabbeni, Lugano Group
2014Under the Surface: Surrealist PhotographyBowdoin College Museum of Art, Brunswick, ME Group
2014Brancusi, Rosso, Man RayMuseum Boijmans van Beuningen, Rotterdam Group
2014Unsparing QualityDiana Rosenstein Fine Art, Los Angeles, CA Group
2014Temi & Variazioni. L'impero Della LucePeggy Guggenheim Collection, Venice Group
2014Reproductibilitat 1.1Es Baluard Museu d’Art Modern, Palma de Mallorca Group
2013Man Ray: PrintmakerFrancis M. Naumann Fine Art, New York City, NY Solo
2013Man Ray: Fotograf Im Paris Der SurrealistenMax Ernst Museum, Brühl Solo
2013Man Ray: Light & DarkGl Holtegaard, Holte Solo
2013Man Ray PortraitsScottish National Portrait Gallery, Edinburgh, Scotland Solo
2013Man RayMjellby Konstmuseum, Halmstad Solo
2013Man Ray PortraitsNational Portrait Gallery, London Solo
2013For Your LovingGalerie Jeanroch Dard, Paris Group
2013Galen at The GalenPalm Springs Art Museum, Palm Springs, CA Group
2013Dada & Surrealist ObjectsBlain|Di Donna, New York City, NY Group
2013Collage ou l'âge de la colleMarion Meyer Contemporain, FrankfurtGroup
2013L’objet en mouvement: Early Abstract FilmGeorgia Museum of Art, Athens, GA Group
2013We Fragment, Collect and NarrateCultuurcentrum Mechelen, Mechelen Group
2013Its Surreal Thing: The Temptation of ObjectsSheldon Museum of Art, Lincoln, NE Group
2013PortraitsNorton Gallery, Tokyo Group
2013Home TheatreBaró Galeria, São Paulo Group
2013Joy before the objectArt Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW Group
2013Reproductibilitat 1.0Es Baluard Museu d’Art Modern, Palma de Mallorca Group
2013Collage Ou L'âge De La ColleGalerie Eva Meyer, Paris Group
2013La Poussière de SoleilsReal Fine Arts, New York City, NY Group
2013Glory HoleLLS 387, Antwerp Group
2013Vues d´en hautCentre Pompidou-Metz, Metz Group
2013NuageMusée Réattu, Arles Group
2013Byzantine Things in the WorldThe Menil Collection, Houston, TX Group
20131913: The Year of ModernismPrinceton University Art Museum, Princeton, NJ Group
2013Exquisite corpseGalerie Georges-Philippe & Nathalie Vallois, Paris Group
2013deep...Galerie Natalie Seroussi, Paris Group
2013Dada CinemaAsfalt Art Gallery, Istanbul Group
2013Nouvelles Impressions De Raymond RousselPalais de Tokyo, Paris Group
2013Real surrealThe McNay Art Museum, San Antonio, TX Group
2013The NexusChrysler Museum of Art, Norfolk, VA Group
2013The UnphotographableFraenkel Gallery, San Francisco, CAGroup
2012Theory of TimeGallery Maronie, Kyoto Solo
2012Man Ray 1944Fondazione Marconi, Milan Solo
2012A Point & Line To Plane ViiiGallery Beyond, Mumbai Solo
2012Man Ray: Painting, Photos & ObjectsAlain Noirhomme, Brussels Solo
2012Man RayMuseo de Arte Moderno, Santo Domingo Solo
2012Man RayBucerius Kunst Forum, Hamburg Solo
2011Man RayStudio Marconi '65 , Milan Solo
2011Man RayMuseo d'Arte di Lugano, Lugano Solo
2010Man Ray: Unconcerned But Not IndifferentNMAO National Museum of Art Osaka, Osaka Solo
2010Man Ray: African Art & the Modernist LensThe Fralin Museum of Art, University of Virginia Art Museums, Charlottesville, VA Solo
2010Man Ray: Unconcerned But Not IndifferentThe National Art Center Tokyo, Tokyo Solo
2010Man Ray: ParisEdwynn Houk Gallery, New York City, NY Solo
2010SnapshotLa Trobe University, Bundoora, VIC Solo
2010Man Ray, African Art and the Modernist LensUniversity of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM Solo
2010Man RayZabriskie Gallery, New York City, NY Solo
2009Alias Man Ray: The Art of ReinventionThe Jewish Museum, New York City, NY Solo
2009Man RayHoward Greenberg Gallery, New York City, NY Solo
2009Man Ray, African Art and the Modernist LensThe Phillips Collection, Washington, DC Solo
2009Man RayGallery Toki No Wasuremono, Tokyo Solo
2009Man Ray: Zorgeloos, maar niet onverschilligFotomuseum Den Haag, The Hague Solo
2008This is Man RayMarion Meyer Contemporain, Paris Solo
2008Man Ray: Unbekümmert, aber nicht gleichgültigMartin-Gropius-Bau, Berlin Solo
2008Man RayGalerie 1900-2000, Paris Solo
2008Atelier Man RayPinacotheque de Paris, Paris Solo
2007Man Ray.Muzeum Historii Fotografii im. Walerego Rzewuskiego, Krakow Solo
2007Photographs 1920-1970Galerie Johannes Faber, Vienna Solo
2006Man Ray in the Age of ElectricityHeckscher Museum of Art, Huntington, NY Solo
2006Man's Men: Portraits by Man RayZabriskie Gallery, New York City, NY Solo
2006Focus on Photographs: Man Ray’s ÉlectricitéAmon Carter Museum, Fort Worth, TX Solo
2005Man Ray: Back from JapanMarion Meyer Contemporain, Paris Solo
2005Man Ray: œuvres graphiquesMarion Meyer Contemporain, Paris Solo
2004Man Ray. FemmesGalleria L'Incontro, Chiari, Bs Solo
2004Man RayModerna Museet, Stockholm Solo
2004Man RayNGV National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne, VIC Solo
2004Man RayArt Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW Solo
2003Man Ray: Paris PortraitsCarosso LLC Fine Art, New York City, NY Solo
2003Man Ray: œuvres graphiques, graphic workMarion Meyer Contemporain, Paris Solo
2003Man Ray: Électricité Etc.Eaton Fine Art, West Palm Beach, FL Solo
2002Photographies de Man RayTokyu Bunkamura Inc., Tokyo Solo
2002Man Ray: PhotographsGalerie výtvarného umění v Ostravě, Dum umeni, Ostrava Solo
2002Man Ray on PaperHaggerty Museum of Art, Marquette University, Milwaukee, WI Solo
2001Man Ray: Il y a déjà 25 ansMarion Meyer Contemporain, Paris Solo
2001Man Ray. In quarta personaGalleria Il Segno, Rome Solo
2000A Practical Dreamer: The Photographs of Man RayWalker Art Center, Minneapolis, MN Solo
1999Man Ray >Femmes<Renate Schröder Galerie, Mönchengladbach Solo
1999Man RayCamera Work, Berlin Solo
1999Man Ray: RetrospektiveStadtgalerie Klagenfurt, Klagenfurt Solo
1999Man Ray, al descubierto. Fotografías 1919-1948Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía, Madrid Solo
1998Man RayKunsthalle Koblenz, Koblenz Solo
1998Man Ray: objects of my affectionModerna Museet, Stockholm Solo
1998Man Ray aus der Sammlung MarconiStädtisches Museum Abteiberg, Mönchengladbach Solo
1997Man Ray, Rétrospective 1912-1976Musee d´Art Moderne et d`Art Contemporain Nice, Nice Solo
1996Man Ray: Paris-LASmart Art Press, Santa Monica, CA Solo
1996Man Ray: PhotographienKunstHaus Wien, Vienna Solo
1996Man Ray. FotografíasMuseo Tamayo, Mexico City Solo
1995Man Ray FotografoGalleria d'Arte Moderna Palermo, Palermo Solo
1995Photographs and objectsVilnius Solo
1995Man Ray And Aiko MiyawakiSerpentine Gallery, London Solo
1994Man Ray "Neues Wie Vertrautes": Fotografien 1919-1942Kunstmuseum Wolfsburg, Wolfsburg Solo
1994Man Ray: A RetrospectiveGalerie Ronny van de Velde, Antwerp Solo
1993Macel Duchamp by Man RayGalleria Carla Sozzani, Milan Solo
1991Man RayGalleria Carla Sozzani, Milan Solo
1991Man Ray: ModefotografienFotografie Forum international, FrankfurtSolo
1991Man RayYokohama Museum of Art, Nishi-ku, Yokohama Solo
1990Man RayGalerie Sonia Zannettacci, Geneva Solo
1989Man Ray: l'età della luceGalleria Civica di Modena, Modena Solo
1989Perpetual Motif: The Art of Man RayPhiladelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia, PA Solo
1989Perpetual Motif: The Art of Man RayThe Menil Collection, Houston, TX Solo
1989Perpetual Motif: The Art Of Man RayMOCA Grand Avenue, Los Angeles, CA Solo
1988Man Ray's Paris portraits, 1921-39Middendorf Gallery, Washington, DC Solo
1988Man Ray: Peintures Et Dessins Provenant De L'atelierGalerie 1900-2000, Paris Solo
1988Man Ray. PhotographienKunsthaus Zürich, Zurich Solo
1987Man RayMusée de l´Elysée, Lausanne Solo
1986Man RaySpectrum Sotos, Zaragoza Solo
1985Man RayMie Prefectural Art Museum, Tsu City Solo
1985Man RayThe Museum of Modern Art, Kamakura, Kamakura Solo
1982Man RayStephen Wirtz Gallery, San Francisco, CA Solo
1981Man Ray: Centre PompidouMusée National d´Art Moderne, Paris Solo
1980Man Ray: Photographs and ObjectsBirmingham Museum of Art, Birmingham, AL Solo
1980Man Ray: Inventionen und InterpretationenKunsthalle Basel, Basel Solo
1979Man Ray: Inventionen und InterpretationenFrankfurter Kunstverein, FrankfurtSolo
1976Man Ray: 1890-1976Museum of Modern Art, New York City, NY Solo
1975Man Ray PhotographsMuseum of Contemporary Art Chicago (MCA), Chicago, IL Solo
1975Man RayInstitute of Contemporary Arts, London Solo
1974Man Ray: inventor, painter, poetNew York Cultural Center, New York City, NY Solo
1974Man RayGalleria del Cavallino, Venice Solo
1974Man Ray: Photo GraphicsThe Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, DC Solo
1973Man Ray: Photographs and RayographsThe Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City, NY Solo
197240 RayographiesGalerie 1900-2000, Paris Solo
1970Man RayGalleria del Cavallino, Venice Solo
1969Man RayGalleria Il Fauno, Turin Solo
1969Man RayStudio Marconi, Milan Solo
1964Man RayGalleria Schwarz, Milan Solo
1959Man Ray Retrospective: Paintings, Photographs, Drawings, ObjectsInstitute of Contemporary Arts, London Solo
1944Man Ray RetrospectiveNorton Simon Museum of Art, Pasadena, CA Solo
1941Man Ray: paintings, watercolors, drawings, photographic compositionsFrank Perls Gallery, Beverly Hills, CA Solo
1939Man Ray: peintures recentesGalerie de Beaune, Paris Solo
1937Les Dessins de Man RayGalerie Jeanne Bucher, Paris Solo
1932Œuvres récentes de Man RayGalerie Vignon, Paris Solo
1932Photographs by Man RayJulien Levy Gallery, New York City, NY Solo
1929Photographic Compositions by Man RayArts Club of Chicago, Chicago, IL Solo
1926Tableaux de Man Ray et objets des IlesGalerie Surréaliste, Paris Solo
1919Man Ray: An Exhibition of Selected Drawings and Paintings Accomplished During the Period 1913-1919Daniel Gallery, New York City, NY Solo