Marino Marini

Italy 1901 - 1980

Sculpture

Marino Marini
Marino Marini
Male
Italy
1901
December 7, 2014

Marino Marini was an Italian graphic artist, painter, and sculptor, born on February 27, 1901. Marini studied at the Accademia di Belle Arti in Florence, Italy, focusing on painting. A few years after finishing school, he changed his focus to sculpting. For his biggest influence Martini cited the sculptor Arturo Martini (Italian, 1889–1947) who worked at the Scuola d’Arte di Villa Reale in Monza as a professor. After giving up his position, younger Marini succeeded him. He worked at the school from 1929 to 1940.

During this period, Marini traveled frequently to Paris, where he associated with Massimo Campigli, Giorgio de Chirico, Alberto Magnelli, and Filippo Tibertelli de Pisis. In 1936 he moved to Tenero-Locarno, in Ticino Canton, Switzerland. During the following few years the artist often visited Zürich and Basel, where he became a friend of Alberto Giacometti, Germaine Richier, and Fritz Wotruba. In 1936, he received the Prize of the Quadriennale of Rome. In 1938, he married Mercedes Pedrazzini. He accepted a professorship in sculpture at the Accademia di Belle Arti di Brera, Milan, in 1940. In 1943, he went into exile in Switzerland, exhibiting in Basel, Bern, and Zurich. In 1946, the artist settled permanently in Milan. He participated in the Twentieth-Century Italian Art show at the Museum of Modern Art in New York in 1944. Curt Valentin began exhibiting Marini’s work at his Buchholz Gallery in New York in 1950, on which occasion the sculptor visited the city and met Jean Arp, Max Beckmann, Alexander Calder, Lyonel Feininger, and Jacques Lipchitz. On his return to Europe, he stopped in London, where the Hanover Gallery had organized a solo show of his work, and there met Henry Moore. In 1951 a Marini exhibition traveled from the Kestner-Gesellschaft Hannover to the Kunstverein in Hamburg and the Haus der Kunst of Munich. He was awarded the Grand Prize for Sculpture at the Venice Biennale in 1952 and the Feltrinelli Prize at the Accademia dei Lincei in Rome in 1954. One of his monumental sculptures was installed in the Hague in 1959. Retrospectives of Marini’s work took place at the Kunsthaus Zürich in 1962 and at the Palazzo Venezia in Rome in 1966. His paintings were exhibited for the first time at Toninelli Arte Moderna in Milan in 1963–64. In 1973 a permanent installation of his work opened at the Galleria d’Arte Moderna in Milan, and in 1978 a Marini show was presented at the National Museum of Modern Art in Tokyo. There is a museum dedicated to his work in Florence, in the former church of San Pancrazio. His work may also be found in museums and galleries such as the Civic Gallery of Modern Art in Milan, the Tate Collection, The Angel of the City at the Peggy Guggenheim Collection, Venice, the Norton Simon Museum, and the Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden in Washington, D.C.

Marini developed several themes in sculpture: Euestrian, Pomonas (Nudes), Portraits, and Circus figures. Marini is particularly famous for his series of stylised equestrian statues, which feature a man with outstretched arms on a horse. The horse and rider theme evolved over time. It first appeared in 1936, as poised and formal figures. In 1940, the forms became more abstract, proportions changed. After the war, the horses are posed standing straining, and a rider with outstretched arms.

Marino Marini died on August 6, 1980. He is buried at Cimitero Comunale of Pistoia, Toscana, Italy.

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YearExhibition TitleGallery/MuseumSolo/Group 
2014Manzù Marino - The Latest ModernFondazione Magnani Rocca, ParmaGroup
2014Accrochage - New acquisitions and selected exhibits from the collectionsGalerie Boisserée, CologneGroup
2014Casting Modernity: Bronze In The Xxth CenturyMnuchin Gallery, New York City, NYGroup
2014Giacometti, Marini, Richier. La figure tourmentée (Figure tormented)Musée cantonal des Beaux-Arts, LausanneGroup
2014Arte Fiera BolognaStudio Guastalla, MilanGroup
2013Marino Marini's From Color To FormUAMA - The University of Arizona Museum of Art, Tucson, AZSolo
2013Marino Marini: l'arcaicoMuseo Civico Archeologico di Bologna, BolognaSolo
2013Mixed ExhibitionGallery Pangolin, ChalfordGroup
2013Modern Japanese Art from the Museum CollectionNational Museum of Modern Art Tokyo (MOMAT), TokyoGroup
2013Modern Print Masters StockThe Watermill, Aberfeldy, Perthshire, ScotlandGroup
2013City And SeaMoeller Fine Art Ltd, New York City, NYGroup
2013Menagerie - Tierschau aus der Sammlung Würth (Menagerie of the Würth Collection)Kunsthalle Würth, Schwäbisch HallGroup
2013Momat CollectionNational Museum of Modern Art Tokyo (MOMAT), TokyoGroup
2013Limited Edition - International PrintsGalleria Guastalla Centro Arte, LivornoGroup
2013Sculptors' Prints and DrawingsGallery Pangolin, ChalfordGroup
2012ACCROCHAGEGalerie Boisserée, CologneGroup
2012Accrochage - Arbeiten auf Papier (Works on Paper)Galerie am Lindenplatz AG, VaduzGroup
201219. Triennale Grenchen: art limited – multiple artTriennale Grenchen, GrenchenGroup
2012Weiße Federn, schwarzes Fell. Tiere in Darstellungen des 20. JahrhundertsSprengel Museum Hannover, HannoverGroup
2012Moeller New York Summer ExhibitionMoeller Fine Art Ltd, New York City, NYGroup
2012SommerausstellungGalerie Ludorff, DusseldorfGroup
2012The Small SizeHubertus Melsheimer Kunsthandel, CologneGroup
2012Masters: Da Schiele A PicassoGalleria Torbandena, TriesteGroup
2012Struggle(s)Maison Particulière, BrusselsGroup
2012Arcadia in Celle: Art for Nature and Nature for ArtFondation Maeght, Saint-PaulGroup
2012Prints CollectionSun Gallery, Sun Art Center, SeoulGroup
2012Rodin To Now: Modern SculpturePalm Springs Art Museum, Palm Springs, CAGroup
2012TanzPlastik –The dance movement in modern sculptureGeorg Kolbe Museum, BerlinGroup
2012A Legacy Of Friendship: Hans Bechtler's Birthday BookBechtler Museum of Modern Art, Charlotte, NCGroup
2012Figure et mythe (Figure and legend)Galerie Tornabuoni Art, ParisGroup
2011Before the Law - sculptures of the postwar period and spaces of contemporary artMuseum Ludwig, CologneGroup
2011Filo RossoGalleria Guastalla Centro Arte, LivornoGroup
2011Line and Sculpture in Dialogue: Rodin, Giacometti, Modigliani …Opelvillen, RüsselsheimGroup
2011M.Marini, A.Algardi - The Form and PoetryImago Art Gallery, LondonGroup
2011Signs of sculptorsSimboli Art Gallery, FlorenceGroup
2011Schwarz-WeissKUNSTKABINETT, RegensburgGroup
2011From Morandi to GuttusoEstorick Collection of Modern Italian Art, LondonGroup
2010Marino Marini - Pferd und Reiter (Horse and rider)Galerie Boisserée, CologneSolo
2010Works on PaperGalerie am Lindenplatz AG, VaduzGroup
2010Some movement between the avant-gardeGalleria Biasutti & Biasutti Modern and Contemporary Art, TurinGroup
2010Modern Masters Celebrate Line and FormPalm Springs Art Museum, Palm Springs, CAGroup
2010Art of Modern JapanNational Museum of Modern Art Tokyo (MOMAT), TokyoGroup
2010Towards the belly of a pigeonMuseo Tamayo, Mexico CityGroup
2010Pages from a fantastic bestiaryGalleria Civica di Modena, ModenaGroup
2010Small paintings. Il piccolo formatoGalleria Biasutti & Biasutti Arte Moderna e Contemporanea, TurinGroup
2010Etchings, woodcuts, lithographsGalerie Welz, SalzburgGroup
2010Drawings and prints from a private collection in BerlinGallery monk, BerlinGroup
2010Le Rêve - The Dream - subject and metaphorArt Museum Bochum, BochumGroup
2009Dialoge IIGalerie Schlichtenmaier - Grafenau, GrafenauGroup
2009De Chirico 900. Beauty and Reality - Villa PontiFoundation Art Museum, Arona, NOGroup
2009ACCROCHAGE - new acquisitions and selected exhibits from the collectionsBoisserée Gallery, CologneGroup
2009Time is a SausageDOMOBAAL, LondonGroup
2009Collective MASTERS '900Art Como, ComoGroup
2009AnimaliaStudio Guastalla, MilanGroup
2009Framing ModernismEstorick Collection of Modern Italian Art, LondonGroup
2009DenudArtiGalleria Marino, RomeGroup
2008Marino Marini - Il segno la forma l (Sign the form l)Galleria Guastalla Centro Arte, LivornoSolo
2008Original DruckgrafikGalerie Kley, HammSolo
2008Picasso to Moore: Modern Sculpture from the Weiner CollectionPalm Springs Art Museum, Palm Springs, CAGroup
2008Collection of Italian Contemporary Art FarnesinaArt Museum of São Paulo Assis Chateaubriand - MASP, São PauloGroup
2008Estetika. Forma & Segno. Da Renoir a de ChiricoVilla Ponti - Fondazione Art Museo, Arona, NOGroup
2008Paper TrailEstorick Collection of Modern Italian Art, LondonGroup
2008The hands of the ArtMARTa, HerfordGroup
2008Expedition into the animal kingdomSprengel Museum Hannover, HannoverGroup
2008First Choice - From Private Collections IVGalerie Carzaniga, BaselGroup
2008Sculptures in the spotlightStädtische Kunsthalle Mannheim, MannheimGroup
2008A Decade of Discovery - Ten yearsof the Estorick Collecttion Estorick Collection of Modern Italian Art, LondonGroup
2007AtelierGalleria Il Chiostro Arte Contemporanea, Saronno, VAGroup
2007Masters of the XX Century - Selected WorksGallery Torbandena, TriesteGroup
2007Ippos - early twentieth century Italian. The Horse in Art Myth and LegendCultural Association of Friends of Art Sassu - Villa Filippini, Besana in BrianzaGroup
2007Ways of abstractionLudorff Gallery, DusseldorfGroup
2007The five souls of the sculptureCesac, Experimental Centre for Contemporary Arts, CaraglioGroup
2007Collector 1 - Gaia collectionCesac, Experimental Centre for Contemporary Arts, CaraglioGroup
2007100 years Kunsthalle MannheimStädtische Kunsthalle Mannheim, MannheimGroup
2007Graph of the XX. CenturyGallery Vömel, DusseldorfGroup
2006Marino Marini - Miracolo Kunst-Raum des Deutschen Bundestages, BerlinSolo
2006Marino Marini: Il segno e la forma (Sign the form ll)Museo d`Arte dello Splendore, Giulianova, TESolo
2006Marino Marini - An archaic sculptor of modern artNational Art Gallery - Alexandros Soutzos Museum, AthensSolo
2006Figur! Plastik des 20. JahrhundertsKunsthalle Jesuitenkirche, AschaffenburgGroup
2006What is plastic? 100 years - 100 KöpfeThe century modern sculpture - LehmbruckMuseum, DuisburgGroup
2006Body body spaceMunicipal Gallery sole 1, BergkamenGroup
2005Venice 1948-1986 - The art scenePeggy Guggenheim Collection, VeniceGroup
2005The Italian sculpture of the twentieth centuryFondazione Arnaldo Pomodoro, MilanGroup
2005New freshness - new presentation of the collectionWilhelm Hack Museum in LudwigshafenGroup
2005ChronosCesac, Experimental Centre for Contemporary Arts, CaraglioGroup
2005From Martini MitorajLAMEC - BASILICA PALLADIANA, VicenzaGroup
200540 years Thomas GalleryGalerie Thomas, MunichGroup
2005Max Ernst, Marino MariniGalerie Jeanne, MunichGroup
2004Human Presence: Works from the Museum´s CollectionSan Diego Museum of Art, San Diego, CAGroup
2004Inspiration ItalyGalerie Ruf, MunichGroup
2004Monumental Sculptures in Saint TropezMarlborough Monaco, MonacoGroup
200425 years Wilhelm-Hack-Museum - Collect 25 YearsWilhelm Hack Museum in LudwigshafenGroup
2004Serge Poliakoff & Marino MariniGalerie Ludorff, DusseldorfGroup
2003Autumn Winter 2003 Collection - 'Kunterbunte work'Ariadne Gallery - Thomas Netusil art market, ViennaGroup
2003FuochiGrossetti Arte Contemporanea, MilanGroup
2003De statue - Aspects of Italian sculpture of the twentieth centuryOpen Art Gallery, Prato, POGroup
2003The Great Theatre of the WorldGallery reputation, MunichGroup
2003Champions formAkureyri Art Museum, AkureyriGroup
2003Engineer - The Ester and Jalo Sihtola CollectionAteneum Art Museum - Finnish National Gallery, HelsinkiGroup
2002Arturo Marini. Sculptures collection Banca Popolare di VicenzaGalleria d'Arte Moderna Palermo, PalermoSolo
2002Marino Marini (1901-1980) opere su cartaMuseo Marino Marini, FlorenceSolo
2002CartaStudio Guastalla, MilanGroup
2002Exemplum of European design of the twentieth centuryOpen Art Gallery, Prato, POGroup
2002Timeless ArtBookstore and Gallery Wolfgang Böhler, BensheimGroup
2002Museum in the New Church, no 1, Sculpture 1947-2002Stedelijk Museum, AmsterdamGroup
2002Estorick Collection of Modern Italian ArtPalazzo Ducale, GenoaGroup
2002Das PferdGalerie Kühn - Lilienthal, BremenGroup
2002Durch 150 Jahre in SchwarzWeiss - Hachmeister Galerie, MünsterGroup
2002Valuables on the wallBookstore and Gallery Wolfgang Böhler, BensheimGroup
2001On the ridge - Aspects of the design in Tuscany to the 30sOpen Art Gallery, Prato, POGroup
2001Original Graphik bedeutender BildhauerKUNSTKABINETT, RegensburgGroup
2001Aspects of Modern 5 decades Contemporary ArtBookshop and Gallery Wolfgang Böhler, BensheimGroup
2001International OfferingsJack Rutberg Fine Arts, Los Angeles, CAGroup
2001Which ART do you like best ?Kamakura Gallery, KanagawaGroup
200125 Years of research for a collectionThe Narciso Contemporary Gallery, RomeGroup
2001VisionToyota Municipal Museum of Art, Toyota AichiGroup
2001Evidence of Love, Romance, Desire & FantasyJack Rutberg Fine Arts, Los Angeles, CAGroup
2001New AcquisitionsLudorff Gallery, DusseldorfGroup
2000Marino Marini - Sculptures, paintings, gouaches and drawingsGalleria Guastalla Centro Arte, LivornoSolo
2000Marino Marini - Horse and Rider - Graphic worksStädtische Galerie Wolfsburg, WolfsburgSolo
2000Horses and ridersGalleria L'Incontro, Chiari, BsSolo
2000Ladies and Gentlemen. The figure in the '900The Daffodil Gallery contemporary RomeGroup
2000Contemporary graphic drawings Gpuachen sculpturesKUNSTKABINETT, RegensburgGroup
2000Art of the 20th CenturyMichael Haas Gallery, BerlinGroup
2000Works on PaperSimon C Dickinson Ltd, LondonGroup
1999Tribute to GoetheRoesinger Gallery Köln, CologneGroup
1998On loveThe Daffodil Gallery contemporary RomeGroup
1997The Classical Figure in Impressionist, Modern and Contemporary ArtLeslie Sacks Fine Art, Los Angeles, CAGroup
199546th International Art Exhibition Venice BiennaleVenice Biennale - La Biennale di Venezia, VeniceGroup
1994Marino Marini - mitografia - sculture e dipinti 1939-1966Galleria dello Scudo, VeronaSolo
1994200. Ausstellung der Galerie BöhlerBuchhandlung und Galerie Wolfgang Böhler, BensheimGroup