Mark Tobey

United States 1890 - 1976

Abstract Expressionism

Mark Tobey
Mark Tobey
United States
December 26, 2014

Mark Tobey was an American painter considered a pioneer of abstract expressionism. He became widely known for his innovative and delicate abstract works which are composed in a particular style called white writing. Mark Tobey has always strived to represent the mystical and otherworldly through his art, which was partially caused by his eastern religious beliefs. The artist has strongly embraced Buddhism, Arabic calligraphy, and classical music and mixed them together, which resulted in the creation of a unique visual language. This language got the name white writing and it combines all-over painting with gestural abstraction.

seattle paintings washington chicago Mark Tobey - Fish Market, 1943 (Left) / Electric Night, 1944 (Right)
Mark Tobey – Fish Market, 1943 (Left) / Electric Night, 1944 (Right)

Experimental Works Related to Early Artistic Development

Tobey was born in Centerville, Wisconsin in 1890. He comes from the Segregationalist family and he was the youngest of four children. He was interested in visual arts and decided to study at the Art Institute of Chicago, but at the same time, he was mostly self-taught, which contributed to the pioneering and experimental nature of his work. In 1911, Tobey has moved to New York City and started working as a fashion illustrator for McCall’s. Already after a couple of years spent in NYC, his first solo exhibit was held at M. Knoedler & Co. This show was organized by Marie Steiner and she has introduced Tobey to Juliet Thompson, a portrait painter from NYC. Thompson was a follower of the Bahá’ í World Faith, and through her Tobey gained an interest in this religion. In 1918 he has formally accepted this faith and got converted at Green Acre the Bahá’ í School, which had a profound influenced not only on his artistic development but also on his entire lifestyle. He started to explore the representation of the spiritual in art and read Bahá’í literature as well as more commercial literature based on Eastern philosophy, such as the poems of Khalil Gibran, which are based on mystical Sufi influences.

Religion had a profound influence not only on Tobey’s later artistic development but also on his lifestyle over the many years

seattle paintings washington chicago Mark Tobey - Forest Fire, 1956
Mark Tobey – Forest Fire, 1956

Mature Work : Interplay of Mass, Void and Light

In his early days, Tobey claimed that forms should be free and dynamic, and this approach was clearly against the old school, Renaissance sense of order. He wanted to shed a new light and give a certain release to lines and forms. Unfortunately, his works that illustrated this attitude got lost. Encouraged by a friend, Tobey left New York and moved to Seattle in 1922, where he was offered a teaching position at the Cornish School. During his days spent at this school, Tobey started to explore art much deeper and his personal works got transformed as well. According to the artist, it was at night in a small and classroom that he made his personal discovery of cubism. He imagined a fly moving around him and the objects in the room and the movement of this imaginary fly has created a complex network of lines, planes and shapes. In this unusual way, Tobey has experienced for the first time the interplay of mass and void, which became the essence of his best and most mature paintings. In 1923, Tobey met a young Chinese artist called Teng Kuei, and from him learned the technique of calligraphy that he was already interested in. The knowledge of calligraphic skills has enabled him to discover the power of freely moving brush, which helped him develop his concept of animated space. After working as an art teacher for a while, Tobey has started traveling around the world and he visiting Mexico, Europe, Palestine, Israel, Turkey, and Lebanon, then Persia, Shanghai, and Kyoto, where he visited a cloister and studied Japanese Zen painting, haiku poetry, and calligraphy.

Tobey claimed that forms should be free and dynamic and this approach was clearly against the old school of artists related to the Renaissance sense of order

seattle paintings washington chicago Mark Tobey - Message from a Desert Star, 1972
Mark Tobey – Message from a Desert Star, 1972

White Writing Techniques

Tobey is most notable for his creation of so-called white writing technique. This style includes an overlay of light-colored calligraphic symbols on an abstract field often composed of thousands of tiny, interconnected brush strokes. This method, in turn, gave rise to the type of all-over painting style, which was promoted by Jackson Pollock, an eminent American painter to whom Tobey is often compared, besides Sam Francis. What I had learned in the Orient had affected more than I realized, Tobey said.In a short, time white writing emerged. I had a totally new conception of painting. When it comes to his interpretation of this approach, Tobey was known to place very light calligraphic marks and symbols on the top of a darker abstract background, creating a strong and dynamic contrast. In 1944, the artist had his first solo show at the Willard Gallery in New York, and a couple of years later, in 1951, he had another show at the prestigious Whitney Museum of American Art. This exhibition was incredibly successful and it traveled to San Francisco, Seattle, and Santa Barbara afterward.

White writing style includes an overlay of light-colored strokes made by calligraphic tools

Mark Tobey - The New Day, 1945
Mark Tobey – The New Day, 1945

International Appraisal of Tobey’s Artworks

Soon after his successful shows throughout the United States, Tobey became internationally recognized. In 1959 and 1964 he participated in exhibitions in Kassel, Germany. Eventually, he decided to move to Switzerland and he lived in Basel until his death in 1976. Since then, Tobey has had many retrospectives at the Smithsonian Museum and the National Gallery of Art in Washington, D.C., as well as at the Museum Folkwang in Essen, Germany, and the Foundation Beyeler in Basel, Switzerland. Four of his signed lithographs are showcased at the reception hall in the Seat of the Universal House of Justice, which is the main institution of the Bahá’í Faith that Tobey belonged to throughout his lifetime.

Soon after his popular shows throughout the United States, Tobey became recognized around the globe

Mark Tobey - Ancient Empires,1950
Mark Tobey – Ancient Empires,1950

Fusing Ancient and Modern Cultures

Nowadays, in the 21st century, Mark Tobey is recognized as one of the key figures of abstract expressionism. His unique calligraphic markings and his invention of white writing were very unexpected elements introduced to this specific movement in expressionism. Also, his work stands apart from the other pieces of the same genre because of their delicacy and philosophical depth. Tobey has portrayed an intricate feeling of silence and emptiness in his abstract works, which represents a mysterious bridge between the ancient Eastern and modern Western cultures.

Mark Tobey lived between the United States and Switzerland.

Featured image: Portrait of Mark Tobey © Jeanne Bucher Jaeger
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YearExhibition TitleGallery/MuseumSolo/Group
2016New AcquisitionsNicholas Gallery, BelfastGroup
2016Summer ExhibitionsGalerie Schwarzer, DusseldorfGroup
2016Spring SelectionsAaron Payne Fine Art, Santa FeGroup
2016Winter Selections in ModernismAaron Payne Fine Art, Santa FeGroup
2015Prendergast to Pollock: American Modernism from the Munson-Williams-Proctor Arts InstituteEverson Museum of Art, Syracuse, NYGroup
2015Gemalt, gezeichnet oder gedruckt IIGalerie Schlichtenmaier - Grafenau, GrafenauGroup
2014Mark TobeyGalerie Jaeger Bucher, ParisGroup
2014Bronzes - Drawings - PrintsHachmeister Galerie, MunsterGroup
2014Bequest by Jan BoumanGroninger Museum, GroningenGroup
2014Advance through RetreatRockbund Art Museum (RAM), ShanghaiGroup
2014Taking a Line for a WalkZentrum Paul Klee, BernGroup
2014Modern American Realism: The Sara Roby Foundation CollectionSmithsonian American Art Museum, Washington, DCGroup
2013Mark Tobey - between east and westMoeller Fine Art, BerlinSolo
2013Ways to AsiaHachmeister Galerie, MünsterGroup
2013American Gestures: Abstract ExpressionismMFA - Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, Boston, MAGroup
2013Calligraffiti: 1984-2013Leila Heller Gallery, New York City, NYGroup
2013Pictures of NothingThe Frances Lehman Loeb Art Center, Poughkeepsie, NYGroup
2013Beyond Belief: 100 Years of the Spiritual in Modern ArtThe Contemporary Jewish Museum San Francisco, San Francisco, CAGroup
2013Storie monocromeGalleria Six, MilanGroup
2013Sobre Papel On PaperCentro de Artes Visuales Helga de Alvear, CáceresGroup
2013Abstract Expressionism On PaperVan de Weghe Fine Art, New York City, NYGroup
2013Our Treasures: Highlights from the Minnesota Museum of American ArtFrederick R. Weisman Art Museum, Minneapolis, MNGroup
2012Insite INchelseaMichael Rosenfeld Gallery, New York City, NYGroup
2012Between FriendsMoeller Fine Art Ltd, New York City, NYGroup
2012American DreamAgnellini Arte Moderna, BresciaGroup
2012First Choice - From Private Collections VGalerie Carzaniga, BaselGroup
2012Les Americains a Paris 1945-1970 ARTEMPER, ParisGroup
2012Out of Character: Decoding Chinese CalligraphyAsian Art Museum, San Francisco, CAGroup
2012A WINDOW ON THE WORLD, from Dürer to Mondrian and beyondMuseo Cantonale d´Arte Lugano, LuganoGroup
2012Una finestra sul mondoMuseo d'Arte di Lugano, LuganoGroup
2012Works on paperGalleria Torbandena, TriesteGroup
2012John Cage und … Bildender Künstler – Einflüsse, AnregungenMuseum der Moderne,SalzburgGroup
2012Abstract ExpressionismNational Gallery of Australia, Canberra, ACTGroup
2012Paper BandJason McCoy Gallery, New York City, NYGroup
2012Moeller New York Summer ExhibitionMoeller Fine Art Ltd, New York City, NYGroup
2012Signs & SymbolsWhitney Museum of American Art, New York City, NYGroup
2012Best of the Northwest: Selected Paintings from the CollectionTacoma Art Museum, Tacoma, WAGroup
2012Hornets' Nest: Abstract Expressionism on PaperDes Moines Art Center, Des Moines, IAGroup
2012Northwest MysticsGordon Woodside, John Braseth Gallery, Seattle, WAGroup
2012Hans Hartung, Mark TobeyGalerie Clemens Thimme, KarlsruheGroup
2012...on PaperMichael Rosenfeld Gallery, New York City, NYGroup
2012John Cage und ... Bildender Künstler – Einflüsse, AnregungenAdK - Akademie der Künste,BerlinGroup
2012Spring Salon : A Group ExhibitionGordon Woodside, John Braseth Gallery, Seattle, WAGroup
2012Iconic: Gifts From The Kondon-giesberger CollectionMuseum of Contemporary Art San Diego - MCASD Downtown, San Diego, CAGroup
2012Circus WolsWeserburg | Museum für moderne Kunst, BremenGroup
2012Pasadena to Santa Barbara: A Selected History of Art in Southern California, 1951–1969Santa Barbara Museum of Art, Santa Barbara, CAGroup
2012André Masson & Mark Tobey: Calligraphic WorksHachmeister Galerie, MünsterGroup
2012John Cage - A Centennial Celebration With FriendsCarl Solway Gallery, Cincinnati, OHGroup
2012A Legacy Of Friendship: Hans Bechtler's Birthday BookBechtler Museum of Modern Art,Charlotte, NCGroup
2012Abstract Expressionisms: Paintings and Drawings from the CollectionBerkeley Art Museum and Pacific Film Archive BAM-PFA, Berkeley, CAGroup
2012Master Works by Northwest MastersGordon Woodside, John Braseth Gallery, Seattle, WAGroup
2011Dealer's Choice : Our 50th Annual Group ExhibitionGordon Woodside, John Braseth Gallery,Seattle, WAGroup
2011Gesture and Abstraction: AbEx Gallery SelectionsHollis Taggart Galleries, New York City, NYGroup
2011The First 30 YearsMuseum of Northwest Art - MONA, La Conner, WAGroup
2011For The Love Of Art: Letters To Roy R. NeubergerNeuberger Museum of Art, Purchase, NYGroup
2011Evolution in ActionMichael Rosenfeld Gallery, New York City, NYGroup
2011Farbe im Fluss - 20 Jahre WeserburgWeserburg | Museum für moderne Kunst, BremenGroup
2011Fragments In Time And SpaceHirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Washington, DCGroup
2011Accrochage de groupe des artistes de la galerieGalerie Jeanne Bucher, ParisGroup
2011Woodside Braseth Gallery's 50th Anniversary CelebrationGordon Woodside, John Braseth Gallery, Seattle, WAGroup
2011Donation Khalil NahoulMAMAC - Musee d´Art Moderne et d`Art Contemporain Nice, NiceGroup
2011Collective Art ShowEnergenesi Art Gallery, VeniceGroup
2011Abstract Expressionism: Reloading the CanonMichael Rosenfeld Gallery, New York City, NYGroup
2011TogetherMuseum of Northwest Art - MONA, La Conner, WAGroup
2010November BluesHachmeister Galerie, MünsterGroup
2010From a collection of Abstract Works on Paper 1941 - 1971Cheim & Read, New York City, NYGroup
2010Guy Anderson And Other FriendsMuseum of Northwest Art - MONA, La Conner, WAGroup
2010The Esprit of Gestures. Hans Hartung, Informel and Its ImpactKupferstichkabinett, BerlinGroup
2010Black & WhiteJason McCoy Gallery, New York City, NYGroup
2010L’emotion et la regleMusée des Beaux-Arts de Lyon, LyonGroup
2010CrossoverHachmeister Galerie, MünsterGroup
2010Monet et l'AbstractionMusee Marmottan Monet, ParisGroup
2010Delay included inkl. VerzögerungStella A., BerlinGroup
2010Group Print ShowBroadbent Gallery, LondonGroup
2010LE GRAND GESTE! - Informel and Abstract Expressionism, 1946-1964Museum Kunstpalast,DusseldorfGroup
2010CrossoverHachmeister Galerie, MünsterGroup
2010GegenstandslosGalerie Keim, StuttgartGroup
2010GrandisegniGalleria Blu, MilanGroup
2010Recent AcquisitionsThomas McCormick Gallery, Chicago, ILGroup
2010Modern Times: responding to chaosKettle's Yard, Cambridge, CambridgeshireGroup
2010Start With ArtArtamo gallery, Santa Barbara, CAGroup
2009Mark Tobey - OriginalsBaukunst Galerie, CologneSolo
2009Mark Tobey Poeticamente AstrattoAgnellini Arte Moderna, BresciaSolo
2009Accrochage de groupeGalerie Jeanne Bucher, ParisGroup
2009Von Degas bis Picasso Die Sammlung Jean PlanqueGraphikmuseum Pablo Picasso Münster,MünsterGroup
2009A Concise History of Northwest ArtTacoma Art Museum, Tacoma, WAGroup
2009American Printmaking since 1996Museum of Modern Art Dubrovnik, DubrovnikGroup
2009SpezialangeboteGalerie Carzaniga, BaselGroup
2009On View at the Four Seasons HotelGordon Woodside, John Braseth Gallery, Seattle, WAGroup
2009BilderträumeNeue Nationalgalerie, BerlinGroup
2009Accrochage de groupeGalerie Jeanne Bucher, ParisGroup
2009Gipfeltreffen der ModerneBundeskunsthalle, BonnGroup
2009Abstract Expressionism: Further Evidence (Part One: Painting)Michael Rosenfeld Gallery, New York City, NYGroup
2009Notation. Form und Kalkül in den KünstenZKM | Zentrum für Kunst und Medientechnologie Karlsruhe, KarlsruheGroup
2009Drawings and Watercolors Senior & Shopmaker Gallery, New York City, NYGroup
2009The Third Mind: American Artists Contemplate Asia: 1860-1989Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York City, NYGroup
2009The roundhouse of international spiritsKettle's Yard, Cambridge, CambridgeshireGroup
2009Synchronies: Undercurrents in Postwar European and American AbstractionHackett Freedman Gallery, San Francisco, CAGroup
2008Klein - Aber Fein IVGalerie Maulberger & Becker, DusseldorfGroup
2008Notation. Kalkül und Form in den KünstenAdK - Akademie der Künste, BerlinGroup
2008Parcours des mondesGalerie Jeanne Bucher, ParisGroup
2008Spring ArtArtamo gallery, Santa Barbara, CAGroup
2008Die Hände der KunstMARTa Herford, HerfordGroup
2008Show & Tell: Universal Symbols ReinterpretedNeuberger Museum of Art, Purchase, NYGroup
2008First Choice - From Private Collections IVGalerie Carzaniga, BaselGroup
2008Collective Art ShowEnergenesi Art Gallery, VeniceGroup
2007Contemporary, Cool and CollectedMint Museum of Art, Charlotte, NCGroup
2007Le Corps et son doubleGalerie Jeanne Bucher, ParisGroup
2007Drawings from 1914 to 207. From Ensor to PellegriniHachmeister Galerie, MünsterGroup
2007The Passionate GestureHackett Freedman Gallery, San Francisco, CAGroup
2007Jan Bouman CollectionGroninger Museum, GroningenGroup
2007Face A FaceFondation Fernet Branca, Saint-LouisGroup
2007Collectors 1 - Collezione La GaiaCesac - Centro Sperimentale per le Arti Contemporanee,CaraglioGroup
2007Shining Spirit: Westheimer Family CollectionOklahoma City Museum of Art, Oklahoma City, OKGroup
2007Pathways and Parallels: Roads to Abstract ExpressionismHollis Taggart Galleries, New York City, NYGroup
2006La tentation de l´OrientGalerie Jeanne Bucher, ParisGroup
2006The OJAC Celebrates Rembrandt’s 400th BirthdayThe Old Jail Art Center, Albany, TXGroup
2006Plane FigureKunstmuseum Winterthur,WinterthurGroup
2006Kunstler der GalerieGalerie Biedermann, MunichGroup
2006Summer Selections: Portraits - Places - PerspectivesJack Rutberg Fine Arts, Los Angeles, CAGroup
2006Wilfrid Moser Mark TobeyGalerie Carzaniga, BaselGroup
2006Night Sounds: Nocturnal Visions of Mark Tobey and Morris GravesSeattle Asian Art Museum,Seattle, WAGroup
2006Inner Worlds OutsideWhitechapel Art Gallery, LondonGroup
2006Klein - Aber Fein III ( Is Little - But Good III )Galerie Maulberger & Becker, DusseldorfGroup
2006Collection 1NMAO National Museum of Art Osaka, OsakaGroup
2006The Unknown Masterpiece ARTIUM - Basque Museum Center of Contemporary Art, Vitoria-Gasteiz Group
2006Aus Freude am SammelnGalerie Schlichtenmaier, StuttgartGroup
2005Light SpaceHachmeister Galerie, MünsterSolo
2005Peintures et SculpturesGalerie Alice Pauli, LausanneGroup
2005Group ShowGalleria Torbandena, TriesteGroup
2005Internationale ZeichnerGalerie Biedermann, MunichGroup
2005Informelle TendenzenGalerie Maulberger & Becker, DusseldorfGroup
2005Informelle TendenzenGalerie Maulberger, MunichGroup
2005Accrochage de groupeGalerie Jeanne Bucher, ParisGroup
200550 Jahre - Years documenta 1955 – 2005Kunsthalle Fridericianum, KasselGroup
2005East Meets WestDallas Museum of Art, Dallas, TXGroup
2005Little Treasures from the Permanent CollectionPolk Museum of Art, Lakeland, FLGroup
2005Artsummer Bei MaulbergerGalerie Maulberger & Becker, DusseldorfGroup
2005Zeichnungen und AquarelleGalerie Biedermann, MunichGroup
2004Artists of the NorthwestBoise Art Museum BAM, Boise, IDGroup
2004Action Painting. Arte americana 1940 - 1970: dal disegno all'operaFondazione Cassa di Risparmio di Modena, ModenaGroup
2004Lyonel Feininger - Mark Tobey Moeller Fine Art Ltd, New York City, NYGroup
2004Klassiker und Neuentdeckungen des InformelGalerie Bernd Durr GmbH, MunichGroup
2004AVANGUARDIE STORICHE E ASTRAZIONEGalleria Torbandena, TriesteGroup
2004Africa - Beauty and DisasterGalerie Beyeler, BaselGroup
2004European and American Masters of the 20th CenturyMoeller Fine Art Ltd, New York City, NYGroup
2004Picasso to ThiebaudCantor Arts Center at Stanford University, Stanford, CAGroup
2004Künstler der GalerieGalerie Biedermann, MunichGroup
2003MARK TOBEY (1890 - 1976)Galerie Pudelko, BonnSolo
2003The Spirit of WhiteGalerie Beyeler, BaselGroup
2003GrafikArt Forum Ute Barth, ZurichGroup
2003Mid-Century American Abstraction: Master Works on PaperSmart Museum of Art, Chicago, ILGroup
2003Fokus GaleriebestandGalerie Döbele GmbH, DresdenGroup
2003Acquisitions NouvellesGalerie Alice Pauli, LausanneGroup
2003Die HimmelKunstraum Eisengraberamt p.p., GföhlGroup
2003Northwest MythologiesTacoma Art Museum, Tacoma, WAGroup
2003Begegnungen - Comming TogetherArt Forum Ute Barth, ZurichGroup
2003SEPERATED COLOURS OF HACHMEISTERHachmeister Galerie, MünsterGroup
2003Abstract Expressionism - Art Movement in the 20th CenturyTehran Museum of Contemporary Art, TehranGroup
2002Mark Tobey - Smashing Forms Mark Tobey and FriendsSeattle Art Museum, Seattle, WAGroup
2002Paysage, Vue de l´espritGalerie Jeanne Bucher, ParisGroup
2002Durch 150 Jahre in SchwarzHachmeister Galerie, MünsterGroup
2002Paper WorldEngel Gallery, Tel AvivGroup
2002ZeitLos TimeLessArt Forum Ute Barth, ZurichGroup
2002ImpressionsGalerie Beyeler, BaselGroup
2002Mark Tobey and Sam Francis: Drawings and MonoprintsGreenfield Sacks Gallery, Santa Monica, CAGroup
2002Claude MonetFondation Beyeler, RiehenGroup
2002Klange des Inneren AugesKunsthalle Bremen, BremenGroup
2002VISITEHachmeister Galerie, MünsterGroup
2002Escape from the VaultHonolulu Museum of Art, Honolulu, HIGroup
2001Mark Tobey - Bilder von 1940 bis 1975Baukunst Galerie, CologneSolo
2001Mark Tobey – Inneres BetrachtenStaatsgalerie Stuttgart, StuttgartSolo
2001Claude Monet und die ModerneKunsthalle der Hypo-Kulturstiftung, MunichGroup
2001Da Kandisky a PollockMuseo Cantonale d´Arte Lugano, LuganoGroup
20011950 - 1965: Abstraction on PaperMichael Rosenfeld Gallery, New York City, NYGroup
2001Qi Yang und Mark TobeyMuseum Villa Rot, Burgrieden-RotGroup
2001Mark Tobey - Maria ZgraggenGalerie Carzaniga & Ueker, BaselGroup
2001Künstler der GalerieGalerie Biedermann, MunichGroup
2000VoidStella A., BerlinGroup
2000Sam Francis - Lithographien - Mark TobeyGalerie Döbele GmbH, DresdenGroup
2000Times are changingKunsthalle Bremen, BremenGroup
2000Dialogue avec des compagnons de routeGalerie Jeanne Bucher, ParisGroup
2000Michael Rosenfeld Gallery: The First DecadeMichael Rosenfeld Gallery, New York City, NYGroup
2000Expresionismo AbstractoFundación Juan March, MadridGroup
2000Farbe > LichtFondation Beyeler, RiehenGroup
1999What It Meant to Be Modern: Seattle Art at Mid-CenturyHenry Art Gallery, Seattle, WAGroup
1999A rebours. La rebelion informalista 1939-1968Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía,MadridGroup
1999Linear ImpulseMichael Rosenfeld Gallery, New York City, NYGroup
1997Mark Tobey - A retrospective exhibitionMuseo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía, MadridSolo
1994Mark Tobey. Paintings (1920-1960)Yoshii Gallery, New York City, NYSolo
1991Mark Tobey from the Clark CollectionDallas Museum of Art, Dallas, TXSolo
1989Mark Tobey - Between worlds Museum Folkwang Essen, EssenSolo
1984Mark Tobey: City PaintingsThe National Gallery of Art, Washington, DCSolo
1979Mark Tobey GraphicsIndianapolis Museum of Art - IMA, Indianapolis, INSolo
1976Mark Tobey: 1890-1976MoMA - Museum of Modern Art, New York City, NYSolo
1974Tribute to Mark TobeySaint Louis Art Museum, Saint Louis, MOSolo
1974Mark Tobey Graphics, 1961-1971The Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, DCSolo
1973Graphics by Mark TobeyHerbert F. Johnson Museum of Art, Ithaca, NYSolo
1972Mark Tobey: Recent PrintsSan Francisco Museum of Modern Art - SFMOMA, San Francisco, CASolo
1972Mark Tobey PrintsUniversity of Iowa Museum of Art, Iowa City, IASolo
1968Mark Tobey RetrospectiveDallas Museum of Art, Dallas, TXSolo
1963Mark Tobey RetrospectiveThe Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, ILSolo
1955Mark Tobey: Paintings and DrawingsICA - Institute of Contemporary Arts London, LondonSolo
1955Tobey Galerie Jeanne Bucher, ParisSolo
1955Gallery of Art Interpretation: Mark Tobey RetrospectiveThe Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, ILSolo