Peter Halley - Reign, 2013 (detail)

Peter Halley

United States 1953

Installation, Minimal Art, Abstract Art, Hard-edge Painting, Neo-conceptual Art

Peter Halley
Peter Halley
United States
December 27, 2014

Peter Halley is an American painter and printmaker associated with the Minimalist, Neo-Geo, and Neo-Conceptualist movements. He is best known for his brightly colored, geometric abstractions.

Halley was born in 1953 in New York. He began his formal training at Phillips Academy in Andover, Massachusetts, from which he graduated in 1971. During that time, Halley read Josef Albers’s Interaction of Color, which would influence him throughout his career. From 1973 to 1974 Halley lived in New Orleans, where he absorbed the vibrant cultural influences of the city, began using commercial materials in his art, and first became acquainted with the writings of earthwork artist Robert Smithson. In 1975 the artist graduated from Yale University, New Haven, with a degree in art history. After Yale, Halley returned to New Orleans, where he received an MFA in painting from the University of New Orleans in 1978. He had his first solo exhibition at the Contemporary Art Center, New Orleans, that same year.

In the 1980s, Halley was drawn to the pop themes and social issues addressed in New Wave music. Inspired by New York’s intense urban environment, Halley set out to use the language of geometric abstraction to describe the actual geometricized space around him. He began painting his prisons and cells, often connected by conduits, using fluorescent Day-Glo acrylic colors and Roll-a-Tex texture paint additive. These iconic shapes reflect the rigid compartmentalization of space in the modern urban environment.
While developing his visual language, Halley became interested in French post-structuralist writers, including Jean Baudrillard, Guy Debord, Michel Foucault, and Paul Virillio, all of whom shared his concern with the character of social spaces in a post-industrial society. In 1981, he published his first essay Beat, Minimalism, New Wave, and Robert Smithson in Arts, a New York–based magazine that would publish eight of his essays before the decade’s end. Halley’s writings became the basis for Neo-Geometric Conceptualism, also known as Neo-Geo, the offshoot of Neo-Conceptualism associated with the work of Ashley Bickerton, Halley, and Jeff Koons.

Over time, Halley’s compositions have become more intricate, as he has increased the number of conduits, prisons, and cells in each painting. In the mid-1990s, Halley began to produce site-specific installations for museums, galleries, and public spaces. These characteristically brought together a range of imagery and mediums, including paintings, wall-size flowcharts, and digitally generated wallpaper prints. His installation, named Judgment day, produced in 2011 for an exhibition at the 54th Venice Biennale, he created a tapestry of inkjet prints with a pattern influenced by Venetian churches.
He has also written extensively on Post-Modernism, art, and culture, including a published collection of essays. From 1996 through 2006, he published Index Magazine, which featured interviews with prominent cultural figures. His paintings have been exhibited at the Kitakyushu Municipal Museum of Art in Japan, the Museum Haus Esters in Krefeld, Germany, and The Museum of Modern Art in New York.

Peter Halley currently lives and works in New York.

Featured image: Peter Halley – Reign, 2013 (detail). Acrylic, day-glo acrylic, and Roll-a-Tex on canvas. 53 x 61 4/5 in. 134.6 x 157 cm. Photo courtesy Berry Campbell Gallery

YearExhibition titleGallery/MuseumGroup/Solo
2014Since 2000Museé D'Art Moderne, Saint Étienne Métropole, FranceSolo
2014Since 2000Galerie Forsblom, HelsinkiSolo
2013Prints and Editions: 25 YearsCarl Solway Gallery, CincinnatiSolo
2013Peter HalleyGalerie Xippas ParisSolo
2013Collaborative installation with Aslessandro MendiniMary Boone, New YorkSolo
2013Recent WorksKlaus Steinmetz Contemporary Art, San Jose, Costa RicaSolo
2013Paintings 2012-2013Waddington Custot Galleries, LondonSolo
2013Peter HalleyPatricia Low Contemporary, St Moritz, SwitzerlandSolo
2013Peter HalleyMottahedan Projects, Dubai, UAESolo
2013Forty Years of Contemporary Art: Massimo Minini 1973-2013La Triannale di Milano, MilanGroup
2013Wall WorksHamburger Bahnhof – Museum für Gegenwart, BerlinGroup
2013Jew YorkZach Feuer Gallery, New YorkGroup
2013When Now is Minimal. Die unbekannte Seite der Sammlung GoetzNeues Museum, Nuremberg, GermanyGroup
20136th Prague BiennalePrague, Czech RepublicGroup
2013Less Like an Object, More Like the WeatherHessel Museum of Art, Bard Center for Curatorial Studies, Annandale-on-Hudson, New YorkGroup
2013Edge, Order, RuptureGalerie Lelong, New YorkGroup
2013Pasión IICentro de Arte Contemporáneo, Málaga, SpainGroup
2013NYC 1993: Experimental Jet Set, Trash and No StarNew Museum, New YorkGroup
2013Peter HalleyYale University Art Gallery, New Haven, ConnecticutSolo
2013The Bigger PictureThe Artist’s Institute, New YorkGroup
2013Abstraction Manifeste, Le Quartier Centre d’art contemporain de Quimper, FranceGroup
2013Geometric AbstractionPace Prints, New YorkGroup
2012Peter HalleyGaleria Massimo Minini, Brescia, ItalySolo
2012Peter HalleyMaruani & Noirhomme Gallery, BrusselsSolo
20128 Small Prisons and Other WorksGaleria Senda, BarcelonaSolo
2012PrisonDisjecta, Portland, ORSolo
2011Peter HalleyGalerie Thomas Modern, Munich, GermanySolo
2010–2011Works From the 80'sGalerie Andrea Caratsch, Zurich, SwitzerlandSolo
2010Peter HalleyMary Boone Gallery, NYC, NYSolo
2009Early Work: 1982 to 1987Mary Boone Gallery, NYC, NYSolo
2008Peter HalleyGalerie Thaddaeus RopacSolo
2006Peter HalleyGalerie Forsblom, Helsinki, FinnlandSolo
2006Peter HalleyGary Tatintsian Gallery, Moscow, RussiaSolo
2006DrawingsGaleria Javier Lopez, Madrid, SpainSolo
2006Peter HalleyBaldwin Gallery, Aspen, COSolo
2006Peter HalleyImago Galleries, Palm Desert, CASolo
2006Peter Halley: Present and PastLouisiana Art & Science Museum, Baton RougeSolo
2006Peter HalleyGalleria Cardi, Milan, ItalySolo
2006Peter HalleyGalerie Alain Noirhomme, Brussels, BelgiumSolo
2006Peter HalleyCAIS Gallery, Seoul, South KoreaSolo
2006Peter Halley, Paintings 1995 – 2005Galerie Xippas, Athens, GreeceSolo
2006Peter HalleyGalería Javier Lopez, Madrid, SpainSolo
2006Peter HalleyGalería Senda, BarcelonaSolo
2006 Peter HalleyGalería dels Angels, Barcelona, SpainSolo
2006Big City LabArt Forum Berlin, BerlinGroup
2006Minimalism an After IV: New Acquisitions from the DaimlerChrysler CollectionDaimlerChrysler Contemporary, Potsdamer Platz, BerlinGroup
2006American Academy Invitational Exhibition of Painting and SculptureAmerican Academy of Arts and Letters, New YorkGroup
2006Figures in the Field: Figurative Sculpture and Abstract Painting from Chicago CollectionsMuseum of Contemporary Art, ChicagoGroup
2006The Downtown Show: The New York Art Scene 1974–1984Grey Art Gallery, New YorkGroup
2005Flashback: Revisiting the Art of the 80sKunstmuseum, Basel, SwitzerlandGroup
2005A View from 1988 Up to NowProje4L Elgiz Museum of Contemporary Art, Istanbul, TurkeyGroup
2005Picturing America: Selections from the Whitney Museum of American ArtNagasaki Prefectural Museum, Nagasaki, JapanGroup
2005Extreme AbstractionAlbright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo, NYGroup
2005The Shape of Color: Excursions in Color Field Art 1950—2005Art Gallery of Ontario, TorontoGroup
2005Peter Halley: New PaintingsMaruani & Noirhomme GallerySolo
2005Picturing America: Selections from the Whitney Museum of American ArtNagasaki Prefectural Museum, Nagasaki, JapanGroup
2005The Shape of ColorArt Gallery of Ontario, CanadaGroup
2005Logical Conclusions: 40 Years of Rule-Based ArtPace Wildenstein, New York, USAGroup
2005We Can Do itGary Tatintsian Gallery, Moscow, RussiaGroup
2005Universal MediumMcClain Gallery, Houston, USAGroup
2005Peter Halley: Present and PastLouisiana Art & Science Museum, Baton Rouge, USASolo
2005Peter HalleyGalleria Cardi, Milan, ItalySolo
2005Peter HalleyGalerie Alain Noirhomme, Brussels, BelgiumSolo
2005Peter HalleyGallery Xippas, Athens, GreeceSolo
2005Peter HalleyCAIS Gallery, Seoul, KoreaSolo
2005Peter HalleyGaleria Javier Lopez, Madrid, SpainSolo
2005Peter HalleyGaleria Senda and Galeria des Angels, Barcelona, SpainSolo
200525 Years - Selected Solo Exhibitions 1979-2004, Part 1Baumgartner Gallery, New York, USAGroup
2005Extreme AbstractionAlbright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo, USAGroup
2005Another look at the collectionFundación La Caixa, Sala de Exposiciones del Mercado del Este, Santander, SpainGroup
2004Peter HalleyGaleria Presença, Porto, PortugalSolo
2004Peter HalleyGalerie Thaddaeus Ropac, SalzburgSolo
2004Peter HalleyMary Boone Gallery, New YorkSolo
2004Peter HalleyGalerie Alain Noirhomme, Brussels, BelgiumSolo
2004Conspiracy TheoryGalerie Thaddaeus Ropac, Paris, FranceGroup
2003Peter HalleyGalería Javier Lopez, Madrid, SpainSolo
2003Peter HalleyGalleria Cardi, Milan, ItalySolo
2003Peter HalleyImago Galleries, Palm Desert, CASolo
2002Peter HalleyMary Boone Gallery, New YorkSolo
2002Peter HalleyGalería Senda, BarcelonaSolo
2002Peter HalleyGalería dels Angels, Barcelona, SpainSolo
2002La Colleccion OnnaschMuseu d’Art Contemporani de Barcelona, Barcelona, SpainGroup
2002No Object, No Subject, No Matter…Irish Museum of Modern Art, Dublin, IrelandGroup
2002New York Renaissance: Masterworks from the Whitney Museum of American ArtPalazzo Reale, Milan, ItalyGroup
2001Peter HalleyWaddington Galleries, LondonSolo
2001Peter HalleyNumark Gallery, Washington, D.C. Solo
2001Peter HalleyKevin Bruk Gallery, MiamiSolo
2001Digital: Printmaking NowBrooklyn Museum of Art, New YorkGroup
2001Playing Amongst the RuinsRoyal College of Art Galleries, LondonGroup
2001Mythic Proportions: Painting in the 80sMuseum of Contemporary Art, MiamiGroup
2001American Art from the Goetz CollectionGalerie Rudolfinum, The Centre of Contemporary Art, PragueGroup
2000Peter HalleyGalleria Massimo Minini, Brescia, ItalySolo
2000Peter HalleyGalleria Gian Enzo Sperone, Rome, ItalySolo
2000Peter HalleyBaldwin Gallery, Aspen, COSolo
2000Peter HalleyGalería Javier Lopez, Madrid, SpainSolo
2000Peter HalleyGalerie Thaddaeus Ropac, Paris, FranceSolo
2000Peter HalleyGalleria Massimo Minini BresciaSolo
1999Peter HalleyC.A.I.S. Gallery Seoul, KoreaSolo
1998 Peter HalleyAce Gallery Los Angeles, USASolo
1997New Concepts in Printmaking 1Museum of Modern Art New York, USAGroup
1996Peter HalleyGalleria Massimo Minini BresciaSolo
1992Peter HalleyGagosian Gallery, New YorkSolo
1991Peter HalleyRhona Hoffman Gallery, ChicagoSolo
1989Peter HalleySonnabend Gallery, New YorkSolo
1987Peter HalleyMargo Leavin Gallery, Los AngelesSolo