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Richard Avedon

United States 1923 - 2004



Richard Avedon
Richard Avedon
United States
March 3, 2017
Andreja Velimirović is a passionate content writer with a knack for art and old movies. Majoring in art history, he is an expert on avant-garde modern movements and medieval church fresco decorations. Feel free to contact him via his Linkedin profile: https://www.linkedin.com/in/andreja-velimirovi%C4%87-74068a68/

Although this American artist primarily referred to himself as a portrait photographer, Richard Avedon’s celebrated fashion photographs have graced the pages of popular magazines for decades. His shots were profoundly dramatic and dynamic, often capturing the model in motion – a feature that oftentimes implied a reference to avant-garde artists such as Man Ray. Via his meticulous approach and penetrating gaze, Avedon took photographs of celebrities, politicians and other public figures – in fact, he once said that he photographed just about everyone in the world. He also said that all the portraits he ever done were just pictures of him, a statement that opened up many conceptual questions concerning this photographer’s work.

Third Avenue El, New York, 1949
Richard Avedon – Third Avenue El, New York, 1949 (detail), © Avedon Foundation

Early Life Surrounded by Fashion

Avedon was born in the middle of May of 1923 in New York City. Interestingly, this was the year when Robert Delaunay painted his Portrait of Tristan Tzara and George Grosz finished his most famous collection titled Ecce Homo. Avedon’s mother Anna came from the family of dress designers and manufacturers. His father Jacob Israel was also in the clothing business as he was the owner of a store named Avedon’s Fifth Avenue. Naturally, Richard’s world was infused with the sense of fashionable, overflowed with different colors and clothing materials that were constantly circulating through the family house. When he was 12 years old, Avedon joined the Young Men’s Hebrew Association camera club. By then, he already mastered the use of the camera in his father’s store where he spent days upon days taking photos of the disposed garments. During this time, Richard met and became friends with an American writer James Baldwin and the two of them co-edited Magpie, the high school’s literary magazine. Very passionate about poetry in those days, Avedon was even named Poet Laureate of New York City High Schools in 1941, just before the USA entered the World War.

Christian Berard and Renée, Le Marais, 1947
Richard Avedon – Christian Berard and Renée, Le Marais, 1947, © Avedon Foundation

Becoming One of the Elite Photographers

After finishing high school, Richard attended philosophy and poetry courses at the Columbia University. After the first year of college ended, Richard went to serve in the United States Merchant Marine during World War II where he was a Photographer’s Mate Second Class in charge of taking identification photos. When the war was over, Avedon was sure being a photographer was his true calling. He started out his civil professional career as a freelance photographer and decided to continue his education by enrolling at the New School for Social Research in New York City where the art director of Harper’s Bazaar, Alexey Brodovitch, worked in a Design Laboratory. In a matter of weeks, Brodovitch hired Avedon to work for his magazine. From day one, the emotions and movements of subjects were the imperative in his work. Soon, Richard’s street photos, nightclub pictures and even circus shots became a breeze of fresh air in the fashion photography industry due to the author’s endless resourcefulness and inventiveness[1]. However, this photographer’s collaboration with the HB did not end on very good terms – Avedon quit his position after being faced with harsh criticism for his collaboration with models of color.

From the moment he entered the fashion industry scene, Richard Avedon became a leading figure in his line of work

Dovima with Elephants, 1955
Richard Avedon – Dovima with Elephants, 1955, © Avedon Foundation

Richard Avedon and His Reportage Work

After the controversial incident with the Harper’s Bazaar, insulted Avedon started working for the strongest opponent of his previous employer – the Vogue. He stayed in this magazine’s editorial team for two whole decades while he explored his cultural, political and personal passions. Richard focused a lot of his efforts on the portraits of members within the American Civil Rights movement, patients in mental institutions and the survivors of Vietnam war. However, his arguably most touching portrait of this period was that of his father, Jacob Israel Avedon. During this time, Richard also worked on a few projects for the Rolling Stone.

Jacqueline and John F. Kennedy, 1961 (Left) / M. Monroe, 1957
Richard Avedon – Jacqueline and John F. Kennedy, 1961 (Left) / M. Monroe, 1957 (Right), © Avedon Foundation

The New Yorker Period

In a period between the years of 1979 and 1985, Richard was was under the commission of the Amon Carter Museum of American Art that resulted in a show and a book, both titled In the American West[2]. Later on, he became the first staff photographer at The New Yorker, and it was here that his portraiture pieces blossomed, redefining the entire aesthetic of the journal. Interestingly, during the 1990s, his fashion photography was almost exclusively done just for the French publication Egoïste’s purposes. Now well into his mature career, Avedon’s successful commercial studio worked on campaigns for such names as Calvin Klein, Revlon and Versace on regular basis. Even though he faced a risk of falling into the trap of commercial photography, Avedon managed to absolutely blur the line between advertisement and art, creating some of the most original and iconic marketing campaigns ever seen. He was also able to tame some of the biggest names in the political and social scene at the time – individuals such as Eisenhower, Marilyn Monroe, Bob Dylan, The Beatles members, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., Malcolm X and Julian Bond were placed in front of his camera’s lens on regular basis.

In the American West, 1979 - 1985
Richard Avedon – In the American West, 1979 – 1985, © Avedon Foundation

Photographing Until the Conclusion of His Life

For all his contributions to many forms of photo-making practices, Avedon received a Master of Photography Award given by the International Center of Photography. After all the decades spent on honing his skill, this photographer’s talent and energy were undeniable. Avedon worked until the last day of his life[3] – he died on the 1st of October in 2004, in the middle of the assignment for The New Yorker. He was 81 years old at the time. Nowadays, his work can be found in the prestigious collections of MoMA, the Smithsonian and the Metropolitan Museum of Art, as well as in a countless number of other international and national public and private acquisitions.

For the majority of his life, Richard Avedon was a cultural phenomenon who set both the pace and the course of portraiture and fashion photography

The core history of photographers is filled with people as subjects
Richard Avedon – Versace 1994 Campaign, © Avedon Foundation

The Magic of Richard Avedon

Avedon once claimed that everything there is to know about how to get a perfect photography is to recognize a good surface, the one that holds all the clues. Such an approach helped him to investigate the two-dimensional nature of photography and evolve via his ability to follow the narrative purposes of art. Ultimately, this photographer reinforced the popular saying that a camera can capture the subject’s soul – Avedon managed to prove that one photographed and captured moment can reveal the entire intimate world of the person standing in front of him without lies, compromises or skipped portions of the truth.


  1. Squiers, C., Aletti, V., Garner, P., Hartshorn, W., Avedon Fashion 1944-2000, Harry N. Abrams; First Edition, 2009
  2. Avedon, R., In The American West. 1985, HNA Books, 2005
  3. Hambourg, M. M., Fineman, M., Avedon, R., de Montebello, P., Richard Avedon, Harry N. Abrams; Slp edition, 2002

Featured image: Richard Avedon – Photo of the artist – © Avedon Foundation
All images © Avedon Foundation
All images used for illustrative purposes only

Upcoming Events

Hans Purrmann - Garden Of Casa Camuzzi, 1949 (Detail)
Jun 07th, 2019 - Jun 07th, 2019

Modern, Post War and Contemporary Art

Neumeister Munich, Munich, Germany, Barer Strasse 37, Munich, Germany

Please select an option to add Modern, Post War and Contemporary Art into your calendar

YearExhibition TitleGallery/MuseumSolo/Group
2016Avedon WarholGagosian Gallery, LondonDuo
2015Richard Avedon: Family affairsThe National Museum of American Jewish History in Philadelphia (NMAJH) Solo
2015Beyond BeautyGagosian, RomeSolo
2015In the studio, photographsGagosian, New YorkGroup
2014Richard Avedon PeopleA National Portrait Gallery of Australia Solo
2014 Richard Avedon, PhotographerMarlborough, NYSolo
2014AvedonGagosian, AthensSolo
2013WomenGagosian, LondonSolo
2011Murals and PortraitsGagosian Gallery, New YorkSolo
2011WritersGagosian Gallery, ParisSolo
2008Archetypes and IconsGagosian Gallery, LAGroup
2007 Americans: Meisterwerke amerikanischer Fotografie von 1940 bis heute Kunsthalle Wien (Halle 1, Halle 2), Vienna, AustriaGroup
2007The Heartbeat of Fashion: Sammlung F. C. Gundlach Deichtorhallen, Hamburg, GermanyGroup
2006Eye of the Beholder Fraenkel Gallery, San Francisco, USAGroup
2006Brighton Photo BiennialBrighton, EnglandGroup
2006 In the American West: Photographs by Richard Avedon Columbus Museum of Art, Columbus, USAGroup
2006American Icons Corkin Shopland Gallery, Toronto, CanadaGroup
2006 Rostros y Máscaras Museo de Arte Abstracto Español, Cuenca, SpainGroup
2005Keeping Shadows: Photography from the Worcester Art Museum Phoenix Art Museum, Phoenix, USAGroup
2005 Hablando con las manos: Fotografías de la Colección Buhl Museo Guggenheim de Arte Moderno y Contemporáneo, Bilbao, SpainGroup
2005 From the Source: Fashion Photographs Corkin Shopland Gallery, Toronto, CanadaGroup
2005 Summer of Love Art of the Psychedelic Era Tate Liverpool, Liverpool, EnglandGroup
2005FABULOUS PHOTOGRAPHIC EPHEMERAThe Minneapolis Institute of Arts, Minneapolis, USAGroup
2005 Richard Avedon Andrea Rosen Gallery, New York, USAGroup
2004About Face: Photographic Portraits from the CollectionThe Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, USAGroup
2004Photography from the Book to the Museum Museu Nacional dArt de Catalunya, Barcelona, SpainGroup
2004Das Wunder Mensch/Parameter of Life Museum Moderner Kunst, Stiftung Wörlen, Passau, GermanyGroup
2003A Clear Vision: Photographic Works from the F.C. Gundlach Collection," Deichtorhallen, Hamburg, GermanyGroup
2003 VANITY FAIR Torch Gallery, Amsterdam, The NetherlandsGroup
2003Flesh Tones: 100 Years of the Nude Robert Mann Gallery, New York, USAGroup
2003Richard Avedon: Andy Warhol and the Factory [1969], The Family [1976] Fraenkel Gallery, San Francisco, USAGroup
2002 Transformer IIAir de Paris, Paris, FranceGroup
2002Richard Avedon: In the American West Fundación La Caixa, CaixaForum, Barcelona, SpainGroup
2002Americans: Meisterwerke der amerikanischen Photographie Museum Moderner Kunst, Stiftung Wörlen, Passau, GermanyGroup
2002Accrochage d´hiver: Photographies contemporainesGalerie Jérôme de Noirmont, Paris, FranceGroup
2001Dressing Up Worcester Art Museum, Worcester, USAGroup
2001Richard Avedon: Made in France Fraenkel Gallery, San Francisco, USAGroup
2001Avedon’s American WestAmon Carter Museum, Fort Worth, USAGroup
2001Richard Avedon: In the American West Kunstmuseum Wolfsburg, Wolfsburg, GermanyGroup
2001The Contemporary Face: Von Pablo Picasso bis Alex Katz Deichtorhallen, Hamburg, GermanyGroup
2001 More than OneAndrea Rosen Gallery, New York, USAGroup
1999–2000 Early Portraits Fraenkel Gallery San Francisco, USAGroup
1994–1995 Richard Avedon: Evidence 1944-1994 (Retrospective) Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, USAGroup
1991 Brandenburg Gate, East Berlin, New Year's Eve 1989 - January 1, 1990, Carnegie Museum of Art, Pittsburgh, USAGroup
1985 In the American West 1979-1984 (Portraits) Amon Carter Museum, Fort Worth, USAGroup
1980Avedon: Retrospective 1946-1980 (Portraits, reportage, fashion retrospective) University Art Museum Berkeley, USAGroup
1978Avedon: Photographs 1947-1977 Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, USAGroup
1975 Portraits 1969-1975 Marlborough Gallery, New York, USAGroup
1974 Jacob Israel Avedon (Portraits of the photographer's father)Museum of Modern Art, New York, USAGroup
1970 Richard Avedon (Portrait Retrospective 1945-1970) Minneapolis Institute of Arts, Minneapolis, USAGroup
1962Richard Avedon (Retrospective) Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.Group

Total Turnover: $4,491,301

Total Number Of Artworks Sold: 74

Total Sell Through Rate: 66.07%

Artworks Sold Price Range



Total Turnover: $4,491,301

Number Of Artworks Sold

Total Number Of Artworks Sold: 74

Sell Through Rate

Total Sell Through Rate: 66.07%

Auctions data of this artist is still in it's beta phase, full details will be available soon!

  • Artist: Richard Avedon
  • Artwork: The Beatles
  • Size: 66 x 47.5 each 68.5 x 47.5 cm
  • Medium : 5 offset prints on paper
  • Creation Year: 1967
  • Last Estimated Price: $895 - $1,342
  • Last Hammer Price: N/A
  • Highest Hammer Price: N/A
  • Artist: Richard Avedon
  • Artwork: The Beatles
  • Size: 66 x 47.5 each (68.5 x 47.5) cm
  • Medium : 5 offset prints on paper
  • Creation Year: 1967
  • Last Estimated Price: $895 - $1,342
  • Last Hammer Price: N/A
  • Highest Hammer Price: N/A
  • Artist: Richard Avedon
  • Artwork: Marilyn Monroe, Actress, New York City, May 6
  • Size: image: 33 x 27.1; sheet/flush mount: 35.1 x 27.4 cm
  • Medium : Gelatin silver print, flush-mounted on linen
  • Creation Year: 1957
  • Last Estimated Price: $70,000 - $100,000
  • Last Hammer Price: $80,000 *
  • Highest Hammer Price: $80,000 *