Richard Serra

United States 1939

Sculpture, Minimal Art

Richard Serra
Richard Serra
United States
September 12, 2016

Best known for his large-scale minimalist sculptures, Richard Serra is a celebrated American artist whose art has graced numerous exhibitions in museums and galleries throughout the world. Working mostly in steel, he has managed to create both minimalist and monumental, site-specific structures which are self-supporting, reflecting the nature of the material. Serra’s colossal, strangely balanced pieces have explored and redefined man’s relationship with the surrounding world. His work doesn’t only occupy space, but radically seek to discover its essence and purpose. Over the years, Serra has become a beacon of inspiration for those creatives who examine the vast field of urban interventions and installations. Amongst sculpture, his rich body of work includes painting, drawing, video, performance, writing and dance.

Richard Serra biography 2016
Richard Serra – The Matter of Time, 1994–2005, photo via

Academic Background

Serra was born in San Francisco, CA in 1939. During World War II, Serra’s father worked as a pipe fitter for a shipyard near San Francisco, and afterward the family bought a spec home on the western edge of the city. His mother tried to teach her three sons—Tony Jr., Richard and Rudy—to embrace cultural pursuits.[1] As a teenager, Serra worked in a steel mill to help send himself to school. He studied English literature at the Berkeley, University of California. In addition, he transferred to Santa Barbara University where he graduated in 1961. One year later, Serra continued his education in School of Art and Architecture, within the M.F.A. program at the Yale University and then in Florence and Paris – thanks to receiving a Yale Traveling Fellowship for Paris, and a Fulbright grant for Rome. While living in New York in the 1960s, he met and befriended with a number of artists, dancers, playwrights and musicians whose experiments helped redefine what art could be. Serra and his colleagues like Robert Smithson, Eva Hesse and Bruce Nauman, put down their paintbrushes and started making radical artworks using materials like dirt, rubber and wax. Serra decided to experiment with lead and steel.

In the 1960s, Serra started making radical artworks using materials like dirt, rubber and wax

Richard Serra gallery images 2007
Richard Serra – Gutter Corner Splash – Night Shift, 1969-1995, photo via

Early Works

Serra’s work has played a very important role in a development of the modern abstract sculpture. Some of his earlier works of art were made out of fiberglass and rubber. As he used to work in steel mills while studying, the strong influence of this material and its production process is obvious in his later work. Serra’s early sculptures are minimalist constructions made from large rolls and sheets of metal – Cor-Ten Steel, fabricated in Germany and installed by Budco Enterprises. Although he would become best known for his colossal pieces, Serra began his career making works that were less monumental and mostly process-oriented. Along with other process artists, his work emphasized the process and act of artistic creation rather than the resulting work that comes out of it.

”I’m not interested in the notion that art serves something. Art is useless, not useful.” – R.Serra

Richard Serra century terms
Richard Serra – The Hedgehog and the Fox, 2000, photo via

Larger than Life Sculptures

In the beginning of the 70s, Serra focused on outdoors, pioneering large-scale and site-specific pieces that create a dialogue with a particular architectural, urban, or landscape setting. First step was always to make a small model from flat plates of steel and to consult a structural engineer to make sure that the large sculpture retains a balance and stability as its smaller model. Shapes he usually created were monumental arcs, spirals, and ellipses. Some of Serra’s first larger commissions were realized mostly outside of US. Pieces such as Shift from 1970 was made for Ontario, while Spin Out (1972-1973) went to Holland.

His sculptures create a dialogue with a particular architectural, urban, or landscape setting

Richard Serra gallery 2007
Richard Serra – Shift, 1970, Ontario, Canada, photo via

Installation Drawings

In the mid-70s, Serra started producing large-scale drawings on Belgian linen and on handmade Hitomi paper. First, he used only ink, charcoal, and lithographic crayon on paper. After a while, he decided to combine installation and drawing creating monumental works called ”Installation Drawings” on canvas or linen and pinned to the wall and later covered with black paint stick, one sort of grease wax crayon.[2] Serra’s Abstract Slavery from 1974 or Pacific Judson Murphy from 1978 are perfect examples of this innovative technique. Almost all of his drawings are created once a sculpture is completed – for example, the artwork titled Drawings after Circuit (1972) is based on an installation Serra prepared for documenta in Kassel, Germany. Serra has participated in several documenta exhibitions: 1972, 1977, 1982, and 1987. In 2011, he held an exhibition of these pieces at the Metropolitan Museum of Art. The theme was his old pieces on paper, now destroyed or damaged. He re-created some of them, especially for this show. All of the pieces presented had two dates, when the original was made and the new version.

In 2011, he held an exhibition at the Metropolitan Museum of Art

Richard Serra lead video images ” people
Richard Serra – A Drawing in Five Parts, Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 2011, installation view, photo via

Tilted Arc Controversy

A controversy hit the artist’s work in the 1980s – when his, commissioned by the federal General Services Administration, installation named Tilted Arc was presented at the Federal Plaza on Foley Square in Lower Manhattan. This 120-foot-long, 12-foot-high slab of curved steel sculpture[3] was positioned in a manner that did not allow people to simply ignore it. They had to involve with the piece, walking around it just to cross the plaza. Because of its massive and demanding nature and aspect, in 1985 a special jury voted 4 to 1 in favor of removing the sculpture. Tilted Arc was cut up in three pieces and taken from the plaza in the middle of the night in 1989. The artist’s methods of creations, his chosen themes and materials are, according to many feminist art historians and critics, some sort of a swan song of masculine themes and artistic processes coming from the Abstract Expressionism.

”I don’t think it is the function of art to be pleasing.” – Richard Serra

Richard Serra images terms century people
Richard Serra – Tilted Arc, 1981, photo via

Torqued Ellipses and Snake

During the 90s, Serra created one of his most famous series titled Torqued Ellipses, made from 1996 to 1999. The idea behind this series is that gigantic plates of towering steel create private spaces in large public sites, where they have been erected. A sculpture preceding Torqued Ellipses was titled Snake (Sugea), and was made between 1994 and 1997. The Snake is located in Guggenheim Museum Bilbao – for which inauguration was made in the first place. Both Snake and the Torqued Ellipses seem to defy gravity and logic, making solid metal appear as malleable as felt.[4]

Snake is located in Guggenheim Museum Bilbao – for which inauguration was made in the first place

Richard Serra gallery 2007
Richard Serra – Snake, 1994–97, photo via

Famous Works

It was not before 2005 that the American artist installed his first public work in his hometown San Francisco. Ballast is a 160 tons piece created in 2004, consisting of two steel blades and it is located in the University of California campus’ main open space. A 2008 installation titled Promenade was presented in the Grand Palais at Monumenta exhibition. 17-meters-high Promenade was made out of five colossal steel sheets placed at every 100-foot and it was created especially for this event. Before Serra, that privilege had only Anselm Kiefer, who was invited to fill the 13,500 m² nave of the Grand Palais, in the heart of Paris on the Avenue des Champs-Élysées.

Promenade was made out of five colossal steel sheets placed at every 100-foot

Richard Serra images
Richard Serra – Promenade, 2008, Grand Palais, Paris, photo via

Tribute to Charles M. Schulz and STOP BUSH

During his career, Serra was inspired and dedicated some of his work to such artist as Marilyn Monroe, Charlie Chaplin, Greta Garbo, Buster Keaton, Rainer Werner Fassbinder and the art critic David Sylvester. Serra produced an installation titled Charlie Brown, in 2000 – a year when Peanut’s creator passed away. This tribute to Charles M. Schulz is a 60-foot tall sculpture in San Francisco’s Gap headquarters. That same year, Serra won the Golden Lion for Contemporary Art at the 49th Venice Biennale. However, there was a time when he was actually uninspired by some of the big shots. In 2006, the artist created quite a commotion when he presented two crayon drawings at the Whitney Biennal. The drawings depicted an Abu Ghraib prisoner, and the caption was: STOP BUSH. Whitney even used this image to design posters for Biennial. But, Serra did not stop there. Inspired by Goya’s Saturn, he drew Bush devouring his son. The image was also used by the website and on The Nation issue in July 2005.

Serra payed a tribute to Charles M. Schulz by a 60-foot tall sculpture in SF

Richard Serra
Richard Serra – Charlie Brown, 2000, photos via


Serra’s oeuvre can’t be classified easily – it is primarily a sculpture, an architecture, and even a fragment of modern industry and painting, all at one time. He was awarded many times; Skowhegan Medal for Sculpture, The Goslarer Kaiserring, Wilhelm Lehmbruck Prize for Sculpturein. He received The Presidentʼs Medal from the Architectural League of New York in 2014, and curiosity is that he was the first artist to receive this prize. He also won honorary degrees of Doctor of Fine Arts by Williams Collegein, College of Arts and Crafts in California, University of Yale and Harvard as well, College of Arts and Design in Nova Scotia, Universidad Pública de Navarra. Serra became a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1993 and in 2006, of the American Academy of Arts and Letters and National Academy of Design. In 2015, the American artist received the French government’s biggest award, the insignia of Chevalier of the French Legion of Honor. [5]

He received many notable awards

Richard Serra
Richard Serra – Backdoor Pipeline, 2010, exhibition at Gagosian Gallery, photo by Mike Bruce, via

Expanding the Boundaries

Over the years, Richard Serra has become one of the most acclaimed living artists for his challenging and innovative work, which emphasizes materiality and an engagement between the viewer, the site, and the work. He radically changed the traditional idea of sculpture and expanded the concept through monumental scale of his works and meticulously created relationships with the surrounding space. His work is owned by some of the major art museums, including the Museum of Modern Art and the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum in New York, the Los Angeles County Museum of Art and the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art. Since his first one-man show in 1966 at Galleria La Salita in the capital of Italy, Serra has had numerous exhibitions throughout the world, including a 1986 retrospective at the MoMA.

Richard Serra lives and works in Nova Scotia, Canada and New York, New York.


  1. Crow, K (2015), The Reinvented Visions of Richard Serra, WSJ. Magazine [September 11, 2016]
  2. White, M., Rose B., Garrels G., Dabrowski M., Shiff R., Richard Serra Drawing: A Retrospective, The Menil Collection, First Edition, 2011
  3. Muchnic, S (1998), An Ironclad Visionary, Los Angeles Times [September 11, 2016]
  4. Anonymous. Richard Serra – Torqued Ellipse (Bihurritu eliptiko) Guggenheim [September 11, 2016]
  5. Cunningham H. (2015), Richard Serra Given France’s Highest Honor, Observer [September 11, 2016]

Featured image: Richard Serra – portrait, photo via

YearExhibition TitleGallery/MuseumSolo/Group
2016Richard SerraGagosian Gallery, West 21st & West 24th Streets, New York, NYSolo
2016Richard Serra: Ramble DrawingsGagosian Gallery, Paris, FranceSolo
2016Plane.SiteGagosian Gallery, San Francisco, CAGroup
2016Sculpture on the Move 1946–2016Kunstmuseum Basel, Basel, SwitzerlandGroup
2015Richard Serra: Ramble DrawingsGagosian Gallery, 980 Madison Ave, New York, NYSolo
2015Richard Serra: EqualDavid Zwirner, New York, NYSolo
2015America Is Hard to SeeWhitney Museum of American Art, New York, NYGroup
2015ChromophobiaGagosian Gallery, Geneva, SwitzerlandGroup
2014Richard Serra: DRAWINGGagosian Gallery, Davies Street, London, EnglandSolo
2014Richard Serra: BACKDOOR PIPELINE, RAMBLE, DEAD LOAD, LONDON CROSSBritannia Street, London, EnglandSolo
2014Richard SerraQatar Museum Authority, Doha, QatarSolo
2014Passage of TimeAl Riwaq Doha Exhibition Space, Doha, QatarSolo
2014Sight Lines: Richard Serra’s Drawings for TwainSaint Louis Art Museum, Saint Louis, MOSolo
2014Everything Loose Will LandGraham Foundation, Chicago, ILGroup
2013Richard Serra: New SculptureGagosian Gallery, West 21st & West 24th Streets. New York, NYSolo
2013Richard Serra: Drawings for The CourtauldThe Courtauld Gallery, London, England.Solo
2013Richard Serra: Levels, Weights & Rifts 2008–2013Gemini G.E.L. at Joni Moisant Weyl, New York, NY.Solo
2013Richard Serra: Double RiftsGagosian Gallery, Beverly Hills, CA.Solo
2013Richard Serra: Black Is the DrawingAxel Vervoordt Gallery, Antwerp, BelgiumSolo
2013Richard Serra: Early WorksDavid Zwirner, New York, NYSolo
2013Il Palazzo Enciclopedico55th International Art Exhibition at the Venice Biennale. Venice, ItalyGroup
2013When Attitudes Become Form: Bern 1969/Venice 2013Ca’ Corner della Regina, Prada Foundation, Venice, ItalyGroup
2013Sculptors on PaperDavid Winton Bell Gallery, Brown University, Providence, RIGroup
2013Re-View: Onnasch CollectionHauser & Wirth, London, EnglandGroup
2013Moving: Norman Foster on ArtCarré d’Art Nîmes, FranceGroup
2012Transparencies: Richard Serra Recent DrawingsCraig F. Starr Gallery, New York, NYSolo
2012Richard Serra: DrawingsGagosian Gallery, Paris, FranceSolo
2012Richard Serra: Echoic DrawingsGaleria Carreras Mugica, Bilbao, SpainSolo
2012Art=Text=Art: Works by Contemporary Artists from the Sally and Wynn Kramarsky Collection Jane Voorhees Zimmerli Art Museum, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJGroup
2012House of Cards: An Exhibition of Contemporary Sculpture in Response to ChardinWaddesdon Manor, Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire, EnglandGroup
2012Ends of the Earth: Art of the Land to 1974The Museum of Contemporary Art, Los AngelesGroup
2012The Language of Less (Then and Now)Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago, ILGroup
2012Il Guggenheim: L’avanguardia Americana 1945-1980Palazzo delle Esposizioni, Rome, ItalyGroup
2011Richard Serra: Junction/CycleGagosian Gallery, West 24th Street, New York, NYSolo
2011Richard Serra Drawing: A RetrospectiveThe Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NYSolo
2011Richard Serra: Paperworksmpk-Museum Pfalzgalerie Kaiserslautern, Kaiserslautern, GermanySolo
2011Malevich and the American LegacyGagosian Gallery, Madison Avenue, New York, NYGroup
2011Works on Paper: American Art 1945–1975The Washington State Museum of Art, Seattle, WAGroup
2011Extended Drawing: Sol LeWitt, Robert Mangold, Bruce Nauman, Richard SerraBonnefantenmuseum, Maastricht, NetherlandsGroup
2011De Pablo Picacco a Richard Serra: 20 años de Galeria Guillermo de OsmaSala Municipal de Exposiciones del Museo de Pasión, Valladolid, SpainGroup
20113rd Biennial of the End of the WorldUshuaia Aerospace Hangar, Ushuaia, ArgentinaGroup
2011Brancusi—SerraBeyeler Foundation, Riehen, SwitzerlandGroup
2011Architectures, Dessins, Utopies: Works for the Centre National des Arts PlastiquesMuzeul National de Arta Contemporana, Bucharest, Romania.Group
2011Drawn, Taped, Burned: Abstraction on PaperKatonah Museum of Art, Katonah, NYGroup
2011Mannerism and Modernism: The Kaspar Collection of Drawings and PhotographsThe Morgan Library & Museum, New York, NYGroup
2011FramedIndianaopolis Museum of Art, Indianapolis, INGroup
2010Richard Serra: Greenpoint RoundsGagosian Gallery, Rome, ItalySolo
2010Richard Serra: Weight and Level: Grandes EstampesGalerie Lelong, Paris, FranceSolo
2010ColorFormsHirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.CGroup
2010Choreographing YouHayward Gallery, London, EnglandGroup
2010Ordinary MadnessCarnegie Museum of Art, Pittsburgh, PAGroup
2010RSTW: From the Private Collection of Larry GagosianGagosian Gallery at Manarat Al Saadiyat, Abu Dhabi, UAEGroup
2010Calder to Warhol: Introducing The Fisher CollectionSan Francisco Museum of Modern Art, San Francisco, CAGroup
2010Bilder in Bewegung: Künstler & Video / FilmMuseum Ludwig, Cologne, GermanyGroup
2010Modern Times: Responding to ChaosKettle’s Yard, Cambridge, EnglandGroup
2009Richard Serra: Blind Spot Open EndedGagosian Gallery, West 21st Street, New York, NYSolo
2009Richard Serra: Fernando PessoaGagosian Gallery, Britannia Street, London, EnglandSolo
2009Richard Serra: TracksGalería Carreras Múgica, Bilbao, SpainSolo
2009Mille et TreMusée du Louvre, Paris, FranceGroup
2009The Robert and Jane Meyerhoff Collection: Selected WorksNational Gallery of Art, Washington, D.CGroup
2009Moby DickCCA Wattis Institute for Contemporary Arts, San Francisco, CAGroup
2009Louis Jacob: 7 Pictures of Nothing Repeated Four Times, In GratitudeStädtisches Museum Abteiberg, Mönchengladbach, GermanyGroup
2009arte povera bis minimal: Einblicke in die Sammlung LafrenzMuseum Wiebaden, Wiesbaden, GermanyGroup
2009Energy and ProcessTate Modern, London, EnglandGroup
2009Aus|gezeichnet|zeichnenAkademie der Künste, Berlin, GermanyGroup
2009If We Could ImagineGlenstone Museum, Potomac, MDGroup
2009SitesWhitney Museum of American Art, New York, NYGroup
2009Man Son 1969: Vom Schrecken der Situation/The Horror of the SituationHamburger Kunsthalle, Hamburg, GermanyGroup
2009New York: New Drawings 1946-2007Museo de Arte Contemporáneo Este ban Vicente, Segovia, SpainGroup
2009Industrial Land Art im Ruhrland: Die Künstlergruppe B1 und die FolgenKunstmuseum Ahlen und KunstVerein Ahlen, GermanyGroup
2008Richard Serra: SculptureGagosian Gallery, Britannia Street, London, EnglandSolo
2008Richard Serra: DrawingGagosian Gallery, Davies Street, London, EnglandSolo
2008Monumenta 2008: Richard Serra: PromenadeGrand Palais, Paris, FranceSolo
2008Richard Serra: Five DrawingsGagosian Gallery, Beverly Hills, CASolo
2008Richard Serra: Drawings: Work Comes Out of WorkKunsthaus Bregenz, Bregenz, AustriaSolo
2008Richard Serra: SolidsGagosian Gallery, Madison Ave., New York, NYSolo
2008Richard Serra: Druckgrafik, Zeichnung/Prints, DrawingsMuseum für Gegenwartskunst, Siegen, GermanySolo
2008For What You Are About To ReceiveGagosian Gallery, Red October, Moscow, RussiaGroup
2008Heavy Metal: Die unerklärliche Leichtigkeit eines MaterialsKunsthalle zu Kiel, GermanyGroup
2008Die verborgene Spur: Jüdische Wege durch die Moderne/The Hidden Trace: Jewish Paths through ModernityFelix-Nussbaum-Haus, Osnabrück, GermanyGroup
2008Photography and Sculpture: A Correlated ExhibitionThe Margulies Collection at the Warehouse, Miami, FLGroup
2008Minimal Is More: Collectie LafrenzGemeentemuseum Den Haag, NetherlandsGroup
2008Art of Our TimeThe Ueno Royal Museum, Tokyo, JapanGroup
2008For the Pleasure of Seeing: Mel Bochner, John Chamberlain, Alex Hay, Michael Heizer, Richard Serra and Frank StellaPeter Freeman Inc., New York, NYGroup
2008Black ArtSeattle Art Museum, Seattle, WAGroup
2008Face to Face: The Daros Collections. Part IIDaros Collection, Zurich, SwitzerlandGroup
2008Der Grosse Wurf: Faltungen in der GegenwartskunstKaiser Wilhelm Museum/Museum Haus Lange, Kunstmuseen Krefeld, GermanyGroup
2008Color Chart: Reinventing Color, 1950 to TodayThe Museum of Modern Art, New York, NYGroup
2008How Artists Draw: Toward the Menil Drawing Institute and Drawing CenterThe Mencil Collection, Houston, TXGroup
2008Inaugural InstallationBroad Contemporary Art Museum, Los Angeles, CAGroup
2008Wall Sculptures: Richard Artschwager, Donald Judd, Robert Morris, Salvatore Scarpitta, Richard SerraCastelli Gallery, New York, NYGroup
2007Richard Serra: New EtchingsGemini G.E.L, Los Angeles, CASolo
2007Richard Serra Sculpture: Fourty YearsMuseum of Modern Art, New York, NYSolo
2007Richard Serra: Escultura, DibujoGalería Guillermo de Osma, Madrid, SpainSolo
2007ViewAkira Ikeda Gallery, Berlin, GermanyGroup
2007Living, Looking, MakingGagosian Gallery, Britannia Street, London, EnglandGroup
2007Television Delivers PeopleWhitney Museum of American Art, New York, NYGroup
2007Insight?Gagosian Gallery at Red October Chocolate Factory Bernevskaya, Moscow, RussiaGroup
2007Sounding the Subject and Video Trajectories: Selections from the Pamela and Richard Kramlich Collection and the New Art Trust MIT List Visual Arts Center, Cambridge, MA.Group
2007Art for Yale: Collecting for a New CenturyYale University Art Gallery, New Haven, CTGroup
2007Time Is Always NowGalerie m, Bochum, GermanyGroup
2007Lines, Grids, Stains, Words: Minimal Art Drawings from the Collection of The Museum of Modern Art, New YorkThe Museum of Modern Art, New York, NYGroup
2007Das Kapital: Blue Chips and Masterpieces: Die Sammlung Rolf Ricke im MMKMuseum für Moderne Kunst, Frankfurt am Main, Germany.Group
2007Black Squares: Homage à MalevichHamburger Kunsthalle, Hamburger, GermanyGroup
2007Samuel BeckettCentre National d'Art et de Culture Georges Pompidou, Paris, FranceGroup
2007Art in America: Three Hundred Years of InnovationNational Gallery of China, Beijing, ChinaGroup
2006Richard Serra: Arc of the CurveNicholas Metivier, Toronto, CanadaSolo
2006Richard Serra: Rolled and ForgedGagosian Gallery, West 24th Street, New York, NYSolo
2006Richard Serra: Trajectories and TransversalsGodt-Cleary Projects, Las Vegas, NVSolo
2006Line And Surface: Works on PaperPeter Blum, New York, NYGroup
2006Whitney Biennial 2006: Day for NightThe Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NYGroup
2006Elemental FormL&M Arts, New York, NYGroup
2006Nothing and EverythingPeter Freeman, Inc, New York, NYGroup
2006Artists Talk: Selections from the Skowhegan Lecture ArchiveColby College Art Museum, Waterville, MEGroup
2006Full House: Views of the Whitney’s Collection at 75Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NYGroup
2005Richard Serra: New EtchingsWorks on Paper, Philadelphia, PASolo
2005Richard Serra: The Matter of TimeMuseo Guggenheim Bilbao, SpainSolo
2005Richard Serra: Arc of the CurveWilliam Shearburn Gallery, St. Louis, MOSolo
2005Drawings + ScluptureCook Fine Art, New York, NYGroup
2005AbstractionAlbright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo, NYGroup
2005Works on PaperGagosian Gallery, Beverly Hills, CAGroup
2005Richard Serra and Constantin BrancusiPulitzer Foundation for the Arts, St. Louis, MOGroup
2005Contemporary Voices: Works from The UBS Art CollectionMuseum of Modern Art, NYGroup
2005Logical Conclusions: 40 Years of Rule-Based ArtPace Wildenstein, New York, NYGroup
2005Imageless Icons: Abstract ThoughtsGagosian Gallery, Britannia Street, London, EnglandGroup
2005Atto secondo: La collezioneMuseo d’Arte Donna Regina, Naples, ItalyGroup
2005Minimalism and BeyondThe Pulitzer Foundation for the Arts, St. Louis, MOGroup
2005Drawing from the Modern: 1975-2005The Museum of Modern Art, New York, NYGroup
2005Artists & Prints: Masterworks from The Museum of Modern Art, Part 3The Museum of Modern Art, New York, NYGroup
2005Drawing from the Modern: 1945-75The Museum of Modern Art, New York, NYGroup
2005La alegría de mis sueños/The Joy of My Dreams: 1International Biennial of Contemporary Art of Seville. Centro Andaluz de Arte Contemporáneo, Monesterio de la Cartuja de Santa María de las Cuevas, Seville, Spain.Group
2004Richard Serra (curated by Eduardo Cicelyn & Mario Codognato)Museo Archeologico Nazionale, Naples, ItalySolo
2004Richard Serra: Arc of the CurveGemini G.E.L., Los Angeles, CA, and Danese, New York, NY (through 2005)Solo
2004Richard Serra: Sculptures from 1967 and 1968Peter Freeman Inc., New York, NYSolo
2004Picasso to Pop: A Growing Contemporary CollectionPhoenix Art Museum, Phoenix, AZGroup
2004Ground – Field – SurfaceRobert Miller Gallery, New York, NYGroup
2004A Minimal Future? Art As Object 1958-1968Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, CAGroup
2004Jasper Johns & Richard SerraMuseum of Fine Arts, Houston, TXGroup
2004Specific Objects: The Minimalist InfluenceMuseum of Contemporary Art of San Diego, CAGroup
2003Wake • Blindspot • Catwalk • Vice-VersaGagosian Gallery, West 24th Street, New York, NYSolo
2003Richard Serra: Focus InstallationSaint Louis Museum of Art, Saint Louis, MOSolo
2003Richard Serra: NaplesPiazza Plebiscito, Naples, ItalySolo
2003Richard Serra: Large-Scale PrintsAddison Gallery of American Art. Phillips Academy, Andover, MASolo
2003Richard Serra: RoundsThe Sheldon Art Galleries. St. Louis, MOSolo
2003Sculpture and Drawings by Richard SerraThe Pulitzer Foundation for the Arts. St. Louis, MOSolo
2003Richard Serra: Venice Notebook: New EtchingsMira Goddard Gallery, Toronto, CanadaSolo
2003Selections from the Permanent CollectionThe Modern Art Museum, Fort Worth, TXGroup
2003Art UnlimitedArt 34 Basel, Basel, SwitzerlandGroup
2003Hand-Made MinimalFreeman Gallery, New York, NYGroup
2003Flavin, Judd, Lewitt, Serra: Early WorksZwirner & Wirth, New York, NYGroup
2003Ready to ShootFernsehgalerie Gerry Schum, Videogalerie Schum. Kunsthalle Dusseldorf, GermanyGroup
2003Primary Matters: The Minimalist Sensibility, 1959–PresentSan Francisco Museum of Art, CAGroup
2003Drawing Modern: Works from the Agnes Gund CollectionCleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland, OHGroup
2003Work EthicThe Baltimore Museum of Art, Baltimore, MDGroup
2003The Heroic Century: The Museum of Modern Art Masterpieces, 200 Paintings and SculpturesThe Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, TXGroup
2003Perpetuum Mobile: 40 Jahre Galerie Rolf RickeGalerie Rolf Ricke, Cologne, GermanyGroup
2003Schokolade, was denn sonst? Sammlung Rolf RickeKunstraum Innsbruck, AustriaGroup
2003Visions and Revisions: Art on Paper Since 1969Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, MAGroup
2003Andre, Flavin, Gober, Judd, Lewitt, Long, Merz, Serra, Smithson: SculptureBarbara Gladstone Gallery, New York, NYGroup
2003Recent Acquisitions: Works on PaperThe Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NYGroup
2002Venice Notebook Series 2002Gemini G.E.L., Los Angeles, CASolo
2002Richard Serra: Line DrawingsGagosian Gallery, West 24th Street, New York, NYSolo
2002Prop Sculptures 1969-1987Van de Weghe Fine Art, New York, NYSolo
2002Richard Serra: Drawings/Zeichnungen 2001/2002Galerie m, Bochum, GermanySolo
2002Richard Serra: Paintstik on LinenAkira Ikeda Gallery, Yokosuka, JapanSolo
2002Richard Serra PrintsJim Kempner Fine Art, New York, NYSolo
2002Richard Serra: Venice Notebook 2001: New PrintsDanese, New York, NYSolo
2002The Physical World: An Exhibition of Painting and SculptureGagosian Gallery, Madison Avenue, New York, NYGroup
2002Video Acts: Single Channel Works from the Collections of Pamela and Richard Kramlich and New Art TrustP.S.1 Contemporary Art Center, Long Island City, NYGroup
2002Riverrun. Holland TunnelPresented by the Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NYGroup
2002Drawings of Choice from a New York CollectionKrannert Art Museum, University of Illinois, Champaign, ILGroup
2002To Be Looked At: Paintings and Sculpture from the CollectionThe Museum of Modern Art/MoMA QNS, Queens, NYGroup
2002Einfach Kunst: Sammlung Rolf RickeNeues Museum, Staatliches Museum für Kunst und Design in Nürnberg, Nuremberg, GermanyGroup
2002Colecção Onnasch: Aspectos da Arte Contemporânea [The Onnasch Collection: Aspects of Contemporary Art]Museu de Arte Contemporânea de Serralves, Porto, PortugalGroup
2002Looking at Modern Art: In Memory of David SylvesterTate Modern, London, EnglandGroup
2001Richard Serra: Torqued Spirals, Toruses and SpheresGagosian Gallery, West 24th Street, New York, NYSolo
2001Richard Serra. Works on Paper, Inc.Philadelphia, PASolo
20012001 Biennial ExhibitionVenice, ItalyGroup
2001Alexander Calder, Richard Serra, Frank Stella Van de Weghe Fine Art, New York, NYGroup
2001La obra invitada/The Guest WorkMuseo de Bellas Artes, Bilbao, SpainGroup
2001Best Impressions: 35 Years of Prints and Sculptures from Gemini G.E.LNational Gallery of Art, Washington, D.CGroup
2001Sol Lewitt, Robert Mangold, Richard SerraGalerie Lelong, Paris, FranceGroup
2001Exhibition of Work by Newly Elected Members and Recipients of Honors and AwardsAmerican Academy of Arts and Letters, New York, NYGroup
2001Kinds of DrawingHerter Art Gallery, Unviersity of Massachusetts, Amherts, MAGroup
2000Richard Serra: New PrintsDanese, New York, NYSolo
2000An Empty Space: Richard SerraAkira Ikeda Gallery. New York, NYSolo
2000Richard Serra: Weight and Measure DrawingsAmerican Academy in Rome, Rome, ItalySolo
2000Topologies, Robert Morris, Richard Serra and Dan GrahamWhitney Museum of American Art, New York, NYGroup
2000Flashing in the Shadows: The Artist’s Film in America 1966-76Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NYGroup
2000Ein|räumen: Arbeiten im MuseumHamburger Kunsthalle, Hamburg, GermanyGroup
2000Video TimeThe Museum of Modern Art, New York, NYGroup
2000Collecting Drawings, Not Artists: Gifts from the Collection of Sarah-Ann and Werner H. KramarskyFogg Art Museum, Harvard University, Cambridge, MAGroup
2000Age of Influence: Reflections in the Mirror of American CultureMuseum ofContemporary Art, Chicago, ILGroup
2000Art WorkersNewlyn Art Gallery, Penzance, Cornwall, EnglandGroup
2000Contemporary American Drawings from the Sarah-Ann and Werner H. Kramarsky CollectionPollack Gallery, Southern Methodist Museum, Dallas, TXGroup
2000End Papers: Drawings 1890-1900 and 1990-2000Neuberger Museum of Art, Purchase College, State University of New York, Purchase, NYGroup
1999Richard SerraThe Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, Bilbao, SpainSolo
1999out-of-roundGagosian Gallery, Madison Avenue, New York, NYSolo
1999SwitchGagosian Gallery, West 24th Street, New York, NYSolo
1999Torqued Ellipses and RoundsGemini G.E.L., Los Angeles, CASolo
1999Richard Serra: Torqued Ellipses and Rounds: 15 New EtchingsGemini G.E.L. at Joni Moisant Weyl, New York, NYSolo
1999Richard SerraTrajan’s Market, Rome, ItalySolo
1999Richard Serra: Selected Prints 1981–1996Danese, New York, NYSolo
1999Richard Serra: Torqued Ellipses and Rounds: 9 New EtchingsTimothy Taylor Gallery, London, EnglandSolo
1999Richard Serra: Works on Paper 1981–1993Grant Selwyn Fine Art, New York, NYSolo
1999Richard Serra: Druckgrafik, 1972–1999Museum Kurhaus Kleve, GermanySolo
1998Richard SerraThe Geffen Contemporary at the Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, CASolo
1998Richard Serra: Rounds, Eleven New Drawings/Elf neue ZeichnungenGalerie m, Bochum, GermanySolo
1998Richard Serra: Weight and Measure DrawingsGagosian Gallery, Madison Ave., New York, NYSolo
1997Richard Serra: Torqued EllipsesDia Center for the Arts, New York, NYSolo
1997Richard Serra: RoundsGagosian Gallery, SoHo, New York, NYSolo
1997Richard Serra: Rio RoundsCentro de Arte Hélio Oiticica, Rio de Janeiro, BrazilSolo
1996Richard Serra: Weight and Measure Etchings/Ike and Tina: A Drawing InstallationMatthew Marks Gallery, New York, NYSolo
1996Richard Serra: 58 x 64 x 70Gagosian Gallery, SoHo, New York, NYSolo
1996Richard Serra: New EditionsGemini G.E.L. at Joni Moisant Weyl, New York, NYSolo
1996Richard Serra: Exchange (Dessins)Musée National d’Histoire et d’Art, LuxembourgSolo
1996Richard Serra: Thirteen Intaglio PrintsGemini G.E.L., Los Angeles, CASolo
1996Richard Serra: Weight and Measure EtchingsJohn Berggruen Gallery, San Francisco, CASolo
1996Richard Serra DrawingsGalería Nieves Fernández, Madrid, SpainSolo
1995Richard Serra: Selected Drawings14/16 Verneuil -Marc Blondeau, Paris, FranceSolo
1995Richard Serra: Weight and Measure DrawingsCenter for the Fine Arts, Miami, FLSolo
1995Richard Serra: To Whom It May ConcernMatthew Marks Gallery, New York, NYSolo
1995Richard Serra: 5 Skulpturen/Sculptures 1994–5Galerie m, Bochum, GermanySolo
1994Richard Serra: PropsWilhelm-Lehmbruck-Museum, Duisburg, GermanySolo
1994Richard Serra: Weight and Measure DrawingsThe Drawing Center, New York, NYSolo
1994Calouste Gulbenkian, Lisbon, PortugalCenter of the Fine Arts, Miami, FL (through 1996)Solo
1994Richard Serra: Nova Scotia DrawingsGagosian Gallery, Madison Ave., New York, NYSolo
1994Richard Serra: Drawings and PrintsThe National Museum of Art, Osaka, JapanSolo
1994Richard Serra: Props. Wilhelm-LehmbruckMuseum der Stadt Duisburg, GermanySolo
1994Richard Serra: Wall to WallBenesse House, Naoshima Contemporary Art Museum, Kagawa Prefecture, JapanSolo
1993Installation Drawings, Richard SerraThe Serpentine Gallery, London, EnglandSolo
1993Richard Serra: Selections from the Permanent Collection. Solomon RGuggenheim Museum, New York, NYSolo
1993Richard Serra: Intersection IIGagosian Gallery, SoHo, New York, NYSolo
1993Richard Serra: DrawingsGagosian Gallery, Madison Ave., New York, NYSolo
1993Richard Serra: Eight DrawingsDaniel Weinberg Gallery, Los Angeles, CASolo
1993Richard Serra: Works on PaperGalerie Pels-Leusden, Villa Grisebach, Berlin, GermanySolo
1993Richard Serra: Weight and MeasureTate Gallery, London, EnglandSolo
1992Richard Serra: Wall to WallBenesse House, Naoshima Contemporary Art Museum, Benesse Island, JapanSolo
1992Richard Serra: Running Arcs, for John CageKunstsammlung Nordrhein-Westfalen, Düsseldorf, GermanySolo
1992Richard Serra: Weight and MeasureThe Tate Gallery, London, England (through 1993)Solo
1992Richard SerraCentro de Arte Reina Sofía, Madrid, SpainSolo
1992Richard Serra: Graphik aus den Jahren 1989 bis 1992Saarland Museum, Saarbrücken, GermanySolo
1992Richard Serra: Drawings and Etchings from IcelandMatthew Marks Gallery, New York, NYSolo
1992Richard Serra: Deadweight SeriesThe Pace Gallery, New York, NYSolo
1992Richard Serra: Ten PrintsSusan Sheehan Gallery, New York, NYSolo
1992Richard Serra: The Drowned and the SavedSynagogue Stommeln, Pulheim, GermanySolo
1992Richard Serra: GravuresMusée d’Art Moderne de Céret, FranceSolo
1991Richard Serra: Drei ZeichnungenStädelsches Kunstinstitut und Städtische Galerie, Frankfurt am Main, GermanySolo
1991Richard SerraMalmö Konsthall, Malmö, SwedenSolo
1991Richard Serra: Videy Afangar SeriesGemini G.E.L., Los Angeles, CASolo
1991Richard Serra, New Editions Published by Gemini G.E.L., Paintsticks and Etchings 1991Gemini G.E.L. at Joni Moisant Weyl, New York, NYSolo
1991Richard Serra: Sculpture and DrawingsGagosian Gallery, Madison Ave., New York, NY (through 1992)Solo
1991Richard Serra: The Afangar Icelandic SeriesThe Museum of Modern Art, New York, NYSolo
1991Richard Serra: Afangar Icelandic SeriesGemini G.E.L., Los Angeles, CASolo
1990Richard Serra: TekeningenBonnefantenmuseum, Maastricht, The NetherlandsSolo
1990The Sculpture: The Hours of the DayKunsthaus, Zürich, SwitzerlandSolo
1990The Sculpture: Threats of Hell. C.A.P.CMusée d'Art Contemporain, Bordeaux, FranceSolo
1990Richard Serra/Vier Neue Zeichnungen/Four New DrawingsGalerie m, Bochum, GermanySolo
1990DrawingsGalerie Yvon Lambert, Paris, FranceSolo
1990Richard Serra: Drei ZeichnungenStadtische Galerie im Stadelschen Kunstinstitut, Frankfurt am Main, GermanySolo
1989Richard Serra GraphikGalerie Cora Hölzl, Düsseldorf, GermanySolo
1989Richard Serra: Gravures récentesGalerie Lelong, Paris, FranceSolo
1989Richard Serra: New Paintstik/Silkscreen PrintsJohn C. Stoller & Co., Minneapolis, MNSolo
1989Richard Serra: Sculpture 1987–1989The Pace Gallery, New York, NYSolo
1989Richard Serra: 8 Drawings:Weights and MeasuresLeo Castelli Gallery, New York, NYSolo
1988Richard Serra, New PrintsGemini, G.E.L., Los Angeles, CASolo
1988Richard Serra: New GraphicsGalerie Littmann, Basel, SwitzerlandSolo
1988Richard Serra: 10 Sculptures for the van AbbeStedelijk van Abbemuseum, Eindhoven, The NetherlandsSolo
1988Richard Serra: Recent WorksGalerie Nordenhake, Stockholm, SwedenSolo
1987Richard Serra, New PrintsGemini, G.E.L., Los Angeles, CASolo
1987Richard Serra: New EditionPace Prints, New York, NYSolo
1987Richard Serra: Sculpture 1985–1987: Wall Props and DrawingsPace Gallery, New York, NYSolo
1987Richard Serra: 7 Spaces/7 SculpturesStädtische Galerie m Lenbachhaus, München, Germany (through 1988)Solo
1987Richard Serra: Wall PropsAkira Ikeda Gallery, Tokyo, JapanSolo