Rob Scholte - Photo of the artist giving a speach - Photo Credits Wikiwand

Rob Scholte

Netherlands 1958

Conceptual Art, Painting

Rob Scholte
Rob Scholte
May 7, 2016
Andreja Velimirović is a passionate content writer with a knack for art and old movies. Majoring in art history, he is an expert on avant-garde modern movements and medieval church fresco decorations. Feel free to contact him via his Linkedin profile:

One of the more controversial contemporary artists that emerged from the Netherlands in recent decades is without the slightest doubt Rob Scholte, a man whose career was based on manipulated reproductions of images he found in the media and art history. He is also held in high regard for his extensive knowledge of the meanings and values of images he started developing as an art history student at the Gerrit Rietveld Academie in Amsterdam. Before we dive into his story, we should quickly get the darkest part of his biography out of the way – it should be noted that in 1994 Scholte lost both his legs after a bomb exploded underneath his car. Luckily, as you will soon come to find out for yourself, this assassination attempt did not manage to slow down Scholte’s work in the slightest.

Rob Scholte - Utopia, 1986 - hij auto 2010 wat aanslag 2000 waar wikipedia gogh 2016
Rob Scholte – Utopia, 1986

Rob’s Ideas And Concepts

Rob Scholte was born on June 1 during the year of 1958, in the city of Amsterdam, Netherlands. Between the years of 1977 and 1982, he studied art history at the aforementioned Gerrit Rietveld Academie. This period was crucial for his future career as it was during this time that Scholte started assembling his optical archive in which he constantly placed all the paintings, logos, quotes, images and photos he was able to get his hands on. He would later combine them in different ways that would turn them into ironic depictions, such as Disney is art, so why shouldn’t art also be Disney? or Art is to change what you expect from it. But before he started making such pieces, Rob was trained to be a traditional painter – you can see one of his oil pieces above this paragraph. Even then he started showing signs of how clever and manipulative (in the best sense of the word) his career would be – Utopia is a clear nod to the famous Olympia – Manet’s painting first exhibited at the 1865 Paris Salon. Scholte’s work has started enjoying international success ever since he decided to take part in documenta 8 – at that event, he presented his first picture-in-picture satire that hit the public. It was an adaptation of Edvard Munch’s The Scream and it caused a massive uproar. Scholte painted a tin clown that in the middle of Munch’s composition and by doing so he made an ironic commentary on the role of the artist. By such pieces, Scholte started to be regarded as a controversial figure.

Scholte’s pieces can be instantly recognized by his clever manipulations and alterations

Rob Scholte - Vrede van Munster - hij auto 2010 wat aanslag 2000 waar wikipedia gogh 2016
Rob Scholte – Vrede van Munster

Analyzing Scholte’s Work Further

Rob Scholte was often referred to as a visual fetishist because he is not able to resist from collecting every image that interests him even slightly. Although almost all of them prove to be useful for Rob, he has luckily been very successful at using all the material he gathers – over the years, he has proved that his font of ideas is essentially inexhaustible. Since much of Scholte’s work is based on theories and concepts, he is naturally very active in giving speeches and lectures – some of his speeches you can see on our Videos subpage. You will see how he understands the roles of art and artists, how expression has developed over the centuries and just how wrong the popular belief is that art can be considered a straight line leading from A to Z. His works vary in size, from extremely small to enormous – like his largest painting as of yet, in which he depicted a war image from Nagasaki. That piece is now located in the reconstructed Palace Residence of the Netherlands. Scholte’s first solo exhibition was in 1984 at The Living Room gallery in Amsterdam and – although nobody denied his talent and deep understanding of art – many critics were outraged by the ideas behind the displayed pieces. The exhibition’s focal point was the play of the meanings of images and their way of dismantling typical modes of seeing. Scholte’s 1988 Self-portrait is a typical example of the tricks and deceptions he employed – the purposefully absent portrait has been replaced by a large yellow copyright symbol. The ownership of rights seems to be a long-term theme inside his work as the subject never lost interest to him. Rob’s work has been shown in many different galleries and museums, as the likes of Galerie Witteveen Amsterdam, Ludwig Forum für Internationale Kunst, Groninger Museum, Fries Museum, Paleis Huis ten Bosch, Nagasaki, Sprengel Museum, Grey Art Gallery, Museum Van Bommel-Van Dam, Kunsthaus Hamburg, Stedelijk Museum, Museum of Contemporary Art, etc. It should also be noted that Scholte represented Netherlands at their pavilion at the Venice Biennale in the year of 1990.

Much of Rob’s mature work has focused on concepts and wrongness of copyright laws

Rob Scholte - Lucifer in paradise, 2006-2009 (detail) - hij auto 2010 wat aanslag 2000 waar wikipedia gogh 2016
Rob Scholte – Lucifer in paradise, 2006-2009 (detail)

This Is What Happens When Smarts Meets Dedication

It’s hard to determine which part of Rob’s personality we should admire the most. Although it’s incredible that the 1994 attempt on his life did not slow him down, the most impressive segment of his life is the fantastic understanding of art he possesses. The way he plays with the meanings of images – be they images he paints or digitally remasters – Scholte always leaves us speechless. We can learn a lot from this artist and his commentary on the interchangeability of objects and values in which we put so much trust. Simply put, his work is thorough, precise, eye-opening and entertaining. How often do we get to say that about an artist?

The artist is represented by in Miami, United States.

Rob Scholte lives and works in in Bergen, Norway.

Featured Image: Rob Scholte – Photo of the artist giving a speach – Photo Credits Wikiwand
All Images Photo Credits Rob Scholte

YearExhibition TitleGallery/MuseumSolo/Group
2015Wintershow 2015 - 2016Jaski Art Gallery, Amsterdam Group
2015KrachtwerkenGemeentemuseum HelmondGroup
2015Lost and FoundGroninger Museum, GroningenGroup
2014Ultra! - KuuBRuimte voor Kunst en Cultuur, Utrecht Solo
2014The best of Rob ScholteGalerie De Compagnie, Dordrecht Solo
2014The Sea - Salut D'honneur Jan HoetMuseum voor Moderne Kunst, Oostende Group
2014Plus UltraBogert Gallery, Knokke-Zoute Group
2014Figure ThatGalerie Frank Taal, RotterdamGroup
2013Rob Scholte - No Expo - Odapark VenrayCentrum hedendaagse kunst, Venray Solo
2013Rob Scholte - RauchTeapot, Cologne Solo
2013Stop making Sense, Nederlandse schilderkunst uit de jarenDordrechts Museum, Dordrecht Group
2013Sch O+ Aan ZeeBogert Gallery, Knokke-Zoute Group
2013rosebudTeapot, Cologne Group
2013Scho+Kersgallery, Amsterdam Group
2013Cash for goldCirca...dit, Arnhem Group
2012Rob Scholte - Key WorksJaski Art Gallery, Amsterdam Solo
2012Mount Lucifer in paradiseGalerie Frank Taal, Rotterdam Solo
2012Theo Lenders - Wer Nicht Denken Will Fliegt Raus - Odapark VenrayCentrum hedendaagse kunst, Venray Group
2012Alternative Entrance - KunstbunkerForum für zeitgenössische Kunst, Nuremberg Group
2012Rob Scholte - Leerling-meester Exposities #1Kunstpodium T, Tilburg Group
2012voor eeuwig de jouweGlaspaleis , Heerlen Group
2012voor eeuwig de jouweStadsgalerij Heerlen, Heerlen Group
2012The Happy Fainting of PaintingZwinger Galerie, Berlin Group
2012God Save the Queen: Punk in the Netherlands 1977-1984Centraal Museum, Utrecht Group
2011Rob Scholte - Glossy and other seriesTeapot, Cologne Solo
2011Rob ScholteGalerie Delta, Rotterdam Solo
2011Rob ScholteMuseum de Fundatie - Paleis Blijmarkt, Zwolle Solo
2011Rob Scholte - ZakdoekenProject Space, Amsterdam Solo
2011GlossyJaski Art Gallery, Amsterdam Solo
2011Hirschfaktor - Die Kunst des ZitierensZentrum für Kunst und Medientechnologie Karlsruhe, Karlsruhe Group
2011Twente BiënnaleAkkuH Aktuele Kunst Hengelo, Hengelo Group
2011Geen Geld, Wel Overuren: Mooie Beelden & Sculpturen Nieuwe Vide, Haarlem Group
2010Les cadavres exquis des années quatre-vingtGalerie Witteveen, Amsterdam Solo
2010MuzeGalerie Frank Taal, Rotterdam Group
2010brainspinebeateapot, Cologne Group
2010Zomer-expositieGalerie Witteveen, Amsterdam Group
2010Eat your Art Out!ArtKitchen Gallery, Amsterdam Group
2010Beeld verplaatstMuseum Meermanno, The Hague Group
2009Rob Scholte - EmbroideryWillem Kerseboom Modern & Contemporary Art, Amsterdam Solo
2009Lucifer in paradiseGalerie Scala, Berlin Solo
2009Bergense SchoolGalería Leyendecker, Santa Cruz de Tenerife Solo
2009Inventar # 6Mehdi Chouakri, Berlin Group
2009Berlin group showGalerie Saupe, Berlin Group
2009Palais des MiragesMönchehaus Museum Goslar, Goslar Group
2009Remain in LightW139, Amsterdam Group
2009Time Boom the Devil DeadGalerie Witteveen, Amsterdam Group
2009NL.DREI Raum für Gegenwartskunst, Cologne Group
2009The last supper & beyond Willem Kerseboom Modern & Contemporary Art, Amsterdam Group
2008Rob Scholte - Mount Luzifer - KunstbunkerForum für zeitgenössische Kunst, Nuremberg Solo
2008Rob Scholte - EmbroideryMehdi Chouakri, Berlin Solo
2008Rob Scholte - Ins Blaue hineinGalerie Epikur - Wuppertal, Wuppertal Solo
2008door einander - durch elkaarGalerie Petra Nostheide-Eÿcke, Nettetal Solo
2008Golden HorizonMuseum van Bommel van Dam, Venlo Solo
2008once in a lifetimeMayerei, Karlsruhe Group
2008La mirada persuasivaGalería Estudio Artizar, La Laguna Group
2008Die Hände der KunstMARTa Herford, Herford Group
2008The Hands of ArtSMAK Stedelijk Museum voor Actuele Kunst, Ghent Group
2007Rob ScholteGalerie Delta, Rotterdam Solo
2007KroonjuwelenWestelijk Handelsterrein, Pakhuis 35 & 36, Rotterdam Solo
2007KroonjuwelenJaski Art Gallery, Amsterdam Solo
2007Rob ScholteGalería Leyendecker, Santa Cruz de Tenerife Solo
2007Whisper in the WestArtKitchen Gallery, Amsterdam Group
2007Dutch DialoguesSterling and Francine Clark Art Institute - The Clark, Williamstown, MA Group
2007Kunst van geldGeldmuseum, Utrecht Group
2007Voorjaar 2007Galerie Witteveen, Amsterdam Group
2006Bamboe, minnebrief aan onze gemartelde bruid IndonesiaGalerie Witteveen, Amsterdam Solo
2006Lucifer in paradiseJaski Art Gallery, Amsterdam Solo
2006Bergense School - ZakdoekenGalerie Witteveen, Amsterdam Solo
2006Rob ScholteGallery Signaal, Hengelo Solo
2006Rob ScholteHeitsch Gallery, Munich Solo
2006Spooky - the dark side of lightHet Gebouw, Utrecht Group
2006AllstarsHeitsch Gallery, Munich Group
2006KapitalKent Gallery, New York City, NY Group
2006De Animaux collectieestelijk Handelsterrein, Pakhuis 35 & 36, Rotterdam Group
2006Accent op grafiekPARC Editions, Lent Group
2005HistoryWestelijk Handelsterrein, Pakhuis 35 & 36, Rotterdam Solo
2005Bergense School, 13 dorpsgezichtenWillem Kerseboom Modern & Contemporary Art, Amsterdam Solo
2005SalaryWestelijk Handelsterrein, Pakhuis 35 & 36, Rotterdam Solo
2005EmbroideryWestelijk Handelsterrein, Pakhuis 35 & 36, Rotterdam Solo
2005Rob ScholteKunstuitleen Gouda Regio, Gouda Solo
2005artgames - Analogien zwischen KunstLudwig Forum für Internationale Kunst, Aachen Group
2005Keuze uit de collectiesStedelijk Museum ’s-Hertogenbosch, 's-Hertogenbosch Group
2005Factory on timeMusée d'Art Contemporain Lyon, Lyon Group
200550 Jahre - Years documenta 1955 – 2005Kunsthalle Fridericianum, Kassel Group
2005Les Grands Spectacles - 120 Jahre Kunst und MassenkulturMuseum der Moderne Salzburg Mönchsberg, Salzburg Group
2004Made in China - Blue PeriodGalerie Witteveen, Amsterdam Solo
2004The Dutch Show - Contemporary Dutch artists in Greekhe Netherlands Institute, Athens Group
2004Beyound PostersGalleri Susanne Ottesen, Copenhagen Group
2004Porträt ohne AntlitzKunsthalle zu Kiel, Kiel Group
2004V.I.P.2 - Die NeuenMuseum Morsbroich, Leverkusen Group
2004PortrettenparadeFries Museum, Leeuwarden Group
2004Aus einer Grafschafter PrivatsammlungKunstverein Grafschaft Bentheim, Neuenhaus Group
2004 Beyond Posters: a visual history of Galleri SusanneDCA Gallery, New York City, NY Group
2003 Yesterday begins tomorrowDeste Foundation, Athens Group
2003Boijmans in Breda - Van Manet tot Sarah LucasMuseum De Beyerd, Breda Group
2003PersonalitiesFries Museum, Leeuwarden Group
2003Las Tentaciones de San AntonioCentro Atlántico de Arte Moderno (CAAM), Las Palmas de Gran Canaria Group
2002Grand BazarThe Living Room, Amsterdam Group
2002Cover to coverMuseum De Beyerd, Breda Group
2002No copyGroninger Museum, Groningen Group
2002Liefde op het eerste gezichtNoordbrabants Museum, 's-Hertogenbosch Group
2002Kunst zonder kerk, Nederlandse christelijke kunst uitMuseum voor Religieuze Kunst, Uden Group
2000Plug-insGalería Leyendecker, Santa Cruz de Tenerife Solo
2000Plug-Ins; Woman is the nigger of the worldFries Museum, Leeuwarden Solo
2000The Presentation - Dutch Art in the ‘Stedelijk PalaceStedelijk Museum CS, Amsterdam Group
2000Opening WorldsHeitsch Gallery, Munich Group
2000Holland HorizonsMuseo Nacional de Bellas Artes, Buenos Aires Group
2000Cos-PlayArti et Amicitiae, Amsterdam Group
1999Oh HitchcockSalzlager Hall, Hall Group
1999RAREArt Industry Gallery, Amsterdam Group
1998RevelationsGalería Leyendecker, Santa Cruz de Tenerife Solo
1998Rob Scholte - Recent worksMuseum Jan van der Togt, Amstelveen Solo
1998Zwerfvogels & Festival van ContrastenArtKitchen Gallery, Amsterdam Group
1998René Magritte en de hedendaagse kunstPMMK - Museum voor Moderne Kunst, Oostende Group
1998Colección DobermannSala de Arte Contemporáneo, Santa Cruz de Tenerife Group
1998Der Affe MalerGalerie Borgemeister, Berlin Group
1997Jan Fabre, Rob Scholte, Edward LipskiGalerie Ronny van de Velde, Antwerp Group
1997Nabeelden van de oude meestersArti et Amicitiae, Amsterdam Group
1996Corona Roja - sobre el vulcánCentro Atlántico de Arte Moderno (CAAM), Las Palmas Group
1996 Attitudes 2Stadsgalerij Heerlen, Heerlen Group
1996Under Capricorn - The World OverStedelijk Museum CS, Amsterdam Group
1996The World Over: Art in the Age of GlobalisationWellington City Gallery, Wellington Group
1996KünstlerProfessorInnenKasseler Kunstverein, Kassel Group
1995Pierrot: melancholie und MaskeHaus der Kunst München, MunichGroup
1995Bits and piecesArti et Amicitiae, Amsterdam Group
1994Rob ScholteAbbaye St André - Centre d'art contemporain Meymac, Meymac Solo
1994Rob ScholteAbbaye St André - Centre d'art contemporain Meymac, Meymac Solo
1994Die Orte der KunstSprengel Museum Hannover, Hannover Group
1993Reconsidered imagesGalerie van Gelder, Amsterdam Group
1993Netherart, a dutch response to the ninetiesGrey Art Gallery, NYU, New York City, NY Group
1993Het theater van de oorlogCokkie Snoei Rotterdam, Rotterdam Group
1992Rob ScholteStroom Den Haag, The Hague Solo
1992Les Iconodules : la question de l'imageMusée Malraux, Le Havre Group
1992 RealitiesCírculo de Bellas Artes de Madrid (CBA), Madrid Group
1992Pop & ArtvertisingMuseum van Bommel van Dam, Venlo Group
1992Sans og samlingMuseet for Samtidskunst, Roskilde Group
1992Et Udvalg egne Editioner 1981-1991Galleri Susanne Ottesen, Copenhagen Group
1991Rob ScholteGalleri Susanne Ottesen, Copenhagen Solo
19917 Werkgruppen von Rob ScholteKunstverein Hannover, Hannover Solo
1991AnniNovantaGalleria d'Arte Moderna di Bologna - GAM, Bologna Group
1991Rose ist eine Rose..., Objekt, BildKunsthalle Göppingen, Göppingen Group
1990Arbeijder pa papiralleri Susanne Ottesen, Copenhagen Group
1990Esposizione Biennale Internazionale d'Arte della Città di VeneziaLa Biennale di Venezia, Venice Group
1990EnergieënStedelijk Museum CS, Amsterdam Group
1989European Avant-GardeCenter for the arts, Reading, PA Group
1989Open Mind (Gesloten Circuits)SMAK Stedelijk Museum voor Actuele Kunst, Ghent Group
19896 Dutch ArtistsFruitmarket Gallery, Edinburgh, Scotland Group
1988How to starMuseum Boijmans van Beuningen, Rotterdam Solo
1988Rob Scholte - PortraitsKasseler Kunstverein, Kassel Solo
1988Nobody's Foolsde Appel Boys' School, Amsterdam Group
1988Gran Pavese, The Flag ProjectMuHKA Museum voor Hedendaagse Kunst Antwerpen, Antwerp Group
1988Eh! bien prenons la plumeArti et Amicitiae, Amsterdam Group
1988Europa OggiCentro per l´Arte Contemporanea Luigi Pecci, Prato, PO Group
1987Rob ScholteMusée d'Art Contemporain Lyon, Lyon Solo
1987Mostra in progress numero unoGalleria Bonomo, Bari Group
1987documenta 8Documenta, Kassel Group
1986Chambres d'amisSMAK Stedelijk Museum voor Actuele Kunst, Ghent Group
198518° Bienal de Sao PauloBienal de Sao Paulo, São Paulo Group