Rosemarie Trockel/ Rosemarie Trockel

Germany 1952

Surrealism

Rosemarie Trockel
Rosemarie Trockel
Female
Germany
1952

Rosemarie Trockel is one of the most influential German contemporary artists, internationally renowned for her complex and controversial works. Her oeuvre is quite diverse in themes and mediums, which include works on paper, knitted paintings, and sculptures. Trockel’s artworks are very challenging and it is not easy to associate a particular artistic style with her innovative gestures: she often addresses feminist issues through her art, as well as challenging breakthrough theories of sexuality, culture, and artistic processing. Although her pieces are clearly versatile, Trockel became best known for her unique knit paintings made of machine-woolen materials stretched onto fabric.

rosemarie trockel rosemarie gallery exhibitions Rosemarie Trockel - Untitled, 1989
Rosemarie Trockel – Untitled, 1989

Early Life and Interest in Sculpture, Film, and Ceramics

Rosemarie Trockel was born in the early 50s in Schwerte, Germany. She attended the university from 1974 to 1978 at the Werkkunstschule in Cologne. During her school days, talented young Trockel has already shown an undeniable interest is the grotesque and the unusual and majority of her early artworks were influenced by the later forms of surrealism. Another major influence when it comes to Trockel’s art study was Joseph Beuys – many art critiques agree on the fact that Trockel’s wild imagination without any limits resembles Beuys’s style. Trockel is known to experiment with many mediums, such as film, video, ceramics, drawings, and collages, which emphasizes the strength of Trockel’s talent. In addition to her works in film, ceramics, and drawings, a lot of Trockel’s pieces represent innovative sculptures done in an array of different materials. In the early 1980s, Trockel became an active exhibitor and her first solo shows were held at the Cologne gallery of Monika Sprüth, which was famous for showcasing only female artists. Since the German art scene at the time was dominated by male artists such as like Joseph Beuys and Gerhard Richter, Trockel’s presence was really refreshing and daring at the same time. Ever since the beginning of her career, Trockel showed her love for addressing controversial issues of sexuality, feminism, as well as the hierarchy of the political and social systems.

During her school days, talented young Rosemarie Trockel has already shown an undeniable interest is the grotesque and the unusual

 trockel rosemarie gallery untitled exhibition Rosemarie Trockel -Day and Night 1, 2013
Rosemarie Trockel – Day and Night 1, 2013

Recurring Themes and Motifs in the Art of Rosemarie Trockel

While it is true that Trockel’s style can’t be easily categorized due to its complexity, we can still find a number of recurring themes and motifs throughout her oeuvre. The most common themes are notions of female identity, feminism, also the relationship between fine art and craftsmanship as well as the presence or anonymity of the artist traceable in his artwork. During the 70s, the artist started addressing various contemporary concerns, such as the place of a female artist in the art world. Her work has constantly challenged many complex concepts of sexuality, culture, and artistic processes.Her installations and sculptures are often large-scale, which defies many stereotypes related to female art. In the 1980s, Trockel’s art has reached an international appraisal and she started organizing important solo shows in the United States, for instance at the Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) in New York. When it comes to Trockel’s use of various materials, wool is considered one of her signature choices. Rosemarie Trockel has created a famous series of machine-knit wool works in the 1980s. B 1985, she came to a brilliant idea to stretch these woolen materials onto frames.The woolen pieces she is famous for are not any regular embroidery- instead, her materials are patterned with computer-made geometrical motifs, or with famous logos, such as the hammer and sickle, which is the widely-known motif of the Soviet Union. Trockel’s series from 2011 called I See Darkness (2011) is her most revered series featuring wool. In these pieces, a black yarn is stretched across a square of white Perspex. Which creates the illusion of a black and white painting. Trockel’s more recent wool paintings, from 2013, combine horizontal and vertical stripes of color, resembling the formal compositions of twentieth-century abstract painting.

During the 70s, Rosemarie Trockel started addressing various contemporary concerns and events, such as the place of a female artist in the art world

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Rosemarie Trockel – Kinderwagen, 2008

Trockel’s Sculpture and Video Works

Talking about Trockel’s sculpture, her best-known piece consists of a steel cube with six plates in two parallel, diagonal lines. This piece is conceptual and it represents an improvised bridge between the feminine and masculine realms of industrial production. Another interesting sample of Trockel’s work is her series of pictures of cobwebs, made by spiders under the influence of LSD, hashish, or mescaline. The artist claimed that these altered webs depict loneliness and defeat of spiders because their webs couldn’t catch prey they needed to survive. This unique spider series is the part of the permanent collection of the Museum of Modern Art in New York. Trockel’s piece from 1990 called Painting Machine and 56 Brush Strokes is as unusual as her artwork featuring cobwebs. This artwork is a one-of-a-kind mechanical contraption consisting of intertwined wires, steel rollers, and 56 paint brushes. The brushes are made of human hair belonging to the legendary artists such as Cindy Sherman and Barbara Kruger. Starting from the late 1980s, Trockel’s interest in woolen pieces has decreased and she became passionate about video works. In her video project called Naples, large flocks of birds rhythmically move across the screen, Ants focuses on movements of a single insect. Trockel’s video from 2003 called Goodbye Mrs. Monipäer features a group of people who contemplate artworks in a modern house. Consequently, they appeared framed and behind glass themselves, because of the aesthetics of modern architecture. This piece is rather interesting in a conceptual sense and it resembles the idea of a metatheatre, normally used as a literary technique. Since 2004, the medium of collage has also become an important part of Trockel’s oeuvre.

Starting from the late 1980s, Trockel’s interest in woolen pieces has decreased and she became passionate about video works

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Rosemarie Trockel – Copy Me, 2013

Exhibitons and Commissions : from 1960 until 2016

Rosemarie Trockel has collaborated with many artists, and has been the subject of numerous solo exhibitions, including those held at the Institute of Contemporary Art in London, England, the Museum of Modern Art in New York, NY, the Museum of Contemporary Art in Chicago, IL, the Institute of Contemporary Art in Boston, MA, Kunstmuseum in St. Gallen, Switzerland, the Moderna Museet in Stockholm, Sweden, The Drawing Center in New York, NY, and Kunstmuseum Basel in Basel, Switzerland. In 2012, her art was featured in a major retrospective exhibition called Rosemarie Trockel: A Cosmos, which was held at the New Museum in New York. After the enormous success of the initial show, in 2013 this exhibition has traveled to the Serpentine Galleries in London. During the same year, another retrospective of her entire work, with wool pictures, ceramics, foam sculptures and collages was held at the WIELS Contemporary Art Centre in Brussels. In 2014, Trockel’s pieces were included in the exhibition called Fiber Sculpture: 1960-Present, held at the Institute of Contemporary Art, Boston.When it comes to her most influential and largest commissions, in 1995 Trockel has created the Frankfurter Engel memorial in Frankfurt, Germany. Two years later, in 1997, she has installed her piece called A House for Pigs and People in Kassel, Germany.In the late 90s, together with Thea Djordjadze, Trockel designed Image Movement, which is a film shop and cinema space within Sprüth Magers’ gallery in Berlin. More recently, in 2009, Trockel has designed a large picture for the Vienna State Opera, called Safety Curtain, while in 2010 she made portraits of South Korean designers, as the part of New York Fashion Week show. These portraits were used to address the issue of gender identity in the world of fashion.

In 2012, Trockel’s work was featured in a major retrospective exhibition called Rosemarie Trockel: A Cosmos, which was held at the New Museum in New York

Rosemarie Trockel - Installation View untitled 2012
Rosemarie Trockel – Installation View: A Cosmos – Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofia, Madrid, 2012

Commentary on the Subliminal Power of Language

Rosemarie Trockel is one of the first female artists of the contemporary German art scene who had a huge influence and power in many different mediums, from painting to video art. The concurrent themes of her work are all bold and important, such as the female role in society, the symbols as social signifiers and also her fascination with various innovative scientific studies, Additionally, Trockel and her amazing skill to incorporate various references to popular culture through logos or symbols is yet another way to comment on the role of art and on the power of subliminal language found in the realms of visual representation.

Rosemarie Trockel lives and works in Cologne, Germany.

Featured image: Portrait of Rosemarie Trockel – image via nytimes.com
All other images courtesy of Gladstone Gallery.

YearExhibition TitleGallery/MuseumSolo/Group
2016Study #14. Oh Mystery Girl 3David Roberts Art Foundation, LondonSolo
2016Eau de CologneSprüth Magers, Los AngelesGroup
2016MESchrin Kunsthalle, Frankfurt, GermanyGroup
2016Manifesta 11Zurich, SwitzerlandGroup
2016Identity RevistedThe Warehouse, Dallas, TexasGroup
2016Spooky ActionHessel Museum of Art, Bard College, Annandale-on-Hudson, New YorkGroup
2016Nice WeatherSkarstedt Gallery, New YorkGroup
2016LIFE ITSELFModerna Museet, StockholmGroup
2015Marzoschnee und Wieborweh sand am Moargo niana meKunsthaus Bregenz, Bregenz, AustriaSolo
2015Ape CultureHaus der Kulturen der Welt, BerlinGroup
2015Desperate Housewives? Women artists clear awayMuseum Kulturspeicher Wurzburg, Wurzbug, GermanyGroup
2015Station to StationBarbican Center, LondonGroup
2015The Great MotherFondazione Nicolas Trussardi, MilanGroup
2015Adventures of the Black Square: Abstract Art and Society 1915 – 2015Whitechapel Gallery, LondonGroup
2015Fresh Prints: The Nineties to NowThe Cleveland Museum of Art, ClevelandGroup
2015ParadeUrsula Blickle Stiftung, Baden-Württernberg, GermanyGroup
2015Collecting for Tomorrow: new works at MuseionMuseion, Bolzano, ItalyGroup
2015KvinderHorsens Kunstmuseum, Horsens, DenmarkGroup
2015Avatar and Atavism: Outside the Avant-GardeKunsthalle Düsseldorf, DüsseldorfGroup
2014Rosemarie Trockel: Less Sauvage Than OthersAspen Art Museum, ColoradoSolo
2014Rosemarie TrockelCahiers d'Art, ParisSolo
2014Rosemarie TrockelGoethe Institut / Max Mueller Bhavan, Mumbai, IndiaSolo
20141984-1999, The DecadeCentre Pompidou-Metz, Metz, FranceGroup
2014Noah’s Ark – Animals and Humans in the Art of Modernism to the PresentMuseum am Ostwall, Dortmund, GermanyGroup
2014Looks! Body! Sensations! An anatomical waxworks and the ArtsHygiene-Museum, Dresden, GermanyGroup
2014FIRE!Venus over Manhattan, New YorkGroup
2014The NakedsDrawing Room, LondonGroup
2013Rosemarie TrockelGladstone Gallery, New YorkSolo
2013Rosemarie TrockelSprüth Magers, LondonSolo
2013Rosemarie Trockel: A CosmosSerpentine Gallery, LondonSolo
2013Rosemarie Trockel: Flagrant DelightMuseion Bolzano, ItalySolo
2013Expression: A Philosophical Portrait of Humankind, Works Selected by Martin Klosterfeld Ben Brown Fine Arts, Hong KongGroup
2013The Circle Walked CasuallyDeutsche Bank KunstHalle, BerlinGroup
2013Soft PicturesFondazione Sandretto Re Rebaudengo, ItalyGroup
2013XerographyFirstsite, EssexGroup
2013A Top-hat, a Monocle, and a ButterflyEstablissement d'en face, BrusselsGroup
2012Rosemarie Trockel: A CosmosMuseo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía, Madrid Solo
2012Rosemarie Trockel: Flagrant DelightWiels, Brussels, Belgium Solo
2012Rosemarie TrockelThe Artist’s Institute, New YorkSolo
2012This Will Have Been: Art, Love & Politics in the 1980sMuseum of Contemporary Art, ChicagoGroup
2012Why I Never Became a Dancer: Selections from the Goetz CollectionHaus der Kunst, Munich, GermanyGroup
2012Prima MateriaGladstone Gallery, BrusselsGroup
2012Maison de Plaisance: Rosemarie Trockel / Paloma Varga WeiszMuseum Morsbroich, Leverkusen, GermanyGroup
2011Rosemarie Trockel: Kaiserringträgerin der Stadt Goslar 2011Mönchehaus Museum Goslar, GermanySolo
2011Rosemarie TrockelRoyal Hibernian Gallery, DublinSolo
2011A New Hook: Rethinking NeedleworkMuseum Bellerive, Zurich, SwitzerlandGroup
2011Sovereign Women.  Neue Arbeiten der Künstlerinnen Jutta Koether und Rosemarie TrockelTexte Zur Kunst, BerlinGroup
2011Dialog >< GraphikKünstlerhaus Sootbörn, Hamburg, GermanyGroup
2011Atlas: How to Carry the World on Ones Back?Zentrum für Kunst und Medientechnologie, Karlsruhe, GermanyGroup
2010Rosemarie Trockel, Drawings, Collages, Book DraftsKunstmuseum Basel, Basel, SwitzerlandSolo
2010Rosemarie Trockel: Deliquescence of the MotherKunsthalle Zurich, SwitzerlandSolo
2010Rosmarie Trockel: Selected WorksSkarstedt Gallery, New YorkSolo
2010Just Love MeMudam Luxembourg, Luxembourg, FranceGroup
2010Keeping it Real: Subversive AbstractionWhitechapel Gallery, LondonGroup
2010High Ideals & Crazy DreamsGaleria Vera Munro, Hamburg, GermanyGroup
2009For the blind man in the dark room looking for the black cat that isn’t thereContemporary Art Museum St. Louis, St. Louis, MissouriGroup
2009Group ShowDonald Young Gallery, ChicagoGroup
2009Projects #2: Rosemarie Trockel, Jacques Herzog, Ian Hamilton FinlaySTAMPA, Basel, SwitzerlandGroup
2008Neue ArbeitenGeorg Kargl Fine Arts, ViennaSolo
2008Favorite ThingsDonald Young Gallery, ChicagoSolo
2008Keramiken und CollagenGalerie Crone, BerlinSolo
2008Drawing a Tension: Works from the Deutsche Bank CollectionCalouste Gulbenkian Foundation, LisbonGroup
2008Quiet PoliticsZwirner & Wirth, New YorkGroup
2008Summer Group ShowDonald Young Gallery, ChicagoGroup
2007RO’MAAlbion Gallery, LondonSolo
2007Rosemarie Trockel: Selected drawings, objects and videoworksMuseu Paco das Artes São Paulo, São Paulo, BrazilSolo
2007Soltanto un quadro al Massimo: Michelangelo Pistoletto – Rosemarie TrockelDeutsche Akademie Rom Villa Massimo, RomeSolo
2007SkulpturProjekteMunster07Galerie Anne de Villepoix, ParisGroup
2007MaskJames Cohan Gallery, New YorkGroup
2007Makers and ModelersGladstone Gallery, New YorkGroup
2006Country Life, New Ceramics, and PotteryGladstone Gallery, New YorkSolo
2006RO’MAMuseum Kuppersmuhle fur Moderne Kunst, Duisburg, GermanySolo
2006Touch My ShadowsWystawa cynna, WarsawGroup
2006Eye on Europe: Prints, Books, & Multiples, 1960 to NowMuseum of Modern Art, New YorkGroup
2006Collection SellectionEsso Gallery and Books, New YorkGroup
2005Post-MenopauseMuseum Ludwig, Cologne, GermanySolo
2005PlayStadtmuseum, Düsseldorf, GermanyGroup
2005Truth Universally AcknowledgedAustralian Center for Contemporary Art, SydneyGroup
2004Rosemarie Trockel: DrawingsMonika Spruth Philomena Magers Galerie, Cologne, GermanySolo
2004Rosemarie Trockel: Selected drawings, objects and videoworksOude Kerk, AmsterdamSolo
2004Black & WhiteGalerie Rivet, Cologne, GermanyGroup
2004VideoGalerie Stampa, Basel, SwitzerlandGroup
2003L’imitation d’AnneGalerie Anne de Villepoix, ParisSolo
2003Opening Children SpaceMuseum Moderner Kunst, Frankfurt, GermanySolo
2003Fast ForwardZentrum für Kunst und Medientechnologie, Karlsruhe, GermanyGroup
2003Berlin ñ Moskau 1950-2000Martin Gropius Bau, BerlinGroup
2002She never promised youGalerie Stampa, Basel, SwitzerlandSolo
2002Rosemarie TrockelSammlung Goetz, Munich, GermanySolo
2002Art & EconomyDeichtorhallen, Hamburg, GermanyGroup
2002My MarylinLiljevalchs Konsthall, StockholmGroup
2001Manus SpleenBarbara Gladstone Gallery, New YorkSolo
2001Metamorphoses and MutationsThe Drawing Center, New YorkSolo
2001Uniform: Order and DisorderP.S.1 Contemporary Art Center, New YorkGroup
2001Parkett, Collaborations and Editions since 1984Museum of Modern Art, New YorkGroup
2000DessinsCentre Georges Pompidou, ParisSolo
2000Rosemarie TrockelStadtische Galerie im Lenbachhaus, Kunstbau, Munich, GermanySolo
2000Hitzefrei.Rosemarie Trockel, Marcel OdenbachGalerie Ascan Crone, Hamburg, GermanyGroup
2000Around 1984: a Look at the Art of the EightiesP.S.1 Contemporary Art Center, New YorkGroup
1999KinderspielplatzDe Pont Foundation for Contemporary Art, Tilburg, The NetherlandsSolo
1995Rosemarie Trockel: Loffel und MirabelleMuseum Haus Esters, Krefeld, GermanySolo
1990Rosemarie Trockel und A.R. PenckGalerie Michael Werner, Cologne, GermanySolo
1985Bilder - Skulpturen – ZeichnungenRheinisches Landesmuseum, Bonn, GermanySolo