photography, painting

Rufino Tamayo /   Rufino Arellanes Tamayo

Mexico 1899 - 2003

Sculpture, Painting, Prints, Murals

Rufino Tamayo
Rufino Arellanes Tamayo
Male
Mexico
1899
December 24, 2014
Alias of Jasmina Sevic, a researcher and author for Widewalls. She graduated from the Faculty of Political Science (Department for Journalism) in Belgrade in 2013.

Rufino Tamayo was a painter, sculptor and printmaker, born in 1899 in Oaxaca, Mexico. After the death of his parents he moved to Mexico City with an aunt. In his early years, he worked in the family business but developed a passion for art after his aunt enrolled him in art classes. Tamayo began studying art at Escuela Nacional de Artes Plasticas in San Carlos in 1917. During his time there, he was influenced by Impressionism, Cubism, and Fauvism. Due to dissatisfaction with his studies, Tamayo left school and went to work for Jose Vasconcelos at the Department of Ethnographic Drawings in 1921. He was eventually promoted to the head of his department.

Tamayo’s artwork frequently profiles images associated with the Zapotec heritage. One of his most notable paintings, Children Playing With Fire, was painted in 1947 during the time of Mexican revolt. This piece shows two people being burned by a fire they created to symbolize the people of Mexico being hurt by their own decisions.

Between the years of 1925 and 1991, Tamayo produced a number of graphic art pieces that consisted of etchings, lithographs, woodcuts, and Mixografia prints. Mixografia was the name given to an art technique created by Tamayo and a fellow Mexican painter that combined prints with three-dimensional textures.

In 1935, Tamayo joined the Liga de Escritores y Artistas Revolucionarios (LEAR). This was a place where artists could use their paintings and other artworks to express their feelings about the Mexican Revolutionary War and other issues concerning the Mexican government. Along with four other artists, Tamayo was chosen to represent his art in the first American Artists’ Congress in New York. Throughout his career, he also became known for painting murals and images of women. He created a number of paintings that portrayed images of his wife Olga, including the Rufino and Olga piece that he painted in 1934.

Tamayo exhibited his paintings at the Venice Biennale in 1950, and the success of his work there led to international recognition. He went on to design murals for the National Palace of Fine Arts in Mexico City, Birth of Nationality and Mexico Today, both 1952–53, and for UNESCO in Paris, Prometheus Bringing Fire to Man, 1958. Tamayo was a prolific printmaker, and he also experimented with bronze and iron sculpture.

In 1981, the Tamayo Contemporary Art Museum opened in Mexico City. Tamayo’s work has been exhibited worldwide in museums including the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum in New York, the Naples Museum of Art in Naples, FL, The Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofia in Madrid, Spain, and the Phillips Collection in Washington.

Tamayo painted his last painting, Moon and Sun, in 1990, at the age of 90.

The artist died in Mexico City on June 24, 1991.



YearExhibition TitleGallery/MuseumSolo/Group 
2014Rufino Tamayo - Solo ExhibitMuseum of Contemporary Art San Diego - MCASD La Jolla, La Jolla, CASolo
201425 Sq. inches. The Faces of the Permanent CollectionFrost Art Museum, Miami, FLGroup
2014Mexico: Fantastic IdentityAyala Museum, Makati CityGroup
2014Los Grandes del Arte Moderno MexicanoMMoCA - The Madison Museum of Contemporary Art,Madison, WIGroup
2014Estudio de trazoMuseo de Arte Moderno de Mexico City, Mexico CityGroup
2014Treasures of The Tamayo Museum, Mexico CityMuseum of Contemporary Art San Diego - MCASD Downtown, San Diego, CAGroup
2013Rufino Tamayo - Master PrintmakerPhoenix Art Museum, Phoenix, AZSolo
2013La Ruptura y sus antecedentesMuseo de Arte Moderno de Mexico City, Mexico CityGroup
2013TransatlanticismJordan Schnitzer Museum of Art, Eugene, ORGroup
2013Mexican MigrationsFirstsite, ColchesterGroup
2013Los Grandes del Arte Moderno MexicanoMMoCA - The Madison Museum of Contemporary Art,Madison, WIGroup
2013Mixografia PrintsZane Bennett Contemporary Art, Santa Fe, NMGroup
2013Hay más rutas que la nuestraMuseo Tamayo, Mexico CityGroup
2013José Guadalupe Posada transmisorMuseo Nacional de Arte - MUNAL, Mexico CityGroup
2013MixtapeMolaa Museum of Latin American Art, Long Beach, CAGroup
2013Group ExhibitionLatin American Masters, Beverly Hills, CAGroup
2012Colectiva de verano 2012Galería Vértice - Guadalajara-México, GuadalajaraGroup
2012Miradas: Ancient Roots in Modern and Contemporary Mexican Art: Works from the Bank of America CollectionCummer Museum of Art & Gardens, Jacksonville, FLGroup
2012Modern Mexican Painting from the Andrés Blaisten CollectionMeadows Museum, Dallas, TXGroup
2012Visions of Mexican ArtWichita Art Museum WAM, Wichita, KSGroup
2012MexicanidadKunsthalle Würth, Schwäbisch HallGroup
2012Fifty Years Of Latin American Art: Selections From The Neuberger Museum Of ArtNeuberger Museum of Art, Purchase, NYGroup
2012¡Tierra y Libertad! Revolution and the Modernist Mexican PrintMMoCA - The Madison Museum of Contemporary Art, Madison, WIGroup
2011Shore, Forest and BeyondVancouver Art Gallery, Vancouver, BCGroup
2011THEMES&VARIATIONS. SCRIPT AND SPACE - GASTONE NOVELLI AND VENICEPeggy Guggenheim Collection, VeniceGroup
2011Eyes Wide Shut KM fine Arts, Chicago, IL Group
2011La Colección: Diferencia y continuidad en el arte moderno mexicanoMuseo de Arte Moderno de Mexico City, Mexico CityGroup
2011La Colección: Obras selectas del Museo de Arte ModernoMuseo de Arte Moderno de Mexico City, Mexico CityGroup
2011Simply Masterful: Picasso and Artists of the Modern EraPalm Springs Art Museum, Palm Springs, CAGroup
2010The John Deere Art CollectionFigge Art Museum, Davenport, IAGroup
2010Latin American Art from the Museum's CollectionBoca Museum of Art, Boca Raton, FLGroup
2010Transforming the Figure: Post WWII PrintsEl Paso Museum of Art (EPMA), El Paso, TXGroup
2010Vanguardia en papel. Figura y abstracciónMuseo Nacional de Arte - MUNAL, Mexico CityGroup
2010Mexico Beyond Its RevolutionTufts University Art Gallery, Medford, MAGroup
2010Cross Currents in 20th Century Art: Prints and Ceramics from the Anne C. and Harry Wollman CollectionCurrier Museum of Art, Manchester, NHGroup
2010México 200 Tierra y Gente: Modern Mexican Works on PaperDallas Museum of Art, Dallas, TXGroup
2010Indigenismo: Ancient Roots in Mexican ArtThe Newark Museum, Newark, NJGroup
2010Mexican Muralist Works on Paper: from the Blanton Museum of ArtThe Old Jail Art Center,Albany, TXGroup
2010Las Artes de Mexico from the Collection of the Gilcrease MuseumUtah Museum of Fine Arts,Salt Lake City, UTGroup
2010Hacia la barriga de un pichónMuseo Tamayo, Mexico CityGroup
201050 Years, 50 Works, 100th AnniversaryAMA Art Museum of the Americas, Washington, DCGroup
2009The Graphic Art of Maestro Rufino TamayoKatherine E. Nash Gallery - University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MNSolo
2009Camino A La Modernidad - The Path to Modernity: Mexican Modern PaintingSingapore Art Museum, SingaporeGroup
2009Revolution on paper: Mexican prints 1910–1960British Museum, LondonGroup
2009MESSIAHSMODEM Centre for Modern and Contemporary Arts, DebrecenGroup
2009Ruth Asawa and Artes LatinosTobey C. Moss Gallery, Los Angeles, CAGroup
2009Latitudes - Mestres Latino-americanosMuseu Oscar Niemeyer, CuritibaGroup
2009Obras 1900 - 1960. Colección pictórica del Banco Nacional de MéxicoMuseo de Arte Latinoamericano de Buenos Aires, Buenos AiresGroup
2009EXPLORANDO EL SURMuseo Extremeño e Iberoamericano de Arte Contemporáneo MEIAC, BadajozGroup
2009Latitudes: Mestres Latino-americanos na Coleção FEMSAInstituto Tomie Ohtake, São PauloGroup
2009Im Blick des SammlersMuseum Würth, KünzelsauGroup
2009Mixografia: Innovation and CollaborationPortland Art Museum, Portland, ORGroup
2009Camino A La Modernidad - The Path to Modernity: Mexican Modern PaintingSingapore Art Museum, SingaporeGroup
2008De Lo Verdadero A Lo Imaginado: Rastros MexicanosUAMA - The University of Arizona Museum of Art, Tucson, AZGroup
2008Latitudes: maestros latinoamericanos en la colección FEMSAMuseo Nacional de Bellas Artes - MNBA, Buenos AiresGroup
2008Art of the AmericasTobey C. Moss Gallery, Los Angeles, CAGroup
2007Tamayo: A Modern Icon ReinterpretedMAM - Miami Art Museum, Miami, FLSolo
2007Rufino Tamayo - Latin American MastersBeverly Hills, CASolo
2007Tamayo - A Modern Icon ReinterpretedSanta Barbara Museum of Art, Santa Barbara, CASolo
2007Mirada - Latino-americanos do MAC USP no MemorialMuseu de Arte Contemporânea da Universidade de São Paulo, São PauloGroup
2007Mexico and Modern Printmaking: A Revolution in the Graphic Arts, 1920–1950Phoenix Art Museum, Phoenix, AZGroup
2007La Presencia - The Presence of Latin American Art in California CollectionsMolaa Museum of Latin American Art, Long Beach, CAGroup
2007Arte y CuerpoMuseo de Arte Contemporáneo de Monterrey MARCO, Monterrey, NLGroup
2006Personal Views: Regarding Private Collections in San DiegoSan Diego Museum of Art, San Diego, CAGroup
2006Mexico and Modern Printmaking - A Revolution in the Graphic Arts, 1920–50Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia, PAGroup
2006Tamayo, Toledo, Morales, Santiago, AlvaradoAldo Castillo Gallery, Chicago, ILGroup
2006Modern Mexican MastersNaples Museum of Art, Naples, FLGroup
2006Facing Abstraction: Refiguring the Body in the Twentieth CenturyThe Hyde Collection, Glens Falls, NYGroup
2006Frente a frenteGaleria Fernando Pradilla, MadridGroup
2006Beyond Borders - Mexican Art Inspires 20th-Century Art Palm Springs Art Museum, Palm Springs, CAGroup
2005An Exhibition of Mexican Masters and Contemporary ArtistsCastel Gallery - College of New Rochelle, New Rochelle, NYGroup
2005Naturalezas del PresenteMuseo Vostell Malpartida, Malpartida de CáceresGroup
2005Galleria Grafica Collection No.13Galleria Grafica Tokyo, TokyoGroup
2005Naturaleza Muerta - Latin American Still Life from South Florida CollectionBoca Museum of Art, Boca Raton, FLGroup
2005South of the Border: Artes LatinosTobey C. Moss Gallery, Los Angeles, CAGroup
2005Arte Del Siglo XX - Colección Internacional Del Museo Rufino Tamayo, MéxicoFundación PROA, Buenos AiresGroup
2005Rufin Tamayo・Wifredo Lam・Roberto MattaGallery Artzone-Kaguraoka, KyotoGroup
2005Latin American Invitational 2005 - ArtSpaceVirginia Miller Galleries, Coral Gables (Miami), FLGroup
2005Mexikanische ModerneEssl Museum - Kunst der Gegenwart, KlosterneuburgGroup
2004Rufino Tamayo - Solo ShowMolaa Museum of Latin American Art, Long Beach, CASolo
2004Tamayo dibujanteMuseo Tamayo, Mexico CitySolo
2004Mexique-Europe, Allers-Retours, 1910-1960LaM - Lille Métropole musée d'art moderne, d'art contemporain et d'art brut, Villeneuve d'AscqGroup
2004Titans of Modern MexicoMeadows Museum, Dallas, TXGroup
2004MulticulturalismTobey C. Moss Gallery, Los Angeles, CAGroup
2004MoMA at El MuseoEl Museo del Barrio, New York City, NYGroup
2004Latin American Art: Contexts and AccomplicesSainsbury Centre for Visual Arts, NorwichGroup
2003Tamayo. Gráfica 1925-1991Museo Tamayo, Mexico CitySolo
2003It’s Not the Size that Counts: Treasures Big & SmallJack Rutberg Fine Arts, Los Angeles, CAGroup
2003La vida en marcha - Mexican Prints from the Permanent CollectionMMoCA - The Madison Museum of Contemporary Art, Madison, WIGroup
2003Group Show: Gallery Artists & Pre-Columbian CeramicsLatin American Masters, Beverly Hills, CAGroup
2003Mexican ModernismLatin American Masters, Beverly Hills, CAGroup
2003Diego Rivera and Twentieth Century Mexican ArtNevada Museum of Art NMA, Reno, NVGroup
2003Holiday HighlightsTobey C. Moss Gallery, Los Angeles, CAGroup
2003Siglo XX - Grandes Maestros MexicanosMuseo de Arte Contemporáneo de Monterrey MARCO, Monterrey, NLGroup
2002Rufino TamayoThe Nagoya City Art Museum, NagoyaSolo
2002Tamayo ilustrador. El texto en imágenesMuseo Tamayo, Mexico CitySolo
2002Siglo XX - Grandes Maestros MexicanosMuseo de Arte Contemporáneo de Monterrey MARCO, Monterrey, NLGroup
2002Latin America on PaperMFA - Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, Boston, MAGroup
2002Frida Kahlo, Diego Rivera, and Twentieth-Century Mexican ArtEl Museo del Barrio, New York City, NYGroup
2002Images of womenJack Rutberg Fine Arts, Los Angeles, CAGroup
2002The Tiger’s Eye - The Art of a MagazineYale University Art Gallery, New Haven, CTGroup
2001Tamayo. Obra en papelMuseo Tamayo, Mexico CitySolo
2001Paperworks and From the Figure to the BodySanta Barbara Museum of Art, Santa Barbara, CAGroup
2001International OfferingsJack Rutberg Fine Arts, Los Angeles, CAGroup
2001Frida Kahlo, Diego Rivera & Mexican ModernismNational Gallery of Australia, Canberra, ACTGroup
2001LATIN FLAVORSTobey C. Moss Gallery, Los Angeles, CAGroup
2001Frida Kahlo, Diego Rivera and Twentieth-Century Mexican ArtPhoenix Art Museum, Phoenix, AZGroup
2001Siglo XX - Grandes Maestros MexicanosMuseo de Arte Contemporáneo de Monterrey MARCO, Monterrey, NLGroup
2000A LATIN AMERICAN METAPHYSICAL PERSPECTIVECecilia De Torres Ltd., New York City, NYGroup
2000Frida Kahlo, Diego Rivera and Twentieth-Century Mexican ArtMuseum of Contemporary Art San Diego - MCASD La Jolla, La Jolla, CAGroup
2000Sol y Vida - Mexican Modern Art: 1900-1950National Gallery of Canada - Musée des beaux-arts du Canada, Ottawa, ONGroup
2000Latin American Still-Life - Reflections of Time and PlaceEl Museo del Barrio, New York City, NYGroup
2000Viva la Vida: Frida Kahlo, Diego Rivera and Mexican ModernismWellington City Gallery,WellingtonGroup
2000Latin American Still Life: Reflections of Time and PlaceKatonah Museum of Art, Katonah, NYGroup
1999Tamayo. Su idea del hombreMuseo Tamayo, Mexico CitySolo
1999Homenaje a la raza indiaMuseo de las Artes Universidad de Guadalajara, GuadalajaraSolo
1999Arte mexicano. Colección Jacques y Natasha GelmanMuseo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía, MadridGroup
1999Mexican Modern Art - 1900-1950The Montreal Museum of Fine Arts - Musée des beaux-arts de Montréal, Montreal, QCGroup
1999Arte MexicanoFundación PROA, Buenos AiresGroup
1999Mexican Works on Paper from the Museum's CollectionPhoenix Art Museum, Phoenix, AZGroup
1999Tête à tête (Face to face)Musée d´art contemporain de Montréal, Montreal, QCGroup
1998Rufino Tamayo - Selected Works: 1925 - 1989Latin American Masters, Beverly Hills, CASolo
1998Rufino Tamayo University Gallery - University of Essex, ColchesterSolo
1998Frida Kahlo, Diego Rivera and Twentieth-Century Mexican ArtPhoenix Art Museum, Phoenix, AZGroup
1997Rufino Tamayo - Solo ShowMNBA - Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes Santiago Chile, SantiagoSolo
1997Rufino TamayoMuseo Nacional de Artes Visuales - MNAV, MontevideoSolo
1996Bilder und VisionenKunsthalle Düsseldorf, DusseldorfGroup
1995Imaxes e VisionsCGAC - Centro Galego de Arte Contemporánea, Santiago de CompostelaGroup
1994Rufino Tamayo. MixografíasMuseo de Arte de Lima - MALI, LimaSolo
199422° Bienal de São PauloBienal de Sao Paulo, São PauloGroup
1993Rufino Tamayo RetrospectiveThe Museum of Modern Art, Kamakura, KamakuraSolo
1993Latin American Artists of the Twentieth CenturyMoMA - Museum of Modern Art, New York City, NYGroup
1993Lateinamerika und der SurrealismusKunstmuseum Bochum, BochumGroup
1991Art of the FortiesMoMA - Museum of Modern Art, New York City, NYGroup
1990Rufino Tamayo - Recent PaintingsLatin American Masters, Beverly Hills, CASolo
1989Arte en Iberoamérica 1820-1980Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía, MadridGroup
1988Rufino TamayoMuseo Nacional de Artes Visuales - MNAV, MontevideoSolo
1988Rufino Tamayo - PinturasMuseo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía, MadridSolo
1988Rufino Tamayo: 70 años de creaciónMuestra retrospectiva. - Museo Tamayo, Mexico CitySolo
1987Imagen de México. Der Beitrag Mexikos zur Kunst des 20Mexico's Contribution to Twentieth- Century Art - Schirn Kunsthalle, FrankfurtGroup
1987Art Of The Fantastic: Latin America 1920 - 1987Indianapolis Museum of Art - IMA,Indianapolis, INGroup
1982Mexican Masters: Variations of Modern Mexican ArtMissoula Art Museum MAM, Missoula, MTGroup
1979Rufino Tamayo: Works on Paper, 1926-1978The Americas Society Art Gallery, New York City, NYSolo
1978Mexican ArtMoMA - Museum of Modern Art, New York City, NYGroup
1977X Quadriennale Nazionale d'ArteQuadriennale di Roma, RomeGroup
1976Rufino TamayoNational Museum of Modern Art Tokyo (MOMAT), TokyoSolo
1974Latin American Prints from the Museum of Modern ArtThe Americas Society Art Gallery, New York City, NYGroup
1972Looking South: Latin American Art in New York CollectionsThe Americas Society Art Gallery, New York City, NYGroup
1969Latin American Paintings from the Salomon R. Guggenheim Museum The Americas Society Art Gallery, New York City, NYGroup
1967Latin-American Art 1931-1966MoMA - Museum of Modern Art, New York City, NYGroup
1964Paintings and Sculptures from the Collection of Mr. And Mrs. Ted WeinerContemporary Arts Museum Houston, Houston, TXGroup
1959Essence of NationsValley House Gallery & Sculpture Garden, Dallas, TXGroup
1959Documenta 2Documenta, KasselGroup
1957Recent Contemporary Acquisitions – HoustonContemporary Arts Museum Houston, Houston, TXGroup
1955Roy and Marie Neuberger collection. modern American painting and sculptureCincinnati Art Museum, Cincinnati, OHGroup
1955Roy and Marie Neuberger collection. modern American painting and sculptureSaint Louis Art Museum, Saint Louis, MOGroup
1955Roy and Marie Neuberger collection. modern American painting and sculptureSan Francisco Museum of Modern Art - SFMOMA, San Francisco, CAGroup
1955Roy and Marie Neuberger collection. modern American painting and sculptureArts Club of Chicago, Chicago, ILGroup
1954Roy and Marie Neuberger collection. modern American painting and sculptureWhitney Museum of American Art, New York City, NYGroup
1953Mexican Painting and DrawingContemporary Arts Museum Houston, Houston, TXGroup
1952TamayoArts Club of Chicago, Chicago, ILSolo
1952Rufino TamayoContemporary Arts Museum Houston, Houston, TXSolo
1950Contemporary Art from Houston CollectionsContemporary Arts Museum Houston, Houston, TXGroup
1949Graphic Works and Watercolors from Private Collections in HoustonContemporary Arts Museum Houston, Houston, TXGroup
1948TamayoValentine Dudensing Galleries, New York City, NYSolo
1948Three Contemporary Mexican Artists: Rivera, Tamayo, and SiqueirosDallas Museum of Art, Dallas, TXGroup
1946Tamayo : Recent paintingsValentine Dudensing Galleries, New York City, NYSolo
1945TamayoArts Club of Chicago, Chicago, ILSolo
1945A Problem for Critics67 Gallery, New York City, NYGroup
1940Twenty Centuries of Mexican ArtMoMA - Museum of Modern Art, New York City, NYGroup