Wassily Kandinsky, artist, photo credits - The Independent

Wassily Kandinsky/ Wassily Wassilyevich Kandinsky

Russian Federation 1866 - 1944

Expressionism, Painting

www.wassilykandinsky.net

Wassily Kandinsky
Wassily Wassilyevich Kandinsky
Male
Russian Federation
1866

A true legend of abstraction and art history, Wassily Kandinsky was an influential Russian painter and theorist whose concepts changed the very fundamental essence of art and the way it’s perceived. Known for his lyrical style and innovative assumptions on nonfigurative art and it’s connections to music and soul, Kandinsky was the creator of the first modern abstract paintings. As you will soon come to see, the road was not an easy one and there were many problems to overcome along the way, but Kandinsky emerged as a respected leader of the abstract art movement in the early 20th century and a person without whom art history would not be quite the same.

Wassily Kandinsky - Composition 6, 1913 - abstract blue work forms style painting works moscow paintings
Wassily Kandinsky – Composition 6, 1913

Growing Up In Odessa And Wassily’s Early Life

Wassily Wassilyevich Kandinsky was born in Moscow, on the 16th of December, 1866 – just to be noted, this calculation is based on the Gregorian calendar, so do not be surprised if you somewhere stumble upon the information he was born on the December 4th. Wassily’s parents were musicians Lidia Ticheeva and Vasily Silvestrovich Kandinsky, although his father mostly provided for the family by selling various exotic kinds of tea. During the earliest years of Kandinsky’s’ life, the situation in the household was a peaceful and idyllic one, but when Wassily turned the age of five, that all changed as Lidia and Vasily decided to divorce each other. To somehow shelter their child from the messy chaos they’ve created, parents send young Wassily to Odessa to live with his aunt. Luckily, Kandinsky found life in Odesa quite beautiful – he learned how to play the piano and cello alongside his aunt, plus he studied drawing with a private teacher. It’s interesting that even during these early years Kandinsky was already showing signs of his characteristic intimate relationship with art, the same approach that will make his worldwide famous later in his life – his childhood’s drawings reveal rather specific color combinations, infused by his perception that each color lives by its mysterious life. Growing up in such an atmosphere installed into young Kandinsky dreams and hopes that one day he could become an artist, but his parents, although miles and miles away, had other ideas for their son’s future. It broke his heart, but Wassily followed his family’s wishes and started studying law.

Wassily Kandinsky - Akhtyrka, 1901 - abstract blue work forms style painting works moscow paintings
Wassily Kandinsky – Akhtyrka, 1901

Law Education And Employment

Wassily Kandinsky became a student of the Moscow’s University in 1886. Although he never enjoyed what he was learning, that never stopped him from being one of the most promising students of the generation. Kandinsky graduated with flying colors and was given a fieldwork scholarship that had him sent to Vologda province. There the artist studied traditional criminal jurisprudence and modern confrontations between law and religion. By the time he arrived in Vologda, Kandinsky pretty much tucked away all his aspirations and dreams of becoming an artist, instead focusing on advancement in the law world. However, something happened in the province he was sent to – all the folk art and general spirituality of the Vologda people lighted a long forgotten spark inside Wassily as he suddenly saw all of his artistic tendencies come back stronger than ever. It should be noted that although he was thinking about art constantly, Kandinsky never neglected the responsibilities of a law practitioner and was excellent at his profession although his heart was pulling him in other directions. Kandinsky married his cousin Anna Chimyakina in 1892 and took up a position on the Moscow Faculty of Law, all the while creating drawings and prints in his spare time.

Wassily Kandinsky - Murnau with rainbow, 1909 - abstract blue work forms style painting works moscow paintings
Wassily Kandinsky – Murnau with rainbow, 1909

The Sudden Change Of Heart

Two events suddenly affected Kandinsky and subsequently led him to a change in career. The first was the exhibition of French Impressionists in Moscow Wassily saw during the year of 1895 and the other was hearing Wagner’s Lohengrin at the Bolshoi Theatre. The Wagner’s composition proved to be the final spiritual bang that definitely set of Kandinsky’s artistic career, but the influence provided by the Impressionist was without a doubt the most critical moment of the artist’s life. After witnessing firsthand the genius work of Claude Monet‘s Haystacks, Kandinsky fell in love with the beauty of the nonrepresentational art. The artist chose to abandon his law career and move to Munich in order to fully commit himself to full-time study of art. Wassily was accepted into a prestigious private painting school and later prolonged his education at the Munich Academy of Arts – however, he continued to be mostly self-taught, stubbornly holding on to his childhood ideas of independent colors. Such inner confrontations did not stop him from being one of the top students here as well, just as he was the best law pupil although he never liked what he was learning.

During the early years of his career, Kandinsky experimented with contemporary styles and techniques

Wassily Kandinsky - Squares with Concentric Circles, 1913 - abstract blue work forms style painting works moscow paintings
Wassily Kandinsky – Squares with Concentric Circles, 1913

Wassily Kandinsky – The Artist

Much of Wassily’s art was based on theories, concepts and ideas, not practice. Before he came to Munich, he did not paint much and was mostly developing theories of how art should behave. The tables turned when he arrived in Germany, as the artist started painting much more than writing and thinking about art. Kandinsky began with conventional themes and art forms, exploring different techniques and styles. The teachers did not approve, but he continued to form theories derived from devoted spiritual study and informed by an intense relationship between music and color. These concepts will prove to be the foundation upon which Kandinsky built his career and establishing his ultimate status as the father of abstract art. In the world of Kandinsky, the color was not used to depict what was observed around us, it was not a simple tool for imitating and re-telling things everybody already knows. It was far from it. Wassily saw color as much more than that, for him it was an expression of emotion rather than a faithful description of nature or subject matter. Soon after graduating – yet again with flying colors and honors – Kandinsky set out in the world and started forming friendships with similar minded individuals who shared his concepts and who wanted to bring radical changes to the art scene. He frequently exhibited, taught art classes and published his ideas on theories of art, quickly becoming a huge name that shook the very basis of academic teachings and traditional techniques. Kandinsky divorced his wife in 1911 and moved in with the new girlfriend Gabriele Münter – the couple traveled extensively, settling in Bavaria before the outbreak of World War I.

Kandinsky’s paintings full of expression and emotion serve as the first examples of full abstraction in art

Wassily Kandinsky - Composition 7, 1913 - abstract blue work forms style
Wassily Kandinsky – Composition 7, 1913

Blue Rider And The First World War

By the time he became a walking legend of modern art, Kandinsky had already formed the New Artists Association in Munich. But another group will prove to be far more important than The Association – during the year of 1911, The Blue Rider group came to be. The organization was founded by a number of Russian emigrants, including Alexej von Jawlensky and Marianne von Werefkin, but also featured native German artists, such as Franz Marc, August Macke and Gabriele Münter. Der Blaue Reiter was an art movement that lasted up until the outbreak of the war in 1914 and was fundamental to Expressionism, simultaneously proving to be the key for abstraction painting. The World War I took Kandinsky back to Russia, where his artistic eye was influenced by the constructivist movement, which subsequently saw him turning to hard lines, dots and geometry instead of expressive colors. Making full circles around Europe and returning to Russia was a traumatic experience for Kandinsky, but the real traumas happened when he and his new wife Nina Andreevskaya lost their only son when he was just over three years of age. After that, Wassily was never quite the same as before, which is pretty understandable due to the circumstances of war and losing a son. Kandinsky stayed in Russia after the Revolution and applied his restless and comprehensive energies to the administration of educational and government-run art programs, helping to create Moscow’s Institute of Artistic Culture and Museum of Pictorial Culture.

After the outbreak of The First World War, Kandinsky went back to Russia and was heavily influenced by the Constructivism movement

Wassily Kandinsky - Composition IX, 1936 - abstract blue work forms style
Wassily Kandinsky – Composition IX, 1936

Later Life And Troubles

Kandinsky returned to Germany a few times after the Revolution of his country was brought to an end. Most notably, he taught at the Bauhaus school in Berlin where he was revered as a true legend of modern art. During these mature years, traumatized Kandinsky wrote poems and plays much more than he was painting, but by his own claim, we now know that teaching at the Bauhaus school provided him with the most joy at the time he was not able to find much of it. Unfortunately, during the year of 1933, when the Nazis seized power and complete control over Germany, storm troopers notoriously shut down the Bauhaus school. Subsequently, Wassily Kandinsky was forced to flee and leave Berlin in order to survive. He and Nina had moved to the suburb of Paris in the late 1930s, when Marcel Duchamp had found a little apartment for them to try and outlast the war. In July 1937, he and other artists were featured in the Degenerate Art Exhibition in Munich. It was widely attended and raised one of the last bright german moments prior to the war, but 57 of his works were confiscated by the Nazis and many were lost in the process. It is said that the Second World War was too much for the artist to bear emotionally and he never lived to see the end of the horror that was WWII. Kandinsky died of cerebrovascular disease in Neuilly-sur-Seine, France, on December 13, 1944.

Wassily’s mature works were often darker in character, mostly down to the tragedies that occurred around the artist during his later life

Wassily Kandinsky - Composition X, 1939 - abstract blue work forms style
Wassily Kandinsky – Composition X, 1939

Kandinsky’s Work Is Immortal And Crucial

Kandinsky believed that each time period in art puts its own permanent stamp on the expression of the current generations that create at the time – his vivid interpretations of color through musical and spiritual sensibilities certainly altered the artistic landscape at the start of the 20th century. It is hard to think of a few more names in art history that have indebted us in a way Wassily Kandinsky managed to do. When talking about a grand man as is the case here, it’s always hard to end the text in a way that will show enough respect for the subject at hand. For Kandinsky, perhaps the most appropriate way to bring the conclusion is to allow Wassily himself to have the final word: The artist must train not only his eye but also his soul.

Featured Image: Wassily Kandinsky -Photo of the artist – Photo Credits The Independent
All Images Photo Credits Wassily Kandinsky

YearExhibition TitleGallery/MuseumSolo/Group
2016Abstracting from NatureConnaught Brown, LondonGroup
2016Artists in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction - From Picasso to WarholYokohama Museum of Art, Nishi-ku, YokohamaGroup
2016Aufs Land!, Landhausbilder von Kobell bis RichterSchloßmuseum Murnau, MurnauGroup
2016Chagall bis Malewitsch. Die russische AvantgardeAlbertina, ViennaGroup
2016Impresionistas y modernos. Obras maestras de la Phillips CollectionCaixaForum Barcelona, BarcelonaGroup
2016Painting the Modern Garden: Monet to MatisseRoyal Academy of Arts, London Royal Academy of Arts, London Group
2016A Revolution in Art - Russian Avant-Garde in the 1910s and 1920sHungarian National Gallery, Budapest Group
2015Picasso to Francis BaconHangaram Art Museum, Seoul Group
2015Wilhelm Morgner und die ModerneWestfälisches Landesmuseum für Kunst und Kulturgeschichte Münster, Münster Group
2015Poesie Der FarbeStaatsgalerie Stuttgart, Stuttgart Group
2015 Klee & KandinskyStädtische Galerie im Lenbachhaus & Kunstbau, Munich Group
2015Twilight over Berlin :Masterworks from the Nationalgalerie, 1905–1945The Israel Museum, Jerusalem Group
2015Picasso. Registros alemanesMuseo Picasso Málaga, Málaga Group
2015Impressionisti e moderniPalazzo delle Esposizioni, Rome Group
2014Kandinsky: A RetrospectiveFrist Center for the Visual Arts, Nashville, TN Solo
2014Kandinsky Before Abstraction, 1901–1911Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York City, NY Solo
2014Wassily Kandinsky - lehrer am bauhausBauhaus Archiv, Berlin Solo
2014Wassily Kandinsky - A Retrospective Milwaukee Art Museum, Milwaukee, WI Solo
2014Apocalypse Now! - Visionen von Schrecken und Hoffnung in der Kunst vom Mittelalter bis heuteMuseum Pfalzgalerie Kaiserslautern, Kaiserslautern Group
2014Art In MotionJules Maeght Gallery, San Francisco, CA Group
2014Human, Space, Machine - Stage Experiments at the BauhausNational Museum Of Contemporary Art Korea - Seoul, Seoul Group
2014Van Gogh To Kandinsky - Impressionism To Expressionism, 1900-1914The Montreal Museum of Fine Arts, Montreal, QC Group
2014 Ruki Matsumoto Collection - Seeking for Utopia: Russian Avant-garde and Soviet Modernism Seen in PostersSetagaya Art Museum, Tokyo Group
2014The Art Of Our Time. Masterpieces From The Guggenheim CollectionsMuseo Guggenheim de Arte Moderno y Contemporáneo, Bilbao Group
201410 Jahre Hubertus Schoeller StiftungLeopold Hoesch Museum, Düren Group
2014Die Revolution entlässt ihre Bilder - Von Malewitsch bis KandinskyGraphikmuseum Pablo Picasso Münster, Münster Group
2013Vassily Kandinsky - La collezione del Centro PompidouPalazzo Reale, Milan Solo
2013Kandinsky and the Total Work of Art: From Blaue Reiter to the BauhausNeue Galerie New York, New York City, NY Solo
2013Kandinsky in Paris, 1934–1944Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York City, NY Solo
2012Wassily Kandinsky - Dalla Russia all'EuropaPalazzo Blu, Pisa Solo
2012Kandinsky 1911–1913Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York City, NY Solo
2011Kandinsky’s Painting with White BorderSolomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York City, NY Solo
2011Kandinsky and the Harmony of Silence: Painting with White BorderThe Phillips Collection, Washington, DC Solo
2011Wassily KandinskyHyogo Prefectural Museum of Art, Kobe Solo
2011Wassily Kandinsky: KlängeNIU Art Museum - Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, IL Solo
2011Vasilij Kandinskij: Bitva (kozÁci), 1910 -1911National Gallery Prague - Veletržní Palace, Prague Solo
2011Collection 4 A Century of Contemporary ArtNMAO National Museum of Art Osaka, Osaka Solo
2010Kandinsky at the Bauhaus, 1922-1933Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York City, NY Solo
2009KandinskySolomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York City, NY Solo
2009Punkt und Linie zu Fläche. KANDINSKY am BauhausStadtmuseum & Kunstsammlung Jena, Jena Solo
2009Kandinsky - Centre PompidouMusée National d´Art Moderne, Paris Solo
2009Wassily Kandinsky - das druckgrafische WerkKunstmuseum Bonn, Bonn Solo
2008Aquarelle WatercoloursGalerie Thomas, Munich Solo
2008 Kandinsky - Absolut.AbstraktStädtische Galerie im Lenbachhaus & Kunstbau, Munich Solo
2008Absolut. AbstraktGalerie Thomas, Munich Solo
2008Bauhaus ModernSmith College Museum of Art, Northampton, MASolo
2007KandinskyPalazzo Reale, Milan Solo
2006Wassily Kandinsky - Works 1905 – 1922Kunstmuseum Basel, Basel Solo
2006Kandinsky - The Path to Abstraction 1908–1922Tate Modern, London Solo
2005Kandinsky - acuarelasMuseu d´Art Espanyol Contemporani (Fundación Juan March), Palma de Mallorca Solo
2004Kandinsky - AcuarelasMuseo de Arte Abstracto Español, Cuenca Solo
2003Schoenberg, Kandinsky, and the Blue RiderThe Jewish Museum, New York City, NY Solo
2003Kandinsky - Origen de la AbstracciónFundación Juan March, Madrid Solo
2002KandinskyFukuoka Art Museum, Fukuoka Solo
2002Kandinsky in ContextMuseo Guggenheim de Arte Moderno y Contemporáneo, Bilbao Solo
2002KandinskNational Museum of Modern Art Kyoto (MOMAK), Kyoto Solo
2001Kandinsky : RétrospectiveFondation Maeght, Saint-Paul Solo
1998Kandinsky rond 1913 - de wensdroom van een nieuwe kunstGemeentemuseum Den Haag, The Hague Solo
1998Wassily Kandinsky - Farben-KlängeFondation Beyeler, Riehen Solo
1996Vassily Kandinsky - La revolución del lenguaje pictóricoMuseu d´Art Contemporani de Barcelona - MACBA, Barcelona Solo
1995Vasilij Kandinsky nelle collezioni svizzereMuseo Cantonale d´Arte Lugano, Lugano Solo
1995Kandinsky - CompositionsLos Angeles County Museum of Art - LACMA, Los Angeles, CA Solo
1995Kandinsky: CompositionsMoMA - Museum of Modern Art, New York City, NY Solo
1994Der frühe KandinskyBrücke Museum, Berlin Solo
1994KandinskyNorton Simon Museum of Art, Pasadena, CA Solo
1993Kandinsky’s Small Pleasures, 1913Herbert F. Johnson Museum of Art, Ithaca, NY Solo
1993Vasilij Kandinskij - Palazzo FortiGalleria d'Arte Moderna e Contemporanea, Verona Solo
1992 Kandinsky - Kleine FreudenStaatsgalerie Stuttgart, Stuttgart Solo
1992Kandinsky - Kleine FreudenK20 Grabbeplatz, Dusseldorf Solo
1991Kandinsky AquarelleWien Museum, Vienna Solo
1991Kandinsky: Acquerelli dal Museo GuggenheimPalazzo delle Esposizioni, Rome Solo
1989 Kandinsky och SverigeModerna Museet, Stockholm Solo
1989Kandinsky och SverigeMalmö Konsthall, Malmö Solo
1985Kandinsky In Paris: 1934–1944Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York City, NY Solo
1984 Kandinsky - Centre PompidouMusée National d´Art Moderne, Paris Solo
1984 Wassily Kandinsky: Russische Zeit und Bauhausjahre 1915-1933Bauhaus Archiv, Berlin Solo
1984Wassily Kandinsky in Russland und am Bauhaus 1915-1933Kunsthaus Zürich, Zurich Solo
1983Kandinsky: Russian And Bauhaus Years: 1915–1933Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York City, NY Solo
1982Kandinsky in Munich - 1896-1914Städtische Galerie im Lenbachhaus & Kunstbau, Munich Solo
1982Kandinsky in Munich, 1896-1914San Francisco Museum of Modern Art - SFMOMA, San Francisco, CA Solo
1980Wasilj KandinskyGalleria Anna D’Ascanio, Rome Solo
1979 KandinskyGalería Maeght - Barcelona, Barcelona Solo
1979 Kandinsky - Centre PompidouMusée National d´Art Moderne, Paris Solo
1978Wassily Kandinsky Fundación Juan March, Madrid Solo
1976Wassily KandinskyHaus der Kunst München, Munich Solo
1975Wassily Kandinsky - Paintings and GraphicsNorton Simon Museum of Art, Pasadena, CA Solo
1974Kandinsky: prints, drawings and watercolors from the Hilla von Rebay FoundationRose Art Museum, Waltham, MA Solo
1974Vasily KandinskyThe William Benton Museum of Art, Storrs, CT Solo
1973Wassily Kandinsky - Aquarelle, Gouachen, ZeichnungenStädtische Galerie im Lenbachhaus & Kunstbau, Munich Solo
1973Wassily Kandinsky - Aquarelle, Gouachen, ZeichnungenKunsthalle Bielefeld, Bielefeld Solo
1972Wassily Kandinsky : Aquarelle und ZeichnungenGalerie Beyeler, Basel Solo
1970Kandinsky WatercolorsSan Francisco Museum of Modern Art - SFMOMA, San Francisco, CA Solo
1970Kandinsky WatercolorsNorton Simon Museum of Art, Pasadena, CA Solo
1969Vasily Kandinsky, WatercolorsHerbert F. Johnson Museum of Art, Ithaca, NY Solo
1969Kandinsky Watercolor ExhibitionThe Modern Art Museum of Fort Worth, Fort Worth, TX Solo
1969Kandinsky WatercolorsMoMA - Museum of Modern Art, New York City, NY Solo
1966KandinskyFondation Maeght, Saint-Paul Solo
1965Wassily KandinskyModerna Museet, Stockholm Solo
1963KandinskyGalerie Europe, Paris Solo
1963Vasily Kandinsky: A Retrospective ExhibitionSan Francisco Museum of Modern Art - SFMOMA, San Francisco, CA Solo
1963Vasily Kandinsky: a retrospective exhibitionSolomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York City, NY Solo
1963Wassily Kandinsky 1866-1944 A Retrospective ExhibitionNorton Simon Museum of Art, Pasadena, CA Solo
1962Wassily Kandinsky - Werke von 1918 bis 1933Galerie Otto Stangl, Munich Solo
1960Wassili KandinksyGalleria del Naviglio, Milan Solo
1958KandinskyKunstverein in Hamburg, Hamburg Solo
1958Kandinsky.Solomon R. Guggenheim museum - Kunstnernes Hus, Oslo Solo
1958Paintings by Kandinsky from the Solomon R Guggenheim MuseumTate Britain, London Solo
1957KandinskyGalerie Chalette, New York City, NY Solo
1957KandinskyStatens museum for kunst, Copenhagen Solo
1956Kandinsky MuralsMoMA - Museum of Modern Art, New York City, NY Solo
1955Wassily KandinskyKunsthalle Bern, Bern Solo
1950Oils and Watercolors by Wassily KandinskySan Francisco Museum of Modern Art - SFMOMA, San Francisco, CA Solo
1949KandinskyGalerie René Drouin, Paris Solo
1948KandinskyGemeentemuseum Den Haag, The Hague Solo
194640 peintures de KandinskyGalerie René Drouin, Paris Solo
1945Wassily Kandinsky Memorial ExhibitionArts Club of Chicago, Chicago, IL Solo
1942Vassily Kandinsky : Peintures et Gouaches récentesGalerie Jeanne Bucher, Paris Solo
1937The Work of Wassily KandinskyThe Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland, OH Solo
1936Kandinsky : Toiles récentes, Aquarelles, Graphiques de 1910-1935Galerie Jeanne Bucher, Paris Solo
1935Kandinsky AbstractionsSan Francisco Museum of Modern Art - SFMOMA, San Francisco, CA Solo
1912Wassily KandinskyGalerie Der Sturm, Berlin Solo