Luigi Ghirri was an Italian artist and photographer who gained a far-reaching reputation as a pioneer and master of contemporary photography, with particular reference to its relationship between fiction and reality.
Ghirri was born in Scandiano, near Reggio Emilia, Italy, in 1943. He worked as a surveyor and graphic designer before starting to photograph professionally at the age of 30. His work has been exhibited in a range of institutions, including Fotogalerie im Forum Stadtpark, Graz, Austria, Aperture Foundation, New York City, Matthew Marks Gallery, New York City, MAXXI, Rome, and Museum Folkwang, Essen. Ghirri's work is held in several permanent collections, including Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam, Museo di fotografia contemporanea, Milan, Italy, Bibliothèque nationale de France, Paris, Canadian Centre for Architecture, Montreal, Canada, Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, TX, and Museum of Modern Art, New York City.
Ghirri is best known for his color images of gardens, monuments, and the studio of Giorgio Morandi. Having great curiosity with scale and illusion, he created works imbued with a dream-like atmosphere. Writing about the meaning behind his works, he emphasized "a verification of how it is still possible to desire and face a path of knowledge, to be able finally to distinguish the precise identity of man, things, life, from the image of man, things, and life."