Elephants form deep family bonds and live in tight matriarchal family groups of related females called a herd. The herd is led by the oldest and often largest female in the herd, called a matriarch. Herds consist of 8-100 individuals depending on terrain and family size. When a calf is born, it is raised and protected by the whole matriarchal herd. Males leave the family unit between the ages of 12-15 and may lead solitary lives or live temporarily with other males. Habitat loss is one of the key threats facing elephants. Many climate change projections indicate that key portions of elephants' habitat will become significantly hotter and drier, resulting in poorer foraging conditions and threatening calf survival. Increasing conflict with human populations taking over more and more elephant habitat and poaching for ivory are additional threats that are placing the elephant's future at risk. Between the years of 1979 and 1989, the population of African elephants dramatically decreased due to the ivory trade. In response to this, the citizens of Kenya burned a significantly large stockpile of tusks. In conclusion to this, the Convention on International's Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) banned all international trade in ivory tusks. This gave the elephant population time to grow, by 2007 it was estimated that between 247,000 and 690,000 elephants lived in Africa. However, by 2013, the population has decreased almost 62% due to China's demand for ivory. Between the years of 2011 and 2014, nearly 100,000 elephants were slaughtered by hunters who seemed value in their ivory tusks. In this piece, Maryam uses dark colors, blue and black, to show that these creatures walk with the dark shades of uncertainty that their life could be over from a poacher's weapon. - Maryam Ego-Aguirre
About The Gallery
Isabella Garrucho Fine Art is an art gallery based in Greenwood. It offers a great selection of artworks for sale by many emerging and established artists.