Sculpture, Minimal Art

Carl Andre

United States 1935

Sculpture, Minimal Art

Carl Andre
Carl Andre
United States
February 6, 2017
Music, Gestalt, .

Evolution doesn’t necessarily mean more complexity. Sometimes a step forward corresponds with making things simpler. Carl Andre is an American artist, who reached an original and extreme position and was able to defend it through his intelligence and strong will. While sculpture in the past has been known for its finite form, he modified that definition, striving for a three-dimensionality that depended on the unattached organization of modular elements in a predetermined configuration, which is often a grid rather than a finite fixed immutability. His working-class experiences influenced his choice of materials – there are wood, bricks, metal, rubber truncated pyramids and Styrofoam blocks. Another interpretation of this choice revolves around the criticism of contemporary architecture and its eccentric, over-designed, pretentious facades and expensive, exotic materials.

Personal Life, Education, Various Fellow Artists and Their Influence

Born in Quincy, Massachusetts, Andre obtained his primary and secondary education in the public school system of his hometown, before studying art at Phillips Academy in Andover, MA, where he spent three years, from 1951-1953. During studies, he became acquainted with Hollis Frampton. After spending a year in the US Army, Andre moved to New York in 1956, where Frampton introduced him to Constantin Brâncuși through whom Andre became re-acquainted with a former classmate from Phillips Academy, Frank Stella, in 1958. For five years, between 1960 and 1965, the artist worked freight brakeman and conductor in New Jersey and focused all of his free time on writing poetry. In this period, he didn’t make sculptures, and yet, the blue-collar experiences heavily influenced his subsequent art and life – all of the materials he uses can be found in construction; It was common for Andre to dress in overalls and a blue work shirt, even when he attended the most formal occasions.[1] To fully understand the work of Carl Andre, a closer look at his relationships with other artists is necessary. Frampton played a great role – not only did he inspire Andre’s radical position and approach to sculpture through their conversations about art[2], he also introduced him to Brâncuși and through the Romanian artist, he became re-acquainted with Frank Stella, whom he knew from the Phillips Academy. Initially inspired by Brâncuși, Andre took another direction after sharing a studio with Stella for two years and learning about space from him. In 1985, Andre married Ana Mendieta, a Cuban artist who died the same year, under still unclear circumstances.

Aside from making art, Carl Andre also writes poetry

The Art of Carl Andre

Common sculpture usually confronts the spectator with the traditional abstraction that mirrors the viewer’s own upright body – Andre decided to challenge this verticality. His accumulations of untransformed materials are organized horizontally, forcing the viewers to look down, not straight ahead or even up, as colossal public sculpture forces them to do. Without seeking to engulf the spectators, the sculptor is simply marking off his turf, asking for respect rather than intimacy. Provisionality is the common feature of Andre’s work – it exists as sculpture only at the time it is exhibited. Our knowledge of its precarious and temporary state, as well as our sense that the works can easily revert to their ordinary function, is part of their elusive content. Given its dual identity of being and potentially not being, Andre’s work clearly has a strong conceptual element, even though he was making it as far back as 1960, before conceptual art became a popular mind game.[3] He claims no spiritual dimension with his art – without adhesive, organized whether as sculpture or mutely stacked, his pieces maintain their identity as untransformed matter, thus proving Andre’s contention that he is a pure materialist. But not without ambiguity, which is why they maintain their tension and fascination. This type of materiality can also be interpreted as conceptual, making him, as stated above, one of the earliest conceptual artists. And yet, he considers this as false. The very substance of his art comes from the characteristics of every unit of material he selects, and the arrangement and position of the sculpture in its environment – it is not merely the realization of an idea.

Andre’s approach and tools he uses brought significant changes to the understanding of sculpture


Simply said, Andre reduced sculpture to its essential state. And while he saw this as an end-point in his process, many others used it as a starting point in their own respective careers, making the American minimalist artist and his sculptures an important reference point for many subsequent artists. He defined the nature of Minimalist Art with other giants such as Robert Morris, Eva Hesse, Donald Judd, Dan Flavin, and Sol LeWitt. His work was exhibited (both in solo and group shows) at some of the most prestigious institutions around the world, including the Tate Gallery in London, Paula Cooper Gallery in NY, Ace Gallery in LA, Guggenheim Museum and Museum of Modern Art in NY, Museum Wiesbaden in Germany, Museum of Modern Art in Vienna, and many more. Arguably, Andre’s most significant contribution was to distance sculpture from processes of carving, modeling, or constructing, and to make works that simply involved sorting and placing.

Carl Andre lives and works in New York.


  1. Katz R. Naked by the Window, The Atlantic Monthly Free Press, 1990
  2. Andre C. and Frampton H. 12 Dialogues, Nova Scotia College of Art and Design Press and New York University Press, 1962-1963
  3. Rose B. Carl Andre, Interview Magazine [September 23,2016]

Featured image: Carl Andre – portrait (detail) – photo credits Sebastian Kim

YearExhibition TitleGallery/MuseumSolo/Group
2016Carl Andre: Sculpture as Place, 1958 – 2010Hamburger Bahnhof – Museum für Gegenwart, Berlin. Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, NationalgalerieSolo
2016Restitución y resistencia: Carl Andre, 1972-2015Solidaridad Salvador Allende, Santiago, ChileSolo
2016DRAWING THEN: Innovation and Influence in American Drawings of the SixtiesDominique Levy, New York, NYGroup
2016DANSAEKHWA AND MINIMALISMBlum & Poe, Los Angeles, CAGroup
2016Drawing Dialogues: The Sol LeWitt CollectionThe Drawing Center, New York, NYGroup
2015The Xerox BookPaula Cooper Gallery, New York, NYGroup
2015Word by WordLuxembourg & Dayan, London, UKGroup
2015Selections from the Kramarsky CollectionDavid Zwirner, New York, NYGroup
2015America is Hard to SeeWhitney Museum of American Art, New York, NYGroup
2015AccelerazioneHerbert Foundation, Ghent, BelgiumGroup
2015American Icons: Masterworks from SFMOMA and the Fisher CollectionGrand Palais, Paris, FranceGroup
2015Collecting for tomorrow. New works at MuseionMuseion, Bolzana, ItalyGroup
2015Adventures of the Black Square: Abstract Art and Society 1915-2015Whitechapel Art Gallery, London, UKGroup
2015Carl Andre, Dan Flavin, Sol LeWittPaula Cooper Gallery, New York, NYGroup
2015Carl Andre In His TimeMnuchin Gallery, New York, NYSolo
2015Des histoires d’automneMamco- musée d’art moderne et contemporain, Geneva, SwitzerlandGroup
2015Brancusi: Pioneer of American MinimalismPaul Kasmin Gallery, New York, NYGroup
2014Texte in der KunstGeorg Kargl Fine Arts, Vienna, AustriaGroup
2014The Never Ending Stories CycleMusée d’art modern et contemporain, Geneva, SwitzerlandGroup
2014Love Story – The Anne & Wolfgang Titze CollectionWinter Palace and 21er Haus, Vienna, AustriaGroup
2014Mind and MatterFonds M-ARCO, Le Box, Marseille, FranceGroup
2014La Disparition des LuciolesPrison Sainte-Anne, Avignon, FranceGroup
2014Everything Loose Will LandGraham Foundation, Chicago, ILGroup
2014L’énergie des matériaux : Arte Povera & Minimal ArtPièces de la collections Francis Solet, L’Hotel de Gallifet, Aix en Provence, FranceGroup
2014Carl AndrePaula Cooper Gallery, New YorkSolo
2014A Friendship: Carl Andre’s Works on Paper from the LeWitt CollectionThe Dan Flavin Art Institute, Bridgehampton, NYSolo
2014Carl Andre: Poems 1958–1969Museum Zu Allerheiligen, Schaffhausen, SwitzerlandSolo
2014Carl Andre: Sculpture as Place, 1958 – 2010Dia Art Foundation, Beacon, NYSolo
2014Ma-re MountGalerie Buchholz, Cologne, GermanyGroup
2014Art from Elsewhere: International Contemporary Art from UK GalleriesGallery of Modern Art, Glasgow, UKGroup
2013XerographyFirstsite, Colchester, UKGroup
2013MINUS SPACEJulian Pretto Gallery, Brooklyn, NYGroup
2013Signs/WordsSperone Westwater, Lugano, SwitzerlandGroup
2013Biennale Arte 2013The Encyclopedic Palace, VeniceGroup
2013Zero +White Box, New York, NYGroup
2013Before the HorizonFundació Joan Miró, Barcelona, SpainGroup
2013A Stone Left UnturnedYvon Lambert, Paris, FranceGroup
2013Carl Andre: Mass & MatterTurner Contemporary, Margate, UKGroup
2013Répétition: 1960–1975Paula Cooper Gallery, New York, NYGroup
2013Nothing and EverythingMarc Straus, New York, NYGroup
2013Carl AndreAlfonso Artiaco, NaplesSolo
2013Répétition IIPaula Cooper Gallery, New York, NYGroup
201210 Years in ZuozGalerie Tschudi, Zuoz, SwitzerlandGroup
2012Ends of the Earth: Land Art to 1974Museum of Contemporary Art, Los AngelesGroup
2012PaperMusée d’Art Moderne et d’Art Contemporain, Nice, FranceGroup
2012SculpturePaul Kasmin Gallery, New York, NYGroup
2012Carl Andre/John Wesley: Serial FormsMitchell-Innes & Nash, New York, NYGroup
2012Minimalism: Not Strictly FormalMichael Kohn Gallery, Los Angeles, CAGroup
2012Ecstatic AlphabetsMuseum of Modern Art, NYGroup
2012Martin Visser: collector, designer, free spiritBonnefantenmuseum Maastricht, the NetherlandsGroup
2012Der Raum der LinieMuseum Wiesbaden, GermanyGroup
2012Spirits of InternationalismM HKA, AntwerpGroup
2012Carl AndrePaula Cooper Gallery, New YorkSolo
2012Carte Blanche á Paula Cooper GalleryGalerie Patrick Seguin, Paris, FranceGroup
2012RiseAce Gallery, Los Angeles, CASolo
2012Carl AndreGalerie Tschudi, Zuoz, SwitzerlandSolo
2011Carl AndreGalería Cayón, Madrid, SpainSolo
2011Carl AndreMuseum Kurhaus Kleve, Kleve, Germany ; traveling to Museion – Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art, Bolzano, ItalySolo
2011Travertine/ BasaltSadie Coles, London, UKSolo
2011Von Carl Andre bis Gregor Schneider. Dorothee und Konrad Fischer: Archiv einer Haltung Museum Kurhaus KleveGroup
2010Carl Andre The Chinati Foundation, Marfa, Texas, USAGroup
2010UntitledGwangju Biennale 2010, South Korea Group
20091968. Die große Unschuld, Kunsthalle Bielefeld, GermanyGroup
2009Gegen den Strich. 15 Jahre Sammlung des Kunstmuseums Wolfsburg Kunstmuseum Wolfsburg, GermanyGroup
2009Carl Andre Sadie Coles HQ, LondonSolo
2008Western Red Cedar Paula Cooper Gallery, New York (NY), USA Solo Group
2008Al C Cu Fe Pb Sn Galerie Tschudi, Zuoz, Switzerland Solo Group
2008Carl Andre, Bernd & Hilla Becher, Sol Lewitt, Bridget Riley Karsten Schubert, London Group
2008IRON Yvon Lambert, ParisSolo
2008Carl Andre Galerie Greta Meert, Brussels, Belgium Solo Group
2008Point of No Return Rubicon Gallery, Dublin, Ireland Group
2008Based on Paper – The Marzona Collection Middlesbrough Institute of Modern Art, Middlesbrough, UK Group
2008TYPED Sadie Coles HQ, LondonGroup
2008Cu Al, Carl Andre - Melissa Kretschmer Konrad Fischer Galerie, Düsseldorf, Germany Solo Group
2007Carl Andre: Early Works on Paper 1958 – 1966 Andrea Rosen Gallery, New YorkSolo
2007Carl Andre, Mark Grotjahn, John McCracken, James Turrell Galerie Almine Rech, Paris Group
2007Paper Fischer Landua Center For Art, Long Island City, New York Group
2007Painting and Sculpture Fischer Landua Center For Art, Long Island City, New York Group
2007Painting and Sculpture Fischer Landua Center For Art, Long Island City, New York Group
2007Painting and Sculpture Fischer Landua Center For Art, Long Island City, New York Group
2007The Plastic VacuumCabinet des estampes du muse d’art et d’histoire, Geneva, Switzerland Group
2007Carl Andre: Timber Works Copper WorksPaula Cooper Gallery, New YorkSolo
2007Japan and the West Kunstmuseum Wolfsburg, Germany Group
2007Carl Andre: Zinc Ace GALLERY, Beverly Hills, CASolo
2007Carl Andre: Hommage à ChillidaKunst Station Sankt Peter, Cologne, GermanySolo
2007CARL ANDRE: Poetry Galerie Tschudi, Glarus, Switzerland Solo Group
2007Carl Andre: 40 Jahre bei Konrad Fischer Konrad Fischer Galerie, Berlin, GermanySolo
2007Dedica 1986-2006 Twenty Years from Galleria Alfonso ArtiacoPalazzo delle Arti Napoli, Naples, Italy Group
2007Outdoor sculture: Carl Andre, Robert Gober, Sol LeWitt John Zwirner and Wirth in Chelsea, New York Group
2007Nothing and Everything Jeffrey Fraenkel Gallery, San FranciscoGroup
2007John McLaughlin, Carl Andre: Paintings and Sculptures Michael Kohn Gallery, Los Angeles (CA) Group
2006Carl Andre, Galerie Tschudi, Glarus, SwitzerlandSolo
2006Minimalism: On and Off Paper Vivian Horan Fine Art, New YorkGroup
2006Nothing and EverythingPeter Freeman Inc, New York Group
2006Elemental Form L & M Arts, New York Group
2006Selections from the Collection of Edward R. BroidaThe National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC Group
2006The Guggenheim Collection Kunst- und Ausstellungshalle der Bundesrepublik Deutschland, Bonn, Germany Group
2006Galerie mit Bleistift Fischer – Papierarbeiten aus den 60er und 70er JahrenKonrad Fischer Galerie GmbH, Düsseldorf, Germany Group
2006Carl Andre: Passport & poetryKonrad Fischer Galerie, Düsseldorf, GermanySolo
2006Espai Públic , Dues Audiències. Obres i documents de la Col.lecció Herbert Meseu d’Art Contemporani de Barcelona – MACBA, BarcelonaGroup
2006Strange I’ve Seen That Face Before Kunst, Design, Architektur im Kopf, Museum Abteiberg, Mönchengladbach, Germany Group
2006Carl Andre Georg Kargl Fine Arts, ViennaSolo
2006Carl Andre Sadie Coles HQ, LondonSolo
2006Paula Cooper Gallery, New York, NYSolo
2006Von Carl Andre bis Bruce Nauman, Hamburger Bahnhof, Museum für Gegenwart, Berlin Group
2006What Happened to ArtVan Abbemuseum, Eindhoven, Netherlands Group
2005Artists’ Favourites ICA, London Group
2005Carl Andre Galerie Tschudi, Glarus, Switzerland SoloGroup
2005Paul Nesbitt: Evergreen Inverleith House, Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh Group
2004Carl Andre: Black WholesKunsthalle Basel, Basel, SwitzerlandSolo
2004Election, organized by James Meyer American Fine Arts, Co., New YorkGroup
2004BLACK WHITE CARBON TIN Sadie Coles HQ, LondonSolo
2004Carl Andre: Lament for the ChildrenPaula Cooper Gallery, New YorkSolo
2004Carl AndreGalerie Arnaud Lefebvre, ParisSolo
2004Carl Andre: Works from GlarusGalerie Tschudi Zuoz, SwitzerlandSolo
2004Carl Andre: GraphiteKonrad Fischer Galerie, Düsseldorf, GermanySolo
2004Carl Andre: Poésie 1960-2000Cabinet des Estampes, Geneva, SwitzerlandSolo
2004An Empty Space, Akira Ikeda Gallery New York, New York Group
2004Singular Forms (Sometimes Repeated): Art from 1951 to the Present Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York Group
2004A Minimal Future? Art As Object 1958-1968 MOCA at California Plaza, Los Angeles (CA Group
2004La odisea americana 1945-1980 Circulo de Bellas Artes, Madrid Group
2004Sculptures Galerie Almine Rech, Paris Group
2004Love,Hate: from Magritte to Cattelan Masterpieces from the Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago, Villa Manin-Centro d’Arte Contemporanea, Passariano, Udine, Italy Group
2004Sculpture and FormJohn Berggruen Gallery, San Fransisco (CA) Group
2003A Simple Plan James Cohan Gallery, New York Group
2003Large-Scale Sculpture: Andre, Grosvenor, LeWitt Paula Cooper Gallery, New YorkGroup
2003Sculpture Barbara Gladstone Gallery, New York Group
2003Stacked D’Amelio Terras, New York Group
2003Hand-made Minimal Peter Freeman Inc., New York Group
2003Sculpture Grant Selwyn Fine Art, New York Group
200320th Anniversary Exhibition Gavin Brown’s Enterprise, New York Group
2003Carl Andre: Copper TimberGalerie Tschudi Glarus, Glarus, SwitzerlandSolo
2003Carl Andre: Poems, Yucatan 1972 Gallery Yamaguchi, Osaka, JapanSolo
2003Flavin, Andre, Judd 3x3National Gallery of Canada, Halifax, travelling to Morris and Helen Belkin Art Gallery, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada Group
2003An International Legacy: Selections from Carnegie Museum of Art Oklahoma City Museum of Art, Oklahoma City; Nevada Museum of Art, Reno (NV); Mobile Museum of Art, Mobile (AL) Group
2003In Full ViewAndrea Rosen Gallery, New York Group
2002Walk Around Time: Selections from the Permanent CollectionWalker Art Center, Minneapolis (MN) Group
2002Sculpture Mitchell-Innes & Nash, New York Group
2002Artists of the Heath Gallery 1965 - 1998 Museum of Contemporary Art of Georgia. Atlanta (GA) Group
2002Galerie Arnaud Lefebvre, Paris Group
2002Conceptual Art 1965 - 1975 from Dutch and Belgian Collections Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam Group
2002MinimalismSoh Gallery, Japan Group
2002Passenger: The Viewer as Participant Astrup Fearndkey Museet for Moderne Kunst, Oslo Group
2002Leon Tovar Gallery, New YorkGroup
2002Les années 70 : l’art en cause capcMusee d’art contemporain, Bordeaux, France Group
2002Aspects of color Anthony Meier Fine Arts, San Francisco (CA) Group
2002Drawings of Choice from a New York CollectionKannert Art Museum, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign Group
2002Carl Andre, poems Gallery Side 2, Tokyo, JapanSolo
2002Carl Andre, Ingots: Wood, Words, Aluminum Paula Cooper Gallery, New YorkSolo
2002Carl Andre Konrad Fischer Galerie, Dusseldorf, GermanySolo
2002Carl Andre Ace Gallery LA, Los Angeles (CA)Solo
2001Minimal Zwirner & Wirth, New York Group
2001Works on Paper From Acconci to Zittel Victoria Miro Gallery, London Group
2001Marzona Villa Manin: a private collection Villa Manin di Passariano, Codroipo, Italy Group
2001Art Works: The Marzona Collection Art around 1968, Kunsthalle Bielefeld, Germany Group
2001Works in ProgressGalerie Arnaud Lefebvre, Paris Group
2001Carl Andre, PoemsPaula Cooper Gallery, New YorkSolo
2001Carl Andre, Words & Small Fields Sadie Coles HQ, LondonSolo
2001noncomposition, fifteen case studiesWadsworth Atheneum Museum of Art, Hartford (CT )Group
2001Carl Andre - Alain Saret James Cohan Gallery, New York Group
2001Poetry Plastique Marianne Boesky Gallery, New York (curated by Jay Sanders and Charles Bernstein) Group
2000Carl Andre Whitechapel Art Gallery, London Solo
2000Carl Andre, Melissa Kretschmer, Mary Obering, Doug Ohlson Galerie Frank, ParisGroup
20004 Sculptures D’Amelio Terras, New York Group
2000Carl Andre and Sol LeWitt Galerie Tschudi, Glarus, Switzerland Group
2000An Empty Space Akira Ikeda Gallery, New York Group
2000Carl Andre Paula Cooper Gallery, New YorkSolo
2000Carl Andre Galerie Tschudi, Glarus, SwitzerlandSolo
2000La sculpture contemporaine jardin des tuileries, Paris Group
2000Artworkers Oriel Mostyn Gallery, Llandudno, Wales Group
2000Carl AndreIngo Meller, Galerie Nächst St. Stephan, Vienna Group
200020th Century Steel SculptureBeadleston Gallery, New York Group
2000Collection Pollock Gallery, Southern Methodist University, Dallas (TX) Group
2000Contemporary American DrawingsSarah-Ann and Werner Kramarsky Group
2000Hanne Darboven: 11 x 9 = 99 Konrad Fischer Galerie, Düsseldorf, Germany Group
2000Many Colored Objects...Casino Luxembourg, Luxembourg Group
1999A Meditation on the Year 1960 D’Amelio Terras, New York Group
1999Art at Work: Forty Years of The Chase Manhattan CollectionMuseum of Fine Arts & Contemporary Art Museum, Houston (TX) (curated by Robert Rosenblum) Group
1999Minimal-MaximalCentro Galego de Arte Contemporánea, Santiago de Compostela, Spain Group
1999Dessiner est un autre langageMusée de Picardie, Amiens, France Group
1999Lament for the ChildrenGalerie Yvon Lambert, ParisSolo
1999Carl AndreKonrad Fischer Galerie, Düsseldorf, GermanySolo
1999House of SculptureModern Art Museum of Fort Worth, Fort Worth (TX) Group
1999Important Sculptors of the Late Twentieth CenturyStamford Sculpture Walk ‘99, Stamford (CT) Group
1999MinimaliaSean Kelly Gallery, New York Group
1999Posters ExhibitionLawrence Markey, New York Group
1999Line, Color, FormJohn Berggruen Gallery, San Francisco (CA) Group
1999Zeitgenössische Kunst seit 1968Kunstmuseum Wolfsburg, Wolfsburg, Germany Group
1999White Fire: Amerikanische Kunst 1959-1999 in Basel Museum für Gegenwartskunst Basel, Switzerland Group
1999Another Form: Drawing into SculptureNew York Studio School, New York Group
1999U.S. to Art 1950 - 2000Studio Casoli, Milan, Italy Group
1999Carl Andre, Alain Kirili, Melissa Kretschmer, Ariane Lopez-HuiciGalerie Frank, Paris Group
1999Sculptors’ DrawingsPaula Cooper Gallery, New YorkGroup
199850 Espèces d’espaces MAC, Galeries contemporaines des musées de Marseille, Marseille, France Group
1998Carl AndreAlfonso Artiaco, Pozzuoli, Italy Solo Group
1998Carl Andre : New Work Royal Botanic Garden, EdinburghSolo
1998Carl Andre: New Work Paula Cooper Gallery, New YorkSolo
1998Carl Andre Galerie Tschudi, Glarus, SwitzerlandSolo
1998Carl Andre - Selected Works Galerie Tanit, Münich, GermanySolo
1998Rendezvous: Masterpieces from Centre Georges Pompidou and the Guggenheim Museums Guggenheim Museum, New York Group
1998horizontal – verticalDas Museum fur Moderne Kunst, Frankfurt-am-Main, Germany Group
1998Western Red Cedar Konrad Fischer, Düsseldorf, GermanySolo
1998Group Exhibition Galerie Tschudi, Basel, Switzerland Group
1998Travel and LeisurePaula Cooper Gallery, New York Group
1998Sculpture Rhona Hoffman Gallery, Chicago (IL) Group
1998Not Today Gavin Brown’s Enterprise, New York Group
1998Amnesty International Benefit Drawing Show Paula Cooper Gallery, New York )Group
1998Every Day the 11th Biennale of Sydney, Sydney, Australia Group
1998Art and the American Experience Kalamazoo Institute of Arts, Kalamazoo (MI) Group
1997Carl Andre: Typewriter Drawings and Blue Cut Trials Paula Cooper Gallery, New YorkSolo
1997Oeuvre Poétique: Carl Andre Centre de la Vieille Charité, Marseille, FranceSolo
1997Carl AndreMusée de Marseille, Marseille, FranceSolo
1997Carl Andre Galerie Tschudi, Glarus, SwitzerlandSolo
1997Carl AndreAce Gallery, New YorkSolo
1997Carl Andre: Passport 1960, Yucatan 1972 Galerie Arnaud Lefèbvre, ParisSolo
1997Maxwell’s DemonMargo Leavin Gallery, Los Angeles (CA) Group
1997Wood Work, Fisher Landau CenterLong Island City (NY) Group
1997Serial AttitudeAddison Gallery, Andover (MA) Group
1997The View from Denver Museum of Modern Art, Vienna Group
1997Group ShowOne Great Jones, New York Group
1997Laying Low: Postminimalism.Scatter Art Kunstnernes Hus, Oslo Group
1997Le Bel Aujourd’hui - Oeuvres d’une collection privéeLe Nouveau Musée,Institut Frac Rhone-Alpes, Villeurbanne, France Group
1997Les Moments de Lieu Propre qui rythment le silence Galerie Arnaud Lefebvre, Paris Group
1997The Froehlich CollectionDeichtorhallen Hamburg, Kunsthalle Hamburg, Germany Group
1997Inaugural Exhibition of Hamburger Kunsthalle Galerie der Gegenwart, Hamburg, Germany Group
1997QUERPASS, Das Museum für Modern Kunst, Frankfurt-am-Main and StädlischesKunstinstitut Frankfurt at Jahrhunderthalle Hoechst, Germany Group
1997Two - person exhibitionCIAP Vereniging voor culturele informatie en actueel prentenkabinet, Hasselt, Belgium Group
1997Die Epoche der Moderne - Kunst im 20 Jahrhundert Martin-Gropius-Bau, Berlin Group
1997Blurring the Boundaries: Installation Art 1969-1996 Museum of Contemporary Art, San Diego (CA) Group
1997De Re MetallicaAnthony D’Offay Gallery, London Group
1997Nonno-Padre-Figlio: Marcel Duchamp-Carl Andre-Lorenzo Missoni Palazzo Frisacco, Tolmezzo Udine, Italy Group
1997Sleeping Beauty Van Abbemuseum, Eindhoven, The Netherlands Group
1997On the Edge Contemporary Art from the Werner and Elaine Dannheisser Collection The Museum of Modern Art, New York Group
1997Auguste Rodin - Die Bürger von Calais, Werk und Wirkung Skulpturenmuseum Glaskasten Marl, GermanyGroup
1996Gray Matter The Mark Moore Gallery, Santa Monica (CA) Group
1996Wechselspiel, Buddhist SculptureGalerie C. Delank, Bremen, Germany Group
1996Carl Andre Konrad Fischer, Düsseldorf, GermanySolo
1996Carl Andre Sculptor: Works 1958-1995 Krefeld Haus Lange and Haus Esters and Wolfsburg Kunstmuseum, GermanySolo
1996Carl Andre: Sculptor 1996 Kunstmuseum Wolfsburg, Wolfsburg, GermanySolo
1996Carl Andre: Sculptor 1996 Museum of Modern Art, Oxford, EnglandSolo
1996Carl AndreBonnefantemuseum, Maastricht, The NetherlandsSolo
1996STILLANOVEL Witte de With, Center for Contemporary Art, Rotterdam, The Netherlands Group
1996Max's Kansas CityA 30th Anniversary, Max's, New York Group
1996Total Risk, Freedom, Discipline: Abstraction in the 20th CenturyThe Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York Group
1996Luis Barragan: Sitio + Superficie Antiguo Colegio de San Ildefonso, Mexico City Group
1996Carl Andre and Melissa Kretschmer: New Work Trans Hudson Gallery, New York Group
1996Wide White Space - Une histoire de l’art des années 60-70 MAC, galeries contemporaines des musées de Marseille, Marseille, France Group
1996Untitled Galeria Elvira González, Madrid Group
1996Coleccion Permanente: Novas Incorporacions Coleccion Fundacion ARCO CGAC, Santiago, Spain Group
1996Chimériques polymères: Le Plastique dans l’Art du XXème Siècle Musée d’Art Moderne et d’Art Contemporain, Nice, France Group
1996The Froehlich Collection Tate Gallery, London, England, traveling to Kunsthalle Tübingen, Staatsgalerie, Stuttgart, Germany and Württembergischer Kunstverein Stuttgart, Germany and Group
1996Carl Andre, Erik Satie, Constantin Brancusi Galerie Arnaud Lefèbvre, Paris Group
1996Minimal Art Koldo Mitxelena Kulturnea, San Sebastian, SpainGroup
1995A Passion for the New New Art in Tel Aviv Collections Tel Aviv Museum of Art, Tel Aviv, IsraelGroup
1995Sniper's Nest: Art That Has Lived With Lucy Lippard Center for Curatorial Studies at Bard College, Annandale-on-Hudson (NY) Group
1995Carl Andre: SandLime Instar, Gagosian Gallery, New York Solo
1995UntitledPaula Cooper Gallery, New York Solo
1995Chain Reaction: An Abbreviated Survey of Idea-Based Art, Track 16 Gallery, Santa Monica (CA) Group
1995Mapping: A Response to MoMAAmerican Fine Arts, Co., New York (organized by Peter Fend) Group
1995Livres d'Artistes Centre d'Art Contemporain, Geneva, Switzerland (curated by Paolo Columbo) Group
1995Carl Andre-Sol LeWitt Alfonso Artiaco, Pozzuoli,Napoli, Italy Group
1995Andre, Darboven, LeWitt, Weiner: Drawings, Structures, Relations ICP, New York Group
1995Sculpture Small ScaleRobert McClain & Co., Houston (TX) Group
1995American Sculptors in the 1960s: Selected Drawings from the Collection The Museum of Modern Art, New York Group
1995Une ConstellationGalerie Arnaud Lefèbvre, Paris Group
1995Wide White Space - Internationale Kunst 1966-1976 Kunstmuseum Bonn, Germany Group
1995Ix, ALDEBARANEspace Vigneron, Baillargues, France Group
1995Les fragments du désir - Collections en ExpositionFonds Régional d’Art Contemporain Nord, Pas de Calais, Anc. Ets. des Magasins OLD ENGLAND, Future Museum of Instruments, Brussels Group
1995Die Sammlung MarzonaMuseum Moderner Kunst Stiftung Ludwig Wien, Palais Liechtenstein, Vienna Group
1995Julian’s Show (curated by Julian Pretto)Littlejohn Contemporary, New York Group
1995Carl Andre, Alan Charlton, Richard Long, Mario Merz, Ulrich Rückreim, NieleToroniGalerie Tschudi, Glarus, Switzerland Group
1995Donald Judd and Artist FriendsGalerie nächst St. Stephan, Vienna Group
1995CorneredPaula Cooper Gallery, New York Group
199525 Years: An Exhibition of Selected Works Margo Leavin Gallery, Los Angeles (CA) Group
1995Donald Judd and Artist FriendsGalerie Nachst St. Stephan, Vienna Group
1995Vernissage Galerie Tschudi, Glarus, Switzerland Group
1995Revolution: Art of the Sixties From Warhol to Beuys Museum of Contemporary Art, Tokyo Group
1995Abstand und Nähe, Works of the late 60's and early 70's, Galerie Bugdahn und Kaimer, Düsseldorf, Germany Group
1995Carl Andre-New Work, Nicola Tyson-Paintings Anthony d'Offay Gallery, London Group
1995Carl Andre Galerie Tschudi Glarus, Switzerland Solo