Carlo Carra - Uomini al mare, 1941- Image via pinterestcom funeral of the world

Carlo Carra/ Carlo Carrà

Italy 1881 - 1966

Futurism

Carlo Carra
Carlo Carrà
Male
Italy
1881

One of the main creative wings behind the visual wonders of Italian Futurism, Carlo Carrà was an influential artist who helped shape one of the most important avant-garde movements of the early 20th century. Many of his works were the ideal representation of what Futuristic concepts stood for – Carra’s iconic piece titled as The Funeral of the Anarchist Galli (1911) quickly became a symbol of dynamic action and powerful visual violence Italian authors of Futurism represented. Carlo also pioneered the style of painting called Pittura Metafisica. Later in his life, Carra started combining his artistic ideas with the norms of Cubism. However, he remained a symbol of Futurism for the entirety of his career.

Carlo Carrà - Italian Swimmers at a Funeral - Image via wikiartorg
Carlo Carrà – Swimmers – Image via wikiart.org

Carlo Carrà and Futurism

Carlo Carrà was born in Quargnento, near Alessandria, in the year of 1881. When he was at the age of 12, he left home in order to work as a mural decorator. Soon, painting became his only preoccupation in life as young Carlo dreamed of becoming an influential artist others would marvel at. In the year of 1900, Carra was in Paris decorating pavilions at the Exposition Universelle where he became acquainted with contemporary French art. He also spent a few months in London that year where he was exposed to the influence of Italian anarchists who were exiled from their native country. Soon, Carlo started to feel fascinated with anarchism and fascism, a factor that will play a big role in years to come. In 1906, Carlo started attending classes at the Brera Academy and studied under the guidance of Cesare Tallone. Four years later, Carra decided to launch a new artistic movement alongside his friends Umberto Boccioni, Luigi Russolo and Giacomo Balla. Gathered behind a common goal and mutual artistic ideas, they signed the Manifesto of Futurist Painters in 1910. This marked the most important chapter of Carlo’s artistic career.

Carlo Carrà was one of the key artists whose sculpture and painting artworks were responsible for the radical changes behind the movement of Futurism

For every single Italian museum collection in Milan, being a painter is being an anarchist
Carlo Carrà – Il cavaliere rosso, 1913 – Image via pinterest.com

After the Peak of 1911

Carrà’s Futurist phase ended around the time World War I began. He continued to use Futurist elements in his works, but a definite turn towards pictorial stillness was obvious. Inspired by the aspects of Trecento painting, children’s naive art and the unique works of Henri Rousseau, Carrà soon began creating still lifes in a simplified style that emphasized the reality of ordinary objects. In 1917, he met and started to collaborate with Giorgio de Chirico in Ferrara – the duo worked together for several weeks and the two became the innovators of a style they called metaphysical painting of Pittura Metafisica. Throughout the duration of the 1920s and 1930s, Carlo concentrated mainly on landscape paintings and developed a more atmospheric style that was unlike anything from his previous portfolio – the best example of this type of painting is the work called Morning by the Sea. The artist took a step back from the spotlight in his later years, becoming a more private person than when he was a young man fascinated by anarchism and fascism. Carrà died in the city of Milan in 1966. He never stopped painting until the last day of his life.

In his later life, Carlo Carra emancipated himself from the boundaries of Futuristic models but still relied heavily on them in everything he painted

Italian anarchist painter Milan Galli and his new collection are in Modern museum in Paris
Carlo Carrà – I nuotatori, 1932 – Image via wikiart.org

Consequences on Avant-garde Art

Although he strayed away from visual concepts on a regular basis for the majority of his career, Carlo still managed to leave his mark within every movement he ever worked in. Carrà pioneered concepts, visual vocabularies and artistic movements that changed the face of European art, playing roles in what will turn out to be a key moment in modern art history. He painted, experimented and contributed to many aspects of avant-garde societies, engraving his name as one of the most crucial authors of the early 20th century.

References:

  1. Raimondi, G., Carlo Carrà, Ulrico Hoepli, 1942
  2. Carra, L., Coen, E., di Linguaglossa, E. B., Kidd, T., Carlo Carra: Metaphysical Spaces, Blain|Southern; First Edition – Limited edition, 2016

Featured image: Carlo Carra – Uomini al mare, 1941 (detail) – Image via pinterest.com
All images used for illustrative purposes only.

YearExhibition TitleGallery/MuseumSolo/Group
2017ColoriCastello di Rivoli Museo d'Arte Contemporanea, TurinGroup
2016Carlo Carrà: Metaphysical SpacesBlain|SouthernSolo
2016Ritmo sopra a tuttoMuseo MAGA, Gallarte, VAGroup
2016La Seduzione Dell’AnticoMuseo d’Arte della città di Ravenna (MAR), RavennaGroup
2016Del Divisionismo Al Futurismo. El Arte Italiano Hacia La Modernidad.Fundación MAPFRE, MadridGroup
2016Group ShowGalleria Biasutti & Biasutti Arte Moderna e Contemporanea, TurinGroup
2016The Artist and the Book in Twentieth Century ItalyMuseum of Modern Art (MoMA), New York City, NYGroup
2015Belle Haleine Der Duft der KunstMuseum Tinguely, BaselGroup
2014The war which is coming is not the first one Great war 1914-2014Museo d'Arte Moderna e Contemporanea di Trento e Rovereto, RoveretoGroup
2014From Neoclassicism to Futurism: Italian Prints and Drawings, 1800–1925The National Gallery of Art, Washington, DCGroup
2013I Paesaggi Di Carrà. 1921-1964Museo d'Arte Mendrisio, MendrisioSolo
2013Limited Edition: International PrintsGalleria Guastalla Centro Arte, LivornoGroup
2012Masters: Da Schiele A PicassoGalleria Torbandena, TriesteGroup
2012Der Sturm Zentrum der AvantgardeVon der Heydt Museum, WuppertalGroup
2012The Avant-garde. From Picasso To PollockPeggy Guggenheim Collection, VeniceGroup
2011Segni del NovecentoCerruti Arte, GenoaGroup
2011Opere Fra Xx E Xxi SecoloGalleria Fabrizio Russo, RomeGroup
2011Dada-Futurismo. Dalle collezioni milanesiMuseo del Novecento, MilanGroup
2010Futurismo: dinamismo e coloreMuseo d'Arte Moderna Vittoria Colonna, PescaraGroup
2010El Universo Futurista. 1909-1936.Fundación PROA, Buenos AiresGroup
2010Modern Times: responding to chaosKettle's Yard, Cambridge, CambridgeshireGroup
2010Il Futurismo a Viareggio e in VersiliaPalazzo delle Muse , Viareggio, LUGroup
2009Sprachen des FuturismusMartin-Gropius-Bau, BerlinGroup
2009COLLEZIONARE IL FUTURISMO. CARTE FUTURISTECentre for Contemporary Art Ujazdowski Castle, WarsawGroup
2009FuturismTate Modern, LondonGroup
2009Framing ModernismEstorick Collection of Modern Italian Art, LondonGroup
2009Themes and Variations: From the Mark to ZeroPeggy Guggenheim Collection, VeniceGroup
2009Carte futuristeVigeland-museet, OsloGroup
2009Futurismo. Avanguardia-AvanguardieScuderie del Quirinale, RomeGroup
2009Masterpieces of Futurism at the Peggy Guggenheim CollectionPeggy Guggenheim Collection, VeniceGroup
2008Carlo Carrà: La natura come sognoPalazzo Salmatoris, CherascoSolo
2005Carlo Carrà: AntologicaMuseo dell´Abbazia di San Pietro, AssisiSolo
2004La geometria del quotidiano. Realtà mito classicità concretezzaAssociazione Culturale Trifoglio , ChietiSolo
2003Carlo Carrà. My lifeGalleria Civica, PotenzaSolo
1999Carlo CarràPalazzo Ducale, GenoaSolo
1992Carlo CarràGalleria Anna D’Ascanio, RomeSolo
1987Carlo CarraGalerie Brusberg, BerlinSolo
1987Carlo Carrà : RetrospektiveStaatliche Kunsthalle Baden-BadenSolo
1982Carlo Carra: sacro e religiosoGalleria San Fedele, MilanSolo
1980Carlo CarràGalleria Anna D’Ascanio, RomeSolo
1980Carlo CarràNeuer Berliner Kunstverein, BerlinSolo
1973Maggio a Carlo CarràIl Segnapassi Galleria d’Arte, PesaroSolo
1964Carlo CarraGalleria del Cavallino, VeniceSolo
1952Litografie di Carlo CarràGalleria del Cavallino, VeniceSolo
1951Litografie e incisioni di Carlo CarràGalleria del Cavallino, VeniceSolo
1945Carlo CarràGalleria del Cavallino, VeniceSolo
1944Carlo CarràGalleria del Cavallino, VeniceSolo
1943Incisioni di Carlo CarràGalleria del Cavallino, VeniceSolo