Dora Maurer, Seven Rotations - Detail, 1979 - image via bbc.co.uk

Dora Maurer/ Dóra Maurer

Hungary 1937

Conceptual Art, Photography, Design

Dora Maurer
Dóra Maurer
Female
Hungary
1937

Dora Maurer is a well-established Hungarian photographer and graphic designer, as well as one of the leading artists of the avant-garde movement since the 1970s. She is also a professor at the Hungarian Academy of Fine Arts in Budapest and a curator. Her art revolves around mathematical and complex system processes – Maurer is very methodical and precise when it comes to the compositions she creates along with the width of lines, colors and angles.

Dora Maurer - Sluices - Detail, 1982 - image via parisphoto.com
Dora Maurer – Sluices – Detail, 1982 – image via parisphoto.com

Process of Artistic Calculation

Maurer is a trained graphic artist and until the late 1960s she has worked mainly in printmaking. Later on, her work started to incorporate other visual media, such as film, photography, collage, and found natural materials, such as twigs. She has gained a lot of recognition due to her self-portrait from the late 70s, called Seven Turns. This portrait shows the corner of the artist’s face behind a white card and continues with her holding the previous portrait in the series rotated 45 degrees. This creates a hypnotizing spiral of hands and eyes which resembles what we see through a kaleidoscope or perhaps Indian mandalas. This exciting play of revealing, concealing, shifting and manipulating represents the very core of Maurer’s aesthetics.

Despite the fact that Maurer’s pieces are based on calculation, they are quite poetic

Dora Maurer, Traces of a Circle, 1974 - image via tate.org
Dora Maurer – Traces of a Circle, 1974 – image via tate.org

Exploring Simple Movements and Actions

During the early 1970s, Maurer created a large series named Reversible & Changeable Phases of Movement. This series portrays simple actions broken down into sequences of movements. For example, Etude 4 from 1972 represents the catching of a ball reduced to five separate scenes. Later on, it the 80s, Maurer’s work has developed and became much more complex. Handmade Fractal Paintings series from 1988 is composed of lines of 3mm width rendered in eight different colors and arranged to create an overlapping series of squares. The series explores the geometrical transformations produced by the enlargement of these squares. More recently, in the 2000s, Maurer has initiated another morphological project called Overlapping, which focuses on the colors and their potential to influence the human perception. In Overlappings, transparent squares or gridded outlines of color create an impression of depth, making the squares flicker and appear three-dimensional. The latest Maurer’s work, similarly to her pieces from the 70s, concentrates on uniting the obvious and the conceptual and suggests that art can be quite complex conceptually even if it explores simple phenomena.

Maurer’s work concentrates on uniting the obvious and the conceptual

Dora Maurer - Durchdringungen no. 474, 2011 - image via artfacts.net
Dora Maurer – Durchdringungen no. 474, 2011 – image via artfacts.net

Universal Appeal of Geometric Designs

Maurer’s works display a universal appeal and they are easy to interpret because they show simple actions that anyone can perform – we can identify with her pieces on physical and visual levels. According to the artist, her artworks can be described as novels in pictures because they encourage us to read and understand the sequences of simple movements or the structure of various geometric compositions. It’s not common for an artist to be able to make conceptual art which is comprehensible enough, however Maurer excelled in this task. Ever since the late 1950s, Maurer has been one of Eastern Europe’s most rigorously experimental artists.

Dora Maurer lives and works in Budapest, Hungary.

Featured image: Dora Maurer – Seven Turns – Detail, 1979 – image via bbc.co.uk
All images used for illustrative purpose only.

YearExhibition TitleGallery/MuseumSolo/Group
2016Poetics and Politics: Artistic Strategies in the Hungarian Neo-AvantgardeEspaivisor Galeria, Valencia, SpainnGroup
2016Cuts, Shapes, Scrapes and Breaks Seventeen, London, UKGroup
2016Austin Desmond Selects & Barry FlanaganAustin Desmond Fine Art, London, UKnGroup
2015Dora Maurer: Parallel SystemsHunt Kastner, Czech Republic, PraguenSolo
2015Last Year's Snow: The Hungarian Neo-Avant-Garde in the 1970s & 80sAustin Desmond Fine Art, UK, London Group
2015TransparencyGalerie Georg KarglnAustria, Vienna Group
2015LUDWIG 25 The Contemporary CollectionLudwig Museum of Contemporary Art Hungary, Budapest Group
2014Allegory of the Cave PaintingExtra City Center for Contemporary ArtnBelgium, Antwerp Group
2014Ultrapassado: Women Artists In AbstractionBroadway 1602, UptownnUSA, New York Group
2014The Sky is Blue in Some Other WayGaleria Elba Benitez, Spain, Madrid Group
2014XL: 19 New Acquisitions in PhotographyMOMA, New YorkGroup
2013Of Parameters: Measurable truths, definitive outcomeTenderpixel Gallery, UK, London Group
201112th Istanbul Biennial 2011Turkey, IstanbulGroup
2011Kind of ChangeLudwig Museum of Contemporary Art, Hungary, Budapest Group
2009Dora Maurer - Concise OeuvreLudwig Museum of Contemporary Art, Hungary, Budapest Solo
2009Phases of MovementDominiK Art Projects, Krakow, PolandGroup
2004Collected Views from East or West and West or EastGenerali Foundation, Wien, AustriaGroup