sculptures, installations

Franz West/ Franz West

Austria 1947 - 2012

Installation, Sculpture

www.franzwest.at

Franz West
Franz West
Male
Austria
1947

By dismissing physical appearance of his artworks and focusing instead on the way they’ll be used, Franz West, an Austrian artist, shaped his artistic approach, employing it until the very end of his life. Emerging from the tradition of Viennese Actionists (without actually belonging there), his early experiences include the cultural extremes of the movement and their attacks on bourgeois sensibilities, on one side, and constant attempts of his older contemporaries as they were struggling to free themselves from Vienna’s illustrious heritage, on the other. He developed a personal style that longed for interaction – his works could only be truly understood if being touched, worn, or sat upon. That very contact with the works allowed the viewers to temporarily enter the universe that West has been building carefully throughout his majestic career.

Franz West used plaster in his sculpture making art, often showing them in public
Franz West – Passstück, circa 1980 – image courtesy of Hauser & Wirth

Personal Life and Early Artworks

With a frequently absent coal dealer father and a dentist mother (who did take him with her on art-viewing trips to Italy), West didn’t have much of an artistic pedigree. In fact, for a number of years, he was completely clueless of a direction he would like to take in his life. He enrolled at the Academy of Fine Arts Vienna in 1977 (when he was already 30 years old) and studied there under Bruno Gironcoli. The artist sometimes even stated that the only reason for him to start making art was to calm his mother, who was growing impatient of her son’s reluctance to do just about anything with his life.[1] He was familiar with the work of Vienna Actionists and their provocative performances that involved dead animals, self-mutilation, and masturbation – they were the dominant force in the Vienna art scene of the 1960s. West renounced the physicality and existential intensity of that kind of work, focusing instead on benign and relaxed lightness. He once said that his first taste of the Actionist’s performance originated in screams of his mother’s patients, coming from her office next door to the family’s apartment. Instead of gruesomeness and intense display, he chose interaction as his modus operandi, a feature that marked his entire career.

By deciding to begin his studies relatively late, it came to be that he already had an understanding of what he wanted to create. Nevertheless, he was inspired by his teacher Bruno Gironcoli, whose overblown sculptures of domestic objects influenced West in the development of his own distinctive idiom. Among his first well-known works are small amorphous objects that are meant to be touched, held, manipulated and contemplated. Called Adaptives or Passstücke, these pieces exist in their own universe of incompleteness and closeness to the body. They were often created phallus-shaped or had some other sexual allusion behind them, and yet they always remained strongly attached to the abstract world. West described some of the art pieces that he’d made to his friend, poet Reinhard Priessnitz, and he coined the original German name for them – Passstücke. Later, the artist sought an adequate English translation, and had to choose between Fitting Piece and Adaptive, preferring the translation and settling on the latter term.[2] These works represented a truce between performance and art object and reflected the artist’s early admiration for the all-white reliefs and paintings of Piero Manzoni and Robert Ryman. With, of course, one big difference – they were created with the intention to be worn, carried, held, or simply touched by the viewers, giving his practice a true interactive dimension.

West chose interaction as his modus operandi, opposite to gruesomeness and violence of the Austrian movement known as Viennese Actionists

Franz West died in 2012, and his works are located in gallery or museum
Franz West – Miniaturpassstücke I, II, II, 1983 (Left) / Passstück, 1983 (Right) – image courtesy of Hauser & Wirth

Mature Period

Originally interested in making paintings, West quickly turned to Adaptives, a small portable sculptures, before he started creating collages and sculptures large in size (that were public and colorful, from time to time). Much of this later work was developed from ideas implicit in the Adaptives. The artist would sometimes invite others to apply paint or collage to their white surfaces. Before he even noticed, he was creating objects too big to handle, entering the world of “legitimate sculpture”. But even these continued to grow, eventually evolving into considerably larger papier-mâché and cardboard works whose fragmentary shapes and distressed surfaces had an ancient mien, as if they had survived the vicissitudes of time. Then he started making larger, hilariously bulbous, vibrantly colored papier-mâché pieces, something that West is arguably best known for. The possibilities of the found furniture incorporated in some of the Adaptives came to be in the center of his focus in the early 1980s, as he was making spindly chairs and divans out of rebar that parodied elegant furniture while being quite elegant and surprisingly comfortable themselves. His ambition slowly grew. So did his installations, where he now created combinations of sculptures, furniture, paintings, and even works made by other artists. In the late ‘90s, West’s focus turned to lacquered aluminum works, some of them inspired by the shapes of Adaptives, but also by the forms of Viennese sausages. Apart from their appeal, they were also meant for lying and sitting, incorporating the basics of furniture. Speaking of furniture, it wasn’t just a viewing point, as it could clearly take on the central role. For example, a piece titled 2625 consisted of two steel and white resin chairs and was placed on a low plinth and separated by a white cube hanging from the ceiling. Anyone who sat inside the installation would be obtuse indeed if they did not feel the transformative effect of their participation, even if from outside it might all appear a trifle austere.[3]

He approach to sculpture went through a slight change in a sense that his works were getting bigger over time

Franz West used plaster in making various arts that are now in museum or gallery
Franz West – Untitled (from the series Transfigured Past), 2009 (Left) / Untitled (from the series Transfigured Past), 2009 (Right) – image courtesy of Skarstedt

Legacy

Franz West died in Vienna, Austria on July 26th, 2012 after a long disease. His international renown culminated towards the end of his life in several major exhibitions, including a retrospective at the Baltimore Museum of Art in 2008 and an appearance at the Liverpool Biennial of 2010, but also his possibly greatest honor – the Golden Lion for lifetime achievement, conferred at the Venice Biennale of 2011. “It doesn’t matter what the art looks like but how it’s used.” These simple words were more than just a phrase for West. Rather, he had them somewhere in his head whenever he was working on a piece. And whatever the form of the work may be, there was always a need for some sort of interaction, placing him along with other artists that considered art a two-way street, where viewers often play a role just as important as the artist himself.

He is represented by the Gagosian Gallery.

Franz West lived and worked in Vienna.

References:

  1. Smith R. Franz West Is Dead at 65; Creator of an Art Universe, The New York Times [October 1,2016]
  2. Badura-Triska E. et al., Franz West: Wo ist mein Achter?, exh. cat., Vienna, Museum moderner Kunst Stiftung Ludwig, 2013, p. 10
  3. Masters C. Franz West obituary, The Guardian [October 1,2016]

Featured image: Franz West – portrait – photo credits Markus Rössle
All images copyright of The Franz West Foundation

YearExhibition titleGallery/MuseumGroup/Solo
2013Wo ist mein Achter?MMK, Frankfurt, GermanySolo
2013Wo ist mein Achter?MUMOK, Wien, AustriaSolo
2012SculptureGagosian Gallery, Hong KongGroup
2012Stolen FantasySchinkel Pavillon, Berlin, GermanyGroup
2012ArtandpressMartin-Gropius-Bau, Berlin, GermanyGroup
2012Man With A BallGagosian Gallery, LondonSolo
2012GoldÖsterreichische Galerie Belvedere, Vienna, AustriaGroup
2012Zwei Epiphanien, mit GelatinSchloss Damtschach, GermanySolo
2012Reyle West: Stolen Fantasy, Kollaboration von Franz West und Anselm ReyleSchinkel Pavillon, Berlin, GermanySolo
2012Collaborations & InterventionsCCA Andratx, MallorcaGroup
2011Franz WestHaubrok shows, Berlin, GermanySolo
2011EpiphanienGalerie Meyer Kainer, Vienna, AustriaSolo
2011Zeitgenössische RaumkunstMuseum der Moderne Mönchsberg Salzburg, Salzburg, AustriaGroup
2011Franz WestGalerie Eva Presenhuber, Zurich, SwitzerlandSolo
2011FurnitureGagosian Gallery, Athens, GreeceSolo
2011Compass in handInstitut Valencià d'Art Modern, ValenciaGroup
2010Move: Choreographing YouHayward Gallery, London, EnglandGroup
2010Franz WestThe Garage Center for Contemporary Culture, MoscowSolo
2010Franz WestVilla Schöningen, PotsdamSolo
2010DeichtorhallenJulia Stoschek Collection, HamburgGroup
2010Skin FruitSelections from the Dakis Joannou Collection, New YorkGroup
2010Press Art - Sammlung Annette und Peter NobelMuseum der Moderne Salzburg, SalzburgGroup
2010EXPEDIT 11Werkstadt Graz, GrazGroup
2010Jeder Künstler ist ein MenschStaatliche Kunsthalle Baden-Baden, Baden-BadenGroup
2010Sculpture and VideoMarguelis Collection at the Warehouse, Miami BeachGroup
2010Terre Vulnerabili, a growing exhibitionHangar Bicocca, Spazio d’arte contemporanea, Milan, ItalyGroup
2010James Ensor, Hareng Saur: Ensor et l'art contemporainSMAK Stedelijk Museum voor Actuele Kunst, GentGroup
2010Cosa fa la mia anima mentre sto lavorando?GAM - Civica Galleria d'Arte Moderna di Gallarate, GallarteGroup
2010The New DecorGarage Center for Contemporary Culture, GCCC, MoscowSolo
2010Auswertung der FlugdatenK21 Kunstsammlung Nordrhein-Westfalen im Ständehaus, DusseldorfGroup
2010Where Do We Go From Here? Selections from La Colección JumexCAC, Cincinnati Contemporary Arts Center, Cincinnati, OHGroup
2010Dance & ArtHayward Gallery, LondonGroup
2010Choreographing You: Fifty Years of Art and DanceKunsthalle Hamburg, HamburgGroup
2010Liverpool BiennaleLiverpoolGroup
2010Freud and ArtVancouver Art Gallery, VancouverGroup
2010FischGrätenMelkStandTemporäre Kunsthalle Berlin, BerlinGroup
2010Skulpturen, Objekte und InstallationenGalerie Kunst & Handel, GrazGroup
2010The New DécorHayward Gallery, London, EnglandGroup
201011. Triennale Kleinplastik - Larger Than Life - Stranger Than FictionTriennale Kleinplastik Fellbach, FellbachGroup
2010Modèles modèles 2Mamco - Musée d Art Moderne et Contemporain, GenevaGroup
2010EXPEDIT 10Werkstadt Graz, GrazGroup
2010Jeunes poussesFRAC, Languedoc-Roussilon, MontpellierGroup
2010Superficies del deseoMuseo Universitario de Arte Contemporáneo - MUAC, Mexico CityGroup
2010PRESS ART - Werke aus der Sammlung Annette und Peter NobelKunstmuseum St. Gallen, St. GallenGroup
2010Long time no seeThe Brno House of Arts, Central Building, BrnoGroup
2010Ich weiß gar nicht, was Kunst ist - Einblicke in eine private SammlungMARTa Herford, HerfordGroup
2010Vom Nutzen (Das Nützen)Galerie Bärbel Grässlin, Frankfurt, GermanyGroup
2010Skin Fruit, Selections from the Dakis Joannou CollectionNew Museum, New York, NYSolo
2010Franz WestRoman Room, Gagosian Gallery, RomeSolo
2010Franz WestGallery Almine Rech, Brussels, BelgiumSolo
2010MadreAutotheater, Napoli, ItalySolo
2010Franz WestKunsthaus Graz, Autotheater, GrazSolo
2009AutotheaterMuseum Ludwig, Cologne, GermanyGroup
2009Im Garten der LüsteBelvedere, Wien, AustriaGroup
2009Franz West, Works from the 1990sZwirner & Wirth, New York, NYSolo
2009Franz WestFondation Beyeler, Basel, SwitzerlandSolo
2009Franz WestMuseo Rufino Tamayo, Mexico City, MexicoSolo
2009The Ego and the IdPublic Art Fund, New York, NYSolo
2009Franz WestKunsthaus Graz, Graz, SwitzerlandSolo
2009T-Tris : Un « jeu » de construction entre les collections de la Province de HainautEspace de Création Contemporaine, CharleroiGroup
2009Die Kunst ist super!Hamburger Bahnhof, Museum für Gegenwart, BerlinGroup
2009Entre Seux Actes Loge de ComedienneStaatliche Kunsthalle Baden-Baden, Baden-BadenGroup
2009Mahlzeit! (Essen in der Kunst)Galerie im Traklhaus, SalzburgGroup
2009Your Gold Teeth IIIMarianne Boesky Gallery, New York City, NYGroup
2009Summa Summarum Galerie Wilma Lock, St. GallenGroup
2009Images & (re)présentations - The 1980s – Part 2MAGASIN-Centre National d’art Contemporain de Grenoble, GrenobleGroup
2009A GUEST + A HOST = A GHOST – Works from the Dakis Joannou CollectionDeste Foundation, Centre for Contemporary Art, AthensGroup
2009Sculpture ShowEastside Projects, Birmingham, EnglandGroup
2009Franz WestGalerie Almine Rech, BrusselsSolo
2009MOCA's First Thirty YearsMOCA Grand Avenue, Los Angeles, CAGroup
2009Where Do We Go From Here? Selections from La Colección JumexBass Museum of Art, Miami, FLGroup
2009The Irreverent ObjectLuhring Augustine Gallery, New York City, NYGroup
2009PastPresentFutureBank Austria Kunstforum, ViennaGroup
2009Brücken in die gegenwart 2009 Von Anzinger bis KubinKunsthaus Muerz, MürzzuschlagGroup
2009SleepwalkingTemporary Gallery Cologne, CologneGroup
2009Continuous PresentYale University Art Gallery, New Haven, CTGroup
2009Best Of Kunstraum Innsbruck 2004-2009Kunstraum Innsbruck, InnsbruckGroup
2009Werken, Fragmenten Van Een CollectieStuk Kunstcentrum, LeuvenGroup
2009Männer FrauenKunstraum Grässlin, St. GeorgenGroup
2009Where do we go from here?Bass Museum of Miami, La Colección Jumex, MiamiGroup
2009Punta della Dogana, Mapping the StudioFrançois Pinault Collection, Palazzo Grassi, VeniceGroup
2009We Are Sun-kissed and Snow-blindGalerie Patrick Seguin invites Galerie Eva Presenhuber, ParisGroup
2009Franz West und AtelierBase Progetti per l’Arte, FlorenceSolo
2009UFONRW-Forum, DüsseldorfGroup
2009Franz WestMitchell-Innes & Nash, New YorkSolo
2009Franz WestOpenAir Galerie Ateliér, Stalky, Czech RepublicSolo
2009SammlungsausstellungMuseum Brandhorst, Munich, GermanyGroup
2009Sculpture in Nature, Nature of SculptureFoundation 'De 11 lijnen', Oudenburg, BelgiumGroup
2009Edition-AdditionLocks Gallery, Philadelphia, PAGroup
2009Haydn explosivSchloss Esterházy, EisenstadtGroup
2009La Vie Mode D'EmploiSutton Lane, ParisGroup
2009Yellow and Green - Positionen aus der Sammlung des MMKMuseum für Moderne Kunst (MMK), Frankfurt au MainGroup
2009N _importe quoiMusée d'Art Contemporain Lyon, LyonGroup
2009Cross OverGalerie Peithner-Lichtenfels, ViennaGroup
2009Herwig Weiser, Pierre Weiss, Franz WestGalerie ColletPark, ParisGroup
2009Best of AustriaLentos Kunstmuseum Linz, LinzGroup
2009Off the wallVan de Weghe Fine Art, New York City, NYGroup
2008To Build A House, Works 1972 - 2008The Baltimore Museum of Art, BaltimoreGroup
2008Asymmetrische KunstGalerie Eva Presenhuber, Zurich, SwitzerlandSolo
2008Angewandte KunstMAK, ViennaSolo
2008PasstückGagosian Gallery, New York, NYSolo
2008The Hamster WheelMalmö Konsthall, Malmö, SwedenGroup
2008Franz WestSculpture Center, Gala Honoring, New York Solo
2008True RomanceKunstahhe Wien, Vienna, AustriaGroup
2008Antwerp Sculpture ShowTim Van Laere Gallery, AntwerpSolo
2007Franz WestPlace Vendôme, FIAC, ParisSolo
2007EverstillFundación Federico García-Lorca, La Huerta de San Vicente, Granada, SpainGroup
2007Franz WestGironcoli-Museum, Gironcolis Schüler, Herberstein, Austria Solo
2007Sequence 1, Painting and SculptureFrançois Pinault Collection, Pallazzo Grassi, Venice, ItalyGroup
200752nd Biennale di VeneziaVenice, ItalyGroup
2007Critical Mass - Kritische MasseKunsthalle Bern, Bern, SwitzerlandGroup
2007Over UnderJubilee Park, Canary Wharf, London, UKGroup
2007Comic AbstractionMuseum of Modern Art, New York, NYGroup
2007ShandyismusVienna Secession, Vienna, AustriaGroup
2007Die Macht der FrauenGalerie Meyer Kainer, Vienna, Austria Solo
2007Franz WestGaleria Mario Sequeira, Braga, Portugal Solo
2007FabricGalerie Bärbel Grässlin, Frankfurt, Germany Solo
2007Exit Music (For a Film)Galerie Grimm Rosenfeld, Munich, GermanyGroup
2007Der Ficker, Fortescue Avenue Jonathan Viner, London, UKGroup
2007DUMP: Postmodern Sculpture in the Dissolved FieldNational Museum of Art, Architecture and Design, Oslo, NorwayGroup
2006Modelle u.a.Galerie Eva Presenhuber, Zurich, Switzerland Solo
20063 Outdoor SculpturesGalerie Eva Presenhuber, Zurich, Switzerland Solo
2006Sit InGalerie Ghislaine Hussenot, Paris, FranceSolo
2006SecondyryGalerie Gisela Capitain, Cologne, GermanyGroup
2006Franz WestGagosian Gallery, London Solo
2005SculptureKunsthalle Wien, Vienna, AustriaSolo
2005Franz WestVancouver Art Gallery, Vancouver, CanadaSolo
2005Franz WestEinsteinhaus, Caputh, GermanySolo
2005Dinge und MenschenGalerie Bärbel Grässlin, Frankfurt, GermanyGroup
2005Franz WestGagosian Gallery, Beverly Hills, CASolo
2004Funky LessonsBAWAG Foundation, Vienna, AustriaGroup
2004Tongue in Cheek: L'humour dans l'art contemporainCRAC Alsace, Altkirch, France Group
2004GartenmöbelGalerie Meyer Kainer, Vienna, AustriaGroup
2004Franz WestBernier Eliades Gallery, Athens, GreeceSolo
2004Franz WestGaleria Juana de Aizpuru, Madrid, SpainSolo
2004Franz WestMuseo Tamayo, Zacatecas, MexicoSolo
2004Franz WestGalerie Elisabeth & Klaus Thoman,Innsbruck, AustriaSolo
2004Hurdy GurdyJames Kelly Gallery, Santa Fe, NMGroup
2004Franz WestSchloss Regensburg, Regensburg, GermanySolo
2004Mostly WestLincoln Center and Doris C. Freedman Plaza, New York, NYGroup
2004Michelangelo Pistoletto and Franz West: Reflection Part 1Sutton Lane, London, UKGroup
2004Franz WestMassimo de Carlo, Milan, ItalySolo
2004Franz WestThe Pittsburgh Cultural Trust, PittsburghSolo
2003Franzwestite: Franz West - works 1973-2003Whitechapel Gallery, London, UKSolo
2003Sisyphos: Litter and WasteGagosian Gallery, New York, NYGroup
2003We'll Not Carry CoalsKunsthaus Bregenz, Bregenz, AustriaGroup
2003SpaltGalerie Hauser & Wirth & Presenhuber, Zurich, SwitzerlandGroup
2003NarcissusChapelle des Petits Augustins, ParisGroup
2003AkzidenzienGalerie Gisela Capitain, Cologne, GermanyGroup
2003Der NagelGalerie Christian Nagel, Berlin, GermanyGroup
2003LevitazioneValentina Bonomo Arte Contemporanea, Rome, ItalyGroup
2002Franz West - AussenskulpturGalerie Hauser & Wirth & Presenhuber, Zurich, SwitzerlandSolo
2002MeublageGalerie Elisbeth & Klaus Thoman, Innsbruck, AustriaGroup
2002MercilessMassMoca, North Adams, MAGroup
2002Franz West – Early WorksBerlin Projects, Berlin, GermanySolo
2002BurningMAC, Marseille, FranceGroup
2002Franz WestSMAK, Ghent, BelgiumSolo
2002Franz WestEcole nationale supérieure des beaux-arts, Paris, FranceSolo
2002Franz WestGalerie Ghislaine Hussenot, Paris, FranceSolo
2002Franz WestMuseu de Arte Contemporanea de Niteroi, Rio de Janeiro, BrazilSolo
2001AppartementDeichtorhallen, Hamburg, GermanyGroup
2001GnadenlosMerciless, MAK - Museum für Angewandte Kunst, Gegenwartskunst, Vienna, AustriaGroup
2001Franz WestDavid Zwirner, New York, NYSolo
2001Franz WestGagosian Gallery, London, UKSolo
2001Franz WestSanta Monica Museum of Art, Santa Monica, CASolo
2001Franz WestSomerset House, London, UKSolo
2001Notations Franz West 2TopiaWexner Art Center, Columbus OHSolo
2001Sammlung Ich sammle michKunstverein Braunschweig, Braunschweig, GermanyGroup
2001MondscheinGalerie Meyer Kainer, Vienna, AustriaGroup
2001OsborgeKunsthaus Zug, Zug, SwitzerlandGroup
2001Franz WestPalacio de Velàzquez, Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofia, Madrid, SpainSolo
2001AquariumEcole des Beaux-arts, Valenciennes, FranceGroup
2001Franz West, AlpenglühnGalerie Barbara Grässlin, Frankfurt, GermanySolo
2000Franz West: In & OutMuseum für Neue Kunst. ZKM, Karlsruhe, Germany Solo
2000PlakatentwürfeGalerie Gisela Capitain, Cologne, GermanyGroup
2000Franz WestGalerie Bärbel Grässlin, Frankfurt, GermanySolo
2000Die AluskulpturGalerie Elisabeth und Klaus Thoman, Innsbruck, Austria; Schlosspark Ambras, Innsbruck, AustriaGroup
2000Franz WestPalacio Velàzquez, Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía, Madrid, SpainSolo
2000Franz WestMies van der Rohe Pavillon, Barcelona, SpainSolo
2000Franz WestVilla Medici, Rome, ItalySolo
2000Pre-Semblance & The Everyday, The Renaissance SocietyUniversity of Chicago, Chicago, ILGroup
2000Mike Kelley and Franz WestFRAC Poitou-Charentes, Angoulême, FranceGroup
1999Franz WestRoosem Center for Contemporary Art, Malmo, SwedenSolo
1999Franz West: Vom FeinstenGalerie Hauser & Wirth, Zurich, SwitzerlandSolo
1999Arbeitsplatte Franz WestGalerie Bärbel Grässlin, Frankfurt, GermanySolo
1999Real Stories II: Jeff Koons, Fischli & Weiss, Reinhard Mucha, Thomas Struth, Philip Taaffe, Franz WestMarianne Boesky Gallery and Friedrich Petzel Gallery, New York, NYGroup
1999Franz West: Sculpture and InstallationDavid Zwirner, New York, NYSolo
1999Cien SillasGaleria Juana de Aizpuru, Madrid, SpainGroup
1999Mike Kelley and Franz WestHôtel Empain, Brussels, BelgiumGroup
1998Franz WestOpenluchtmuseum voor beeldhouwkunst Middelheim, Antwerp, BelgiumSolo
1998Franz West: Die im Atelier fertiggestellte AusstellungGallery Jean Bernier, Athens, GreeceSolo
1998Franz WestAkira Ikeda Gallery, Tokyo, JapanSolo
1998Functional Objects & Related WorksAD Gallery, New York, NYGroup
1998Franz WestFundação de Serralves, Porto, PortugalSolo
1998Bar, with Heimo ZobernigDavid Zwirner, New York, NYGroup
1998Franz WestGalerie Ghislaine Hussenot Paris, FranceSolo
1997Franz West. RecyclagesFRAC Champagne-Ardenne, Reims, FranceSolo
1997Franz West: ProjectsThe Museum of Modern Art, New York, NYSolo
1997Colabs and CombosGalerie Walcheturm, Zurich, SwitzerlandGroup
1997Com eign MabGalerie Gisela Capitain, Cologne, GermanyGroup
1997Franz WestFundação de Serralves, Porto, PortugalSolo
1997Franz West. Stühle für die documenta XGalerie Elisabeth und Klaus Thoman, Innsbruck, AustriaSolo
1997ProformaNarodni Galerie v Praze, Prague, Czech RepublicGroup
1997Sculpture Projects in MünsterMünster, GermanySolo
1996Sydney BiennialSydney, Australia Group
1996Franz West: Gelegentliches – zu einer anderen RezeptionStädtisches Museum Abteiberg, Mönchengladbach, GermanySolo
1996Franz WestKunsthalle Basel, Basel, SwitzerlandSolo
1996ProformaRijksmuseum Kröller-Müller, Otterlo, The NetherlandsGroup
1996Franz WestGalerie Ghislaine Hussenot, Paris, FranceSolo
1996SuspensionGalerie Fotohof, Salzburg, AustriaGroup
1996Franz West: Eine RetrospektiveGalerie Bärbel Grässlin, Frankfurt, GermanySolo
1996Franz West: Collagen, Passtücke, Werke. 1972-1990Galerie Kalb, Vienna, AustriaSolo
1996Franz West. New Sculptures and InstallationsDavid Zwirner, New York, NYSolo
1996Franz West und Hans ArpHamburger Kunstverein, Hamburg, GermanySolo
1996Franz West: LevitenBonnefanten Museumm, Masstricht, The NetherlandsSolo
1996Franz West: CombiKünstlerhaus Bregenz, Palais Thurn und Taxis, Bregenz, AustriaSolo
1995Carnegie International ExhibitionPittsburgh, PAGroup
1995Franz West: La Carreta VerdeGaleria Juana de Aizpuru, 1995, Madrid, SpainSolo
1995Franz WestVilla Arson, Nice , FranceSolo
1995Franz West mit einer Geste von Raymond Hains: TelefonskulpturenGalerie Walcheturm, Zurich, SwitzerlandSolo
1994KonversationLisson Gallery, London, UKGroup
1994Home Elements (A Retrospective)David Zwirner, New York, NYGroup
1994RestDIA Center for the Arts, New York, NYGroup
1994Franz West's SammlungGalerie Oliver Schweden, Munich, GermanySolo
1994Franz WestRaum Strohal, Vienna, AustriaSolo
1994Neue WerkeGalerie Bärbel Grässlin, Frankfurt, GermanySolo
1994LaborNeue Galerie Graz, Graz, AustriaGroup
1994TestMuseum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, CAGroup
1993Franz WestGalerie Vera Vita Gioja, Naples, ItalySolo
1993Franz WestBurnett Miller Gallery, Los Angeles, CASolo
1993Franz WestGalerie Gisela Capitain, Cologne, GermanySolo
1993Investigations of American ArtDavid Zwirner, New York, NYGroup
1993Der Fall von GrazGrazer Kunstverein, Graz, AustriaGroup
1993Das bestellte OvalTheseustempel, Vienna, AustriaGroup
1993Sur un plateauGalerie Bruges la Morte, Bruges, BelgiumGroup
1993Franz WestGalerie Rodolphe Janssen, Brussels, BelgiumSolo
1992Franz WestGalerie Grässlin-Ehrhardt, Frankfurt, GermanySolo
1992Franz WestGalerie der Stadt Wels, Wels, AustriaSolo
1992Franz WestGalerie Peter Pakesch, Vienna, AustriaSolo
1992Untersuchungen zur amerikanischen KunstGalerie Foksal, WarsawGroup
1991Franz WestGalerie Max Hetzler, Cologne, GermanySolo
1991Pis Aller (Doubled)Ealan Wingate Gallery, New York, NYGroup
1991Franz WestGalerie Erika und Otto Friedrich, Bern, SwitzerlandSolo
1991Etude de CouleurVilla Arson, Nice, FranceGroup
1991Franz WestSalzburger Kunstverein, Salzburg, AustriaSolo
1991Franz WestGalerie Wilma Lock, St. Gallen, SwitzerlandSolo
1991Franz WestGalerie Giorgio Persano, Turin, ItalySolo
1990Franz WestSala Boccioni, Milan, ItalySolo
1990Franz WestGaleria Juana de Aizpuru, Madrid, SpainSolo
1990Franz WestKunstverein Horn, Horn, GermanySolo
1990DefunctusJänner Galerie, Vienna, AustriaGroup
1990Franz WestGalerie Ghislaine Hussenot, Paris, FranceSolo
199044th Biennale di VeneziaPadigliono Austriaco, Venice, ItalyGroup
1990Franz WestGalerie Karl-Heinz Meyer, Karlsruhe, GermanySolo
1990Franz WestGalerie Bruges la Morte, Bruges, BelgiumSolo
1990Franz WestRhona Hoffmann Gallery, Chicago, ILSolo
1990Franz WestGalleria Mario Pieroni, Rome, ItalySolo
1990Franz WestGalerie Peter Pakesch, Vienna, AustriaSolo
1990Franz WestStichting de Appel Museum, Amsterdam, The NetherlandsSolo
1990Franz WestStandard Graphik, Cologne, GermanySolo