Heinz Mack - Ohne Titel, 1957-1958 (detail)

Heinz Mack

Germany 1931

Sculpture, Kinetic Art, Op Art, Zero Movement


Heinz Mack
Heinz Mack
November 26, 2014
Nina Karaicic is a journalist with experience in TV and radio media. Born in 1989, she had studied at the University of Belgrade – Faculty of Political Sciences (Journalism). Interests: Photography, Art, Film, Folklore, Video Games

Heinz Mack is a German painter and sculptor associated with Op Art, Light Art, and Kinetic Art, and co-founder of the ZERO movement. Born in 1931 in Lollar, Mack studied painting at the Düsseldorf Academy between 1950 and 1953, and earned a degree in philosophy from Cologne University in 1956.

The central theme of Heinz Mack’s art is light. Sculptures and pictures are the media of his multifaceted oeuvre.

The exceptionally diverse complete works include sculptures made of different materials: light-stelae, light-rotors, light-reliefs and light-cubes. His oeuvre also involves paintings, drawings, India ink, pastels, graphics, photography and bibliophilic works. Another important aspect of Mack’s work is the design of public spaces, church interiors, stage settings and mosaics.

His style evolved throughout the 1950s, and he experimented with a number of different techniques and media. Influenced early on by the non-geometric abstract art style known as tachisme, Mack worked as an art teacher and independent artist, creating a series of monochrome paintings comprised of ridged, parallel lines. In 1958, he produced his first light reliefs and light cubes in polished aluminum. He then expanded on this work, creating a series of motorized reliefs with rotating elements, and light columns.

In 1957, he had his first solo exhibition in Düsseldorf, and, along with fellow artist Otto Piene, founded the ZERO group. Sometimes linked to Nouveau Réalisme, this movement, whose name was meant to highlight its affinity with Minimalism, emphasized discovery by promoting artistic creation unconstrained by tradition, calling for the use of simple forms and pure colors and light.

After the dissolution of ZERO in 1967, Mack continued to exhibit internationally, at venues such as the 1970 Venice Biennale, the Musée d’Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris, and the German Industrial Exhibition, for which he created a large-scale environmental work, known as the “light-and-movement” room. Today, his works can be found in collections around the world, including The Museum of Modern Art and Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum in New York, the Tate Gallery in London, and the Stedelijk Museum in Amsterdam

Heinz Mack lives and works in Mönchengladbach and Ibiza.

Featured image: Heinz Mack – Ohne Titel, 1957/1958 (detail). Synthetic resin and canvas on hardboard. 19 7/10 × 19 7/10 in. 50 × 50 cm. Photo courtesy Perrotin

YearExhibition TitleGallery/MuseumSolo/Group
since 2009Sammlung Batliner - Monet bis Picasso, permanent exhibition since 2009, Albertina, Vienna, AustriaGroup
2013Heinz Mack, Samuelis Baumgarte Galerie, Bielefeld, Germany Solo
2013Heinz Mack, Samuelis Baumgarte Galerie, ART COLOGNE, GermanyGroup
2013Heinz Mack, Samuelis Baumgarte Galerie, art KARLSRUHE, GermanyGroup
2013ZERO entre Paris et Düsseldorf, Passage de Retz, Paris, FranceGroup
2013DYNAMO! Espace et vision dans l`art de nos jours á 2013, Grand Palais, Galeries Nationales, Paris, FranceGroup
2012–2013ZERO auf Papier, Leopold-Hoesch-Museum, Düren, GermanyGroup
2012–2013L´art contemporain du vitrail en Allemagne, Centre international du Vitrail, Chartres, FranceGroup
2012–2013Heinz Mack in Berlin. Works From 1958 - 2012, Galerie Arndt, Berlin, GermanySolo
2012Heinz Mack - das eine ist nicht dasselbe! Galerie Denise René, Paris, FranceSolo
2012Heinz Mack - Zwischen den Zeiten, Museum Ostwall, Dortmund, GermanySolo
2012Asche und Gold. Eine Weltreise, MARTa Herford, GermanyGroup
2012Zwischen Geometrie und Abstraktion,Samuelis Baumgarte Galerie, Bielefeld, GermanyGroup
2012HEINZ MACK zum 80. Geburtstag - 12 Werke aus 6 Jahrzehnten, Samuelis Baumgarte Galerie, Bielefeld, GermanySolo
2011Heinz Mack - Annäherungen - Bilder und Skulpturen, Samuelis Baumgarte Galerie, Bielefeld, GermanySolo
2011Kinetik, Städtisches Museum Abteiberg, Mönchengladbach, GermanyGroup
2011Early Metal Reliefs 1957-1967, Sperone Westwater Gallery, New YorkGroup
2011Licht - Raum – Farbe, Kunst- und Ausstellungshalle der Bundesrepublik Deutschland, BonnGroup
201112 Werke aus 6 Jahrzehnten, Samuelis Baumgarte Galerie, Bielefeld, GermanyGroup
2011Die Sprache meiner Hand, museum kunst palast, Düsseldorf, GermanyGroup
2011ART COLOGNE, Samuelis Baumgarte Galerie, GermanyGroup
2010Annäherungen – Bilder und Skulpturen, Samuelis Baumgarte Galerie, Bielefeld, GermanyGroup
2010ART COLOGNE, Samuelis Baumgarte Galerie, GermanyGroup
2010Heinz Mack - Lucio Fontana, Ben Brown Fine Arts, LondonGroup
2009Licht der ZERO-Zeit, Ludwig Museum, Koblenz, GermanyGroup
2009Paintings 1957-1964, Sperone Westwater Gallery, New YorkGroup
2008Lichtwelten, Samuelis Baumgarte Galerie, BielefeldGroup
2008Art Cologne, Samuelis Baumgarte GalerieGroup
2008Heinz Mack, Lichtwelten, Samuelis Baumgarte Galerie, Bielefeld, GermanySolo
2007Art Cologne, Samuelis Baumgarte GalerieGroup
2006–2007Heinz Mack, Pergamon Museum, BerlinSolo
2006Zero, Museum Kunstpalast, DüsseldorfGroup
2006Heinz Mack, Malerei und Skulptur, Samuelis Baumgarte Galerie, BielefeldSolo
2006Cologne Fine Art, Samuelis Baumgarte GalerieGroup
2006Art Cologne, Samuelis Baumgarte GalerieGroup
2006Kunstmesse München, Samuelis Baumgarte GalerieGroup
2006Zeitschnitt, Malerei, Fotografie, Skulptur und interaktive Medien, Samuelis Baumgarte Galerie, Bielefeld, GermanyGroup
2005Art Cologne, Samuelis Baumgarte GalerieGroup
2004Art Cologne, Samuelis Baumgarte GalerieGroup
2003Art Cologne, Samuelis Baumgarte GalerieGroup
2002Art Cologne, Samuelis Baumgarte GalerieGroup
1998Utopie & Wirklichkeit, Liechtensteinische Staatliche Kunstsammlungen LiechtensteinGroup
1996Im Zeichen der Sternzeit, Galerie Holtmann Cologne, GermanyGroup
1987Sculptures, Galerie Holtmann Cologne, GermanyGroup
1982Hommage à Barnett Newman, Nationalgalerie Berlin, GermanyGroup
1958–1977Documenta II, III, IV, VI, Kassel, GermanyGroup
1965Nul-Zero u.a., Stedelijk Museum Amsterdam, NetherlandsGroup