Jacques Lipchitz /   Chaim Jacob Lipchitz

Lithuania 1891 - 1973


Jacques Lipchitz
Chaim Jacob Lipchitz
April 6, 2015
Alias of Jasmina Sevic, a researcher and author for Widewalls. She graduated from the Faculty of Political Science (Department for Journalism) in Belgrade in 2013.

Jacques Lipchitz, born Chaim Jacob Lipchitz, was the Lithuanian-born French artist best known for the Cubist works he made in Paris during the early 1900s. At first, under the influence of his father, he studied engineering, but in 1909, supported by his mother he moved to Paris to study at the École des Beaux-Arts and the Académie Julian.

Adopted Cubist Style

In Paris, Lipchitz became close friends with such neighbors as Pablo Picasso, Chaïm Soutine, and Amedeo Modigliani. He looked toward a wide array of non-European cultures for inspiration and was especially inspired by African art. In his sculpture, Lipchitz used clay and plaster to explore the formal language of Cubism. His work in geometric and abstract styles gained him a reputation as the major figure of Cubist sculpture. In 1912 Lipchitz exhibited at the Salon de la Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts and the Salon d’Automne with his first solo show held at Léonce Rosenberg’s Galerie L’Effort Moderne in Paris in 1920.

Lipchitz’s Transparent Sculptures

In 1924 Lipchitz became a French citizen and married Berthe Kitrosser, whom he had known since 1915. At this time he experimented with abstract forms he called “transparent” sculptures. Later he developed a more dynamic style, which he applied with telling effect to bronze compositions of figures and animals. Two important pieces from that period are “La Joie de Vivre” and the powerful, 7 feet tall, totemic “Figure”.

Lipchitz’s Career in USA

After several prosperous decades in France, Lipchitz fled to New York in 1942 to escape the Nazi occupation. Arriving with only the few possessions he carried, the artist soon developed a robust new body of work and was hailed as one of the leading European expatriate artists.
He was one of 250 sculptors who exhibited in the Third Sculpture International Exhibition held at the Philadelphia Museum of Art in the summer of 1949. In 1954 a Lipchitz retrospective traveled from The Museum of Modern Art in New York to the Walker Art Center in Minneapolis and The Cleveland Museum of Art. In 1959, his series of small bronzes “To the Limit of the Possible” was shown at Fine Arts Associates in New York.

Continued Recognition and Commissions

Throughout the 1960s and 1970s, Lipchitz’ work was shown in the United States, Europe, and Israel. Beginning in 1963 he returned to Europe for several months of each year and worked in Pietrasanta, Italy. In 1972 his autobiography, co-authored with H. Harvard Arnason, was published on the occasion of an exhibition of his sculpture at The Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York.
Lipchitz continued his prolific and diverse output until the end of his life, including work on numerous commissions for public sculptures in the U.S. and abroad.

Jacques Lipchitz died on Capri, Italy, on May 16, 1973.

YearName of the exhibitionMuseum/GallerySolo/Group
2015Cezanne and the Modern: Masterpieces of European Art from the Pearlman CollectionVancouver Art Gallery, Vancouver, CanadaGroup
2014Jacques Lipchitz: Drawings 1910-1972. A donation of the EstatePinakothek der Moderne, Munich, GermanySolo
2014Carved, Cast, Crumpled: Sculpture All WaysSmart Museum of Art, University of Chicago, United StatesGroup
2014How far how nearStedelijk Museum, Amsterdam, The NetherlandsGroup
2014Cezanne and the Modern: Masterpieces of European Art from the Pearlman CollectionAshmolean Museum of Art and Archeology, Oxford, United StatesGroup
2014The Collection of the IVAM. XXV AnniversaryInstitut Valencia d Art Modern, Valencia, SpainGroup
2013Crosscurrents in Modern ArtMoeller Fine Art New York, United StatesGroup
2013The Armory Show 2013The Armory Show, New York, United StatesGroup
2012The Figure in Modern SculptureForum Gallery, New York, United StatesGroup
2012The Steins Collect: Matisse, Picasso and the Parisian Avant-GardeThe Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, United StatesGroup
2012Degas to DaliAuckland Art Gallery, Auckland, New Zealand Group
2012A Hundred Years: Impressionist and Modern Master Works, 1880-1980Alon Zakaim Fine Art, London, United Kingdom Group
2011Chagall and the Russian Avant-Garde, Masterworks from the Centre Pompidou, ParisArt Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, Canada Group
2011Summer Group ExhibitionMarlborough Gallery, New York, United StatesGroup
2011Paris Through the Window: Marc Chagall and His CirclePhiladelphia Museum of Art, Philadelpha, PennsylvaniaGroup
2011Seeing Gertrude Stein: Five StoriesContemporary Jewish Museum, San Francisco, CaliforniaGroup
2011Permament CollectionVilla Noailles, Hyères, France Group
2010Jacques Lipchitz: Beyond Bible and MythMarlborough Gallery, New York, United StatesSolo
2009The Anatomy of a SculptorBen Uri Gallery, London, England Solo
2009Jacques Lipchitz. De la Joie de Vivre al Arbol de la VidaMuseo de Navarra, Pamplona, Spain Solo
2009Jacques Lipchitz RetrospectiveLe Bellevue, Biarritz, France Solo
2009Jacques Lipchitz. DibujosBilbao Bizkaia Kutxa, Bilbao, Spain Solo
2009Picasso, and Modern Art in ParisMuseum of the Shenandoah Valley, Winchester, VirginiaGroup
2009American Artists from the Russian EmpireTretyakov Gallery, Moscow, Russia Group
2009My Homeland is Within My Soul, Art Without Borders: The Jewish Contribution to Art and European CulturePalais Des Nations, Geneva, Switzerland Group
2009Innovations in the Third Dimension: Sculpture of Our TimesBruce Museum, Greenwich, ConnecticutGroup
2009SimultaneousnessPalazzo Reale, Milan, Italy Group
2009Bizarre PerfectionIsrael Museum, Jerusalem, Israel Group
2009La Escultura en la Coleccion del IVAM, Institut Valencia d’Art ModernCentro Julio Gonzalez, Valencia, Spain Group
2009La Ruche, cite des artistes, 1902-2009Palais Lumiere d’Evian, Rhone-Alpes, France Group
2008Encuentros, Jacques Lipchitz y el arte primitivoMarlborough Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain Solo
2008Jacques Lipchitz. Sculptures - bas-reliefs et dessinsMarlborough Monaco, Monte Carlo, Monaco Solo
2008Art Videos at the Gallery – Jacques Lipchitz: Portrait of the ArtistBarn Gallery, Ogunquit, MaineSolo
2008American Artists from the Russian EmpireFred Jones Jr. Museum of Art, University of Oklahoma, Norman, United StatesGroup
2008Paris Portraits: Artists, Friends, and LoversThe Bruce Museum, Greenwich, ConnecticutGroup
2007Jacques Lipchitz – The American YearsGalerie Koch, Hannover, Germany Solo
2007Jacques Lipchitz: Early Works, Reliefs and DrawingsMarlborough Gallery, New York, United StatesSolo
2006Jacques Lipchitz -Interacion de FormasFundacion Bilbao Bizkaia Kutxa, Bilbao, Spain Solo
2005Lipchitz – Sculptures et dessinsGalerie Patrice Trigano, Paris, France Solo
2005Lipchitz - Les Annees Françaises de 1910 a 1940Musee de Annees 30, Paris, France Solo
2005Jacques Lipchitz - DonacionMuseo de Bellas Artes de Bilbao, Bilbao, Spain Solo
2004Jacques Lipchitz and PhiladelphiaPhiladelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia, PennsylvaniaSolo
2004Jacques Lipchitz: Sculpture and Drawings 1912 – 1972Marlborough Gallery, New York, United StatesSolo
2003Jacques Lipchitz, Dibujos y EsculturasMuseo de Bellas Artes de Bilbao, Bilbao, Spain Solo
2002Jacques Lipchitz - Drawing and SculptureIsrael Museum, Jerusalem, Israel Solo
2002Los Dibujos de LipchitzInstitut Valencia d’Art Modern, Valencia, Spain Solo
2001Lipchitz and the Avant-Garde: From Paris to New YorkKrannert Art Museum and Kinkead Pavilion, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana-Champaign, Illinois, United StatesSolo
1999Survivals from a Sculptor’s Studio - Jacques Lipchitz, 1891-1973Henry Moore Institute, Leeds, England Solo
1998Lipchitz dans les Jardins du Palais RoyalLes Jardins du Palais Royal, Paris, France Solo
1997Lipchitz, un mundo sorprendido en el espacioMuseo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía, Madrid, Spain Solo
1997Jacques Lipchitz, Escultura 1911-1971Marlborough Gallery, Madrid, Spain Solo
1996Jacques Lipchitz: Sculpture 1910-1940, The Paris YearsMarlborough Gallery, New York, United StatesSolo
1996Jacques LipchitzGalerie Gmurzynska, Marienburg, Poland Solo
1996Jacques Lipchitz, 1891-1973Centro de Arte Palacio Almudi, Murcia, Spain Solo
1993Jacques Lipchitz: Esculturas, 1913-1972Galería Marlborough, Madrid, Spain Solo
1991Jacques Lipchitz - From Sketch to SculptureTel Aviv Museum of Art, Tel Aviv, Israel Solo
1989Jacques Lipchitz - A Life in SculptureArt Gallery of Ontario, Ontario, Toronto, CanadaSolo
1988Jacques Lipchitz - Esculturas en BronceGalería Freites, Caracas, Venezuela Solo
1988Hommage a Lipchitz - œuvres de 1914 a 1963Galerie Marwan Hoss, F.I.A.C. '88, Grand Palais, Paris, FranceSolo
1987Jacques Lipchitz: The Cubist Period (1913-1930)Marlborough Gallery, New York, United StatesSolo
1986The Lipchitz Gift - Models for SculptureThe Tate Gallery, London, England Solo
1985Jacques Lipchitz: Selected Sculpture, Reliefs & Drawings 1911-1972Marlborough Gallery, New York, United StatesSolo
1985Jacques Lipchitz - A Survey 1911-1973Marlborough Fine Arts, Tokyo, Japan Solo
1985Jacques Lipchitz: Sculptor and CollectorAlbert and Vera List Visual Arts Center, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, United StatesSolo
1983Jacques Lipchitz - Mother and ChildNorman Mackenzie Art Gallery, University of Regina, SaskatchewanSolo
1982Jacques Lipchitz: Sculptures (Biblical Themes) 1930-1972Aberbach Fine Art, New York, United StatesSolo
1981Jacques Lipchitz: Selected Sculpture in Large Scale 1927-1971Marlborough Gallery, New York, United StatesSolo
1979Jacques Lipchitz: Small Sculptures, Maquettes and Drawings, 1915-1972Marlborough Gallery, New York, United StatesSolo
1978Jacques LipchitzCentre Pompidou, Musee National d’Art Moderne, Paris, FranceSolo
1978Jacques Lipchitz - Sculpture and Drawings from the Cubist EpochMarlborough Fine Art, London, England Solo
1978Jacques Lipchitz - Kubistische Skulpturen und ZeichnungenMarlborough Galerie, Zurich, Switzerland Solo
1978Jacques LipchitzGalerie Brusberg, Hannover, Germany Solo
1977Jacques Lipchitz - Sculptures and Drawings from the Cubist EpochMarlborough Gallery, New York, United StatesSolo
1974Selected Master Drawings of Jacques Lipchitz: 1910 - 1958Trisolini Gallery of Ohio University, Athens, OhioSolo
1974Jacques Lipchitz: Sculptures, Prints and DrawingsBaltimore Museum of Art, Baltimore, MarylandSolo
1974Sculptures by Jacques LipchitzBrooks Memorial Art Gallery, Memphis, TennesseeSolo
1973Jacques Lipchitz 1891-1973The Museum of Modern Art, New York, United StatesSolo
1973A Tribute to Jacques Lipchitz: Lipchitz in America, 1941-1973Marlborough Gallery, New York, United StatesSolo
1973Jacques Lipchitz - Sculptures and DrawingsMarlborough Fine Art, London, EnglandSolo
1972Jacques LipchitzMarlborough-Godard, Toronto, Ontario, CanadaSolo
1972Jacques Lipchitz: Sculpture, Watercolors and DrawingsMakler Gallery, Philadelphia, PennsylvaniaSolo
1972Jacques Lipchitz: His Life in SculptureThe Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, United StatesSolo
1971Jacques Lipchitz - Bronze SketchesIsrael Museum, Jerusalem, Israel Solo
1971Jacques Lipchitz - Sculptures and Drawings 1911-1970Tel Aviv Museum, Tel Aviv, Israel Solo
1970Jacques Lipchitz - Skulpturen und Zeichnugen 1911-1969Neue Nationalgalerie, Berlin, GermanySolo
1969Jacques LipchitzKatonah Gallery, Katonah, United StatesSolo
1969The Sculpture of Jacques LipchitzUniversity of Wisconsin Art History Galleries, Milwaukee, WisconsinSolo
1968Lipchitz: The Cubist Period 1913-1930Marlborough-Gerson Gallery, New York, United StatesSolo
1968Jacques LipchitzSlosberg Art Gallery, Brandeis University, Waltham, Massachusetts, United States Solo
1967Jacques Lipchitz - Images of ItalyDunkelman Gallery, Toronto, Canada Solo
1967Jacques Lipchitz: Sculptures on Biblical ThemesThe Jewish Museum, New York, United StatesSolo
1966Jacques Lipchitz: Images of ItalyMarlborough-Gerson Gallery, New York, United StatesSolo
1966Jacques Lipchitz: Images of ItalyFelix Landau Gallery, Los Angeles, CaliforniaSolo
1966Lipchitz: Drawings and BronzesMakler Gallery, Philadelphia, PennsylvaniaSolo
1965Jacques Lipchitz: RetrospectiveBoston University Art Gallery, Boston, MassachusettsSolo
1965Jacques LipchitzNewark Museum of Art, Newark, New Jersey Solo
1965Jacques Lipchitz & Marc ChagallIsrael Museum, Jerusalem, Israel Solo
1964Jacques LipchitzJ.L. Hudson Gallery, Detroit, MichiganSolo
1964Between Heaven and EarthDocumenta International, Kassel, Germany Solo
1964The Cubist Period of Jacques LipchitzThe Phillips Collection, Washington, DCSolo
1964Jacques LipchitzMarlborough-Gerson Gallery, New York, United StatesSolo
1964Jacques Lipchitz: RetrospectiveBoston University School of Fine and Applied Arts, Boston, Massachusetts, United StatesSolo
1963Jacques Lipchitz: 157 Bronze Sketches 1912-1962Otto Gerson Gallery, New York, United StatesSolo
1963Jacques Lipchitz: A Retrospective Selected by the ArtistUCLA Art Galleries, University of California Art Council, Los Angeles, California, United StatesSolo
1962Jacques Lipchitz: Recent SculptureOtto Gerson Gallery, New York , United States Solo
1961Fifty Years of Lipchitz SculptureOtto Gerson Gallery, New York, United StatesSolo
1960Jacques Lipchitz: A Retrospective Exhibition of Sculpture and DrawingsThe Corcoran Gallery, Washington, DCSolo
1960Juan Gris - Jacques Lipchitz: A FriendshipM. Knoedler & Co., New York, United StatesSolo
1959A La Limite du Possible, Jacques Lipchitz: Fourteen Recent Works, 1958-59, and Earlier WorksFine Arts Associates, New York, United StatesSolo
1959Jacques LipchitzMusee National d'Art Moderne, Paris, France Solo
1959Jacques Lipchitzecole des Beaux-Arts, Montreal, Quebec, CanadaSolo
1958Jacques LipchitzStedelijk Museum, Amsterdam, The NetherlandsSolo
1958LipchitzStädtische Galerie München, Munich, Germany Solo
1957Jacques LipchitzFrank Perls Gallery, Beverly Hills, CaliforniaSolo
1957Lipchitz: Small SculpturesCincinnati Art Museum, Cincinnati, OhioSolo
1957Jacques Lipchitz: Thirty_x001E_Three Semi_x001E_-Automat, 1955-56, and Earlier Works, 1915-28Fine Arts Associates, New York, United StatesSolo
1954The Sculpture of Jacques LipchitzThe Museum of Modern Art, New York, United StatesSolo
1952Jacques LipchitzFrank Perls Gallery, Beverly Hills, CaliforniaSolo
1951Jacques LipchitzBuchholz Gallery, New York, United StatesSolo
1951Jacques Lipchitz: Birth of the MusesThe Museum of Modern Art, New York, United StatesSolo
1950Jacques LipchitzPetite Galerie du Seminaire, Brussels, Belgium Solo
1950Lipchitz: Works 1914-1950Portland Art Museum, Portland, Oregon, United StatesSolo
1948Jacques Lipchitz: Early Stone Carvings and Recent BronzesBuchholz Gallery, New York, United StatesSolo
1946Jacques LipchitzGalerie Maeght, Paris, France Solo
1946Jacques LipchitzBuchholz Gallery, New York, United StatesSolo
1944The Drawings of Jacques LipchitzBuchholz Gallery, New York, United StatesSolo
1943Jacques LipchitzBuchholz Gallery, New York, United StatesSolo
1942Jacques LipchitzBuchholz Gallery, New York, United StatesSolo
1942Jacques LipchitzBuchholz Gallery, New York, United StatesSolo
1937Jacques Lipchitz, Les Maîtres de l'art independantThe World’s Fair, Petit Palais, Paris, FranceSolo
1935Jacques LipchitzBrummer Gallery, New York, United StatesSolo
1930Cent Sculptures par Jacques LipchitzGalerie de la Renaissance Paris, Paris, France Solo
1920Jacques LipchitzGalerie de l'Effort Moderne, Paris, France Solo