Roman Opalka

Poland 1931 - 2011

Conceptual Art

Roman Opalka
Roman Opalka
November 24, 2014

Behind every great deed, every act considered a true accomplishment, there is a long road paved with work, faith, and most of all dedication. Though they may begin with a mere thought, dedication can see even the most trivial of ideas to fruition. Portraying its effects within the world of art, Roman Opalka took dedication to a whole new level in his life-long work, working on a single piece of art for the bigger part of his life. Creating Details, as he would call them, Opalka painted a huge number of canvases that align into a single artwork striving towards mathematical infinity, one that the artist devotedly pursued.

Roman Opalk
Roman Opalka – Opalka 1965/1 – ∞ (detail) – Photo credits

The Journey of a Thousand Miles…

Roman Opalka was born in France in 1931 to Polish immigrant parents that sought to return to Poland in the upcoming years. With the coming of World War II, the family got to settle in Poland only in 1946 after the liberation of Germany by the United States army, and young Opalka took the chance to study lithography at a graphics school after which he enrolled in the School of Art and Design. It is said that “The journey of a thousand miles begins with a single step” and at the base of the stairs of his life-long artistic adventure laid no more than a simple idea. Waiting for his wife to arrive in a cafe in Warsaw, he envisioned the concept that would guide him for the rest of his career.

Installation view of Opalka's work made between 1959 and 1960 at Dominique Levy Gallery
Installation view of Opalka’s work made between 1959 and 1960 at Dominique Levy Gallery – Photo credits

Navigation Through Details

Opalka came to the idea of painting numbers on canvas; it may appear as simple as that and perhaps in a way it is, but the magnitude of this undertaking is what was to make it an important piece of conceptual art. Using a No. 0 brush, Opalka started painting the numbers in a line on a canvas that progressed sequentially until the canvas was filled, going over to the next one and starting where the previous one left off. Starting in 1965, the artist would daily work on recording the numbers with white paint against the black background of the canvas, or Details, as he liked to call them. Each of them measured the same, with the height of the canvas corresponding to the artist’s height (195 cm) and the width matching the girth of the door to his studio in Warsaw where the project had started (35 cm).

The form of each piece was the same: start at the top left corner of the canvas and progress in a line, ending at the bottom right. “Simple enough” is what most would probably think, were it not for the title of every Detail that embodies the purpose the artist had had. Naming each piece Opalka 1965/1 – ∞, he had intended to portray the list of numbers that stretches to infinity. Realizing that the time he has on this Earth is anything but infinite, Opalka thought of a way to reach notion in a different way.

In his quest for infinity, Roman Opalka painted a large number of Details

Roman Opalka working on one of his Detail paintings polish
Roman Opalka working on one of his Detail paintings – Photo credits

The Indifferent Gray

In order to embody the concept of endlessness that Opalka was pursuing on a daily basis, he added another element to his practice around 1968, some three years after the conception of the project. He had replaced the black background of the canvas with the tone of gray, seeing it as a less symbolic color and one void of emotion. Furthermore, in 1972, he slowly started adding white pigment to the canvas background in the early 1970s, progressively whitening the base of his Details as the number on them grew. Looking to grasp the infinity in his lifetime, Opalka expected to be painting white numbers on a white surface by the time he reached the number of 7,777,777. It happened sooner than he thought, and by 2008, he was already putting up white against white, passing the 5.5 million mark.

Opalka slowly replaced the black background, painting white numbers against the white surface by 2008

Installation view at Dominique Levy Gallery polish
Installation view at Dominique Levy Gallery – Photo credits

Intellectual Property Over Numbers

There was more to Roman Opalka’s “infinity chase” than the mere numbers he painted on the canvas. Though each of his Detail pieces is an indisputable gem of the contemporary conceptual art, it is their alignment and the higher purpose of each of the parts that make this whole single piece truly unique. Realizing the thought behind the meticulous physical work, Opalka stated that “It’s important that my last Detail should not be finished by me, but my life.” Passing away at the age of 79, Opalka entered the artistic history, claiming a unique place and, in a way, ownership over numbers.

Featured image: Roman Opalka. Photo credits
All images used for illustrative purposes only

YearExhibition TitleGallery/MuseumSolo/Group
2016Roman Opalka : PassagesGalerie Dominique Levy, LondonSolo
2016Unfinished : thoughts left visibleMetropolitan Breuer, New YorkGroup
2016EverybodyLAAC – Lieu d’Art et d’Action Contemporaine, DunkerqueGroup
2015Roman Opalka : The end is definedChristie’s Mayfair, LondonSolo
2015Une brève histoire de l’avenirMusées Royaux des Beaux-Arts de Belgique, BrusselsGroup
2015Narcisse, le pouvoir de l’autoportraitCentre d’art contemporain Walter Benjamin, PerpignanGroup
2015Une passion pour l’ArtCollection Philippe Piguet – Espace d’Art Contemporain, Annecy, FranceGroup
2015State of Life – Polish Contemporary Art within a Global CircumstanceNational Art Museum of China, PekingGroup
2015Identité, identitésCentre d’Art Contemporain, Châtellerault, FranceGroup
2015La répétitionFRAC Franche-Comté, Cité des Arts, Besançon, FranceGroup
2014Art or SoundFondazione Prada, Ca’ Corner della Regina palazzo, VeniceGroup
2014Les dérivés de la photographieArt au mur / Artothèque, PessacGroup
2014Le cercle parfait de la lune ne dure qu’une nuitChâteau Guiraud, SauternesGroup
2014A corps perduEspace de l’Art Concret, Mouans-SartouxGroup
2014Le Mur – Œuvres de la Collection Antoine de Galbertla Maison rouge, ParisGroup
2014Roman OpalkaDominique Lévy, New YorkSolo
2013PerformerArt Station Gallery, PoznanGroup
2013Prima MateriaPunta della Dogana, VeniceGroup
2013Le Festival RitournellesFRAC Aquitaine, BordeauxGroup
2013Les aventures de la véritéFondation Maeght, Saint-Paul de VenceGroup
2012Roman Opalka: OPALKA 1965/1 - ∞Ciam La Fabrique, Université de Toulouse II-Le Mirail, ToulouseSolo
2011Roman Opalka: II tempo della PitturaGalerie Michela Rizzo, VeniceSolo
2011First and Fifth Passage of a millionVenice Casino, VeniceSolo
2011II tempo della pittura, Carpaccio et OpalkaCorrer Museum, VeniceSolo
2011Roman Opalka: OctagonGallery ZAK| BRANICKA, BerlinSolo
2011Roman OpalkaAxel Vervoordt Gallery, AntwerpSolo
2011Le vertige de l’infiniLa Collégiale and the Tessé Museum, Le MansSolo
2010Roman Opalka: OktogonArt Stations Foundation, PoznanSolo
2010Roman Opalka:PassagesYvon Lambert Gallery, ParisSolo
2010PassagesYvon Lambert Gallery, New YorkSolo
2009Roman Opalka: OPALKA 1965/1 - ∞Galleria Melesi, LeccoSolo
2008Roman OpalkaMusée National Marc Chagall, NiceSolo
2007Details 1965/1 - ∞Cueto Project New YorkSolo
2006Roman Opalka: OctagoneMusée d’Art Moderne de Saint Etienne Métropole, Saint EtienneSolo
2006Roman Opalka: témoignage d’une vie (Testimony of a Life)Slought Foundation, PhiladelphiaSolo
2004OPALKE 1965/1 - ∞, Détails photographies (Autoportraits) et un Détail peinturesGalerie Praz-Delavallade, ParisSolo
2004OPALKE 1965/1 - ∞, Details photographiesCCC de Tours, ToursSolo
2004Opalka avant OPALKA, Le Décompte, Dessins (1949-1965)Galerie Ephemere, ParisSolo
2003OPALKA 1965/1 - ∞Grant Selwyn Fine Arts, New YorkSolo
2003Grande Rétrospective Roman OpalkaMusée des Beaux-Arts, LausanneSolo
2003Opalka: OctogoneGaleria Atlas Sztuki, LödzSolo
2002OPALKA 1965/1 - ∞Gallery La JollaSolo
2002OPALKA 1965/1 - ∞Gallerie Grant-Selwyn, Los AngelesSolo
2002Roman Opalka: Gerhard-Altenburg-Preis 2002Lindenau Museum, AltenburgSolo
2001Installation permanente par Roman Opalka d’ ‘OPALKA 1965/1 - ∞Musée d’Arte Moderne et Contemporain, LodzSolo
2001Roman Opalka, OPALKA 1965/1 - ∞Galerie Foksal, WarsawSolo
2001Roman Opalka OPALKA 1965/1 - ∞Renn Espace d’Art Contemporain,ParisSolo
2001Homage pour ses 700 ans à Roman Opalka, OPALKA 1965/1 - ∞Musée de l’Architecture, WarsawSolo
2001Roman Opalka, OPALKA 1965/1 - ∞La Verrière- Fondation Hermès, BrusselsSolo
2001Dans la série des maîtres: Roman Opalka, OPALKA 1965/1 - ∞Sabanci University, IstanbulSolo
1999OPALKA 1965/1 - ∞Katowice Galerie, PassauSolo
1998Art contemporani en essais publicsMusée des Beaux Arts, Vilafrancia del PenedesSolo
1998OPALKA 1965/1 - ∞Städtische Galerie, RavenburgSolo
1998Un parcours de Roman OpalkaLieu d’Art Contemporain (L.A.C.), SigeanSolo
1998Unity in expansion: OPALKA 1965/1 - ∞Toyota Municipal Museum of Art, ToyotaSolo
1998OPALKA 1965/1 - ∞Katowice Gallery, KatowiceSolo
1997Opalka Vers l’énumération (w strone liczenia)Musée Narodowe W Gdansku, GdanskSolo
1997D’OïdaPalma Dotze Galeria d’art, Vilafranca del PenedesSolo
1996Roman OpalkaGaleria Miejska Arsena, PoznanSolo
1996Roman Opalka – Private CollectionGaleria Starmach, KrakówSolo
1996Roman OpalkaCentrum Sztucki Wspolczesnej, WarsawSolo
1995Roman Opalka, OPALKA 1965/1 - ∞Szépmüvészeti Mùzeum, BudapestSolo
1994Roman Opalka 1965/1 - ∞Neue Nationalgalerie, BerlinSolo
1994Roman Opalka, Opalka 1965/1 - ∞Galeria Zacheta – Narodowa Galeria Sztuki, WarsawSolo
1993Roman OpalkaKunsthalle Göppingen, GöppingenSolo
1993Roman Opalka: KaiserringMönchehaus-Museum, GoslarSolo
1992Roman OpalkaGalerie Christine et Isy Brachot, ParisSolo
1992OPALKA 1965/1 - ∞Neues Museum Weserburg, BremenSolo
1992OPALKA 1965/1 - ∞Galerie Froment-Putman, ParisSolo
1992OPALKA 1965/1 - ∞Städtische Galerie im Lenbachhaus, MunichSolo
1991Roman OpalkaGalerie Ishy Brachot, BrusselsSolo
1991Roman OpalkaPrimo Piano, RomeSolo
1991Roman OpalkaGalerie Appendix, WarsawSolo
1991Roman OpalkaGalerie du Triangle, BordeauxSolo
1991OPALKA 1965/1 - ∞Mala Galerija, Moderna Galerija Ljubljana, SloveniaSolo
1990Roman OpalkaGalerie Samuel Lallouz, MontréalSolo
1990Rétrospective: Roman OpalkaCentre d’Art contemporain, Mont-deMarsanSolo
1990OPALKE 1965/1 - ∞Ecole d’Art, DunkirkSolo
1990Roman OpalkaGalerie Le Chanjour, NiceSolo
1990Roman OpalkaGalerie Walter Storms, MunichSolo
1989Roman OpalkaJohn Weber Gallery, New YorkSolo
1988Roman Opalka 1965/1 - ∞Galleria Ariete, LeccoSolo
1987Roman OpalkaPrimo Piano, RomeSolo
1986Roman OpalkaJohn Weber Gallery, New YorkSolo
1986Opalka 1965/1 - ∞: La DifférenceCentre de Creation Contemporaine (CCC) de Tours, ToursSolo
1986Roman OpalkaWalter Storms Gallery, New YorkSolo
1984Roman OpalkaGalerie Isy Branchot, BrusselsSolo
1983Roman OpalkaJohn Weber Gallery, New YorkSolo
1982Opalka 1965/1 - ∞Galerie Isy Branchot, ParisSolo
1982Roman OpalkaErker Gallery, Saint-GallSolo
1982Roman OpalkaJohn Weber Gallery, New YorkSolo
1981Roman OpalkaWestfälischer Kunstverein, MünsterSolo
1981Roman OpalkaMusée des Beaux-Arts, MontréalSolo
1981Roman OpalkaGalerie Walter Storms, VillingenSolo
1980Roman OpalkaGalerie Art in Progress, DüsseldorfSolo
1980Roman OpalkaLa Jolla Museum of Contemporary Art, La JollaSolo
1980Roman OpalkaArt Gallery of Ontario, TorontoSolo
1980Roman OpalkaGalerie Walter Storms, MunichSolo
1980Roman OpalkaStudio Carlo Grossetti, MilanSolo
1980Roman OpalkaRice Museum, HoustonSolo
1979Roman OpalkaMuseum of Art, AllentownSolo
1979Roman OpalkaMuhlenberg College, MuhlenbergSolo
1979Roman OpalkaJohn Weber Gallery, New YorkSolo
1979Roman OpalkaMinneapolis Institut of Contemporary Art, MinneapolisSolo
1979Roman OpalkaArt Museum, Grand RapidsSolo
1978Roman OpalkaMead Art Museum, AmherstSolo
1978Roman OpalkaColombus Museum, ColombusSolo
1978Roman OpalkaJ.W. Gallery, New YorkSolo
1977Roman OpalkaHôte du Musée d’art et d’histoire, AMAM, GenevaSolo
1977Roman Opalka16 Détails au Dem Work, 1965/1 - ∞, Museum Haus Lange, KrefeldSolo
1977Roman OpalkaJohn Weber Gallery, New YorkSolo
1976Roman OpalkaGaleria Wspolczesna “Ruch”, WarshawSolo
1976Roman OpalkaMuseum Boymans – Van Beuningnen, RotterdamSolo
1976Roman OpalkaPalais des Beaux-Arts, BrusselsSolo
1976Roman OpalkaGalerie Schweinebraden, BerlinSolo
1975Roman OpalkaJohn Weber Gallery, New YorkSolo
1975Roman OpalkaMuseum Chelm, ChelmSolo
1974Roman OpalkaJohn Weber Gallery, New YorkSolo
1974Roman OpalkaGaleria Krzysztofory, KrakowSolo
1973Künstler in Museum’ 73Galerie Bischofberger, ZurichSolo
1972Opalka RomanSalone Annunciata, MilanSolo
1972Opalka 1965/1 - ∞ -Travel sheetsGalleria LP 220, TurinSolo
1972Roman OpalkaGalleria La Beresca, GenoaSolo
1972Roman OpalkaWilliam Weston Gallery, LondonSolo
1972Roman OpalkaIV Biennale international de la gravure, KrakowSolo
1971Roman OpalkaGalleria II Punto, TurinSolo
1969Roman OpalkaGaleria Wspölczesna “Ruch”, WarsawSolo
1966Roman OpalkaGaleria Dom Artysty Plastyka, WarsawSolo
2014Art or SoundFondazione Prada, VeniceGroup
2014Les dérivés de la photographieArt au mur | Artothèque, PessacGroup
2014Le cercie parfait de la lune ne dure qu’une nuitChâteau Guiraud, SauternesGroup
2014A corps perduEspace de l’Art Concret, Mouans-SartouxGroup
2014Le Mur – Œuvres de la Collection Antoine de Galbertla Maison rouge, ParisGroup
2013PerformerArt Station Gallery, PoznanGroup
2013Prima MateriaPunta della Dogana, VeniceGroup
2013Le Festival RitournellesFRAC Aquitaine, BordeauxGroup
2013Les aventures de la véritéFondation Maeght, Saint-Paul de VenceGroup
2012FRAC ForeverCentre Pompidou-Metz, MetzGroup
2011The Art of Deceleration. Motion and Rest in Art from Casper David FriedrichKunstmuseum, Wolfsburg, WolfsburgGroup
2011All you always wanted to know about WhiteFRAC-Collection Aquitaine, BordeauxGroup
2011Roman Opalka, Art BrusselsContemporary Art Fair, BrusselsGroup
2011Studies for an ExhibitionDavid Robert Art Foundation, LondonGroup
2011TRA: The Edge of BecomingPalazzo Fortuny, VeniceGroup
2011Qi (Energy) is FullDaegu Art Museum, SeoulGroup
2010Personal Structures Time Space ExistenceKünstlerhaus Thurn & Taxis, BregenzGroup
2010Personal Structures Time Space ExistenceGeorg Kargl Fine Arts, ViennaGroup
2010Rien ne sert de courirrésidence artistique du Kulturforum Sud-Nord, CotonouGroup
2010Day-to-dayMortos Gallery, New YorkGroup
2010Better than GodMuseum Twentse Velle, EnschedeGroup
2009Look at me Faces and Gazes in Art 1969-2009Museo Cantonale d’Arte, LuganoGroup
2009Essential ExperiencesMuseo d’Arte Contemporanea della Sicilia, PalermoGroup
2009Vivre l’art – collection VenetEspace de l’art concret, Mouans SartouxGroup
2009COSTANTI del classic nell’arte del XX XXI secoloFondazione Puclisi Cosentino, CataneGroup
2009Espèces d’espacesGalerie Yvon Lambert, New YorkGroup
2009Dans l’oell du critique – Bernard Lamarche-Vadel et les artistesMusée d’Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris, ParisGroup
2009IN-FINITUMPalazzo Fortuny, VeniceGroup
2009MetissagesMusée Baron Gérard, Espace d’Art Actuel, BayauxGroup
2009Visione del mondoArt Forum Wurth, CapenaGroup
2009Look at me Face and Gazes in Art 1969 – 2009Museo Cantonale d’Arte, LuganoGroup
2009L’âme. Omaggio a Renato CaccioppoliStudio d’Arte Contemporanea Pino Casagrande, RomeGroup
2009Poêtique du chantierMusée – Château, AnnecyGroup
2008Genau + anders – Mathematik in der Kunst von Dürer bis Sol LeWittMUMOK, ViennaGroup
2008l’lvresse de l’AbsoluFondation Salomon, AlexGroup
2008L’istante e la durata del tempoMuseo d’Arte Contemporanea di Villa Croce, GenoaGroup
2008Sensitive systemsHakgojae Gallery, SeoulGroup
2008Rythmus 21 – Positionen des AbstraktenStädtische Galerie im Lenbachhaus und Kunstbau, MunichGroup
2008La sottile linea d’ombraFondazione Mudima, MilanGroup
2008Autour d’une passionChâteau de Fraïsse, Fraïssé des CorbièresGroup
2008Regarde de tous tes yeux, regarde ! L’art contemporain de Georges PerecMusée des Beaux-Arts, NantesGroup
2008Academia – Qui es-tu?Chapelle de l’Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Beaux Arts, ParisGroup
2008The Panza Collection and Ways of Seeing: Giuseppe and Giovann PanzaHirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, WashingtonGroup
2008Meditations BiennaleCentrum Kultury Zamek, PoznanGroup
2007En quête d’identitéCentre Photographique d’lle de France, Pontault CombaultGroup
2007ZeitgeistCueto Project, New YorkGroup
2007Face to FacesAkureyri Art Museum, AkureyriGroup
2007Artempo - Where time becomes artMusée Fortuny, VeniceGroup
2007Personal Structures Time Space ExistenceArti & Amicitiae, AmsterdamGroup
200730 Jahre walter storms galerieWalter Storms Gallery, MunichGroup
2007NumericaPalazzo Delle Papesse, SienaGroup
2007Stemperando 2007Istituto National d’Arte Contemporanea, CarrinaGroup
2007Beauty is embarrassingWestern Project, Culver CityGroup
2007Out of time – Werke aus den SammlungenNeues Museum Weserburg, BremenGroup
200720 ans du Musée d’Art Moderne- L’Art après 1960 dans les collectionsMusée d’Art Moderne, Saint-EtienneGroup
2006Face à FacesCity Art Center, EdimbourgGroup
2006La force de l’Art, un nouveau rendez vous avec la creation en FranceGrand Palais, ParisGroup
2006Vinilo – Discos y carátulas de artistasMACBA, BarcelonaGroup
2006Les avant-gardes polonaises de Malevitch à FilcinskiMusée Matisse, La Cateau CambresisGroup
2006Une proposition de Mathieu MercierFRAC-Basse-Normandie, CaenGroup
2006Tenture 2001Musée Départemental de la Tapisserie, AubussonGroup
2006Polish Painting of the 21st CenturyZacheta-National Gallery of Art, WarsawGroup
2005EXIT-Ausstieg aus dem BildZKM Museum für Neue Kunst & Medienmuseum, KarlsruheGroup
2005L’oeuvre en ProgrammeCAPC Musée d’Art Contemporain de BordeauxGroup
2005The Giving PersonFondation Culturale Edison, NaplesGroup
2005Face a Faces – Portraits et AutoportraitsARTCURIAL, ParisGroup
2005ChronosII Filatoio Caraglio, CuneoGroup
2005En AttenteCasino Luxembourg, LuxembourgGroup
2005East Art MuseumKEOM Karl Ernst Osthaus Museum, HagenGroup
2005Egocentric, Immoral, Outmoded, ZachetaNational Gallery of Art, WarsawGroup
2005A visages Découverts, Le Dix-NeufCentre Régional Art Contemporain, MontbeliardGroup
2004Singular Forms (sometimes repeated) – Art from 1951 to the PresentGuggenheim, New YorkGroup
2004Das unbekannte MeisterwerkKunsthaus, PotsdamGroup
2004ZERO Die europaische Vision- 1958 bis heuteMuseum Für Zeitgenössische Kunst, ZagrebGroup
2004Vis à Vis, Opalka-PistolettoMusée des Beaux Arts, TourcoingGroup
2004Monocromos. Desde Malevich hasta hoyMusée national Centre d’Art Reina Sofia, MadridGroup
2004Avante-Gardes Polonaises, hier et aujourd’huiEspace de l’art concret, Mouans-SartouxGroup
2003ShineMuseum Bojimans Van Beuningen, RotterdamGroup
200320 anosFRAC Basse-Normandie, CaenGroup
2003Autour de Richard StanislawskiPalais Ujazddowski, WarshawGroup
2002Non composition: 15 Case StudiesWadsworth Atheneum Museum of Art, HartfordGroup
2002Life is BeautifulLaing Art Gallery, NewcastleGroup
2002Kunst 2002 – ZurichGalerie Zéro, L’Infini, ZurichGroup
2002Octogone OpalkaExpo 02, MoratGroup
2002Babel 2002National Museum of Contemporary Art, SeoulGroup
2002La Part du BlancSite Odeon-5, ParisGroup
2002Married by PowersCentre d’Art de Rotterdam, NetherlandsGroup
20021968-1977, Les Annees 70 : l’art en causeCAPC, BordeauxGroup
2002RICOMINCIO DA TEQuaderni Della Galleria Melesi, LeccoGroup
2002Vis a Vis: Opalka et PistolettoIstituto Polacco di Roma et Galleria di Pino Casagrande, RomeGroup
2002Verweile doch … Die Sammlung VIILenbachhaus Kunstbau und Stadtische Galerie MunichGroup
2002Schwarz-WeissArbeiten auf Papier, MunichGroup
2001Transcultural visions 2: Polish American Contemporary ArtHyde Park Art Center, ChicagoGroup
2001In between: Art from Poland 1945 -2000Chicago Cultural Center, ChicagoGroup
2001CamoshowKunstmuseum, WiesbadenGroup
2001BlancGalerie Valérie Cueto, ParisGroup
200150 outstanding contemporary artistsPalais de la Culture, WarsawGroup
200110 ans d’expositionsCentre d’Arte contemporain Bouvet Ladubay, SaumarGroup
2001Der Zwang zur WiederholungMusée cantonal des Beaux Arts, SionGroup
2001Monets Vermächtnis, Série: Ordnung und Obsession (l’heritage de Monet La série: l’ordre et l’obsession)Kunsthalle, HamburgGroup
2001La esperitualidad del vacioFundacion Bancaja, ValenciaGroup
2000ZeitwendenKunstmuseum, BonnGroup
2000Das fünfte ElementKunsthalle, DüsseldorfGroup
200010 Artistes du XXème sZacheta Museum, WarsawGroup
2000O time suspend your flightKunstMuseum, BergenGroup
2000L’autre moitié de l’EuropeMusée du Jeu de Paume, ParisGroup
2000Verteidigung der Moderne Positionen der Polnische Kuns nach 1945Wurth Museum KunzelsauGroup
2000Global conceptualism, Points of Origin 1950s-1980sMiami Art Center, MiamiGroup
2000Czas I Chwile, Time and momentsGalerie Stara, LublinGroup
1999Die Macht des Alters – Strategien der MeisterschaftKunstmuseum, BonnGroup
1999Global Conceptualism: Points of Origins 1950s-1980sQueens Museum, Flushing MeadowsGroup
1999Das XX. Jahrhundert. Ein Jarhrhundert Kunst in DeutschlandNationalgalerie, BerlinGroup
1999On Your Own TimePS1 MoMA, New YorkGroup
1998Index D’Audiencia. Art Contemporani en espais publics de VilafrancaMusée des Beaux Arts, Vilafranca del PenedèsGroup
1998Dies Macht des Alters – Strategien der MeisterschaftKronprinzpalais, BerlinGroup
1998La règle du jeuAbbaye-aux-Dames, CaenGroup
1998Lieu personne tempsGalerie TNB, FRAC Bretagne, RennesGroup
1998Le dessin en procèsBox Château d’Eau, BourgesGroup
1998Sentimentale JournéeMusée d’Art Contemporain, StrasbourgGroup
1997Art in Poland 1945 – 1995Mucjarnok Palace of Art, BudapestGroup
1997La Magie du ChiffreStadtsgalerie, StuttgartGroup
1997Areopagitica 28 freir PeintenG.A.M.E.S., MönchengladbachGroup
1997Made in France 1947 – 1997Musée National d’Art Moderne, Centre Georges Pompidou, ParisGroup
1997Lengyelorszàg Müvészet 1945-1996Szépmüvézeti Mùzeum - Ludwig Mùzeum, BudapestGroup
1996HorizonsSonje Museum of Contemporary Art, South KoreaGroup
1996Berechenbarkeit der WeltBonner Kunstverein, BonnGroup
1996Horizons – 14 Polish Contemporary Artists TodaySonje Museum, Kyongiu and SeoulGroup
1996Photographie contemporaine dans les collections nationalesMusée National d’Art Moderne, Centre Georges Pompidou, ParisGroup
1995Zapatos usafos y talleres de artistasSalon Gaudi, BarcelonaGroup
1995Europa de postguerra 1945-1965 Arte despues del DiluvioCentre Cultural, BarcelonaGroup
1995L’Art du portrait aux XIX et XX siècles en FranceTokyo Art Museum, TokyoGroup
1994Preferirei di no – Cinque stanze tra arte e depressionMuseo Correo, VeniceGroup
1994Même si c’est la nuitC.A.P.C. BordeauxGroup
1994L’art du portrait aus XIX et XX siècles en FranceMusée d’Art de Shoto, JapanGroup
1994Horst Antes Museum Schloss MosigkanGalerie Pels-Leudsen, BerlinGroup
1994La suite vous appartient…Centre Lotois d’Art Contemporain, FigeauGroup
1993Autoportraits contemporains: here’s looking at meE.L.A.C., LyonGroup
1993Das offene Bild – Aspekte der Moderne in Europa nach 1945Museum der bildenden Künste, LeipzigGroup
1993Machine per la pace – Machine for peaceXLV ème Biennale de Venice, VeniceGroup
1993L’art en FranceMusée des Beaux Artes, SophiaGroup
1993CathédralesGalerie Caudine Papillon, ParisGroup
1993Le jardin de la ViergeMusée instrumental, Old England, BrusselsGroup
1993Cartographies imaginairesFRAC Nord-Pas-de-Calais, Villeneuvre d’AscqGroup
1993Konsequenz der ZeitGaleria Apendix, WarsawGroup
1993Polnische Avant-garde 1930 – 1990Neuen Berliner Kunstvereins, BerlinGroup
1992Manifeste IMusée national d’arte moderne, Centre Georges Pompidou, ParisGroup
1992Das offene Bild – Aspekte der Moderne in Europa nach 1945Westfalisches Landesmuseum, MunsterGroup
1991Strategies for the last paintingFeigen Gallery, ChicagoGroup
1991Words & #The Museum of Contemporary Art, DaytonGroup
1991Present ContinuousBath Festival Exhibition, BathGroup
1990L’arte conceptual, une perspectiveMusée d’Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris, ParisGroup
1990Concept Art – Eïne PerspectiveDeichtorhallen, HamburgGroup
19901965 – 1975 Aspects and Practices of European ArtCastello di Rivara, TorinoGroup
1990Summergroup ShowJohn Weber Gallery, New YorkGroup
1990InstallationsfotosGalerie Wanda Dunikowski, CologneGroup
1988Zéro, un Moviment EuropeuFundacio Caixa de Barcelona, BarcelonaGroup
1988Vision and UnityVan Reekum Museum, ApeldoornGroup
1987Fifty Years of Collecting: An Anniversary SelectionThe Salomon R. Guggenheim Fondation, New YorkGroup
1987Périgueux, Collections pour une régionPérigueux et FRAC Aquitaine, BordeauxGroup
1986L’Art et le TempsBarbican Center, LondonGroup
1986Qu-est-ce que l’art français?Centre régional d’Art contemporain, ToulouseGroup
1986Beuys zu EhrenStädtische Galerie im Lenbachhaus, MunichGroup
1986Le choix d’André DimancheMusée Cantini, MarseilleGroup
1985L’Art et le TempsMusée d’Art et d’Histoire, GenevaGroup
1985L’Art et le TempsLouisiana Museum of Modern Art, HumlebaekGroup
1985L’Arte et le TempsStädtische Kunsthalle, ManheimGroup
1985L’Arte et le TempsMuseum des 20 Jahrhundetds-Museum Moderner Kunst, ViennaGroup
1985L’Art de le TempsLe Nouveau Musee, VilleurbanneGroup
1985Process und KonstruktionKunstlerwerkstätten, MunichGroup
1984Ecritures dans la peintureVilla Arson, NiceGroup
1984Echanges artistes français à Berlin 1964-1984Goethe Institut, ParisGroup
1984L’art et le temps, regards sur la quatrième dimensionPalais des BeauxArts, BrusselsGroup
198312 Artistes et le tempsLa Chartreuse, Villeneuve-les-AvignonGroup
1983Présences Polonaisesl’art vivant autour du musée de Lodz, Centre Georges Pompidou, ParisGroup
1982LapidarGalerie d+c Mueller Roth, StuttgartGroup
1982CoventoEremitani San Agostino, BergamiGroup
1981Deserto, Aspetti della condizione umana attraverso l’arteConvento degli Eremitani San Agostino, BergamiGroup
1981Les Genevois collectionent – Aspects de l’Art aujourd’hui 1970-1980Musée Roth, GenevaGroup
1981PhoenixAlte Oper, FrankfurtGroup
1981SoundingsNeuberger Museum, New YorkGroup
1980Pier & OceanRijksmuseum, Kröller-Müller, OtterloGroup
1980Pier & OceanHayward Gallery, LondonGroup
1980Chiffres et lettresGalerie Beyeler, BaselGroup
1980L’Artiste pris à la lettreGalerie Isy Brachot, ParisGroup
1980Polnische Kunsthaus drei JahrzehntenStaatliche Kunstammlungen Dresden, DresdenGroup
1979L’Avanguardia Polacca 1910-1978Palazzo delle Esposizioni, RomeGroup
1979Sprachen jenseits von DichtungWestfälischer Kunstverien, MunsterGroup
1978New Treasures at the InstituteMinneapolis Institute of Arts, MinneapolisGroup
1977TimePhiladelphia College of Art, PhilapdelphiaGroup
1977Recent Acquisitions ExhibitionGuggenheim Museum, New YorkGroup
197722 Polnische Künstler aus dem Besitz des Museum SztukiLodz Kölnischer Kunstverein, KolnGroup
1976Today-To morrowLowe Art Museum, MiamiGroup
1976The mind’s eyeThe Gallery of the Loretto Hilton Center, Saint LouisGroup
1976The future of the presentLowe Art Museum, Coral GablesGroup
1976Sorozatmüvek – Serial WorksCsok Istvan Gallery, SvegedGroup
1975Roman OpalkaJohn Weber Gallery, New YorkGroup
1975Word Image NumberSarah Lawrence Gallery, New YorkGroup
1975Locate-Order-MeasureUniversity of Colorado, BoulderGroup
1975Contemporary EuropeansHillyer Art Gallery, NorthhamptonGroup
1975Geschriebene MalereiBadischer Kunstverein, KarlsruhreGroup
1975Empirica L’Arte addizione e sottrazioneMuseo Castelvecchio, VeronaGroup
1975Aspects of Polish Modern ArtsGaleria Wspôtczesna, WarsawGroup
1974Kunst in Polen von der Gotik bis heuteKunsthaus, ZurichGroup
1974Painting and Sculpture today 1974Museum of Art, IndianapolisGroup
1974Painting and Sculpture today 1974Taft Museum of Art, CincinnatiGroup
1974Roman OpalkaJohn Weber Gallery, New YorkGroup
1973Roman OpalkaJohn Weber Gallery, New YorkGroup
1972Ateliers 72Richard Demarco Gallery, EdinburghGroup
1971Aktuellt fran PolenKonstmuseum, GöteborgGroup
1971Graveurs polonais contemporainsMaison de la Culture de BourgesGroup
19708 Internationale Graphik AusstellungEuropahaus, ViennaGroup
1970Jungle Polnische KünstlerHaus am Kleistpark, BerlinGroup
1969Graphique Polonais10th Biennale de Sao PauloGroup