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Learning to Read with John Baldessari

  • John Baldessari, 2015 © Manfredi Gioacchini
  • Studio, 1988
  • Key, 1987
  • Camel (Albino) Contemplating Needle (Large), 2013
November 11, 2017
A philosophy graduate interested in theory, politics and art. Alias of Jelena Martinović.

For half a decade, John Baldessari combined image and language in a varied practice that included photo collages, sculptures, and videos, at the same time investigating how art itself is made and understood.

Known for his approach of good-humored irreverence, he punctuated his work with visual puns, wordplay, instructions and quotations, touching upon deeper truths regarding how we communicate through culture, and how art might reinvent itself.

His wry, idiosyncratic practice will soon be explored at Museo Jumex in the first major survey of the artist’s work in Latin America.

Titled Learning to Read, the exhibition will feature more than 100 works including early instruction paintings and his iconic photo-collages, as well as videos, sculptures, text-based works and editions from a career spanning more than half a century.

Miro and Life in General, The Set Up
Left: John Baldessari – Miro and Life in General: Right, 2016. Varnished inkjet print on canvas with acrylic paint, 243 x 129 x 4 cm. Courtesy the artist and Marian Goodman Gallery, New York, Photo: Joshua White / Right: John Baldessari – Double Feature: ºThe Set Up, 2011. Varnished ink-jet on canvas with acrylic and oil paint, 213 x 194 cm. Collection of Craig Robins, Miami Beach, FL. Courtesy the artist and Sprüth Magers

The Practice of John Baldessari

One of the most influential artists of the past five decades, John Baldessari has been fusing photography, montage, painting and text to create complex compositions that explore the multifaceted interpretations of cultural iconography.

Using found imagery derived from a wide range of sources, he focuses on the perception and interpretation of visual elements and text, investigation the way meanings are formed. Demonstrating a lasting interest in language and semantics, he often uses puns or juxtaposed seemingly unrelated images and words.

Since text and image both used codes to convey their messages, he perceives them as interchangeable. Having a significant impact both as a contemporary artist and as an educator, he is widely considered to have been instrumental in the rise of the Los Angeles art scene and the Pictures Generation of the 1980s.

ABC Art, 2009
John Baldessari – A B C Art (Low Relief): A/Ant, Etc. (Keyboard), 2009. Mixografía® print on handmade paper in 26 parts, 112 x 658 x 2.5 cm overall. Published by Mixografia, Edition of 20. Courtesy the artist

Exploring Pedagogic Themes

This major survey will focus on the pedagogic themes of instruction, the class and judgment that the artist has explored from the 1960s to the present. Using Baldessari’s own playful method, the exhibition will reveal the dichotomy between learning and unlearning that highlights the tension between text and image.

Hung from A-Z, it is divided into several sections that each look at interpretation from a different perspective. The show will also reveal the lessons Baldessari’s work conveys, as well as the impossible task of “reading” himself as an art practitioner.

God Nose, Goya Series One is Civilized and Knows What is What
Left: John Baldessari – God Nose, 1965. Oil on canvas, 173 x 145 cm. Nicolas Berggruen Charitable Foundation. Courtesy the artist / Right: John Baldessari – Goya Series: One is Civilized and Knows What is What, 1997. Inkjet on canvas with acrylic, 190.5 x 152.5 x 4 cm. La Colección Jumex, Mexico

John Baldessari Art Exhibition at Museo Jumex

The exhibition Learning to Read With John Baldessari will be on view at Museo Jumex in Mexico City from November 11th, 2017 until April 8th, 2018.

The exhibition is organized by Kit Hammonds, Curator, and Gabriel Villalobos, Curatorial Assistant at Museo Jumex. Works are drawn from more than 30 collections in Europe and the Americas including the Broad, LACMA, MCASD, Ringier, Van Abbemuseum, Whitney Museum of American Art, as well as works from Colección Jumex and Baldessari’s studio, among others.

Featured images: John Baldessari – Key, 1987. Two black & white photographs with vinyl paint, 152 x 213 cm. Barbara and Richard S. Lane. Courtesy the artist; John Baldessari, 2015 © Manfredi Gioacchini; Studio, 1988. Lithograph, 76 x 98 cm. Cirrus Editions Ltd / John Baldessari; Courtesy the artist; Camel (Albino) Contemplating Needle (Large), 2013. Fiberglass, aluminum, stainless steel, acrylic and paint; Camel: 272 x 269 x 80 cm, Needle: 321 x 10 x 7.5 cm. Rennie Collection, Vancouver; Courtesy the artist; Photograph: Roberto Marossi. All images courtesy of Museo Jumex.