Even though the Zero movement was created and active half a century ago, the artists and artworks belonging to the Zero are still very popular. It means that the amazing artists that were part of this movement left a significant mark on the Post-War art, influencing many other contemporary artists and movements. The popularity of this movement today can be seen both on the art market and in art collecting, where Zero movement artworks are part of some of the world’s most famous auctions, but also among the “ordinary” art lovers. There were several quite significant exhibitions dedicated to the artists of the Zero in recent years, one of them organized in the beginning of 2015, at Guggenheim Museum in New York. Galerie Koch from Hannover, Germany organizes another exhibition of the works by the great masters that were part of or were linked with the Zero. By showing the works by ten famous artists from the golden period of Zero, Galerie Koch invites for a true celebration of Zero art. Entitled Zero.Positions, the exhibition has just opened, on April 23rd.
The Zero movement reflected the turbulent and vivid developments in the first years following the World War II. This artistic approach is sometimes mistakenly connected with the birth and development of conceptual art movement. In fact, the Zero appeared more as a reaction to abstract expressionism. The movement can be understood as a response to the aesthetics of abstract expressionism, claiming that art should be void of color, emotion and individual expression. The Zero was in its peak during 1950s and early 1960s, and today is considered one of the most important international art movements of the post-war period. The first impetus for this movement came from the Düsseldorf-based artists Heinz Mack and Otto Piene, who in 1958 founded the group Zero, in 1961 joined by Günther Uecker. At that period, the group of artists belonging to the Zero was known for working in an environment without galleries and contemporary art spaces. Artists usually came together to exhibit their works in a series of one-day-only evening exhibitions, often staged in their studios. Through contacts with artists like Yves Klein, Piero Manzoni and Jean Tinguely the movement was internationalized and was presented in numerous exhibitions in Europe and the United States.
One of the main features of the Zero movement is the fact that the artists belonging to this group and movement usually came from some other art movement. All artists contributed to the Zero with their own specific technique, style and philosophy, depending on which art movement they originally belonged to. For example, Otto Piene is best known for his kinetic art, while Günther Uecker for his installations and op art. There are many positions of the Zero, precisely because of the different forms the artists used. Zero.Positions exhibition at Galerie Koch presents a selection of works by Heinz Mack, Otto Piene, Günther Uecker and Lucio Fontana, Piero Manzoni, Hans Bischoffshausen, Hermann Goepfert, Adolf Luther, Erwin Thorn and Nanda Vigo. Ten artists represent 10 positions of the Zero movement, whose artistic diversity only enrich the movement itself.
With Zero.Positions, Galerie Koch once more proves its status as one of the most renowned galleries dedicated to the post-war art. This exhibition featuring ten famous artists is a unique opportunity for art lovers to see some of the main artworks from the Zero movement. The show opened on April 23rd, and it will be on view until May 23rd, at Galerie Koch in Hannover.
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Featured image: Otto Piene - Sonne (detail), 1966
All images courtesy of Galerie Koch.